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INDIA AND ISLAM

-tion of Islam to the present disturb. Smuts declares that the native workers THE forced resignation of the Brit. ance:

and the farmers were loyal. The mine ish Secretary of State for India, This is all part of a Pan-Islamic workers ask for representation in the Mr. Edwin S. Montagu, the general

plot which includes Turkey, India, management of the mines. Another

and Egypt. And the emissaries of belief that it will be followed by the res.

statement from General Smuts asserts

Turkey have undoubtedly stirred up ignation of the Viceroy, Lord Reading, the leaders in India to make use of

that “the present revolutionary moveand the arrest on the charge of sedition an opportunity resulting from the ment is the work of extremists who are of Gandhi, the leader of the movement

failure of the Greek invasion, the using the strike at the mines for the

evacuation of Anatolia by the French, for "non-co-operation” (meaning largely

dissemination of syndicalist views." The

and the desertion of the Armenians, non-payment of taxes and refusal to obey

who have been left to shift for them

assertion is also made in news desgovernmental orders), have brought to a selves by the British. Under these patches that the money back of the critical point England's relations to In

circumstances, Turkey is again utiliz outbreak came from foreign sources

ing the disputes between the big dia. The article by Mr. P. W. Wilson

just what sources is not stated.

Powers and the inability of the Ruson another page throws light on the

sian Government to assert itself to

There has always been dislike, some. issues involved.

regain some of its lost possessions, times flaming into hostility, between the There are over 300,000,000 natives in

including Thrace and the Dardanelles. miners and the farmer Boers in this India, of whom about 66,000,000 are Thus the relations of England to Tur- region. Such an industrial quarrel as Mohammedans. Ordinarily, Mohamme key, Egypt, and other Islamic lands are

has been going on for a month or more dans do not agree or act in unison with involved. No wonder, then. that Lord in the Rand brings out the old feud. men of other religions. But just now Curzon, England's Foreign Secretary. There is also political dissension bethey are making common cause with and his chief, Lloyd George, were dis- tween the Nationalists, headed by Genother natives for different reasons. The turbed when Mr. Montagu, without eral Herzog, who still want independnon-Mohammedans (Buddhists, Hin- authorization from the Ministry or the

ence and hate British rule, and the dus, and others) are agitating for Prime Minister or the Foreign Secre- Liberal party, headed by General Smuts, "home rule," or at least for a large tary, made public a letter from the Vice

who believe that England has acted genmeasure of native self-government. roy of India which favored a change in

erously in giving South Africans selfGandhi has preached against violence policy which would lead to re-establish- government. Add to this the political and has inflicted penance on himself ing in Turkey just that Islamic power

element of an active Labor party, and when his followers committed violence; which in the past has been pro-German

we have the possibilities of trouble at yet some of his utterances are alleged to and was responsible for the Armenian any time. have incited indirectly to open rebellion. massacres. Aside from questions of The memory of the deplorable Amritzar technical proceeding or disputed ex- IRELAND SIMMERING DOWN massacre is said to have had a baleful cuses, the British Government found its M HERE is a touch of the humorous in influence.

hand forced and its dignity hustled. 1 the cable despatches about the three The most active anti-British feeling

miniature armies which lately flocked to now, however, is of Pan-Islam origin. A LITTLE WAR ON THE RAND Kilkenny for no very adequate reason or In an editorial in The Outlook of De

The outbreak in the gold, coal, and purpose. The commanders of the Britcember 21 last, based largely on an in- iron mine district known as the ish, Free State, and Irish Republic terview with Mr. Sastri, India's delegate Rand in South Africa was both sudden forces were brought together at lunchto the Washington Conference, we said: and fierce. The despatches, indeed, eon by the Mayor and (over the coffee,

When the war with Germany was bristle with warlike activities, but are probably) "a friendly spirit sprang up" seen to be a desperate matter, the

extremely scant as to the causes of the and amicable plans were agreed upon. British Government called for troops from India. The Mohammedans hesioutbreak.

