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MANHATTAN ISLAND HANGS LIKE A TONGUE IN THE MOUTH OF THE MAGNIFICENT PORT
OF NEW YORK. THIS MAP OF THE TERRITORY COVERED BY THE PORT TREATY CLEARLY
INDICATES THE COMPLEXITIES OF THE TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM OF THE METROPOLIS AND
THE SURROUNDING REGION. THE WESTERN FARMER WHO WONDERS WHY IT COSTS SO
MUCH TO HANDLE HIS PRODUCTS AS THEY PASS THROUGH NEW YORK WILL FIND SOME

OF THE REASONS SHOWN HERE

[graphic][merged small]

haustive study of all terminal operations might be placed before it for considera in the Port of New York.

tion. This it did, working night and After thorough investigation, the Bi day during the summer and fall of 1921, State Commission made final report to and on January 1 of this year submitted the Legislature of 1921, which recom- to the Legislatures of both States a commended the creation of a port district to prehensive plan. be defined by law and to include one hundred and five organized municipali

MANY INTERESTS CO-OPERATE ties, embracing a population of about As an approach to the great task of 8,000,000 people. At present it is served preparing the plan, provision was made by twelve trunk-line railways, which for the formation of an Advisory Counbring to or take out of or through the cil made up of representatives of champort over 75,000,000 tons of freight perbers of commerce, boards of trades, and annum. An immense number of foreign civic societies, of which there are one and domestic steamships, not less than hundred and three within the port dis8,000, equally bring to or take out of trict. The several agencies engaged in the port over 45,000,000 additional tons transportation, such as the twelve trunkof freight per annum. Within the port line railways, the steamship companies, district there is more manufacturing lighterage companies, warehouses and output than in any similar area in the trucking interests, and various specialworld, with a variety of products and ized industries, were all invited to orcommodities to be handled unparalleled ganize co-operating committees in order anywhere else. Four million tons of that points of contact might be immefoodstuffs alone are annually required diately established for the necessary by the people of the port district.

conferences. The Bi-State Commission recom- Inasmuch as this whole problem is mended a treaty between the two States one that not only affects the business calling for comprehensive development interests as far as the cost of business of the port which would effectuate a at the port is concerned, but also vitally compact binding them, and establishing affects the household and the cost of a port district and a Port of New York living, an Educational Council was orAuthority over it. The Port Authority is ganized to inform the public on the subcomposed of three members from New ject and to lend its active assistance. York and three members from New Jer. In this Council individuals as well as sey, and is a body corporate and politic. representatives of all organizations It is charged with the supervision and within the port found membership. carrying out of comprehensive plans After long hours of conference with after they have received the approval of steamship companies, railway engineers, the Legislatures of both States.

and terminal operators, all the facts set On August 23, 1921, President Har- forth as to cost and method in the Biding approved the action of Congress State Commission were substantially ratifying the treaty and affixed his sig. admitted and certain fundamental connature. There were appropriate cere- ditions were laid down as tending to monies to mark so important an occasion. provide a proper solution of the problem

The Port Authority was directed by and to guide the Commission in setting statute to study the plan of the Bi-State forth the physical plans, and, so far as Commission, and any other plan that can be shown to be economically prac

tical, the following definite fundamental principles were adopted:

That terminal operations within the port district, so far as practicable, should be unified;

That there should be consolidation of shipments at proper classification points, so as to eliminate duplication of effort, inefficient loading of equipment, and reduction in expenses;

That there should be the most direct routing of all commodities, so as to avoid centers of congestion, conflicting currents, and long truck hauls:

That terminal stations established under the comprehensive plan should be union stations, so far as practicable:

That the process of co-ordinating facilities should so far as practicable adapt existing facilities as integral parts of the new system, so as to avoid needless destruction of existing capital investment and reduce so far as possible the requirements for new capital; and endeavor should be made to obtain the consent of the States and local municipalities within the port district for the co-ordination of their present and contemplated port and terminal facilities with the whole plan;

