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Was this the flood
The most terrific catastrophe of ancient times occurred twelve thousand years ago. There was no Mediterranean Sea then; only a rich and fertile valley filled
easy and secure.
One day, without warning, the water came. The Atlantic Ocean burst its walls and swept into the valley, engulfing the tribes. Torrents of rain from the melting ice of the North swelled the inundation. Terror stricken men and women fled to higher ground, but the water followed faster, and where the peaceful valley had been there was a blank, silent sea, and nothing more.
Did any fugitives escape this wholesale destruction ? Were their memories of those
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JANUARY 11, 1922
A NEW DEAL IN CHINA
Roughly speaking, the country is
at present under the control of several governments and dictatorshipsthe main Federal Government, control. ling most of the provinces, with its historic capital at Peking; the Southern Government, controlling one, two, or three provinces, with its capital at Can
Under these conditions, the establishment of a coalition Cabinet at Peking would seem to be wise. The President of China has asked Liang Shi-yi to be come Prime Minister, in succession to Chin Yun-peng. Even if Chinese liberals believe that Chin has been guilty of peculations and the sale of offices, they may not altogether welcome the new Premier. He is supposed to have inspired Yuan Shi-kai's attempt to create himself Emperor some years ago. But probably conservatives rather than liberals are in the majority in Parliament (all appointments requiring the sanction of both houses of the Legislature). The new Premier has been called a master of political manipula. tion; that quality would appear to be rather necessary in China just now.
International Doubtless also his experience as Direc
A PROCESSION OF BAREFOOTED URCHINS WITH SINN FEIN FLAGS GREETING RELEASED
IRISH PRISONERS tor of Railways, Minister of Finance, and Director of Maritime Customs will
sons and property in China with that in years for a common sense view of the stand him in good stead in forming
other countries would not be to China's Irish question has just reached AmerGovernment policies with regard to rail.
disadvantage. Could China, they add, ica. Sir Horace Plunkett believes in a way, banking, and tariff matters.
be relieved, first, of existing limitations united Ireland and an independent govIn forming the coalition Cabinet
upon her powers; second, of violations ernment within the Empire. More than Liang has secured the adhesion of some
of her sovereign rights by other na- any other one man he has worked for powerful reactionary military chieftains,
tions; and, third, permitted through her agricultural co-operation. His moderate governors and ex-governors of prov
maritime customs to obtain needed and hopeful ideas as to the present situinces and masters of provincial bodies
revenue, she might be able to correctation, as given to the press here on his of troops, which have been moved about existing conditions.
arrival, are well worth heeding. Sir with surprising independence of the
Horace said: Federal Government. It remains to be IRELAND'S DECISIVE HOUR seen whether he can secure the services, With the beginning of the year the So far as the Irish question relates
to the old conflict between England is making a strenuous endeavor in that
and Ireland I believe it is to be burthe decision as to whether the Irish
ied. When Ulster is no longer an direction), so that the Cabinet will be Free State shall exist or the dream of issue in British party politics, there as far as possible centralized and truly an absolute Irish Republic be continued will be a wholly new spirit in Ireland representative. with all the wretched irregular slaying
in regard to this difficulty. The bigMore or less independent and irre
ger issue was settled because an and burning involved. The reports from
overwhelming public opinion desponsible fiscal and military provincial the Dail are that the vote will be close; manded its settlement. The lesser government in China has always been a the reports from the people of Ireland issue will be settled for the additional crying evil. At the same time the lack are that they wish to ratify the treaty;
reason that it is every Irishman's
wish that it should be. of law and order in isolated regions has one despatch of January 2 says that
The treaty itself will be ratified. doubtless been accentuated in the recent "ratification is supported by pronounce Even if Dail Eireann cannot on acdespatches from China to the detriment ments of the Irish bishops and by reso count of the pledges of its members of the regions where law and order pre- lutions not oniy of public representative
to an Irish republic agree to another
form of government it will have to vail. Competent Chinese authorities bodies but of important units in the
consult the people, and they will be even maintain that a comparison of the Sinn Fein organization."
for the treaty. The terms of the amount of crime and violence to per One Irishman who has stood for many treaty are substantially those that I
have advocated for the last two and
industry and that the industrial plan is a half years.
going on successfully. The immediate future of Ireland
A thoroughly well informed Cleveland hangs in the balance as the new year
correspondent informs us that both begins. Its security rests largely on the
sides have again shown the spirit of willingness of the Irish people to agree
mutual confidence . and the readiness with the view above expressed.
to compromise that have developed
through the consideration of their joint THE ISLAND OF HAITI
problems and the daily adjustment of M he island of Haiti is an increasingly
disputes. They will retain the impar1 important outpost of this country.
tial machinery which is the first essenIt is a large island about the size of
tial of both peace and progress, and unMaine. The eastern part we know as
der the general supervision of the refSanto Domingo; the western part re
erees and their representative, the Imtains the name Haiti. The eastern part
partial Chairman, the forward-looking is ruled by Spanish Negroes; the west
experiments of standards of production, ern part by French Negroes.
