« ПретходнаНастави »
APRIL 19, 1922
way. He has succeeded in getting
virtually all the nations of Europe, including San Marino, one nation of Asia, and the scattered states of the British Empire, to meet in conference. What he hopes to obtain by it is plain. He is thinking, as he ought to think, first of the vital interests of the British Empire.
Menure He knows that that Empire is held together by trade. What he wants is to open the markets of the world, and specifically those markets that are controlled by Russia and Germany, to the traders of Britain. Like most Englishmen (who may perchance be Welshmen or Scotchmen, or even Irishmen), Lloyd George does not separate the welfare of Britain from the welfare of the world.
Keystone He conceives British interests as vir
A PANORAMIC VIEW OF GENOA, WHERE THE ECONOMIC CONFERENCE IS BEING HELD tually identical with the general interests. He is seeking something for Brit. ence's proceedings. They are worth benefit anybody but the Bolsheviki. ain, not at the expense of others, but reporting:
What the New York “Herald” says edifor what he conceives to be the whole The first is, when a country enters
torially about Russia applies in princiworld's benefit.
into contractual obligations with an ple to Germany. Says the “Herald:”. This explains the rather cheerful and other country or its nationals for
When France was in peril Belgium magisterial tone of Lloyd George's open
value received, that contract cannot
stood true. England went to war for be repudiated whenever the country ing address on April 10 to the nations
both of them. Italy and Japan joined changes its government without re
them. All were allies to the vicwhich have assembled at Genoa for the turning value.
torious end. Now their statesmen Conference.
The second is that no country can
are concerned not so much with one wage war on the institutions of anThough Luigi Facta, the Italian Pre
another as with the only nation that
other. mier, was made President of the Con
ratted—Russia. The third is that one nation shall
The schoolboy, noticing Russia's ference, David Lloyd George was at its not engage in aggressive operations
favorable prominence at Genoa, may start the most conspicuous figure. He
against the territory of another.
wonder whether it pays to be good.
The fourth is that the nations of has never been inconspicuous in any
Whether Russia “ratted," as the “Her
one country shall be entitled to imgathering, but he could hardly have partial justice in the courts of an
ald" says, the present rulers of Russia, avoided taking the place of leadership other.
deliberately turning Russia against the on this occasion. It was he, as spokes
If any people reject these elemen
cause in which she had enlisted, made a
tary conditions of civilized interman of Britain, that brought about this
virtue of treachery. There are other
course between nations, they cannot the first meeting of the Allied nations
be expected to be received into the
issues in the world, after all, than ecoand neutrals on terms of equality with comity of nations.
nomic issues. The safety of the nations unrepentant Germany and recalcitrant
depends upon something else than getRussia. He was willing to take words FURTHER DISCOVERIES FROM ting food and clothing cheap. Europe, instead of deeds as the pledge of coCOLUMBUS'S BIRTHPLACE
if it is to save its civilization, has got operation on the part of both of these AMERICANS will watch the proceedings to stop printing money recklessly and countries. He openly expressed his re- A with interest. They cannot be ex- it has got to balance its budgets; but gret that America, unwilling to do like pected to change their attitude about it has also got to see that contracts ar wise, was not present at this gathering. participating even in economic affairs observed and that there shall be at least Fortunately, the United States could in Europe until they see a chance of some measurable approach to a juzi, apafford to wait and see, not what the na- some sort of understanding among the portionment of the burdens of wrong. tions might say, but what they might European nations themselves. Most doing. do. France, too, is not yet in the mood Americans who are not confused by hav- The war was fought to prevent a nato take words for deeds, but France has ing too close an acquaintance with tech- tion which attempted to dominate the to stay in Europe, and therefore has nical details can see that, if Germany world from getting what it wanted. If, been lectured considerably by Mr. Lloyd does not bear the economic burden that under plea of providing markets, the George and other Englishmen, and prob- she placed upon France, France will nations of Europe allow the aggressor to ably will be lectured more while at have to bear it. To ease Germany of profit at the expense of any of its vicGenoa.
