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To banish your defenders ; till at length Your ignorance, which finds not till it feels, Making not reservation of yourselves,

Abated captives to some nation
That won you without blows! ...

(Coriolanus, Act III, Scene 3)

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political situation following the party

THE ARKANSAS SPIRIT conventions: “On the face of things,

Ur readers will remember-certainly unless the Democrat and Farmer-Labor

U our Southwestern readers will reparties fuse, the Republicans have a

member--that some weeks ago we pubwalk-away. Committees were appointed

lished an article in defense of the indusby both conventions to effect fusion, but

trial and financial prosperity of the they were not successful. The League

State of Arkansas, which had been

severely criticised by the New York gan, 'State-Owned Industries.' The only

"Times," one of the most influential of echo was found in a plank of the

the New York dailies. We have recently Farmer-Labor party platform which

received a letter from a wise and obasked for an enlargement of the present

servant newspaper man of another State-owned experimental flour-mill. ...

Southern State, in which he says: The business and financial outlook of the entire State is improving. Farmers

I have just made a trip through much

of Arkansas, during which I met and are paying their debts and there is a

talked with business men in both the decidedly better tone everywhere."

large and small towns. I am writing to tell you that the reports by Mr.

Rogers are not overdrawn and that A BUSINESSLIKE DEPARTMENT

they represent the real conditions 6 ESS government in business and

that exist in the State. Arkansas, U more business in government," is

with one or two exceptions, is the

most progressive State in the South.' the keynote of the Department of Com

Nothing indicates the prosperity of a merce. The phrase was uttered by Sec

State so much as the number of retary Hoover while addressing a few

banks in proportion to population. weeks ago a group of presidents and ex

You can look at a directory and see

that with its approximately 450 banks ecutives of Chambers of Commerce. The MRS. PETER OLESEN, NOMINATED BY THE

Arkansas is unusually well supplied. occasion was a Conference of officers MINNESOTA STATE DEMOCRATIC CONVEN.

The business men of Arkansas are up of civic-commercial organizations from TION AS CANDIDATE FOR THE UNITED

to the minute, carry on their affairs

STATES SENATE New England at the Department of Com

in the most accepted ways, and are

reliable and trustworthy. The State merce called by Mr. Hoover in order that language of the business and who have itself is a marvel in its possibilities representatives of business could see been selected through co-operation with and resources. Its agricultural faciliwhat the Government is doing in the the industries represented; and the

ties are extraordinary and its mineffort to help business. The Conference bringing together and the broadcasting

erals so great in value and number was the first of its kind, and may be

that one has to be on the ground to of technical information relating to

get any real idea of their extent. the forerunner of others.

such matters as methods of packing, Permit me to say that Mr. Rogers's Foreign commerce Mr. Hoover con- changing tariffs, shipping regulations,

article is a true showing of the situasiders to be the balance-wheel of busi- etc. It is the aim of the Department

tion and a patriotic service to a comness, serving to absorb enough of the

monwealth that is setting a splendid to make the information it furnishes,

pace in that type of progress that country's productive forces to take up not only what the business man wants, lines up with the best in both busithe slack in times of low demand, and, but available when he wants it. It has

ness and civic thought. In my reif consistently developed, often spelling even gone so far in this direction as to

cent trip I went to Little Rock, Pine the difference between solvency and in

Bluff, Fort Smith, Searcy, Arkadelchange the character of Census reports.

phia, Hot Springs, and Texarkana in solvency through reduction of overhead They no longer come to hand a year addition to many smaller places. I in proportion to volume. In his brief after the gathering of the data, but came in contact with all types of citiaddress to the Conference he empha within a month, on the assumption that

zens and my opinions were derived sized the importance of consistency, once

from talking with men in every walk. business would rather have a report

I made it a point to talk to farmers, having entered the foreign field, for, he based on recent data collected from garage men, railroad men, and clerks pointed out, lack of continuous service reliable sources, even if it has not been as well as to bankers. No man can has led many foreign buyers to steer proved up in the scientific manner

go into the State and fail to be imaway from American goods.

