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FAIR question, isn't it? Why does a man when
he builds his own home carefully provide space
for bookshelves in his living room, in his library or den in the same manner as he builds pantry shelves, closet shelves or shelves in his medicine cabinet? The answer is a simple one, the obvious one. To put books in, of course, in the same manner as pantry shelves are to put food on, closet shelves to put clothes on and shelves of the medicine cabinet are to put medicine in.
But there's more of an answer to the question. A man puts bookshelves in his home or buys bookcases because he knows that either are as necessary in his home as pantry shelves or closet shelves. He knows that books are as vital a necessity to every man and his home as his food and his clothes and medicine. The Corner Stone of Every Home Library
In the same manner as a man chooses his food for the good it is going to do his body, and his clothes for their serviceability, he chooses the books to put in these shelves for their ability to feed and strengthen the mind; books that clothe the man and his family with knowledge and give protection against ignorance. He probably has not unlimited means, so he must choose with utmost care to give his family such books as will be of the most value day in and day out. He is not interested in having books that simply look nice on the shelves. He insists that the books he selects must represent a worth while investment in knowledge; books from which he and his family can obtain a definite, material and lasting benefit.
He selects and purchases first the Encyclopaedia Britannica and builds his library around this great work. Why?
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The Luxury of India Paper He chooses the Encyclopaedia Britannica because it is well made from the physical standpoint. It is printed on the genuine India paper, which makes the Britannica far more usable than any encyclopaedia ever was before. The beautiful and serviceable bindings make it a book that he is proud to have in his library and to be seen by his friends.
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THE OUTLOOK. April 19, 1922: Volume 130, Number 16. Published weekly by the Outlook Company at 381 Fourth Avenue, New York, N. Y. Subscription price $5.00 a year.
Eatered as second-class matter, July 21, 1893, at the Post Office at New York, under the Act of March 3, 1879
Just Ready are:-
By LOUIS JOSEPH VANCE
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$2.00 The Dark House
By IDA A. R. WYLIE
-That you don't get half
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Published in March :-
By A. A. MILNE
$2.00 Lilia Chenoworth
By LEE WILSON DODD
-That you are a neurotic
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An Authoritative and Fascinating Book about "Nerves" in • Truly
By H. C. BAILEY A story of care-free, high-minded adventure in a country unknown to history and far, far removed from the problems of to-day.
$2.00 His Dog
By ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE
OUTWITTING OUR NERVES
The Mail Bag : A “Country School.
ma'am on the Under-Weight De-
623 Brother Jonathan's Opportunities (Poem)...
624 By Charles A. Richmond Weary Peddlers (Poem).
624 By Elias Lieberman The Messengers.
624 By Elsie Spicer Eells At Genoa...
627 The Louvain Library
628 The Greek and Roman Churches. 628 The Attempt to Scrap Our Navy. 628 The Printing Bureau Dismissals.. 628 Men of Such Great Leading.
629 Cartoons of the Week Symptoms of a Governmental Disease 630 On Behalf of the Amateur Spirit.... 630 A Veteran Campaigner....
631 The Radio and the North Pole.. 631 The Opportunity of the Coal Strike.. 631 Egypt...
632 Memories Conveniently Short
633 Not So Red as They Are Painted .... 633 Where Negroes Are Still Owned.... 634
Editorial Correspondence by Ernest Hamlin
Abbott The Prospect for Cheaper Coal...... 636
By William P. Helm, Jr. Knoll Papers : A Social Gospel...... 638
By Lyman Abbott The Coal Strike-Defense and Offense 640 Defenders - Forgotten and Unforgotten 641 America's Boss-Ridden Athletics .... 642
By Newton Fuessle You Can't Make a Man Work-.... 645
By Elmer T. Peterson
By E. K. Parkinson
649 By Aline Kilmer Gandhi in Jail
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652 By Fullerton Waldo Tin Cans, Temples, and Waterfalls of Kashmir...
654 Pictures from an Outlook Reader The Book Table : The Later Mr. Yeats..
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656 Contributors' Gallery
657 Motors and the Midlands.
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THE MAIL BAG
A "COUNTRY SCHOOLMA’AM” ON THE UNDER-WEIGHT DELUSION
AY a humble "country schoolma'am"
speak in reply to Mr. Charles K. Taylor's attack on "The Great Delusion”? Being one of "the victims” of an eruption such as Mr. Taylor refers to, I feel moved to speak,
One day last September the county public health nurse descended upon us with her scales. She tactfully asked permission to weigh and measure the pupils. We were pleased. Everybody likes to be weighed! But, horrors! We were under-weight: 29 out of 54 of us. We were so much under-weight as to be "malnourished.” We also had many decayed teeth, a few diseased tonsils, some adenoids, and one or two were somewhat deaf and more complained of eye trouble. Of course these things had been noticed more or less before the nurse's visit, but such things were, and simply had to be endured. But to be underweight! That was something we all objected to being. The drooping shoulders, hollow chests, and dark, tiredlooking circles under our eyes had not been matters of importance to us. But when we learned that these were the result of being "under-weight" and as long as they remained with us we would continue to be "under-weight" we became interested in learning how to improve.
