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Was this the flood
The most terrific catastrophe of ancient times occurred twelve thousand years ago. There was no Mediterranean Sea then; only a rich and fertile valley filled with men and women whose life seemed easy and secure. One day, without warning, the water
The Atlantic Ocean burst its walls and swept into the valley, engulfing the tribes. Torrents of rain from the melting ice of the North swelled the inundation. Terror stricken men and women fled to higher ground, but the water followed faster, and where the peaceful valley had been there was a blank, silent sea, and nothing more.
Did any fugitives escape this wholesale destruction ? Were their memories of those
awful days interwoven with the legends
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JANUARY 11, 1922
A NEW DEAL IN CHINA
Roughly speaking, the country is
at present under the control of several governments and dictatorshipsthe main Federal Government, control. ling most of the provinces, with its historic capital at Peking; the Southern Government, controlling one, two, or three provinces, with its capital at Canton; and at least one Middle China military dictatorship.
Under these conditions, the establisliment of a coalition Cabinet at Peking would seem to be wise. The President of China has asked Liang Shi-yi to be: come Prime Minister, in succession to Chin Yun-peng. Even if Chinese liherals believe that Chin has been guilty of peculations and the sale of offices, they may not altogether welcome the new Premier. He is supposed to have inspired Yuan Shi-kai's attempt to create himself Emperor some years ago. But probably conservatives rather than liberals are in the majority in Parliament (all appointments requiring the sanction of both houses of the Legislature). The new Premier has been called a master of political manipula. tion; that quality would appear to be rather necessary in China Just now.
International Doubtless also his experience as Direc.
A PROCESSION OF BAREFOOTED URCHINS WITH SINN FEIN FLAGS GREETING RELEASED
IRISH PRISONERS tor of Railways, Minister of Finance, and Director of Maritime Customs will
sons and property in China with that in years for a common-sense view of the stand him in good stead in forming other countries would not be to China's Irish question has just reached AmerGovernment policies with regard to rail.
disadvantage. Could China, they add, ica. Sir Horace Plunkett believes in a way, banking, and tariff matters.
be relieved, first, of existing limitations united Ireland and an independent govIn forming the coalition Cabinet
upon her powers; second, of violations ernment within the Empire. More than Liang has secured the adhesion of some
of her sovereign rights by other na- any other one man he has worked for powerful reactionary military chieftains,
tions; and, third, permitted through her agricultural co-operation. His moderate governors and ex-governors of prov. maritime customs to obtain needed and hopeful ideas as to the present situinces and masters of provincial bodies revenue, she might be able to correct
ation, as given to the press here on his of troops, which have been moved about existing conditions.
arrival, are well worth heeding. Sir with surprising independence of the
Horace said: Federal Government. It remains to be IRELAND'S DECISIVE HOUR seen whether he can secure the services, Cith the beginning of the year the So far as the Irish question relates as Ministers, of well-known liberals (he
Dail Eireann took up for action
to the old conflict between England
and Ireland I believe it is to be buris making a strenuous endeavor in that the decision as to whether the Irish
ied. When Ulster is no longer an direction), so that the Cabinet will be Free State shall exist or the dream of issue in British party politics, there as far as possible centralized and truly an absolute Irish Republic be continued will be a wholly new spirit in Ireland representative. with all the wretched irregular slaying
in regard to this difficulty. The bigMore or less independent and irre
ger issue was settled because an and burning involved. The reports from
overwhelming public opinion desponsible fiscal and military provincial the Dail are that the vote will be close;
manded its settlement. The lesser government in China has always been a the reports from the people of Ireland issue will be settled for the additional crying evil. At the same time the lack are that they wish to ratify the treaty;
reason that it is every Irishman's
wish that it should be. of law and order in isolated regions has one despatch of January 2 says that
The treaty itself will be ratified. doubtless been accentuated in the recent “ratification is supported by pronounce- Even if Dail Eireann cannot on acdespatches from China to the detriment ments of the Irish bishops and by reso- count of the pledges of its members of the regions where law and order pre- lutions not oniy of public representative
to an Irish republic agree to another vail. Competent Chinese authorities
form of government it will have to bodies but of important units in the
consult the people, and they will be even maintain that a comparison of the Sinn Fein organization."
for the treaty. The terms of the amount of crime and violence to per- One Irishman who has stood for many treaty are substantially those that I
have advocated for the last two and
industry and that the industrial plan is a half years.
going on successfully. The immediate future of Ireland
A thoroughly well informed Cleveland hangs in the balance as the new year
correspondent informs that both begins. Its security rests largely on the
sides have again shown the spirit of willingness of the Irish people to agree
mutual confidence and the readiness with the view above expressed.
to compromise that have developed
through the consideration of their joint THE ISLAND OF HAITI
problems and the daily adjustment of THE island of Haiti is an increasingly
disputes. They will retain the impar
tial machinery which is the first essenIt is a large island about the size of
tial of both peace and progress, and unMaine. The eastern part we know as
der the general supervision of the refSanto Domingo; the western part re
erees and their representative, the Imtains the name Haiti. The eastern part
partial Chairman, the forward-looking is ruled by Spanish Negroes; the west
experiments of standards of production, ern part by French Negroes.
