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APRIL 19, 1922


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Co far Mr. Lloyd George has had his

way. He has succeeded in getting

virtually all the nations of Europe, including San Marino, one nation of Asia, and the scattered states of the British Empire, to meet in conference. What he hopes to obtain by it is plain. He is thinking, as he ought to think, first of the vital interests of the British Empire.

Menure He knows that that Empire is held together by trade. What he wants is to open the markets of the world, and specifically those markets that are controlled by Russia and Germany, to the traders of Britain. Like most Englishmen (who may perchance be Welshmen or Scotchmen, or even Irishmen), Lloyd George does not separate the welfare of Britain from the welfare of the world.

Keystone He conceives British interests as vir

A PANORAMIC VIEW OF GENOA, WHERE THE ECONOMIC CONFERENCE IS BEING HELD tually identical with the general interests. He is seeking something for Brit. ence's proceedings. They are worth benefit anybody but the Bolsheviki. ain, not at the expense of others, but reporting:

What the New York “Herald” says edifor what he conceives to be the whole The first is, when a country enters

torially about Russia applies in princiworld's benefit.

into contractual obligations with an ple to Germany. Says the “Herald:”. This explains the rather cheerful and other country or its nationals for

When France was in peril Belgium magisterial tone of Lloyd George's open

value received, that contract cannot

stood true. England went to war for be repudiated whenever the country ing address on April 10 to the nations

both of them. Italy and Japan joined changes its government without re

them. All were allies to the vicwhich have assembled at Genoa for the turning value.

torious end. Now their statesmen Conference.

The second is that no country can

are concerned not so much with one wage war on the institutions of anThough Luigi Facta, the Italian Pre

another as with the only nation that

other. mier, was made President of the Con

ratted—Russia. The third is that one nation shall

The schoolboy, noticing Russia's ference, David Lloyd George was at its not engage in aggressive operations

favorable prominence at Genoa, may start the most conspicuous figure. He

against the territory of another.

wonder whether it pays to be good.

The fourth is that the nations of has never been inconspicuous in any

Whether Russia “ratted," as the “Her

one country shall be entitled to imgathering, but he could hardly have partial justice in the courts of an

ald" says, the present rulers of Russia, avoided taking the place of leadership other.

deliberately turning Russia against the on this occasion. It was he, as spokes

If any people reject these elemen

cause in which she had enlisted, made a

tary conditions of civilized interman of Britain, that brought about this

virtue of treachery. There are other

course between nations, they cannot the first meeting of the Allied nations

be expected to be received into the

issues in the world, after all, than ecoand neutrals on terms of equality with comity of nations.

nomic issues. The safety of the nations unrepentant Germany and recalcitrant

depends upon something else than getRussia. He was willing to take words FURTHER DISCOVERIES FROM ting food and clothing cheap. Europe, instead of deeds as the pledge of coCOLUMBUS'S BIRTHPLACE

if it is to save its civilization, has got operation on the part of both of these AMERICANS will watch the proceedings to stop printing money recklessly and countries. He openly expressed his re- A with interest. They cannot be ex- it has got to balance its budgets; but gret that America, unwilling to do like pected to change their attitude about it has also got to see that contracts ar wise, was not present at this gathering. participating even in economic affairs observed and that there shall be at least Fortunately, the United States could in Europe until they see a chance of some measurable approach to a juzi, apafford to wait and see, not what the na- some sort of understanding among the portionment of the burdens of wrong. tions might say, but what they might European nations themselves. Most doing. do. France, too, is not yet in the mood Americans who are not confused by hav- The war was fought to prevent a nato take words for deeds, but France has ing too close an acquaintance with tech- tion which attempted to dominate the to stay in Europe, and therefore has nical details can see that, if Germany world from getting what it wanted. If, been lectured considerably by Mr. Lloyd does not bear the economic burden that under plea of providing markets, the George and other Englishmen, and prob- she placed upon France, France will nations of Europe allow the aggressor to ably will be lectured more while at have to bear it. To ease Germany of profit at the expense of any of its vicGenoa.