on the one hand, and a guaranty of There has always been political chaos
employment on the other hand, will be in the island. But about sixteen years
continued. He adds: ago there was such financial chaos in
The principle of week work is reSanto Domingo and the foreign credit
affirmed in the new agreement. By ors were so menacing that the Domini
July 1, 1922, all departments must can Government asked ours to establish
either be on the basis of production a financial protectorate. Under the en(C) Keystone
standards or be put on straight week
SIR HORACE PLUNKETT suing treaty the United States now col
Another forward step has
been taken toward the solution of one lects Dominican customs, pays out the
more important and complicated money so received towards canceling the
problem—the so-called “outside shop," debts of Santo Domingo, and turns the
continuance of our treaty with Haiti the contractor or submanufacturer and for the maintenance of the Ameri
who makes certain garments for the remainder over to the Dominican Gov
large manufacturers. A joint comernment. can civil staff there. A loan is urged
mittee of the union and the ManufacThe financial relations between the
so that Haiti may pay her debts to turers' Association is to study the
European countries on more advantaHaitian Republic and its chief creditors
whole question of the development
and proper functioning of the out-France, Germany,
geous terms and so that the just claims
side shops in Cleveland. Meanwhile been menacing. In the interests both
the same scale of wages and hours of the Haitian Republic and its foreign
Government may be promptly met. The will be maintained as is required in creditors, it became necessary for us to
report adds that peace and order have the large factories. In these smaller
now been re-established, that sanitary attempt to repeat in the western part of
shops, too, the strike and lockout will the island what had been a success in work has cleaned the once filthy coast
be forbidden, and all disputes will
hereafter be determined by the Imtowns, and that road-building has been the eastern part. American officers,
partial Chairman, therefore, took charge of the Haitian begun.
Coming when industrial relations
As regards Santo Domingo, the pricustom houses.
throughout the country are strained or There has been friction in Haiti both mary need also is good roads. Not only
actually broken, all parties connected will they be means of necessary comwith Spanish and with French Negroes.
with the women's garment industry in Stories became current of blunders, and munication, but they will reduce the
Cleveland are to be commended for their even of outrages, committed in the danger of revolution. Mr. McCormick
vision and courage in continuing to codeprecates any removal of American course of American administration. AC
operate in one of the most vital and fartroops from Santo Domingo for the specordingly the United States Senate re
reaching industrial experiments of the cial reason that the population has not cently sent a commission to the island consisting of Senators MeCormick,
yet taken steps to hold elections to set Jones, Oddie, and Pomerene, the first be
up a proper government. With the ex
ception of the activities of some small ANTI-LYNCHING BILL ing chairman. The Commission has now returned, and its chairman has scattered bands, the country is in com
A BILL now under consideration in parative order. made a preliminary report.
A Congress will, if passed and then As to both Haiti and Santo Domingo, As regards Haiti, while he recom
upheld by the United States Supreme the Commission recommends a new mends that there should be no with
Court, provide serious penalties for per
co drawal of the Marines now policing that loan, the purposes of the Dominican
sons convicted in Federal courts of parcountry, he properly insists that not loan being to fund two preceding loans
ticipating in any mob or riotous assemand to secure funds necessary for highonly the Marines but also our civilian
blage by which a person is put to death, representatives should be in sympathy way building
or who interfere with an officer protectwith the Haitian people. Coupled with
ing a prisoner from lynching, or for an this is a reminder to the Haitians that THE CLEVELAND PLAN WORKS
official who refuses to do his full duty they should show like co-operation in T ATELY we spoke of the crisis in the within reason to prevent a lynching or maintaining cordial relations.
I relations of the garment workers' arrest persons taking part in a lynchAs to the charges of brutality against industry in Cleveland to the excellent ing. But prosecutions and penalties our marines, the Commission declines “Cleveland plan.” This plan has been apply only in States or governmental to make any statement before further in operation for two years and has been divisions of States which have denied sifting the charges. It recommends the called "a miracle in modern industry," the equal protection of life guaranteed appointment of a High Commissioner, We are extremely glad now to report by the United States Constitution--that to whom both civil and military authori- that harmony has been obtained in the is, a State or subdivision which fails or
he was refrio
refuses to protect its citizens against BOIES PENROSE
ential in the nomination of President mob violence.
CENATOR PENROSE, whose sudden death Harding.
