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D OBERT H. MOULN TON was born in Nashville, Tennessee, forty years ago and is a graduate of Columbia University. He has contributed extensively.to American periodicals and has written libretti for a number of musi
cal comedies. TDWARD EYRE Hunt is secretary of the
U Conference on Unemployment which has recently been in session in Washington. He was graduated from Harvard in 1910 and was for two years on the editorial staff of the "American" magazine. During the war he served variously as war correspondent, delegate of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and head of economic rehabilitation work of the Red Cross in France. The three prize-winning letters in
1 The Outlook's fourth contest, “The Turning Point,” are published in this week's issue. The first prize was won by Louis Victor Eytinge, of Arizona, and the second by Rae Barnett, from Aberdeen, Washington. The winner of the third prize prefers not to disclose his identity. DICHARD HOADLEY TINGLEY has writ
N ten for the financial pages of The Outlook several times during the last year. CAMALIEL BRADFORD is a writer of G note. He was born in Boston, and entered Harvard College in 1882, but was obliged to leave almost immediately on account of ill health. He is the author of numerous volumes, among them “Lee, the American,” “Portraits of Women," "Civil War Portraits." CELIA HARRIS wrote us the following.
U paragraph when we asked for some biographical data: "I notice in your contributors' columns that there is a certain type of contributor whose biography reads as follows: ‘Mary Elizabeth Brown, a writer new to The Outlook, sends us this thoughtful article from Ottumwa, Iowa.' I belong in Mapy Elizabeth's class. I am a graduate of the University of Nebraska and of Outlook parentage; my mother, Mary Day Harris, has contributed several articles in the last few years under the name of Mary Doane Shelby.”
CORRESPONDENT A of The Outlook complains that all of the pictures which we have published of our Washington correspondent, Ernest Hamlin Abbott, have been caricatures. So we make one more attempt
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JANUARY 4, 1922
A THREATENED TRAGEDY
Moreover, it is hardly possible for the milk and asked for a doubling of the i treaties entered into during the
Administration to interject this prob appropriation. war and at its eløse portionis of
lem into the Washington negotiations, Congress has now consented to this, what was beföre Türkishi territori
which are limited to questions of a very after a very lively debate in which the were apportioned to certain of the Allied
different scope. The attempt to lay bill was opposed by those who thought Powers. In this apportionment Cilicia,
broad foundations for an enduring peace it violated the spirit of our Constituwhich was largely Armenian territory,
in the Near East ought not to be lightly tion and by those who asserted that the fell to France as within its zone of mili
hazarded. It is possible that private in appropriation would be additional matetary occupation for the maintenance of
fluences could be brought to bear upon rial for the cause of Bolshevism. The order and for the observance of the
the French Government by the diplo President at once signed the bill. ternis of the armistice. It is now ava math of England and America to delay The food is to be assembled through thoritatively announced that France is
the withdrawal of the French forces.
elevators without profits to them, and about to withdraw her troops froni
It is even possible that an official notifi- will be transported to the port of depart. Cilicia and pass over the administration cation"
cation to the Turkish authorities by ure from this country at reduced rates, of that state to the Nationalist Turks. England, France, and the United States if possible, upon the railways, thus enThe three Armenian communities in
that any failure to protect the Arme- abling as large an amount of grain as is Cilicia (Gregorian, Roman Catholic, and
nians would be regarded as an un possible to be secured for the appropriaProtestant) and many Moslems unite in
friendly act might have a protective tion. Nineteen million dollars of the appealing to the French authorities to
force. And we think it highly probable $20,000,000 to be appropriated is now in remain at least for the present, but so
that an aroured popular sentiment in the hands of the United States Grain far the appeal has been in vain. It is
the United States against leaving the Corporation, formed during the war, of reported that France, in withdrawing,
Armenians unprotected, even if it led which the President of the United States has made an agreement with Kemal
to no governmental action, would have is the sole stockholder. This corporaPasha, the Nationalist Turkish leader considerable influence on the French tion is now being liquidated, and the for the protection of the Armenians. The Government, if not on the Kemalite mon
Government, if not on the Kemalite money would soon be turned into the statement that the protection of a Hack Turkish Government. Such popular United States Treasury. Its diversion of sheep is thus intrusted to a pack of sentiment ought not to be unaffected to the purchase of food, provided for in wolves may be unjust to the Armenians,
however, by the fact that while the the bill, will be welcomed by the farmbut in view of recent history cannot be
United States is limiiting the number ers of the West, who, humanitarian as said to be unjust to the Turks. The
of immigrants to its shores, France they may be, will be glad to profit by race and religious prejudice animating
leaves open the door to Syria to Arme. the legislation. the Turks is increased because in the nian refugees.