that burden does not ease Europe; it tims, those nations will have bought In his speech Mr. Lloyd George set simply eases the nation that least de their markets dear. Lloyd George reforth again the conditions under which serves to be eased. Most Americans, ferred to Genoa as having provided the nations could meet on terms of equality 100, can see that allowing the Bolsheviki discoverer of America and expressed the as the fundamental basis of the Confer- to get away with their swag will not hope that it would also provide the



will contain





on the industrial
and economic
condition of


means by which America would discover

Mr. Roosevelt concerning the British Europe. We hope that the Europe

navy do not include the personnel of which Genoa discovers to America will

the British Naval Air Force, for in prove to be a Europe not only economi

Great Britain aviation is under a sepacally but also politically and morally

rate department of the Government. sound.

"Next year," Mr. Roosevelt continued,

"Great Britain will keep ready for acTHE LOUVAIN' LIBRARY

tive service 1,307,785 tons of combatant IVTE are glad to note that the plans

vessels, Japan will maintain ready for for restoring the Louvain Library

active service approximately 690,000 are progressing satisfactorily and that

tons of combatant vessels. The United American generosity and sympathy with

States, on the other hand, under this Belgium are leading to a liberal re

bill, will only be able to keep ready for sponse. The idea that in whole or in

immediate service 703,148 tons of com

batant craft." What becomes of the part the building is to take the place of that so ruthlessly destroyed by German

5-5-3 ratio here? It is nothing better

than 13-7-6.9. barbarism has been called by Cardinal

Of course, if the United States carries Mercier "a supreme gesture of the American people."

out any such plan for the reduction of Already $160,000 has been contributed

its forces as has been proposed by the in this country, and this sum is to be

Appropriations Committee of the House, used in purchasing a site for the Li

the attempt of our delegates at the

Armament Conference to protect the inbrary and, to some extent, in construction. The entire estimated cost of the

terest of the United States while at the Library is about one million dollars, and

same time halting the competitive race it will in the main be a gift of the stu

in naval armaments will have been dedents of America to the scholars of

feated. If Secretary Hughes had proEurope, although French schools, it ap

posed a Navy markedly inferior to that

of Great Britain and but slightly supears, are joining in the gift. Germany, under the compulsion of treaty provis

perior to that of Japan, he would have triarchal, not a papal, authority. When ions, will in large measure furnish the

been denounced as traitorous-probably the Bishop of Rome obtained ever by some of the same men who are will. books which will fill the Library shelves,

greater political and religious ascenand it is said that over three hundred

ing to do by indirect action what they dency, the Greeks withdrew more and thousand volumes have already been

would be afraid to do by direct action. more into opposition, and this was the sent from Germany.

In the illustrated section of this week's more marked because the Roman Church One interesting detail in the plan is

Outlook there is a picture showing that the American Navy and the Ameri

represented an aristocratic and the United States destroyers out of commis

Greek Church a democratic trend. Fi. can Army will each commemorate its

sion at San Diego. To the landsman's nally, Pius IX excommunicated the eye these vessels may constitute an imdead in the World War by a special pil.

Greek Patriarch (1054). Since then the portant element in our National defense. lar in the arcade of the Louvain Library. The names of American universities and

attempts to restore unity between the To any. naval commander who might

two Churches have come to naught. colleges will appear on pillars and

suddenly be called to take these vessels shields in the arcade; seven hundred

Some Greeks, however, and other peo into action they represent little more such institutions are to take part in the

ples in restricted areas have submitted than so much scrap iron. Without work of restoration.

to Papal supremacy, on condition of trained crews and officers who have being permitted to retain certain tradi- learned to maneuver them in battle for.

tions of the Greek Church, such as the mation we have no more right to conTHE GREEK AND ROMAN

communion in both kinds, marriage of sider them as fighting ships than we CHURCHES

the clergy, church discipline, rites, and would have to consider a heap of The election to the Papacy of Pius XI

liturgy. Such persons are called Uniats, selected chemicals as a living human 1 has been the occasion of some un

or United Greeks; they are, in particu- being. expected and gratifying events. Not the

lar, the Greek and some of the Albanian least of these was the official call refugees in Italy, certain Rumans of

THE PRINTING BUREAU by a delegation from the Greek Church Transylvania, and the Ruthenians in

DISMISSALS to express good wishes for the new

Galicia and the Ukraine. Pope's advent. This recognition is con.