If this happy conclusion had failed, tated to take up arms against the The insurgents were so strong as to should we have had a triangular war to ally of the Sultan, the religious head be able at first to invest Johannesburg be compared only with the immortal of Mussulmans. It was then that the

on three sides; in some places loyal three-cornered duel stage-managed by British Government assured their Mohammedan subjects that this

forces were hemmed in for two or three Midshipman Easy? would not be a war against Islam days until airplanes brought them food There are patent absurdities in the and that the protector of the sacred and ammunition; many hundreds of present situation, but better have inconplaces of their religion would in no

casualties are reported; one account sistencies than bullets. The cure in the way lose his temporal authority. The British Government has not kept its

states that the Government troops took South should come with the election of pledge. From the point of view of 2,200 prisoners; General Jan Smuts, the delegates to the Free State Parliament. the Mohammedan of India, that is a famous South African Premier, himself Once that critical event is over, we may wicked breach of faith. The Turkish

narrowly escaped being shot; the des- hope for only political warfare, in which Empire has been broken up. Because they trusted in their masters, these

patches of March 13 from Pretoria, majorities and votes will take the place Mohammedans now find that they however, declare that the situation is of raids and killings. As it is, we have have been used to weaken the head well in hand.

the Dail Eireann still asserting the exist. of their religion. And the other peo

The trouble was partly industrial, ence of a Republic and maintaining an ple-of India who do not share the Mohammedan faith can, and many of

partly political, and partly due to out army of its own, and the Irish Free State them do, share these Mohammedans' and-out Bolshevik agitation. The white with a Sinn Fein Provisional Governor indignation.

miners, although they are outnumbered backed by a Provisional Cabinet and a Mr. Morgenthau, formerly American several times over by the natives, small army, but with no Parliament be. Ambassador to Turkey, says of the rela formed the insurgent element; General hind it. The signs all indicate that the

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transition will be safely made, even pose of enforcing upon the Germans the AMERICA RESPECTFULLY
though De Valera continue to fulminate terms of their surrender. It was quite DECLINES
and make mischief.

right to charge the cost of this to the M uch to the satisfaction of the great In Ulster the cure will probably be the Germans themselves. It would have

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majority of Americans; we believe; exercise of plain commercial and indus- been grotesque in the extreme If all trial common sense. Factional clashes military burdens had been taken off totiv of stato

ilitary burdens had been taken off tary of State, has declined to participate occur and will occur, in Belfast and else. from the shoulders of the defeated cul

in the proposed economic conference at where, between hotheads and fanatics on prit nation and had been left upon the Genoa both sides, but the two parts of Ireland shoulders of that nation's victims. The When the invitation was first sent need each other, and will learn to live United States has presented the bill for

early in January, the Administration amicably apart if they cannot live as its share in that expense. It amounts

seemed disposed to accept. We were one Dominion. to two hundred and forty-one million

holding a Conference ourselves which dollars, or a billion gold marks.

other nations had cordially attended, THE LADY AND THE LORDS

Of course if Germany pays this

and it seemed somewhat ungracious to D HONDDA is the name of two valleys amou amount to the United States it will

think of holding aloof from one which N in South Wales-the Great and Lit. leave just so much less out of which,

they asked us to attend. At the time, tle Rhondda. In these valleys are lofor the time being, payments can be

however, there were three obstacles up. cated immense coal mines. They were

Thomas in Detroit News

parent which The Outlook pointed out. operated by the late David Thomas,

One was the disinclination of Anierica who, as Viscount Rhondda, became the

to take part in the political affairs of efficient Food Commissioner for the Brit

Europe. Another was the disinclination ish Government in the recent war.

of America to discuss her share in Lord Rhondda's daughter, Viscountess

Europe's economic problems until the Rhondda, is a peeress in her own right.

nations of Europe had made progress in But she is something a good deal more.

straightening out their own affairs. And She is the foremost business woman in

the third was the disinclination of the British Isles. She has actually suc

America to recognize the Soviet rule in ceeded her father as the controller of

Russia so long as that rule was devoted the greater part of the output of the

to disintegration of other governments. southern Welsh coal fields. She is chair

It is these obstacles which Secretary man-why not chairwoman?-of the

Hughes cites as reasons for the decision Cambrian coal combine, and also of the

PROMISE OF

not to have an American representative

SOLDIERST British Fire Assurance Company.

at Genoa.

BONUS Nor is this all. She is a director in

The American decision naturally dis no less than twenty-seven public enter

appoints those European political leadprises. She is a stanch supporter of the

-thaniews ers who have hoped that America might equality of women in all walks of life.

save them some little trouble involved She has been an active suffrage worker.