That freight from all railroads must be brought to all parts of the port wherever practicable without cars breaking bulk, and this necessitates tunnel connection between New Jersey and Long Island, and tunnel or bridge connections between other parts of the port;

That there should be urged upon the Federal authorities improvement of channels so as to give access for that type of water-borne commerce adapted to the various forms of development which the respective shore-fronts and adjacent lands of the port would best lend themselves to;

Highways for motor-truck traffic should be laid out so as to permit the most efficient inter-relation between terminals, piers, and industrial estabJishments not equipped with railroad

OVER

sidings, and for the distribution of called Greenville Yards in New Jersey end that the costs may be reduced, so building materials and many other to a point in South Brooklyn where that New York, through any agency it commodities which must be handled

direct rail connection can be made with may select, can go down before the by trucks; these highways to connect

the New York Connecting Railroad, al- Inter-State Commerce Commission in with existing or projected bridges,

ready built through Brooklyn, for trans- Washington and say: "Here, we have tunnels, and ferries; Detinite methods for prompt relief

fer to the New England lines, with unified our costs. We have cut down must be devised that can be applied

proper spurs along the water-front and the cost of doing business there, and we for the better co-ordination and op

to Jamaica Bay to meet the needs of want our rates. We want that reflected eration of existing facilities while that section. It also provides for proper in the cost of doing business, and of larger and more comprehensive plans spurs from the New York Connecting living in the metropolitan district that for future development are being car Railway to the Brooklyn water-front is encircled by this line called 'the New ried out.

and into the Bronx, so that sections of York Port District.'” The present old-time method of car: the Bronx not adapted to residential floating freight is the most expensive purposes may be hereafter developed for STRIKES AT ROOT OF HIGH COST OF LIVING that can be imagined. The cost of up- industrial uses, enjoying the benefits of The business interests of the port keep on floating equipment is enormous. direct rail connection with the twelve should be encouraged and every mIt has been set forth that after one win- great trunk lines of the country enter necessary burden should be lifted from ter such as we experienced in 1918, ing the Port of New York.

their shoulders. There is no reason when the harbor was choked with ice, The island of Manhattan presents the why old-fashioned methods of handling the floating property of the railways most difficult part of the problem.

freight should add to the cost of everydeteriorated some thirty-five per cent. The Borough of Richmond is taken thing manufactured at this port. If not NO PROPLITY TO BE ARBITRARILY TAKEN care of by the extension of the inner given relief, there will naturally be a

belt line in New Jersey down and across tendency to move where costs of doing The inauguration of the Port Plan

the Arthur Kill by enlarging the exist business will give a fair start and a does not mean that the entire new plan

ing bridge and widening the tracks of square chance in the great game of comis to be effective at once. It does mean

the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. petition. that it will be undertaken and extended

Aside from its physical aspect, the Public agencies of every kind have as the needs of industry require. It has

plan has for its purpose the unification talked at great length in the last few

of present terminal facilities. During for its most salutary feature the preven

years upon this important question of the war, when the management of the the cost of living. Here is an oppor tion of haphazard, hit-and-miss improvements conducted by various independent

railways was in the hands of the Gov. tunity to remedy one of the evils that agencies to meet temporary conditions,

ernment and they were used as an lie at the root. Because of delay and

agency to win the war, they were com- congestion and rehandling it has been a practice that in the past has interfered with intelligent development of the port.

pelled by Executive edict to unify their scientifically figured out that it costs It does not, however, interfere in the

existing terminal facilities in the inter- almost twice as much to take a sack of slightest degree with the power of any

est of speed and economy. Had it not potatoes from the break-up yards in

been for such unification, it is extremely New Jersey to the retail grocer in the of the municipalities within the port to

doubtful that the Port of New York develop their own facilities, and their

Bronx as it does to haul that sack of would have been able to stand up under potatoes from the State of Michigan to home-rule powers are safeguarded not

the pressure put upon it. As it was the State of New Jersey. The housewife only in the plan, but in the treaty itself,

congestion and delays incident to the as well as the merchant should thereof which Article 6 says:

old-time methods of doing business very No property now

fore be interested in any project that or hereafter

materially added to the terminal costs. has for its purpose the reduction of vested in or held by either State, or by any County, City, Borough, Vil

terminal costs.