on the one hand, and a guaranty of There has always been political chaos
employment on the other hand, will be in the island. But about sixteen years
continued. He adds: ago there was such financial chaos in
The principle of week work is reSanto Domingo and the foreign credit
affirmed in the new agreement. By ors were so menacing that the Domini
July 1, 1922, all departments must can Government asked ours to establish
either be on the basis of production a financial protectorate. Under the en(C) Keystone
standards or be put on straight week
work. Another forward step has
SIR HORACE PLUNKETT suing treaty the United States now col
been taken toward the solution of one lects Dominican customs, pays out the
important and complicated money so received towards canceling the
ties should report; it declares for the problem—the so-called "outside shop,” debts of Santo Domingo, and turns the
continuance of our treaty with Haiti the contractor or submanufacturer remainder over to the Dominican Gov. and for the maintenance of the Ameri
who makes certain garments for the
large manufacturers. A joint comernment. can civil staff there. A loan is urged
mittee of the union and the ManufacThe financial relations between the
so that Haiti may pay her debts to turers' Association is to study the Haitian Republic and its chief creditors
European countries on more advanta- whole question of the development -France,
and proper functioning of the outGermany, England-have
geous terms and so that the just claims been menacing. In the interests both of Haitian citizens against their own
side shops in Cleveland. Meanwhile
the same scale of wages and hours of the Haitian Republic and its foreign Government may be promptly met. The
will be maintained as is required in creditors, it became necessary for us to
report adds that peace and order have the large factories. In these smaller attempt to repeat in the western part of now been re-established, that sanitary
shops, too, the strike and lockout will the island what had been a success in work has cleaned the once filthy coast
be forbidden, and all disputes will
hereafter be determined by the Imthe eastern part. American officers, towns, and that road-building has been
partial Chairman, therefore, took charge of the Haitian begun.
Coming when industrial relations custom houses.
As regards Santo Domingo, the pri- throughout the country are strained or
mary need also is good roads. Not only There has been friction in Haiti both
actually broken, all parties connected will they be means of necessary comwith Spanish and with French Negroes.
with the women's garment industry in Stories became current of blunders, and munication, but they will reduce the
Cleveland are to be commended for their even of outrages, committed in the danger of revolution. Mr. McCormick
vision and courage in continuing to cocourse of American administration. ACdeprecates any removal of American
operate in one of the most vital and fartroops from Santo Domingo for the specordingly the United States Senate re
reaching industrial experiments of the cently sent a commission to the island
cial reason that the population has not
yet taken steps to hold elections to set consisting of Senators MeCormick, Jones, Oddie, and Pomerene, the first be
up a proper government. With the ex- THE FEDERAL ing chairman. The Commission has ception of the activities of some small
ANTI-LYNCHING BILL now returned, and its chairman has scattered bands, the country is in com
now under consideration in made a preliminary report. parative order.
Congress will, if passed and then As to both Haiti and Santo Domingo, As regards Haiti, while he recom
upheld by the United States Supreme the Commission recommends a mends that there should be no with
Court, provide serious penalties for perdrawal of the Marines now policing that loan, the purposes of the Dominican
sons convicted in Federal courts of parcountry, he properly insists that not
loan being to fund two preceding loans ticipating in any mob or riotous assemonly the Marines but also our civilian
and to secure funds necessary for high blage by which a person is put to death, representatives should be in sympathy way building.
or who interfere with an officer protectwith the Haitian people. Coupled with
ing a prisoner from lynching, or for an this is a reminder to the Haitians that THE CLEVELAND PLAN WORKS
official who refuses to do his full duty they should show like co-operation in ATELY we spoke of the crisis in the within reason to prevent a lynching or maintaining cordial relations.
arrest persons taking part in a lynchAs to the charges of brutality against industry in Cleveland to the excellent ing. But prosecutions and penalties our marines, the Commission declines “Cleveland plan." This plan has been apply only in States or governmental to make any statement before further in operation for two years and has been divisions of States which have denied sifting the charges. It recommends the called "a miracle in modern industry." the equal protection of life guaranteed appointment of a High Commissioner, We are extremely glad now to report by the United States Constitution
that to whom both civil and military authori- that harmony has been obtained in the is, a State or subdivision which fails or
refuses to protect its citizens against mob violence.
A question at once arises as to how it is to be determined whether a State has or has not been guilty of neglect of duty. The text of the bill as it is now before the lower house throws no light on this point; apparently, therefore, the Federal court before which such an action is brought must determine the guilt of the State before it takes up the evidence in an individual case.
Here may be one Constitutional question; another sure to be raised is that of the limits of State rights and Federal rights.
The proposed law goes further than to make the acts above described felonies; it prescribes a fine of $10,000 on a county in which a person is lynched, the sum to go to his family, his parents, or, if there is neither, to the United States. The present bill goes further by making a county co-responsible which allows a mob to take a person through its territory into another county where he is lynched.