The bill applies to that most sorely recent war the Armenians were allies of
Certainly the facts ought to have stricken region in Russia, the part of the the French and fought desperately
some effect on those happily tempered valley of the Volga River between the against the Turks under French lead.
pacifists who imagine that complete dis- cities of Kazan and Saratov, a region It is said that about two hundred thou
armament by all the civilized nations, about four hundred miles long. It lies Band Armenians, Syrians, Greeks, and
leaving the helpless undefended against several hundred miles to the east of pro-French Moslems are involved in the
the criminals, would secure a world Moscow. Ordinarily this region raises danger of massacre in Cilicia. peace and a world justice.
more than enough to feed its people. It must be confessed that France is in
But for three years in succession they a difficult situation. France has spent RUSSIAN RELIEF
have endured a great drought, which, in far more money in trying to maintain DRESIDENT HARDING's request for an
addition to the economic cruelty of the order in Cilicia than she can afford. I appropriation by Congress of $10,
Bolshevik Government, has reduced very
many millions of people to starvation. She is sharply criticised for her main- 000,000 to supply corn and seed grain for tenance of a large standing army, and the starving Russians was followed by
And this at a time when we have more
foodstuffs in storage than ever before in is accused of imperialistic ambitions, the appearance of Secretary Hoover be
our history! disturbing to the peace of Europe. But fore the Committee on Foreign Relations when, yielding to pressure, she proposes of the House of Representatives. He to reduce her army by withdrawing her said, in rejoinder to the claim that pri- LEADERSHIP FOR THE NEGRO troops from a distant province she is vate, not public, charity should fill the N ot long ago Principal Moton, of charged with breach of faith in desert- need: “There are a great many commit- Il Tuskegee Institute, was introduced ing a helpless people intrusted to her tees working throughout the country to a mass-meeting at Greenville, Miskeeping.
under a great deal of difficulty but not sissippi, by a white friend of Negro It is difficult to see what official action without energy. I do not bclieve, how- advancement, Mr. Alfred Holt Stone. In the American Government can take to ever, that the total collections since the introduction Mr. Stone pointed out prevent this tragedy. One principal ob. August of the entire group amounts to that the ten million Negroes in this jection urged against the League of $750,000.” He also showed that Govern- country, living under laws made, inNations was that America ought not to mental aid on a larger scale than the terpreted, and executed by white men, share with European nations in dealing President suggested would be needed. are an integral part of American life with European problems. The Presi. He requested some 22,000,000 bushels of and that it is "the paramount duty of dential election sustained that objection. grain and 500,000 cases of preserved the white man to see that friendly rela
tions are retained and that relations are steadily improved."
What Mr. Stone added as to the right and wrong kind of leadership for the Negro race is worth quoting at some length:
There are to-day two groups of Negro leaders-groups which are as wide apart as the Poles and which are as distinct as the whites and Negroes themselves. I am not going to call any names. One set of Negro leaders is distinctly radical. The leadership of the other group is conservative and is working for peace and harmony between the races. It is left with the white people to choose which Negro leadership they will encourage.
There is no more trying position in American life to-day than that of a conservative Negro leader in the South. He must steer an even course and at the same time maintain his position of leadership without sacrificing any right principle. When Booker T. Washington died and I was appealed to for a suggestion as to the man who was best fitted to succeed him, I replied, without hesitation, that Robert R. Moton stood head and shoulders above all other men. Mr. W. Anthony Aery, the secretary of Hampton, himself a white man, tells us that in traveling with Dr. Moton on the trip during which the Greenville meeting was held he found himself comparing conditions between the races as they are now and as they were when years ago he made a similar trip with Booker Washington. He noted in Mississippi “a growing spirit of racial good will and racial co-operation." He found "white and black folks everywhere discovering—almost intuitively—that they cannot make much real progress by hoeing their rows as separate groups. They are. discovering that they can go ahead very much faster by pulling together and by forgetting some of their differences.”