RAILWAY COMPETITION A MISTAKE lage, Township, or other Municipality,

There is no disagreement anywhere shall be taken by the Port Authority The argument has been made, and on the facts set forth about the present without the authority or consent of made without understanding of the sub- condition. It has been recognized by such State, County, City, Borough, Vil

ject, that there must be competition. even those who have not been in accord lage, Township, or other Municipality.

That is not so. Competition in railway with the creation of the Port Authority NO PUBLIC MONEY REQUIRED

operation is the one competition that or the development of the port by joint To correct some false impressions, let works against the public, and not for action between the States. me therefore say that under no condi- them, because it adds to the cost of the The plan set forth for the developtions can the property of any munici- operation, and that is exactly what the ment of the port is the result of intenpality be touched for the improvement Inter-State Commerce Commission had sive study on the part of the best enwithout its consent. Further, no pub- in its mind a short time ago when it gineers and terminal experts that could lic money is required to finance the declared for a policy of unifying the be gathered together in this country. project. The Port Authority is a body railways, so that there would not be Advising with them were the experts corporate and politic and must by the more than sixteen or eighteen of them and engineers of the great trunk lines, sale of bonds raise the necessary money in the whole United States.

the representatives of the great steamto carry out its projects, and necessarily Under the present competitive system, ship companies, and traffic managers of these must be self-sustaining in order do the people of New York get the bene great industrial plants, and it is entirely that the interest and amortization pay fit of that competition? They certainly deserving of approval by the Legislaments on the bonds can be met from do not, because the rates are fixed bytures of both States and without delay. the profits of operation.

the Inter-State Commerce Commission. Delay is dangerous if competition The plan, among other things, recog. The competition is not one calculated to with our canal system and our port by nizes the fundamental business principle be healthy for the public, but it is one the St. Lawrence Waterway is to be that as much as possible of existing for particular lines of business as be avoided. If the port is to stand in property and equipment already built tween particular railways. The railway healthy competition with the other ports and in operation should be used. Ac- that can get an advantageous position of the country, and if the people themcordingly the plan takes full advantage on the water-front-the East River selves in the great metropolitan district of the great classification and break-up water-front of New York-can control are to reap the full benefits and blessyards already built and in operation on certain commodities that are coming ings that should flow to us from the the New Jersey side. The next step is from the West. That is the kind of greatest natural harbor in the world-a to connect them with the New York side competition that the declaration of gift of Almighty God himself and fashof the port. That is proposed to be done fundamental principles in the Port Plan ioned with his own hands-the work by a tunnel under the bay from the so- is endeavoring to do away with, to the should immediately be begun.

AFTER THE WAR JOTTINGS

where, and generally hit somebody.

One day Waldeck Rousseau was the TT was certainly a busy and crowded sterile discussions. He did not care

next gun. Ferry fired, and W. R. fell wander-year that the famous Eng what people thought or said. It was

into a ditch, nothing being visible but all one to him. He had succeeded, lish war writer, Colonel Repington,

his boots. People ran up. "Qu'as tu and all those who had failed owed

donc?" . . . "Mais je n'ai rien." . .. took in order to acquaint himself with

him a grudge for succeeding. Yes,

"Alors pourquoi ...?" "Oui! mais the new personalities and the new ideas

he could destroy many reputations by

ce malheureux a un second coup à thrown up in Europe and America after

a word. But that was no service to

tirer!" the great war storm. His idea of a France. If he said what he thought In Germany Repington found every. restful vacation seems to be to rush of X, he would make bad blood be

body talking about Hugo Stinnes. He about with incredible agility and rapid

reports General Degoutte as saying: ity. The sub-title of his diary mentions

“Stinnes seemed to him a type of domisome of the places visited-namely,

nator much more dangerous than NapoLondon, Paris, Rome, Athens, Prague,

leon. He was a Napoleon of commerce Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest, Berlin,

and economics, and bent, or tried to Sofia, Coblenz, New York, Washington.