that burden does not ease Europe; it tims, those nations will have bought In his speech Mr. Lloyd George set simply eases the nation that least de their markets dear. Lloyd George reforth again the conditions under which serves to be eased. Most Americans, ferred to Genoa as having provided the nations could meet on terms of equality 100, can see that allowing the Bolsheviki discoverer of America and expressed the as the fundamental basis of the Confer- to get away with their swag will not hope that it would also provide the
means by which America would discover
Mr. Roosevelt concerning the British Europe. We hope that the Europe
navy do not include the personnel of which Genoa discovers to America will
the British Naval Air Force, for in prove to be a Europe not only economi
Great Britain aviation is under a sepacally but also politically and morally
rate department of the Government. sound.
"Next year," Mr. Roosevelt continued,
"Great Britain will keep ready for acTHE LOUVAIN' LIBRARY
tive service 1,307,785 tons of combatant IVTE are glad to note that the plans
vessels, Japan will maintain ready for for restoring the Louvain Library
active service approximately 690,000 are progressing satisfactorily and that
tons of combatant vessels. The United American generosity and sympathy with
States, on the other hand, under this Belgium are leading to a liberal re
bill, will only be able to keep ready for sponse. The idea that in whole or in
immediate service 703,148 tons of com
batant craft." What becomes of the part the building is to take the place of that so ruthlessly destroyed by German
5-5-3 ratio here? It is nothing better
than 13-7-6.9. barbarism has been called by Cardinal
Of course, if the United States carries Mercier "a supreme gesture of the American people."
out any such plan for the reduction of Already $160,000 has been contributed
its forces as has been proposed by the in this country, and this sum is to be
Appropriations Committee of the House, used in purchasing a site for the Li
the attempt of our delegates at the
Armament Conference to protect the inbrary and, to some extent, in construction. The entire estimated cost of the
terest of the United States while at the Library is about one million dollars, and
same time halting the competitive race it will in the main be a gift of the stu
in naval armaments will have been dedents of America to the scholars of
feated. If Secretary Hughes had proEurope, although French schools, it ap
posed a Navy markedly inferior to that
of Great Britain and but slightly supears, are joining in the gift. Germany, under the compulsion of treaty provis
perior to that of Japan, he would have triarchal, not a papal, authority. When ions, will in large measure furnish the
been denounced as traitorous-probably the Bishop of Rome obtained ever by some of the same men who are will. books which will fill the Library shelves,
greater political and religious ascenand it is said that over three hundred
ing to do by indirect action what they dency, the Greeks withdrew more and thousand volumes have already been
would be afraid to do by direct action. more into opposition, and this was the sent from Germany.
In the illustrated section of this week's more marked because the Roman Church One interesting detail in the plan is
Outlook there is a picture showing that the American Navy and the Ameri
represented an aristocratic and the United States destroyers out of commis
Greek Church a democratic trend. Fi. can Army will each commemorate its
sion at San Diego. To the landsman's nally, Pius IX excommunicated the eye these vessels may constitute an imdead in the World War by a special pil.
Greek Patriarch (1054). Since then the portant element in our National defense. lar in the arcade of the Louvain Library. The names of American universities and
attempts to restore unity between the To any. naval commander who might
two Churches have come to naught. colleges will appear on pillars and
suddenly be called to take these vessels shields in the arcade; seven hundred
Some Greeks, however, and other peo into action they represent little more such institutions are to take part in the
ples in restricted areas have submitted than so much scrap iron. Without work of restoration.
to Papal supremacy, on condition of trained crews and officers who have being permitted to retain certain tradi- learned to maneuver them in battle for.
tions of the Greek Church, such as the mation we have no more right to conTHE GREEK AND ROMAN
communion in both kinds, marriage of sider them as fighting ships than we CHURCHES
the clergy, church discipline, rites, and would have to consider a heap of The election to the Papacy of Pius XI
liturgy. Such persons are called Uniats, selected chemicals as a living human 1 has been the occasion of some un
or United Greeks; they are, in particu- being. expected and gratifying events. Not the
lar, the Greek and some of the Albanian least of these was the official call refugees in Italy, certain Rumans of
THE PRINTING BUREAU by a delegation from the Greek Church Transylvania, and the Ruthenians in
DISMISSALS to express good wishes for the new
Galicia and the Ukraine. Pope's advent. This recognition is con.