A clause has been stricken out from the original bill which would make an offense against alien committed against his country's treaty rights a crime against the United States as well as against the State where it took place. This would meet a difficult situation that has sometimes arisen, memorably once in Louisiana. Probably it was thrown out as not germane to the main object of the bill.
In urging the passage of this bill Mr. Mondell, the Republican leader in the House, said:
Washington on the last day of the old
A HEROIC ADVENTURE year, had been a leader and a forceful HYSICAL heroism for the public beneinfluence in the Republican party during almost or quite a quarter of a cen- of great wars. We have just learned of tury. His position as head of the Sen- an extraordinary adventure of a scienate's Finance Committee was of the tist connected with the American Muhighest importance; especially at the seum of Natural History, of New York present moment it entailed upon its City, which deserves to be recorded with chairman wearing and strenuous labor some of the feats of the European War. in connection with the shaping of the George K. Cherrie has been conductnew Tariff and Tax Bills, and this effort ing natural history explorations in undoubtedly affected Senator Penrose's tropical America since 1884. It was his physical condition.
wide experience, his success in handling Mr. Penrose succeeded Senator Don problems of transportation and in esCameron in the Senate in 1897, and had tablishing desirable relations with the been a member of his party's National natives, that led the authorities of the Committee for the last seventeen years Natural History Museum to send him with the exception of the four years pre- as the Museum's representative with ceding 1916.
Colonel Roosevelt on the famous trip There has never been any question as down the River of Doubt in 1913. to Mr. Penrose's intellectual ability and Cherrie was in command in 1921 of a force as
a manager of men. He is Museum expedition collecting birds and classed by most people as an extreme mammals in southwestern Ecuador near reactionary. Conservative he undoubt- the Peruvian line. At seven o'clock on edly was, and his view of public life a September morning the accidental diswas that of the old-time politician charge of his shotgun, held in his left rather than that of a progressive states- hand while he was retrieving a bird
He had, however, definite convic- with his right, sent a charge of number tions as to political and industrial ques- eight shot through his right forearm, tions, and he was not of that type of severing the ulna. Such ineffective firstreactionary who would without aid treatment as could be given so seriscience throw aside those convictions to ous a wound was at once applied, and play politics, as the phrase goes. Thus as soon as animals could be secured it may surprise some readers to know Cherrie started for the port of Santa that in his early political career he Rosa, distant eighty-five miles, where he helped secure a reform charter for aimed to catch the weekly steamer for Philadelphia; on the other hand, he was Guayaquil. The pain occasioned by his charged with the expenditure of large wound was so excruciating that he was sums and the merciless exercise of unable to ride on the level or down hill, political threats in his first election as and consequently walked all the way exUnited States Senator. It may surprise cept up grade. The trip included the readers also to know that in the period ascent and descent of a mountain eight immediately preceding the Republican thousand feet in height. He was able Convention of 1916 Mr. Penrose was in to get very little to eat, and was assured favor of the nomination of Theodore by the sympathetic natives he encounRoosevelt as President by the Republi- tered that, as he was mortally wounded, can party. This was not because he had why eat at all! He finally reached forgotten that Mr. Roosevelt had often Santa Rosa three hours after the boat charged him with being an unscrupu- had left, but his party started after it lous representative of capitalistic inter- in a canoe and caught it farther down ests, nor was it altogether inconsistent the river. Until he reached the steamer with his former bitter antagonism to he was unable to sleep. Mr. Rooserelt; it
because he When he arrived at Guayaquil, four wanted harmony and peace within the days after the accident, his arm was as party. Mr. Roosevelt, though in fre- large as his leg and so gangrenous that quent opposition to the Pennsylvania his life was despaired of. But an operaSenator, had great respect for his men- tion was performed, and he improved tal power.
enough so that he could come back to In his legislative views Senator Pen- the United States. He is here now, and rose was naturally, from his State con- the physicians hold out hope that he nection and economic associations, a will ultimately recover the use of his leading advocate of a strong protective arn. tariff. He was a member of several ini- The pluck and determination shown portant Senate committees. He opposed by a man who could walk in such a conthe Wilson Peace Treaty, fought the dition to a dressing station for four Prohibition Amendment, and was influ- days is eloquent testimony of the stock
The real question before the American people is: Shall we as a people permit the world, claiming, as we do, to be the most enlightened and most advanced nation, continue to allow other peoples to point to us as the scene of more mob violence than that which takes place in any other part of the world? Undoubtedly the finger of scorn of other nations is now pointed at us for not taking any steps to check the mob outrages which shock the sensibilities of all civilized peoples.
Shall we continue to permit such frightful and atrocious crimes burning at the stake without taking any steps to check their occurrence and punish the participants? We are convinced that a vast majority of the American people will look with favor upon any legislation which tends to remove this blot from our National record.
The number of lynchings is not diminishing; 63 took place last year, about two-thirds of which were for offenses other than assaults upon women; five persons were burned alive, in five cases bodies were burned after death; since 1889, 3,307 persons have been killed by mob violence.