bend, all the world to his will. It was But this by no means includes the full

a type that the world could not permit list of places visited, while a list of the

to endure, and a type likely to be the men talked with would be surprising,

cause of future wars if it did. One man not only from their number, but from

should not be allowed to possess such their importance.

infinite powers for mischief." Colonel Repington's book “After the

Inquiring from a French ex-War MinWar”ı has been criticised as scrappy

ister, M. André Lefèvre, about Gerand disjointed, and also as indiscreet or

many's military position, the author scandalous. As to the first charge, the

drew out the opinion that a renewal of very plan of a diary involves a rapid

war might come within five years unless fire of notes, impressions, and talks; but

the Allies adopted more drastic courses. one rarely finds this method wearisome,

The poorest passages in the book are for mingled with many minor details

those in which Colonel Repington brags the reader constantly comes across anec

about the popularity and sale of his dotes and readable passages. As to the

own writings and asks, "If my contemsecond charge, the word indiscreet is

poraries cannot refute me, how can hismore apt than the word scandalous.

tory do so? A few old cats have squalled There is not much in the book that ap

privately." At times also he bursts into peals to the lover of gossip, but there (C) Paul Thompson

quite unnecessary explosions of personal are many reports of conversations which LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CHARLES A COURT

feeling or opinion, such as that in which, might well annoy the persons reported

REPINGTON

after looking at an ancient statue of and make them wish that they had been

Gutenberg, he declares: iess frank. All the world knows that

ween England and France, and that

was of no service to either. Let them Colonel Repington is a newspaper man

Nobody knows who invented printtalk. and that discretion is not his most noted

ing nor ever will know. If we knew quality; so that those who talked to

The author saw General Pétain just we should posthumously burn him at him have only themselves to blame if to Blame if

the stake. He has been responsible after the occupation of Düsseldorf, and

for all the heresies, illusions, troubles, reports his talk with him as follows: they talked too freely. Yet one doubts

and wars of five centuries. He still whether Clemenceau would be particu Pétain sarcastic about the whole

perpetuates enmities by permitting larly pleased when he is reported as

proceeding. He expected nothing

every hasty word of some oversaying of Foch that "on several occasions

from the Occupation. He thought

wrought politician to be placed next

that we had all been wasting our he had had to speak to Foch, who owed

day before all the people outraged by

time in interminable discussions and him a grudge for it and had shown it."

it, and far from aiding or promoting

that the desire to please the English Nor with the ascription to him of the

civilization he has debased it.

had always held the French back, bon mot .(after Clemenceau's recovery We should be made fools of, as usual. Perhaps the most dramatic passage in from appendicitis): "There are only If the Boches said "yes" we should the volume is the story of Stamboulisky, two perfectly useless things in the go back, and when we were gone the who alone of all the Ministers of King world—the appendix and Poincaré." Boches would say "no." Pétain would

Ferdinand of Bulgaria opposed BulSuch remarks are quite out of keeping

prefer to occupy the territory neces

garia's entrance into the war on the

sary to bring the Boches to reason, with the report of Clemenceau's feeling

would administer it and take its

side of Germany. Stamboulisky told the as to discussing the past. That passage

revenues, and would tell the Boches

King to beware, he might be risking his is indeed so striking that we quote it

that he would stay there till all the

crown. "And you might be risking your at some length:

debt was paid. He did not care head," replied the King. In point of No, said C., he had said nothing,

whether it was five years, or thirty fact, Ferdinand did throw this brave had written nothing, and was not go

years, or fifty years. The Boches Minister into jail and planned to have ing to. He took no interest in con

would have to pay before he left.

him executed. Word came to the pristroversies about the past, which was

So the diarist moved about hither and oner from the King, says the author, over. He had lived through the greatest period and had done his best.