Co far as the public knows, the oversidered as an important step towards

W turn in the Bureau of Printing and the possible reunion of the Greek and THE ATTEMPT TO SCRAP

Engraving at Washington, described in the Roman Churches, a cause ardently OUR NAVY

last week's issue of The Outlook, still espoused by Leo XIII, Pius X, and m he Naval Appropriation Bill as re. awaits a full explanation. Benedict XV.

1 ported by the House Committee In a letter to the President of the For centuries such a reunion has been now calls for a personnel of 67,000. National Federation of Federated Emhoped for. A chief cause militating Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theo ployees, who had complained of the against a reunion is the natural unwill- dore Roosevelt, in an address before the summary dismissal, President Harding ingness of the Greeks to accept the National Press Club at Washington, said: “The changes made at the Bureau supremacy of Rome. They regarded stated that "the English navy this year were ordered after extended deliberation Rome, as they have regarded the Pa- will have 104,000 men and the Japanese and were inspired wholly for the good of triarchates of Alexandria, Jerusalem, navy will have 68,250 men."

the service. It was so stated at the time. Antioch, and Constantinople, as a pa. We believe that the figures given by I do not understand that such a state

(Henry IV, Act IV, Scene 3)

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ment of such an action impugns any

coaches be appointed in the same one's character or calls for charges

'way as are members of the faculty

The Undergraduate and other officers of the institution. against the employees concerned or de

We further recommend that as mands explanation by the Executive.

Speaks Up

soon as it is practicable, and if possi... I shall maintain every regard for the

ble by the fall of 1923, seasonal Civil Service Law, but if a responsible

THE OUTLOOK appealed to the coaches be replaced by coaches who executive head may not take such action

I undergraduates of American are members of the faculty as defined

in the following terms: 1, they shall as is deemed necessary for the good of universities and colleges to give

be paid by the college and only by the the public service then such an inhibi. its readers their views of inter college; 2, they shall be in residence tion on the powers of the Executive collegiate sport.

throughout the year; 3, they shall

have other duties in the physical ought to be made very clear to Congress, Letters have come to us from

training department or in some other to Government employees, and to the twenty-six States of the Union and department in addition to their coachAnierican public, to which we are all

more than half a hundred. institu ing: 4, they shall be paid at the same answerable. Then the responsibility

rate as the other members of the tions, fully representative of the may no longer be lodged with the Execú

faculty; 5, they shall have the same whole body of American colleges permanence of appointment as other tive. Until such understanding is made

and universities.

members of the faculty: 6, they shall clear I invite you and others who speak

be selected in the same way as other for Federal employees to join me in do

The letters are frank, vivid, and

members of the faculty. ing the things deemed necessary to proilluminating. Their average quality

This resolution of course must be ratimote the highest possible degree of Fed is higher than that of the letters

fied by the faculties and boards of eral service."

received in any previous contest

trustees of the respective colleges. Democratic papers have declared the initiated by The Outlook.

There seems to be little doubt, however, dismissals to be a job raid pure and It is going to be a hard task to

that such will be the case. If an official simple. The evidence on this point, judge these letters and to choose

change from seasonal coaches to faculty however, will not be complete until the from among them, but we hope be coaches can bring to the front in all colpublic learns the records and political

fore long to be able to publish the leges men of the type of Professor affiliations of those chosen to replace the

prize-winning letters in these pages. Spaeth, of Princeton, the move will be discharged employees.