Co far as the public knows, the oversidered as an important step towards
W turn in the Bureau of Printing and the possible reunion of the Greek and THE ATTEMPT TO SCRAP
Engraving at Washington, described in the Roman Churches, a cause ardently OUR NAVY
last week's issue of The Outlook, still espoused by Leo XIII, Pius X, and m he Naval Appropriation Bill as re. awaits a full explanation. Benedict XV.
1 ported by the House Committee In a letter to the President of the For centuries such a reunion has been now calls for a personnel of 67,000. National Federation of Federated Emhoped for. A chief cause militating Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theo ployees, who had complained of the against a reunion is the natural unwill- dore Roosevelt, in an address before the summary dismissal, President Harding ingness of the Greeks to accept the National Press Club at Washington, said: “The changes made at the Bureau supremacy of Rome. They regarded stated that "the English navy this year were ordered after extended deliberation Rome, as they have regarded the Pa- will have 104,000 men and the Japanese and were inspired wholly for the good of triarchates of Alexandria, Jerusalem, navy will have 68,250 men."
the service. It was so stated at the time. Antioch, and Constantinople, as a pa. We believe that the figures given by I do not understand that such a state
ment of such an action impugns any
coaches be appointed in the same one's character or calls for charges
'way as are members of the faculty
The Undergraduate and other officers of the institution. against the employees concerned or de
We further recommend that as mands explanation by the Executive.
soon as it is practicable, and if possi... I shall maintain every regard for the
ble by the fall of 1923, seasonal Civil Service Law, but if a responsible
THE OUTLOOK appealed to the coaches be replaced by coaches who executive head may not take such action
I undergraduates of American are members of the faculty as defined
in the following terms: 1, they shall as is deemed necessary for the good of universities and colleges to give
be paid by the college and only by the the public service then such an inhibi. its readers their views of inter college; 2, they shall be in residence tion on the powers of the Executive collegiate sport.
throughout the year; 3, they shall
have other duties in the physical ought to be made very clear to Congress, Letters have come to us from
training department or in some other to Government employees, and to the twenty-six States of the Union and department in addition to their coachAnierican public, to which we are all
more than half a hundred. institu ing: 4, they shall be paid at the same answerable. Then the responsibility
rate as the other members of the tions, fully representative of the may no longer be lodged with the Execú
faculty; 5, they shall have the same whole body of American colleges permanence of appointment as other tive. Until such understanding is made
members of the faculty: 6, they shall clear I invite you and others who speak
be selected in the same way as other for Federal employees to join me in do
The letters are frank, vivid, and
members of the faculty. ing the things deemed necessary to proilluminating. Their average quality
This resolution of course must be ratimote the highest possible degree of Fed is higher than that of the letters
fied by the faculties and boards of eral service."
received in any previous contest
trustees of the respective colleges. Democratic papers have declared the initiated by The Outlook.
There seems to be little doubt, however, dismissals to be a job raid pure and It is going to be a hard task to
that such will be the case. If an official simple. The evidence on this point, judge these letters and to choose
change from seasonal coaches to faculty however, will not be complete until the from among them, but we hope be coaches can bring to the front in all colpublic learns the records and political
fore long to be able to publish the leges men of the type of Professor affiliations of those chosen to replace the
prize-winning letters in these pages. Spaeth, of Princeton, the move will be discharged employees.