THE ONLY DETAIL LACKING IS THE COW in the wpleasant task of keeping their It is, however, with Lady Rhondda's made to the other nations in the way of

governmental expenditures within their peerage that we have to do. She sucsuc- reparation, as well as for the cost of

income or seeing that their governceeded to her father's title and appealed military operation.

mental inconie is increased to meet for a writ of summons to the House of

There have been intimations that the

their expenditures. Lords on the ground that the act of European creditors of Germany might

On another page we print special cor1919 provided against the disqualifica obiect to this novent on the round respondence from Mr. Gregg which tion through sex or marriage from the that the that the United States, by declining to

shows that the problem of Europe, in exercise of any public function or from ratify the Versailles Treaty, had re

spite of its difficulty, is fundamentally being appointed to or holding any civil nounced all participation in its benefits,

simple. or judicial office or post.

and therefore had lost the right to colAfter a long delay the Committee on

lect its share in what was due the Allied
lent it

THE BATTLE OF THE BONUS Privileges of the House of Lords decided

and Associated Governments. It ought The House is still deadlocked over the in favor of Lady Rhondda. Should this

to be apparent to any one who is willing 1 problem of the soldiers' bonus. The decision be confirmed by the vote of the

to reflect that this is fallacious. Ameri. battle of the bonus seems to have deHouse, it may also establish the claim

ca's right to reimbursement does not veloped into an effort to pay the veterof twenty-four women who are peeresses

rest upon any treaty, but upon the fact ans with some form of token which will in their own rights—one duchess, four

that America was one of the victors in make no immediate drain upon the countesses, two viscountesses, and sev.

the war and received with her allies and treasury, but which will at the same enteen baronesses.

associates Germany's surrender. In time satisfy the ex-soldiers, sailors, and

deed, it was at the solicitation of her marines who are laying siege to the GERMANY'S INTERNATIONAL

partners in the war that America kept doors of Congress. The bill now under POLICE BILL

her troops on German soil after the discussion retains the provisions of the TVTHEN Germany's attempt to dominate armistice. America's rights have been bill proposed by the American Legion,

y the world was finally thwarted, confirmed by her treaty with Germany, which provide for farm and home aid, the Allied nations had to continue the ratified last year. There is no disposi- land settlement aid, and vocational use of force to see that Germany was tion on America's part to embarrass her training. It provides a new alternative kept in order. Having captured the partners by pressing this claim; but it to these in the form of what are called bandit, the police had to see to it that is fair to other countries as well as the adjusted service certificates. he was kept in restraint. Troops were United States that this claim should be The function of these certificates is stationed along the Rhine for the pur- registered and not ignored.

summarized in a statement from Secre

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tary Mellon. He says that these certifi

ate offered by Bryn Mawr is its Eurocates "amount, in effect, to paid-up en

pean fellowship; Dr. Park received this, dowment insurance policies issued by

and after a year of graduate study enthe Government, to mature at the end

joyed a year of research at the American of twenty years, or earlier upon the

School of Classical Studies at Athens. death of the veteran. The maturity

- After her return to this country Miss value of these policies is calculated on

Park held important chairs of teaching the basis of the so-called adjusted ser.

in several schools and colleges for vice credit (which corresponds roughly

women in this country and also took to the adjusted service pay that would

advanced degrees from Bryn Mawr and have been allowed under the cash bonus

Johns Hopkins. She has been Acting plan), plus an increase of 25 per cent,

Dean at Simmons College, and for the with interest in combined figures at the

past year Dean of Radcliffe College. Thus rate of 412 per cent per annum, com

she has had the advantages of executive pounded annually for twenty years. The

experience, as well as of classical and adjusted service certificates would be

academic training. As her middle name non-negotiable, and there is no provision

indicates, she comes of a family famous for direct policy loans by the Govern

in New England history for its theologiment until after September 30, 1925, but

cal and educational leaders. · in the meantime National and State

Every indication is that in the future, banks and trust companies are author.

is in the past, Bryn Mawr will uphoid ized to make loans to holders of certifi

the standards of education for women cates up to fifty per cent of the adjusted

in scholarship without minimizing the

Paul Thompson service credit, plus interest therepn at

value of social and personal accomplish

E. PHILLIPS OPPENHEIM the stated rate to the date of the loan.

ments. If veterans fail to repay such loans ing, it would, in his opinion, be far betwithin six months after maturity or be ter for the Government to borrow di. A WEAVER OF PLOTS fore September 30, 1925, the bill provides rectly on its own securities.