pressed with its people, its methods, Having characteristic of the old type of Govern

and its loyal spirit. There is a disbuilt up a demand for a given brand, the mental reports.

tinct "Arkansas Spirit" that is doing producer is unfair if he leaves the Books of information about various for the State what the “Atlanta foreign buyer in the lurch because the little-known countries equivalent to fine

Spirit" does for Atlanta, Georgia. producer chances to have an improved

Arkansas is all right. guide-books, weekly publications giving market at home. It is due to American all available information regarding It is pleasant to receive and to quote commerce as an institution to support trade opportunities, monthly data relat such a letter. The daily newspapers of the venture, once undertaken, in a con- ing to condition of the industries, are to-day with their over-emphasized recsistent fashion.

prepared and distributed wherever they ords of banditry, defalcation, lynching, The Department of Commerce, the will be of service. Thousands of in- misgovernment, graft, betrayals of trust. visitors learned, through its Bureau of quiries of importance to business men and vice and crime in general, give a Foreign and Domestic Commerce, has are received and answered weekly. The distorted idea of modern American life. developed three branches. They are for number of inquiries has multiplied Men who, like our correspondent, visit the collection and distribution of gen- many fold since the expansion of the the small towns and villages and farmeral information regarding conditions activities of the Department under Mr. ing districts of the country come back and demand in foreign countries; the Hoover. He is seeking to expand its with a different story. We do not mean gathering and dissemination of informa- usefulness and bring its facilities to the to say that there are not plenty of evils tion to commodity divisions, headed by attention of business men throughout in American life to combat. But it is men who, through experience, speak the the entire country.

well to remember that, on the whole,

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America is sound and is making progress.

this."

A CYRUS NORTHROP
NOT many American educators have

I served consecutively forty-eight years in important university work. Cyrus Northrop, who died in Minneapolis on April 4, at the age of eightyeight, will naturally best be remembered for his upbuilding work as President of the University of Minnesota. He filled that office from 1884 to 1911, and from then to his death was President Emeritus. He came to the University of Minnesota in 1884 directly from Yale, where he had been a teacher of rhetoric and English literature from 1863 on. The older Yale graduates remember Dr. Northrop vividly as always courteous, always earnest, and always inclined to lay aside the stiff professorial dignity which prevailed more in that day than it does now in order to encourage and interest the individual student. Chief Justice Taft was one of Dr. Northrop's students, and in a tribute to his ability says: "He was a charming lecturer, a most brilliant and effective orator, and in every way a lovable man." Dean Jones, of Yale, had special knowledge of Dr. Northrop's career as President of the University of Minnesota, and speaks of that institution as his monument,

adding: "Wise, tolerant, persuasive, he ! conducted its affairs more than a quar

ter of a century with a skill and sagacIity which made him known as the col, lege president without any enemy.' The

first citizen of Minnesota, the great moral force of the community, an inspiring teacher, a magnetic orator, a great leader beloved by all who knew him, is gone."

A good example of the friendliness and the easy way in which Dr. Northrop dealt with students is recalled by a Minneapolis correspondent of The Outlook in a personal letter:

I recall my experience with him just previous to the great campaign of 1896. I was then in the law school and president of the Republican Club, an organization which I had brought up from 200 to 1,800 members. He feared I was being misled by the freesilver doctrine of Bryan. I had led the inter-State debate the year before and won it. Our subject was "International Bimetalism," and I had the affirmative. Dr. Northrop stood for the gold standard. When I entered his office, after greeting, he threw down a ten-dollar gold piece and said, “Doesn't that look good to you, my boy?" I said, “A ten-dollar gold piece always looks good to a senior, Doctor." He said, “That gold is worth its face value anywhere in the world." He then threw down a silver dollar and said, “That dollar is worth its face in the United States, but it is only worth fifty cents anywhere else in

Morgan Wright, the sculptor, has Miss Jordan's likeness on the face and on the reverse the following Latin inscription : College Dilectæ Ingenio Doctrina Humanitate Prestanti Coll: Smith: Consocii MCMXXI, of which, for the benefit of those unfamiliar with the pregnant meanings of inscriptional Latin, a member of the committee has supplied the following free translation: "Her associates of Smith College dedicate this medal to a colleague honored and beloved, distinguished for native gifts of mind, wide and varied learning, broad and discerning sympathy."