A has or has not been guilty of neglect of
year, had been a leader and a forceful DHYSICAL heroism for the public beneduty. The text of the bill as it is now influence in the Republican party dur- I fit is not confined to the battlefields before the lower house throws no lighting almost or quite a quarter of a cen- of great wars. We have just learned of on this point; apparently, therefore, the tury. His position as head of the Sen- an extraordinary adventure of a scienFederal court before which such an ac- ate's Finance Committee was of the tist connected with the American Mution is brought must determine the guilt highest importance; especially at the seum of Natural History, of New York of the State before it takes up the evi.
present moment it entailed upon its City, which deserves to be recorded with dence in an individual case. Here may
chairman wearing and strenuous labor some of the feats of the European War. be one Constitutional question; another in connection with the shaping of the George K. Cherrie has been conductsure to be raised is that of the limits new Tariff and Tar Bills, and this effort ing natural history ex of State rights and Federal rights.
undoubtedly affected Senator Penrose's tropical America since 1884. It was his The proposed law goes further than physical condition.
wide experience, his success in handling to make the acts above described fel
Mr. Penrose succeeded Senator Don problems of transportation and in esonies; it prescribes a fine of $10,000 on Cameron in the Senate in 1897, and had tablishing desirable relations with the a county in which a person is lynched,
of the the sum to go to his family, his parents,
Committee for the last seventeen years Natural History Museum to send him or, if there is neither, to the United with the exception of the four years pre- as the Museum's representative with States. The present bill goes further by ceding 1916.
Colonel Roosevelt on the famous trip making a county co-responsible which
There has never been any question as down the River of Doubt in 1913. allows a mob to take a person through to Mr. Penrose's intellectual ability and Cherrie was in command in 1921 of a its territory into another county where force as a manager of men. He is Museum expedition collecting birds and he is lynched.
classed by most people as an extreme mammals in southwestern Ecuador near A clause has been stricken out from reactionary. Conservative he undoubt the Peruvian line. At seven o'clock on the original bill which would make an
edly was, and his view of public life a September morning the accidental disoffense against an alien committed
was that of the old-time politician charge of his shotgun, held in his left against his country's treaty rights a rather than that of a progressive states
bird crime against the United States as well man. He had. however, definite convic- with his right, sent a charge of number as against the State where it took place. tions as to political and industrial ques- eight shot through his right forearm, This would meet a difficult situation tions, and he was not of that type of severing the ulna. Such ineffective firstthat has sometimes arisen, memorably reactionary who would without con- aid treatment as could be given so serionce in Louisiana. Probably it was
science throw aside those convictions to ous a wound was at once applied, and thrown out as not germane to the main play politics, as the phrase goes. Thus as soon as animals could be secured object of the bill.
it may surprise some readers to know Cherrie started for the port of Santa In urging the passage of this bill Mr. that in his early political career he Rosa, distant eighty-five miles, where he Mondell, the Republican leader in the helped secure a reform charter for aimed to catch the weekly steamer for House, said:
Philadelphia; on the other hand, he was Guayaquil. The pain occasioned by his
charged with the expenditure of large wound was so excruciating that he was The real question before the Ameri
sums and the merciless exercise of unable to ride on the level or down hill, can people is: Shall we as a people permit the world, claiming, as we do,
political threats in his first election as and consequently walked all the way exto be the most enlightened and most United States Senator. It may surprise cept up grade. The trip included the advanced nation, continue to allow
readers also to know that in the period ascent and descent of a mountain eight other peoples to point to us as the
immediately preceding the Republican thousand feet in height. He was able scene of more mob violence than that which takes place in any other part
Convention of 1916 Mr. Penrose was in to get very little to eat, and was assured of the world? Undoubtedly the finger favor of the nomination of Theodore by the sympathetic natives he encounof scorn of other nations is now Roosevelt as President by the Republi- tered that, as he was mortally wounded, pointed at us for not taking any
can party. This was not because he had why eat at all! He finally reached steps to check the mob outrages which shock the sensibilities of all
forgotten that Mr. Roosevelt had often Santa Rosa three hours after the boat civilized peoples.
charged him with being an unscrupu had left, but his party started after it Shall we continue to permit such lous representative of capitalistic inter in a canoe and caught it farther down frightful and atrocious crimes as
ests, nor was it altogether inconsistent the river. Until he reached the steamer burning at the stake without taking
with his former bitter antagonism to he was unable to sleep. any steps to check their occurrence and punish the participants? We are
Mr. Roosevelt; it was because he When he arrived at Guayaquil, four convinced that a vast majority of the wanted harmony and peace within the days after the accident, his arm was as American people will look with favor
party. Mr. Roosevelt, though in fre- large as his leg and so gangrenous that upon any legislation which tends to remove this blot from our National
quent opposition to the Pennsylvania his life was despaired of. But an operarecord.
Senator, had great respect for his men- tion was performed, and he improved tal power.
enough so that he could come back to The number of lynchings is not di In his legislative views Senator Pen- the United States. He is here now, and minishing; 63 took place last year, rose was naturally, from his State con the physicians hold out hope that he about two-thirds of which were for of- nection and economic associations, a will ultimately recover the use of his fenses other than assaults upon women; leading advocate of a strong protective arm. five persons were burned alive, in five tariff. He was a member of several in - The pluck and determination shown cases bodies were burned after death; portant Senate committees. He opposed by a man who could walk in such a consince 1889, 3,307 persons have been the Wilson Peace Treaty, fought the dition to a dressing station for four killed by mob violence.
Prohibition Amendment, and was influ- days is eloquent testimony of the stock