We agree heartily with Mr. Aery's conclusion that "the influence of men like Booker T. Washington, Robert R. Moton, and others scoffed at as conservatives has been invaluable in bringing about this era of good feeling."
powers and to teach you how to use them to the best advantage while you are here, and afterward when you take your place in the field of active life which you shall choose.
Unfortunately, too many undergraduates in American colleges are inclined to regard a college course as a sort of glorified vacation. It will not do them any harm occasionally to recall the fact that their friends who entered business on leaving high school or preparatory school have to keep regular hours and do regular work. One of the great advantages of the education which the graduates of Annapolis or West Point receive is that the undergraduates in those institutions work as regularly and as hard as if they were apprentices in some great industrial plant. Regular hours and a regular system of work will do wonders for a student even when he is not a genius. Indeed, in most fields of human activity, the erraticism of genius is likely to be beaten in the long run by the regularity of an ordinary mind.
(C) Harris & Ewing
harder and to put more of ourselves into our work.
There may have been a time when the word work, as applied to a college, would have seemed to some a kind of academic pleasantry. If there ever was such a time, that time has passed. The picture of a college where the long hours were passed agreeably under the shade of the classic elms, smoking pipes and singing college songs, has a certain attraction to the retrospective imagination of the graduate and to the prospective vision of the freshman. But to a man who knows anything about the life at Union College there will be a mournful realization that the largest part of the picture has been left out.
I might as well tell you at once that this is a college where honest work is not only expected but required. There is no reason why a boy who comes to college should expect an easier time than a boy who goes to work in a factory or in an office. The idea that in coming to college a boy is postponing his life-work for four years while he floats down the stream of time untroubled by the hard realities that other young men of his own age have to face is not at all our idea of what a college means. Neither is a college a kind of intellectual incubator where young fledglings are hatched out with no effort of their own. A college is a workshop, and if it is going to maintain its place in the esteem of a Nation that has supported us with such unstinted generosity we must see that the gospel of honest work is not only taught in the college but practiced by all of us who have anything to do with it.
This ma' sound a little disagreeable to some easy-going young aspirants who have been looking forward to a comfortable time, but let me assure you that the only way to be happy here, or anywhere else, is to make a real business of the thing you are doing. The most delightful thing a man does is to exercise and develop the powers that are his. What we shall try to do for you here is to help you to understand and value your own
HENRY WATTERSON, NEWSPAPER MAN TTENRY WATTERSON, who died in Jack11 sonville, Florida, on December 22, made the Louisville "Courier-Journal" a National newspaper and a political power. Colonel Watterson served in the Confederate Army, but whether he had the exact rank of colonel or was a Kentucky colonel by the brevet of State and National affection is not important. To newspaper men he was "Marse Henry," and perhaps no man in our time has been better liked by the men of his own profession. He has been described as the last of his line in that he was the last of the great personal figures once so common in American journalismGreeley, Raymond, the elder Bennett, and Dana are the names one associates with him. He was born eighty-one years ago, was held on the knee of Andrew Jackson as a child, and knew every President from that time to this. It has been pointed out that the period covered by Watterson's life and the life of John Quincy Adams, whom as a boy he knew, covers the entire period of the country's history from Revolutionary days.
Colonel Watterson exercised a great influence in public affairs, not only by his editorial work, but by his vivacious and often uncomfortably frank utterances. Not infrequently he hit two ways at once, as in his famous "Now and ever, to hell with autocracy. Now and ever, to hell with the Hohenzollerns and the Hapsburgs," to which he added later in a letter, “And to hell with prohibition along with the Hapsburgs and the
THE COLLEGE WORKSHOP TN a recent address President RichI mond, of Union College, said some. thing so true and simple and yet so startling that we are glad to reprint it in full:
However men may differ as to specific remedies for the present disorders, all men of sense agree at one point, and that is the necessity of getting back to work. In the four years of the war the fruit of the work of millions of men for many years has been destroyed. It is gone, and no amount of economic juggling will bring it back. If the prosperity of the world is to be restored, it will be because we are all willing to work