Miss Wright, who is a graduate of the College and a devoted admirer of Miss Jordan, having refused any remuneration for her services, there was a considerable sum of money left over from the subscriptions, and this the committee has now used in the purchase of an illuminated manuscript of the Horce Beatre Mariæ Virginis written on vellum

in the first half of the fifteenth century (C) Lee Bros.

and ornamented with five large miniaCYRUS NORTHROP, LATE PRESIDENT EMERI tures surrounded by floral borders in TUS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

gold and colors, as a gift to Miss Jordan.

From the same design as the medal the world except China and a few silver countries. You don't want to put

the alumnæ of the College have had your country into a class with China. struck a medal to be presented each Let us not make any mistake about

year as a prize for the best original lit

erary work produced by a student; the Not only do the two universities

inscription on this medal refers to Miss which Dr. Northrop served so long and Jordan's service "in discovering and dewith such eminent success owe him veloping the promising writer and ingratitude collectively, but it may be spiring and encouraging the young added that thousands of college gradu thinker.” The subscriptions for this ates feel a personal debt to him for

medal also exceeded the immediate depersonal encouragement and recognition

mand and enabled the committee to of honest work.

present Miss Jordan with a bag contain

ing gold pieces to the amount of $3,000. A VETERAN TEACHER HONORED The English Department presented QOLDIERS and sailors who have served Miss Jordan with a handsomely bound w their country in time of war de volume of eulogia from 'students represervedly receive citations and decora- senting each of the forty-one classes tions. An army of American teachers which had come under her instruction are serving their country well, and often and placed a typewritten duplicate in at great self-sacrifice, in the war that the College Library. must be constantly waged on ignorance in the recently published Catalogue of and superstition. Whenever a veteran the College the principal Professorship teacher is cited for distinguished service of English Language and Literature apwe are especially glad to report it. And pears for the first time as “on the Mary so we pass along to our readers some Augusta Jordan Foundation." It goes information of an incident honorable to without saying that Miss Jordan has Smith College and to an eminent pro- been made "Professor Emeritus." fessor of that institution, although it May we add that somebody ought to may not be altogether of the nature of start a fund to donate a medal to the news to Smith graduates.

man or woman who invented the term When Mary Augusta Jordan, for more "Browsing Room” for that portion of than thirty-seven years head of the De the Smith College Library which in partment of English at Smith College, most institutional libraries is usually retired last June, her friends of the called the reading-room? Fixed and forFaculty and members of the official mal courses of reading are all right in staffs had a medal made in her honor their way, but there are times when for a permanent memorial in the Brows- browsing among stacks of books will do ing Room of the Library, a duplicate more for appetite and taste in literature being presented to Miss Jordan. The than all the syllabuses that the most medal, which was designed by Alice . exacting pedagogue can make to meas

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ure. Ruskin says somewhere—we think it is in "Sesame and Lilies"—that a young girl can be turned loose into a library and allowed to browse there and she will eschew what is noxious as naturally as a colt eschews the noxious weeds in a pasture. Perhaps it was Ruskin's essay which suggested the delightful name of "Browsing Room" to the Smith authorities.

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KNOW THE CONSTITUTION
THE National Security League is car.
T rying on an excellent civic and
educational work. It rightly holds that
the United States Constitution is the
very basis of an intelligent exercise of
the franchise. Leading men in the
League became convinced some years
ago that the knowledge of the princi.
ples and provisions of the Constitution
is not taught as it should be in pub-
lic schools and that the popular igno-
rance on the subject is greater than
is generally supposed. They have there International
fore taken measures to remedy this lack.