Milk we had always known was good food for calves and pigs. For chickens too. When we wanted to show our stock at the county or State fairs, we always gave them lots of milk. Oats too were good for the stock. Oatmeal we knew made the baby chicks grow nicely. Milk for us? Oh, no! We preferred real "eats"-fried potatoes and pie just suited us.. Eat oatmeal for breakfast instead of fried ham and hot cakes? Why? We liked the hot cakes with plenty of syrup. And coffee of course!
But the nurse said we were "underweight” and if we did not drink milk, eat oatmeal or those other things called "cereals,” with plenty of cream, we might stay under-weight.
When the county paper published a story on the school that had the most under-weight children in the county, we knew who the children were, though they were so considerate as to not mention names.
The result of the "eruption"? Not knowing we were being deluded, we got busy. Milk bottles began to appear in lunch-baskets. There was some sense in practicing "health habits” if we were doing them to become normal in our weight. So long as we were just doing health chores to get credit and wear badges, we didn't see that it was worth while. But if they helped us keep away from "under-weight" then we were ready to listen.
suggest a way of getting the children interested in their own health and food
habits that will be superior to the presThe nurse visited us again in March.
ent weighing system. If she will turn When she finished weighing us again, to The Outlook of March 15, she will she said to “teacher:" "Tell me, have
find a graphic illustration of the stimuyou been doing anything differently
lus towards physical perfection given by from what you have always done? Have
Mr. Taylor's height-weight system. The you changed any habits-done anything
effect of the application of Mr. Taylor's special to make you gain?"
system is also told in the letter below."Indeed, we have tried to gain. See
STANDARDS FOR BETTER
His is a day of standardization in all breathing deeply, as you taught us to do.
lines of instruction, but in the field Indeed, we have tried to gain. Have we
of moral and physical development there gained?"
is room for tests and measurements. "I should say you have," said nurse.
What seems to be needed is an abiding "And that is not all. You are lots better faith that definite results may be accomlooking than you were when I saw you
plished in this field. before. I wouldn't have recognized you Dr. Charles K. Taylor, of Orange, New as the same group of pupils. Keep it Jersey, has that faith. His plan of up. I'm mighty proud of you!".
moral education by a system of physical When the nurse's little flivver started standards was outlined in the classroom out of the yard, the pupils were gathered of the University of Pennsylvania about at the gate, waving “good-by" and cry ten years ago. At that time I offered to ing, “Come again, Miss X; come again
co-operate with him in the Meade School soon." We want her to come again.
in trying out his system. In association We want to "be descended upon" and with the Singerly School we were able "deluded” if this be delusion.
to enter competitive events singly and in As well write a criticism on the Chris
groups. tian religion, saying it consists of teach
Every boy was judged physically acing there is a hell, as to condemn the
cording to his own build. This proved weighing and measuring of school-chil.
to be an effective way of hitting bad dren because it teaches that some of
habits a deadly blow. Each boy saw the them are under-weight. Can Mr. Taylor
impossibility of competing with Lee suggest a way of getting the children Griffiths and Mifflin Armstrong if he interested in their own health and food
continued late hours, coffee drinking, habits that will be superior to this? If
and smoking. Cigarette smoking almost so, we will be glad to hear from him.
ceased during the period that Mr. TayIf not, we wonder why he was given lor's system was in full swing. space in a publication so broad-minded
A lot of boys substituted hiking for as The Outlook for a tirade that has
corner loafing when Andrew McGowen, nothing constructive in it. Being an
the mile-runner and hurdler, and Waleducator, he should know that children
lace McCurdy, the Olympic champion, are not interested in such abstract
were in charge of Saturday “hikes." things “health." What could be
Girls undertook home planning, room more concrete, more vital, more inter
planning, decoration, care of hair, teeth, esting, than our own weight? It means
and the like, under the direction of Dr. physical development. It is expressed
Frida Lippert, who sought to give them in units of measure which we all under
wholesome ideas and ideals of "home." stand. Let us have more of the "Great
Assembly talks by educators and rep-
resentative citizens developed a fine El Reno, Oklahoma.
co-operative spirit in the school as a
whole. CORNELIUS J. WALTER, [Last week we published a series of letters commenting most enthusiasti.