thither in Europe, talking with every "that if he would recant and send a It was enough to contemplate in si

body about the League, about the occu- message to the Bulgarian army that it lence the grandeur of it all. He took pation of the Ruhr district, about the should march unitedly under F. in the pleasure in his disdain of all discus situations in Rumania and Czechoslova- good cause, his life should be spared. sion over the past. He had been too kia and Upper Silesia, always bringing He took an agonizing half-hour to deeply concerned in these events, and out from those with whom he talked weigh his reply. He was young and the events had been too tremendous,

salient facts and observations. Inter- loved life and activity intensely. On for him not to feel it unworthy of

spersed with all this are amusing anec- the other hand was his personal and him to waste his remaining years in dotes, such as this of Jules Ferry:

political honor. He decided to refuse, 1 After the War. By Lieutenant-Colonel

but came back into the dock with a pisCharles à Court Repington.

C. told us of Jules Ferry's shooting

Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. $).

exploits. He fired at anything any

tol concealed about him, determined to

[graphic]

take his own life in the court if he were whether we were walking on our heads appear after he had polished them for sentenced to death rather than trust or our heels. Something had cracked; the public. They are interesting as a himself to his executioners. But F. the helmet of Mars, perhaps."

disclosure of the auto-communion of a must have feared to murder the peas. The personal impressions of America notable scholar and preacher and will ants' favorite at such a moment, so he are superficial and irresponsible, with be stimulating to other scholars and had him clapped into prison for life by out any intention of unfriendliness, how- preachers. the judges instead." ever. The characterization of President

TIRED RADICALS, AND OTHER PAPERS. By Naturally, Americans will turn with Harding, that he "sees neither black nor

Walter Weyl. B. W. Huebsch, Inc., New special interest to Colonel Repington's white in a case, but only gray," sounds York. $2 final chapter, which describes his im- wise, but is not sustained by instances These essays increase the regret that pressions of America and what he saw and carries no conviction. Of course, like his too early death has deprived the and heard at the Washington Confer- every English visitor nowadays, the au- world of so earnest a thinker on modern ence. It is distinctly comic now to read thor talks about the failure of prohibi. problems as Walter Weyl. The essays the early forebodings of the author as tion—"One wants to drink mainly be are of unequal merit, but not one of to the probable futility and failure of cause it is forbidden;" about the ice them is muddy or feeble. He saw the Conference followed by accounts of water habit, about overheated houses, clearly and wrote vigorously, though his stupefaction at the famous speech of and about the universal rush-"length generally he saw modern evils more Secretary Hughes, with its definite plan. of life said to be seven years less here clearly than he did methods of dealing He says: "Mr. Secretary Hughes sunk than at home." New York impresses with them. Thus he describes effecin thirty-five minutes more ships than him as “the highest, lowest, cruelest, tively the peril to American life from a all the admirals of the world have de cunningest, noisiest of all great cities.” conglomerate immigration, but he did stroyed in a cycle of centuries. . . . We This dash in and out of Colonel Rep not see the undeliberate and unconseemed spellbound ... a few men to ington's book may be all the more a fair scious forces which are imbuing these whom I spoke babbled incoherently.... picture of the original in that it is immigrants with the American spirit of We came out in a trance, not quite sure helter-skelter and disorderly.

freedom. He saw clearly the discontent of "the truly revolutionary class," but

he did not foresee the efforts which capTHE NEW BOOKS

tains of industry are making to-day in FICTION gayety, the old culture for culture's

co-operation with the workers in some BLACK 'GOLD. By Albert Payron Terhune. sake. So he asks, “Why should not he,

of our large and prosperous plants to The George H. Loran ('ompany, New York. alone except for a few faithful spirits,

introduce democratic methods and pro$1.7.7. create once again the Oxford that had

mote the democratic spirit. But he was The author frankly admits in advance been?" So he plunges in joyously,

no pessimist. The pessimist balks at nis intention to be sensational. He suc

obstacles and surrenders or runs away makes a sensation in college journalism ceeds in this, and one does not much and in dashing, ironic debate at the

from danger. Mr. Weyl impresses the care whether the outcome of the story is Union, talks art and literature on lines

reader with his courageous faith that credible or not. In its telling it is vivid of his own, spurns the sober-sided, plod

there is a remedy, though it is not yet and lively and its agreeable characters ding, and self-centered idea of college

discovered. We venture to offer one are as charming as its villains are devillife. He doesn't exactly remake Oxford,

illustration of our criticism. What ish. It fills an hour's time in the readbut he certainly does liven it up, help

causes “the tired radical”? He is tired ing with entertainment as well as exestablish the old atmosphere, and substi.