We are grateful to our college decidedly beneficial. If, however, the SYMPTOMS OF A

friends who have co-operated with change is to be merely one of title GOVERNMENTAL DISEASE

us in our effort to discover the

rather than fact, we cannot see much


point of view of the American unN

The value of the suggested EW YORK has a larger percentage of

change depends wholly on the spirit in IV tubercular veterans of the World dergraduate.

which it is carried out, and that spirit War than any other State. One year

depends on something less concrete than ago Congress appropriated more than

'victim. It is not enough to help indi written rules. $18,000,000 for building Governmental

vidual John Joneses, for such assistance Evidence of the existence of that l'ospitals, and $1,000,000 of this fund

does not strike at the heart of the un- spirit has been given by the action of was set aside by the Treasury Depart

fortunate treatment which our diseased the college authorities in Princeton in ment for a tuberculosis hospital in New

and disabled veterans have received. As declaring ineligible two men of great York State.

the Veterans' Bureau is now run, it has value to Princeton's teams. This step One year has passed since this appro

proved impossible for such men as Dr. was taken upon the initiative of the priation became available, and the site

Haven Emerson to render the services Princeton authorities, without the lodgfor this hospital has not yet been chosen.

which they are willing to give to their ing of any protest from an athletic rival. Protests against the hospital at Fox

country. What we want and must have Princeton, Yale, and Harvard have a Hills, Staten Island, New York, recently

is a Veterans' Bureau in which the poli- tri-party agreement which contains the moved the Director of the Veterans'

cies outlined by experts will not be following rule: Bureau to close this inadequate institu

jeopardized by political expediency. The tion because it was not a fit place in

No student shall represent his uniproblem of hospitals and the treatment which to house sick and wounded men.

versity on any athletic team or crew for disabled men is not a diminishing who receives from others than those This hospital was closed, however, withproblem, it is a growing one. It must

on whom he is naturally dependent out any adequate provision being made'

for financial support money, or the be solved right and solved now. for taking care of the men who were

equivalent of money, such as board transferred. They have been largely

and lodging, etc., unless the source ON BEHALF OF THE

and character of these gifts or payassigned to public institutions main

ments to him shall be approved by tained by the city of New York. AMATEUR SPIRIT

the university committee on eligiPublic-spirited citizens have protested

T LEVEN New England colleges-Am bility, subject to the approval of the against such inaction and wrong action U

committee of the three chairmen, on herst, Bowdoin, Colby, Hamilton,

the ground that they have not acagain and again. It seems to us. howMiddlebury, Trinity, Tufts, Union, Ver

crued to him primarily because of his ever, that such protests are directed mont, Wesleyan, and Williams--have

ability as an athlete. All such cases against the symptoms of Governmental taken a step for the purification of inter are to be submitted in advance to the inefficiency rather than the disease. It collegiate athletics which has attracted university committee on eligibility, is a useful task to see that John Jones wide attention. The presidents of these The two men involved failed. we unis placed in a comfortable hospital and institutions met and adopted a resolu derstand, to report the receipt of a loan that his disability pay is promptly re- tion which reads as follows:

given them from a fund provided by ceived. But such an act, worth while Recognizing that intercollegiate Princeton graduates. The Faculty comas it undoubtedly is, will do little or athletics are at present a part of the mittee which investigated the matter nothing towards curing the disease of

work of the department of physical

was convinced that the men fully in

education, we recommend to our rebureaucratic indifference or of political

spective faculties and trustees that,

tended to repay the loans, but decided favoritism of which John Jones was a beginning with the fall of 1923, all that they should be excluded from inter


ollegiate competition because the loans

now planned by Roald Amundsen, the vere given them chiefly because they

Norwegian explorer who "discovered" vere athletes. There are many colleges

the South Pole. He has a radio outfit vhere such loans would not even be

capable of transmitting for 2,000 miles' uestioned.

distance, and he hopes to install on his The whole matter of intercollegiate

ship Maud a telephone transmitter and port is so closely. bound up with under

receiver that will enable him to talk raduate opinion as well as with rules

with his friends in Norway when he is und faculties' decisions that we know

drifting through the Polar Circle. The he readers of The Outlook will antici

expedition will carry two airplanes-a late with interest the chance to read

little one for local scouting, and a big he letters from undergraduates sent us

one capable of traveling many hundreds n reply to the recent appeal of our

of miles from the ship and returning. ixth prize contest. These letters have

Amundsen lately started to cross the ome to us from twenty-six States and

continent to Seattle in his all-metal he Dominion of Canada, and they have

monoplane, but met with an accident een divided among sixty-seven colleges

the first day. From Seattle he will sail .nd universities. We hope before long

about June 1 to Nome, Alaska, and o be able to print the best of these

thence to Spitzbergen—a course of from rank and illuminating comments from

two to three thousand miles, passing indergraduates.