M R. E. PHILLIPS OPPENHEIM has been that the Government must redeem them It seems to us that the reasons urged 1 visiting America, and his talks at in cash. After September 30, 1925, the by Secretary Mellon against the princi- various clubs and receptions have been bill provides for direct loans on these ples of the proposed certificate plan are read with decided interest by his large certificates from the Government; but, sound and convincing. We do not be following of readers. Mr. Oppenheim is as the Secretary points out, "the bill lieve that Congress will earn the friend a writer of astonishing fertility. Lookmakes no provision whatever for sink- ship of the ex-service man by any such ing over our own indexes, we find that ing fund, amortization, or other reserves attempt to provide for his present needs exactly thirty of his stories have been against either the liability that would by future promises. The political jug- spoken of in our review columns. This be thrown upon the Government in 1925 gling of the Bonus Bill will do more to seems a pretty large output, but an inor against the liability on the certifi- convince the ex-service man that he has terviewer says that the full list includes cates at the end of twenty years, nor been unjustly treated than would any sixty-nine novels. Mr. Oppenheim himdoes it make any provision for the pay. courageous, out-and-out refusal to grant self says in effect that he writes because ments which would accrue in ordinary a bonus. Most ex-service men have eyes, he has to write. He produces the some course from year to year on account of and even those who lost their sight from what original theory that "story-writing the death of veterans.”

shell wounds and poison gas can see the is an original instinct;" just as a sportIt is almost impossible, the Secretary insincerity and trickery to which they ing dog sniffs - about in every bush for says, to estimate the cost to the Gov. lave been subjected by the Congress of a rabbit. “one writes stories because if ernment of this plan, but the Govern- the United States.

one left them in the brain one would be ment actuaries have figured tentatively

subject to a sort of mental indigestion." that the total direct cost to the Govern- THE NEW HEAD OF BRYN MAWR

Asked why this instinct led him to ment "in the fiscal year 1923 would be I TNDER the presidency of Miss M. write so many stories, he could only re $289,954,000; in the fiscal year 1924, U Carey Thomas, Bryn Mawr College ply, "The material is always there, and $216,440,000; in the fiscal year 1925, has built and maintained a high stand the desire to use it always exists." $128.013,000; and in the fiscal year 1926, ard and reputation for scholarship and Apparently Mr. Oppenheim dictates for the most part by October 15, 1925, culture. It has even been said that if his novels, for he has been quoted as when the adjusted service certificates a referendum as to the relative excel- saying that he has his stenographer used as security for bank loans would lence of American women's colleges keep lists of synonyms, so that when he have to be redeemed, $615,822,000. This were taken among all graduates, in a uses a particular word too frequently would mean total payments within majority of cases each graduate would she may pick out a substitute. It about three and a half years of over vote for her own Alma Mater first and ought fairly to be said that, however $1,200,000,000.”

for Bryn Mawr second. However this fast Mr. Oppenheim works, his English Secretary Mellon believes that this may be, none would or could question style is unusually good for a manufacplan would create a mass of non-liquid, the great value of Dr. Thomas's service, turer of thrills and mysteries. Some non-negotiable paper which would result which has extended thirty-seven years, where he has said that there were only in frozen bank loans and a renewed the full lifetime of Bryn Mawr.

about a score of plot themes. This is a inflation of the currency. He believes The retirement of Dr. Thomas is fol. common saying, but it is true also that that, since the loans would be floated at lowed by the appointment as her suc- while there are ten digits, they may be the banks on the credit of the United cessor of Miss Marion Edwards Park, a placed in almost innumerable combinaStates, the plan involves a dangerous graduate of Bryn Mawr, who has had a tions. Mr. Oppenheim, even more than abuse of the Government's credit. If distinguished academic and educational Conan Doyle, shows dexterity and inthe bonus is to be financed by borrow- career. The highest award to a gradu- genuity in the invention of combina

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tions. The World War was in some THE DEBATE ON THE unless it is enforced by a world organi. ways a blow to imaginative literature,

zation. For want of a better term, we but at least it supplied ample sugges

TREATY

may say that they advocate a doctrine tions for new combinations of old plot TF some one could be appointed editor of International Imperialism. ideas, and no one took greater advan- . l of the “Congressional Record," with A second group is at the other extage of this than Mr. Oppenheim.

1 power to exercise the editor's pre- treme. They believe that the only basis Mr. Oppenheim has been writing rogative of cutting out the trivial, the

for peace is force or the threat of force stories, long and short, since he was irrelevant, the repetitious, and the in- administered by the individual nations. fifteen years old, and now at fifty-five is advertent, and the results could be pub- To them the thought of a super-nation hard at work on a new one. This will lished as a “Congressional Digest” for is abhorrent-so abhorrent that they have a special interest, because he is public distribution through the post look with dread upon any grouping of expected to enlarge and explain in it offices at a nominal price, the people of nations for even the purposes of peace the statement he has made in interviews the country would have at once a truer through understanding. The fact that here that there would be another world measure of Congress than they now some who belong to this group seem to war within twenty years. The Teutonic have, and would not only learn to value be ready to disarm without understandmenace, therefore, is to emerge from the those members of the Senate and the ings with other nations does not seem maze of diplomatic conferences into the House who are devoting great ability to to affect their conclusion that each narealms of fiction with a purpose. From the public service, but would also have a tion should stand aloof from every other long experience we will venture to pre better basis than they now possess for nation. They appear to believe that dict that this story with a purpose will holding both Representatives and Sena. holding both Representatives and Sena

isolation combined with

isolation combined with feebleness will also be a story with a thrill.