We are grateful to our college decidedly beneficial. If, however, the SYMPTOMS OF A
friends who have co-operated with change is to be merely one of title GOVERNMENTAL DISEASE
us in our effort to discover the
rather than fact, we cannot see much
point of view of the American unN
The value of the suggested EW YORK has a larger percentage of
change depends wholly on the spirit in IV tubercular veterans of the World dergraduate.
which it is carried out, and that spirit War than any other State. One year
depends on something less concrete than ago Congress appropriated more than
'victim. It is not enough to help indi written rules. $18,000,000 for building Governmental
vidual John Joneses, for such assistance Evidence of the existence of that l'ospitals, and $1,000,000 of this fund
does not strike at the heart of the un- spirit has been given by the action of was set aside by the Treasury Depart
fortunate treatment which our diseased the college authorities in Princeton in ment for a tuberculosis hospital in New
and disabled veterans have received. As declaring ineligible two men of great York State.
the Veterans' Bureau is now run, it has value to Princeton's teams. This step One year has passed since this appro
proved impossible for such men as Dr. was taken upon the initiative of the priation became available, and the site
Haven Emerson to render the services Princeton authorities, without the lodgfor this hospital has not yet been chosen.
which they are willing to give to their ing of any protest from an athletic rival. Protests against the hospital at Fox
country. What we want and must have Princeton, Yale, and Harvard have a Hills, Staten Island, New York, recently
is a Veterans' Bureau in which the poli- tri-party agreement which contains the moved the Director of the Veterans'
cies outlined by experts will not be following rule: Bureau to close this inadequate institu
jeopardized by political expediency. The tion because it was not a fit place in
No student shall represent his uniproblem of hospitals and the treatment which to house sick and wounded men.
versity on any athletic team or crew for disabled men is not a diminishing who receives from others than those This hospital was closed, however, withproblem, it is a growing one. It must
on whom he is naturally dependent out any adequate provision being made'
for financial support money, or the be solved right and solved now. for taking care of the men who were
equivalent of money, such as board transferred. They have been largely
and lodging, etc., unless the source ON BEHALF OF THE
and character of these gifts or payassigned to public institutions main
ments to him shall be approved by tained by the city of New York. AMATEUR SPIRIT
the university committee on eligiPublic-spirited citizens have protested
T LEVEN New England colleges-Am bility, subject to the approval of the against such inaction and wrong action U
committee of the three chairmen, on herst, Bowdoin, Colby, Hamilton,
the ground that they have not acagain and again. It seems to us. howMiddlebury, Trinity, Tufts, Union, Ver
crued to him primarily because of his ever, that such protests are directed mont, Wesleyan, and Williams--have
ability as an athlete. All such cases against the symptoms of Governmental taken a step for the purification of inter are to be submitted in advance to the inefficiency rather than the disease. It collegiate athletics which has attracted university committee on eligibility, is a useful task to see that John Jones wide attention. The presidents of these The two men involved failed. we unis placed in a comfortable hospital and institutions met and adopted a resolu derstand, to report the receipt of a loan that his disability pay is promptly re- tion which reads as follows:
given them from a fund provided by ceived. But such an act, worth while Recognizing that intercollegiate Princeton graduates. The Faculty comas it undoubtedly is, will do little or athletics are at present a part of the mittee which investigated the matter nothing towards curing the disease of
work of the department of physical
was convinced that the men fully in
education, we recommend to our rebureaucratic indifference or of political
spective faculties and trustees that,
tended to repay the loans, but decided favoritism of which John Jones was a beginning with the fall of 1923, all that they should be excluded from inter
ollegiate competition because the loans
now planned by Roald Amundsen, the vere given them chiefly because they
Norwegian explorer who "discovered" vere athletes. There are many colleges
the South Pole. He has a radio outfit vhere such loans would not even be
capable of transmitting for 2,000 miles' uestioned.
distance, and he hopes to install on his The whole matter of intercollegiate
ship Maud a telephone transmitter and port is so closely. bound up with under
receiver that will enable him to talk raduate opinion as well as with rules
with his friends in Norway when he is und faculties' decisions that we know
drifting through the Polar Circle. The he readers of The Outlook will antici
expedition will carry two airplanes-a late with interest the chance to read
little one for local scouting, and a big he letters from undergraduates sent us
one capable of traveling many hundreds n reply to the recent appeal of our
of miles from the ship and returning. ixth prize contest. These letters have
Amundsen lately started to cross the ome to us from twenty-six States and
continent to Seattle in his all-metal he Dominion of Canada, and they have
monoplane, but met with an accident een divided among sixty-seven colleges
the first day. From Seattle he will sail .nd universities. We hope before long
about June 1 to Nome, Alaska, and o be able to print the best of these
thence to Spitzbergen—a course of from rank and illuminating comments from
two to three thousand miles, passing indergraduates.