Supervising Principal, cally upon C. K. Taylor's article on “The
Meade School, Philadelphia. Great Under-Weight Delusion.” Of the few letters attacking this article the
LETTERS TO MR. TAYLOR foregoing is perhaps the most interest.
ou are quite right about the types of ing which have received. writer, like most of the other adverse
Christian era Philostratus, in an intercommentators on Mr. Taylor's article,
esting book on gymnastics, divided men ignores the fact that Mr. Taylor places
into greyhounds, lions, and bears, and I great emphasis upon an adequate medi
have some photographs showing these cal examination. He would be just as
various types very distinctly. much opposed to the unbalanced diet of
R. Tait MCKENZIE. the children described in the above let
University of Pennsylvania, ter and just as quick to criticise the drooping shoulders, hollow chests, and Your articles voice my own thoughts tired eyes as the visiting nurse who exactly, only in a much more able way effected the revolution of the health of than I could do. Your idea of offering these country school-children.
prizes for the all-around development of Miss Wilson asks if Mr. Taylor can the body, to conform to symmetrical
He only sez, “Ye've put it strong,
But he wrinkled his brow like his sperit
was vexed 'Bout what he ought ter be doin' next An' what he oughter say. With the hul world a-knockin' at his
door An' him so rich an' them so poor, He'll jes' hev ter find a way.
to stuff their children simply because I
Wall, I thought as I shuk his han'
BY ELIAS LIEBERMAN
standards, is one I have long held, and mirable measure. We have also been
A. W. CARTER.
BROTHER JONATHAN'S Grand Mere, Quebec.
OPPORTUNITIES Do you have any reprints of "The
BY CHARLES A. RICHMOND Under-Weight Delusion"? For
President of Union College time I have been trying to convince the public that it was not always advisable
HADN'T seen Brother Jonathan fer a
right smart spell. they did not weigh what the chart said
I thought mebbe it wus jes' as well, they should. H. W. ELIOT, M.D.,
While he settled up his things.
I'd heerd, uv course, uv his carryin's on,
How he shoo'd the Kaiser off his throne
An' chased out all the kings. splendid contribution to the promotion
II of a desire in the minds of a larger num
A-fixin' boundaries an' drivin' stakes ber of boys than ever before for physical
Fer Checks an' Polacks an' Slovaks, perfection. AVERY L. RAND, County Secretary, Y. M. C. A.,
Eytalian an' Chinee.
A-bossin' the hull tarnation lot
An' tellin' ol' John Bull what was what,
Will you kindly send me one of your leaflets?
He wus puttin' away his fightin' clo's-
Sezee, a scratchin' the tip uv his nose,
"I fit all creation over thar,
Sezee, as he wunk one eye.
I thought he wus crackin' one uv his Catcher," in which you advocate the
Ye know how he likes ter puzzle folks registration of automobiles by the State
When he's havin' a leetle fun. and the issuing of certificates of title, to be transferred in the case of sale.
So I sez, kinder solum, “Mebbe so, The State of Michigan has such a law,
Yet they dew say ye war mortal slow and I am inclosing a pamphlet, pub
In gittin' out yer gun.” lished by the Secretary of State, which gives this act in full. R. W. SCOTT.
I see this got him a leetle riled. Marquette, Michigan.
Thinks I, “The old feller's a-gittin' [The Michigan law, with which we spiled," were not familiar at the time of writing So I giv' him another reound. our editorial, provides that no certificate “Yer gittin' so mighty rich," sez I, of registration of any vehicle, or num
"An' liftin' yer feet so mighty high, ber plates therefor, whether original
Thet they sca'cely tech the greound. issues or duplicate issues, will be issued by the Secretary of State unless the ap
"Ye've spoke yer mind out, plain and plicant therefor shall, at the same time,
free, make application for, and be granted, an
Ter Rushian an' Prushian an' Japanee, official certificate of title, or unless the
Monsoor an' yer ; applicant shall present satisfactory evidence that such a certificate covering
play the motor vehicle has been previously
Then Yankee boodle will hev ter pay issued to the applicant.
Ef the dance is a-goin' on. It also provides that the sale of a motor vehicle in Michigan without the prescribed formalities of transferring "Ye've talked about yer list of don'ts, title makes such act of the owner
Jonathan's will an’ Jonathan's won'ts, felony and punishable by a fine of not An' mindin' their P's and Q's. more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for
But when they talk about the price, not more than ten years, or both, in the
An' ask more help an' less advice, discretion of the court.
Ye send 'em to the dooce." Under this law dealers in used vehi. cles, or parts thereof, must obtain a
VIII yearly license and keep a record of pur- I guess I tuk him by surprise, chases, sales, and exchanges of all But he set thar as ca'm an' looked es second-hand vehicles.
wise The Michigan law seems to be an ad- As ol' Methuselee.
The quest that led from door to door
For emptiness atones;
And ease their aching bones.
Each man, as if the spell of spring
Made hidden fancies stir,
The things that never were.
I, too, would like to drop my pack
If they will let me in,
Where dreams and faith begin.
. Folk Tale from the Azores
BY ELSIE SPICEREELLS
Bir sen vankee Doodle's' the tune they T Terceira da youth whose name
Vladmiro. He had come from Flanders, and he was a cavalier of the Order of St. John. He was betrothed to a fair maid of the islands.
One morning he was hunting in the forest of cedars when he suddenly saw Death standing before him. He fell upon his knees and sent up a fervent prayer to the Holy Virgin.
Then he said to Death: “O Death, why is it that you have come in search of me so soon? I am young, rich, happy. I am betrothed to a fair maid who loves
Life looks very bright." Death stepped back a pace. “Your prayer to the Holy Mother has