tors to account for their stewardship. prevent conflict. These, . for want of a

As it is, the debate in the Senate over better term, we may say, advocate a AN ANCIENT INSTRUMENT

the Four-Power Treaty has failed to edu doctrine of International Anarchism. FOR AN ANCIENT PROBLEM

cate the public as it might have done. Bet ween these two groups is the third. M UCH good white paper has been much of the serious and really thought. They believe that there is another

I covered recently with accounts of ful argument on both sides has been method of securing peace besides either the antics of an alleged Poltergeist in buried in a mass of trivialities and the use of force or feeble isolation. Antigonish, Nova Scotia. It seems that a irrelevancies, and can only be labori. They believe that nations are not all farmer, his wife, and his daughter were .ously dug out from the "Congressional alike; that some are capable of underdriven from their home by the curious Record." In that debate there has been standing only the argument that is remanifestations of this antic spirit. perhaps rather more than the usual pro- inforced by weapons, while others are Strange fires appeared in most unex- portion of ignorance, misrepresentation, open to reason. They believe that suspected places in the farmhouse where vindictiveness, personalities, wearisome picion breeds suspicion, and confidence they dwelt. They felt slaps from in- reiteration, and political sophistry. breeds confidence. They regard it as visible beingsmin short, all the mani. When, for instance, a Senator under folly to rely either on force or on isolafestations traditionally attributed to takes to discuss the Four-Power Treaty tion and at the same time to disarm. Poltergeister were reported as having without knowing that it explicitly termi- They consider it essential that if naoccurred. So circumstantial were the nates the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, when tions are to reduce their armaments reports of these strange happenings that Senators make statements concerning they must substitute for them confia member of the Society for Psychical the phraseology of documents before dence and understanding. They consider Research promptly set forth to investi- them which can be directly controverted it important that those nations which gate. Attended by reporters with mov- by reference to the documents them- trust one another should associate theming-picture cameras and other acces- selves, when Senators base their argu- selves with one another. They believe sories with which ghosts may or mayments on newspaper gossip, when Sena that civilization has progressed far not be sympathetic, he took up his abode tors openly use the occasion of a public enough for certain peoples to practice in the farmhouse whence all but him had debate upon foreign affairs to vent their among themselves what enlightened infled. For a week he stayed there, and dislike of colleagues or to appeal to dividuals practice in their mutual relathen packed up his apparatus and party feeling, they are doing what is tions. They believe that there is such headed back for New York. The bash- most likely to discredit open diplomacy. a thing as moral force. These, who conful Poltergeist had apparently given up After wading through page after page of stitute the third and by far the largest his desire for poltergeisting.

inanities like those which disfigure this group, we may say, advocate a doctrine We know nothing of the circumstances debate, one is justified in doubting . of International Association. of the case save as they have been re- whether the United States Senate is It is this third group which is supported in the daily press. If we were ready for the responsibilities incurred porting the Four-Power Treaty. They to set out on such a search, however, in departing from the old practice of hold that the time has come for peace and if we believed in the old adage discussing foreign affairs behind closed in the Pacific to be maintained, not by which relates to the moral deterioration doors.

a military alliance, with its threat of of children and the injunction not to Aside from these serious blemishes, force, such as the alliance between Great leave rods in innocuous desuetude, we the debate in the Senate has been in Britain and Japan, but by a mutual would most certainly take with us on structive. It has disclosed the existence understanding between the four Powers such an expedition a small section of a of three distinct groups of Senators, dis- whose interests are paramount in the birch tree, say some three feet long and tinguished by their attitude toward in Pacific and who for the purpose of mainperhaps half an inch at the butt, and ternational relations.

taining their understanding agree that thence tapering sinuously and flexibly One group obviously believes that the in case of a danger of misunderstanding to more or less of a point. History has only basis for international peace is they will come together and talk the afforded considerable evidence that such force or the threat of force administered matter over. an instrument is the best ghost-detect by a tribunal with the attributes of a To the advocates of International Iming device which has yet been discov. super-nation. Logically, those who take perialism this proposal seems foolish, ered.

this view regard peace as an idle dream because there is no implication of the

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