near the Pole. This journey, chiefly by
drifting, may take three, four, or posI VETERAN CAMPAIGNER
sibly five years. His planes will be of NREDERIC VILLIERS, who died in Eng
the utmost service in observation and T land recently at the age of seventy, of narrow escapes and exciting adven
will give the party ability to observe probably took part in more campaigns tures. His pictures had spirit, action,
and record immensely ahead of explorat least fifteen, very likely more) than and brilliant realism. He knew every
ers who have depended solely on dogs iny man living—not as a soldier, but as
one. One writer says of him: "Villiers
ter says of him: vinners and sleds. artist and correspondent. In the first of was guest and friend to emperors, vice
The main object of the expedition is he two Balkan wars which preceded the
roys, and princes, to gypsy kings whose
whose “to obtain complete meteorological inforN'orld War the King of Bulgaria pointed realm was the open road, to sultans,
mation concerning the air and ocean put Villiers and exclaimed, “That Engbrigand leaders, New York millionaires,
currents around the North Pole, knowlishman has seen more fighting than and chiefs of the Afghan hills; he was
edge of which and their relation to iny soldier alive!” the intimate and trusted confidant of
weather conditions would be invaluable.” Villiers began his war career in 1876
field marshals, admirals, and Tonimies, n Serbia, saw the Russo-Turkish War of diplomats and beggars.” of 1878, was in the Sudanese fighting
Villiers's books give vivid impressions vith Kitchener in 1898, the Chino
of war and peace, but his best work was THE OPPORTUNITY Japanese War of 1894, the Boer War of de done for the London illustrated weeklies.
OF THE COAL STRIKE 1899, the Russo-Japanese War of 1904,
THE RADIO AND THE . he Turco-Greek War of 1907, the invaNORTH POLE
M HE discussion over the coal strike sion of Tripoli in 1911, the Balkan wars
has brought out a strong demand IVIRELESS telegraphy certainly, and of 1912-13, and he was at the front
wireless telephony. probably, will
for a National Coal Commission. with the French and British in the
There is a good deal more in the coal play its part in the Arctic expedition World War, to say nothing of several
situation than differences between workesser conflicts. He belongs with the
ers and owners as to wages and hours. group of famous war correspondents of
The coal industry is as basic as the railwhom Archibald Forbes and George
way or the agricultural industry. It Steevens are other examples. He is
has to do with commerce, transportasaid to have been the first to use the
tion, manufactures, as well as protection bicycle and later the moving-picture
for the home. Yet not since the great camera for war work. Incidentally, he
strike of 1902 has the subject been taken "covered" many great ceremonies, such
up officially, impartially, and in the peoas the coronations of the last Czar and
ple's interest. his predecessor, Alexander III.
The Federal Government by its It is often said that Rudyard Kipling
Commerce and Labor Departments in his "The Light that Failed" had Vil
should, of course, do its best to get the liers in mind in his character Dick
representatives of labor and capital into Heldar. Very probably this is because
conference for discussion, and perhaps both were vivid painters of war pictures
arbitration, of the immediate questions first and correspondents second.
in dispute. But beyond this is an oppor- In the early days of Villiers's war
tunity that must not be neglected. If work well-credited newspaper repre
the movement toward Nationalization or sentatives had a much freer hand than
Government ownership of the industry is possible under recent war conditions.
is to be withstood, then we must Then such men as Villiers and Forbes
seriously consider what degree of regulaspent most of their time in the saddle,
tion is desirable. A National Coal ComKadel & Herbert took big risks, and went under fire as a CAPTAIN ROALD AMUNDSEN AND HIS METAL
mission made up of men of high standmatter of course. Villiers had no end
ing and experience in economic and