because he is not radical enough. When citement. tute for the manner of parade ground

emancipation came, the so-called radical BRIDGE (THE). By M. L. C. Pickthall. The and barrack what Asquith once termed

Abolition Society by resolution disCentury Company, New York. $1.75.

banded because nothing remained for it the “tranquil consciousness of effortless Criminal defects in the building of a superiority." The story is engaging.

to do, just as General Armstrong was bridge lead to its collapse and the death humorous, and delightfully youthful.

organizing his work for the education of the brother of the man who is the

of the Negro. The Abolition Society, he prominent figure in this story. He dis

BIOGRAPHY

truly said, failed in that their work was appears but cannot get rid of his re- LIFE OF CLARA BARTON (THE). By William just begun when slavery was abolished.

E. Barton. Ilustrated. In 2 vols. Houghmorse and the memory of his fault. ton Mifflin Company, Boston. $10.

MISCELLANEOUS There is power in the description of the

The long and pre-eminently useful life

EVERYMAN'S LIBRARY. New Issues. bridge-builder's lonely life and mental

E. P. of Clara Barton is fittingly commemo

Dutton & Co., New York. Price per vol., $1. anguish in his life on a small island,

rated in this biography. It is a thor FATHER AND SONS, Ivan S. Turgenev.. and there is interest also in the strained

THROUGH RUSSIA, Maxim Gorky. ough piece of work and contains much

PEER GYNT, Henrik Ibsen. love situation. that will interest students of the times BLACK BEAUTY, Anna Sewell.

LUCRETIUS, W. E. Leonard. in which Miss Barton lived as well as MAN FROM THE WILDS (THE). By Harold

ENGLISH SHORT STORIES, XVth to XXth Bindloss. The Frederick A. Stokes Com those who are interested primarily in

Century. pany, New York. $1.75.

her personality. As the founder of the GROWTH OF POLITICAL LIBERTY, Edited The hero of Mr. Bindloss's latest American Red Cross, Miss Barton de

by Ernest Rhys.

GOLDEN TREASURY OF LONGER POEMS, story is somewhat stolid and is filled serves a permanent place in our history,

Edited by Ernest Rhys. with a sense of responsibility, as is the

and this book will do much to make it LIVY'S HISTORY OF ROME, Translated by wont with many of his heroes. In this secure.

Canon W. L. Roberts. case his responsibility is peculiar, for he

The variety of subjects shown in the

ESSAYS AND CRITICISM is made guardian of the estate of the

list above of new issues of the always BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE (A). By David girl he loves. The situation is novel,

Gregg. Compiled by Frank Dilnot. The

popular "Everyman's Library" is fairly and the "man from the wilds" gets him Fleming H. Revell Company, New York. $2. indicative of the entire collection, which self and his ward out of difficulties and Christopher Morley advises every now numbers 750 volumes. into happiness, not very brilliantly, but would-be author "to keep a notebook We repeat what we have said in substill quite successfully.

handy.” This Dr. Gregg did, and in it stance before, that the collection has no

wrote: “This writing is wholly personal rival in its scope, in the judicious choice PATCHWORK. By Beverley Nichols. Henry Holt & Co., New York. $1.7.1.

and private, intended only for auto of authors and subjects, and in its physiRay Sheldon, coming to Oxford from communion." The book now published cal form. As with other good things, his war service, finds the tone of the is for this reason the more valuable. the price of these volumes has increased. place too practical. too serious, too sol. The paragraphs are wholly unstudied. but, as things go, a dollar a volume for emnly industrious, too overshadowed by They appear to be the thoughts as they good literature is far from being exthe war. He misses the old charm and came into his mind, not as they would cessive.

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