near the Pole. This journey, chiefly by

drifting, may take three, four, or posI VETERAN CAMPAIGNER


sibly five years. His planes will be of NREDERIC VILLIERS, who died in Eng

the utmost service in observation and T land recently at the age of seventy, of narrow escapes and exciting adven

will give the party ability to observe probably took part in more campaigns tures. His pictures had spirit, action,

and record immensely ahead of explorat least fifteen, very likely more) than and brilliant realism. He knew every

ers who have depended solely on dogs iny man living—not as a soldier, but as

one. One writer says of him: "Villiers

ter says of him: vinners and sleds. artist and correspondent. In the first of was guest and friend to emperors, vice

The main object of the expedition is he two Balkan wars which preceded the

roys, and princes, to gypsy kings whose

whose “to obtain complete meteorological inforN'orld War the King of Bulgaria pointed realm was the open road, to sultans,

mation concerning the air and ocean put Villiers and exclaimed, “That Engbrigand leaders, New York millionaires,

currents around the North Pole, knowlishman has seen more fighting than and chiefs of the Afghan hills; he was

edge of which and their relation to iny soldier alive!” the intimate and trusted confidant of

weather conditions would be invaluable.” Villiers began his war career in 1876

field marshals, admirals, and Tonimies, n Serbia, saw the Russo-Turkish War of diplomats and beggars.” of 1878, was in the Sudanese fighting

Villiers's books give vivid impressions vith Kitchener in 1898, the Chino

of war and peace, but his best work was THE OPPORTUNITY Japanese War of 1894, the Boer War of de done for the London illustrated weeklies.

OF THE COAL STRIKE 1899, the Russo-Japanese War of 1904,

THE RADIO AND THE . he Turco-Greek War of 1907, the invaNORTH POLE

M HE discussion over the coal strike sion of Tripoli in 1911, the Balkan wars

has brought out a strong demand IVIRELESS telegraphy certainly, and of 1912-13, and he was at the front

wireless telephony. probably, will

for a National Coal Commission. with the French and British in the

There is a good deal more in the coal play its part in the Arctic expedition World War, to say nothing of several

situation than differences between workesser conflicts. He belongs with the

ers and owners as to wages and hours. group of famous war correspondents of

The coal industry is as basic as the railwhom Archibald Forbes and George

way or the agricultural industry. It Steevens are other examples. He is

has to do with commerce, transportasaid to have been the first to use the

tion, manufactures, as well as protection bicycle and later the moving-picture

for the home. Yet not since the great camera for war work. Incidentally, he

strike of 1902 has the subject been taken "covered" many great ceremonies, such

up officially, impartially, and in the peoas the coronations of the last Czar and

ple's interest. his predecessor, Alexander III.

The Federal Government by its It is often said that Rudyard Kipling

Commerce and Labor Departments in his "The Light that Failed" had Vil

should, of course, do its best to get the liers in mind in his character Dick

representatives of labor and capital into Heldar. Very probably this is because

conference for discussion, and perhaps both were vivid painters of war pictures

arbitration, of the immediate questions first and correspondents second.

in dispute. But beyond this is an oppor- In the early days of Villiers's war

tunity that must not be neglected. If work well-credited newspaper repre

the movement toward Nationalization or sentatives had a much freer hand than

Government ownership of the industry is possible under recent war conditions.

is to be withstood, then we must Then such men as Villiers and Forbes

seriously consider what degree of regulaspent most of their time in the saddle,

tion is desirable. A National Coal ComKadel & Herbert took big risks, and went under fire as a CAPTAIN ROALD AMUNDSEN AND HIS METAL

mission made up of men of high standmatter of course. Villiers had no end


ing and experience in economic and

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