AMERICA SENDS TREE SEEDS TO FRANCE AND GREAT BRITAIN
They have called the attention of the These tree seeds were presented to France and Great Britain on April 6, the anniversary of

the entry of the United States into the World War. Charles L. Pack, President of the Governors of several States to the mat

American Forestry Association, is at the right: Mr. J. J. Broderick, of the British Embassy, ter, have promoted introduction of bills is in the center; M. Jusserand, French Ambassador to the United States, is at the left into the Legislatures of the States, and propose to frame a list of pertinent

presented to England will be used by Under the wise forest policy of Great questions regarding salient points of the the British Forestry Commission, not Britain and France, the trees planted Constitution, to be sent out to public only in replanting areas which were cut from these seeds will serve not only as schools as a test. One result of the down and used for war purposes, but a memorial to American soldiers who movement may be the passing of laws also in planting a large acreage of moor- fell beside their British and French requiring definite courses of study in the land which has hitherto been practically comrades, but will reforest great areas Constitution in these States. waste land.

devastated in a cause that was AmeriMr. Lloyd Taylor, the chairman of the In France these trees will be planted can as truly as it was British or French. League's Committee on Constitutional on the battlefields and throu

on the battlefields and throughout the In 1919 and 1920 the American ForInstruction, in a statement on the sub- devastated territory where the fine for- estry Association sent two separate shipject, admits that a certain amount of est growth was in most cases utterly ments of Douglas fir seed to Great opposition may be expected "from those

destroyed and in other cases very seri-
destroved and in others

Britain and France for experimental self-sufficient educators who always ob- ously damaged.

planting. These have thrived so well ject to anything mandatory." But he Great Britain showed her wisdom in that Mr. Pack determined on a larger believes that in one form or another the adopting a forest policy immediately and a personal gift. idea of popular knowledge about the after the war so that she may for the fundamental law of the country may future be assured of sufficient homeeasily be carried out. Four States

grown timber to supply her needs. Duralready have such a law as the League

ing the war Great Britain was forced to
ing the

GENOA
would like to see in all the States. sacrifice her forests, magnificent parks,
: It seems to us that the League is in
and woodlands to the extent of almost

MYALLED to establish peace in this plan doing a genuine service to sixty per cent of their area.

Europe, the Genoa Conference has American citizenship. France has had for over a hundred

discovered, much to its own suryears a most successful forest policy, by prise, that its first product is an excluSEEDS OF INTERNATIONAL

which her forests continually produce sive partnership between Russia and FRIENDSHIP

without being decreased in area; in Germany in defiance of the rest of the T TNDER the supervision of Mr. Charles other words, she does what this country world. U Lathrop Pack, President of the must do-grow timber as a crop, and Engineered by the Russians, this arAmerican Forestry Association, there thereby secure a continuous yearly sup- rangement has caused in the minds of has been collected the largest amount ply.

the British, the French, and even the of Douglas fir seed ever gathered to The French forestry authorities will, Italians, much perturbation, to the Rusgether. Over a thousand persons have therefore, see to it that for every Doug sians' obvious enjoyment. been engaged in this collection, and the las fir cut down another Douglas fir will When the Russian delegates arrived collection amounts to no less than a be planted. It is also most likely that at Genoa to confer with the rest of thousand pounds.

the seeds from the mature trees of this Europe, they carried in their baggage, This seed has been given to France planting will be used to spread Douglas or up their sleeves, several huge jokes. and England to replace their forest re fir trees over wide areas of other Euro. They have already displayed some of gions devastated by the war. The seeds pean countries.

these specimens of humor. No people in

THE IRONIES OF

the world are in a better position to ap- lent Russia before the war; but in the The biggest joke of all, however, has preciate the Russians' sportiveness than meantime other countries have become been the Russian partnership with GerAmericans. It is much easier to see indebted to us.' We Bolsheviki had many. Eight years ago the war started humor in somebody else's position than trouble with certain Russians who were as a conflict between Germany and Rusin one's own. If America had been rep trying to overthrow us, notably Kolchak, sia. Into that conflict France was resented at Genoa, we should have had Denikine, and Wrangel, and for the drawn by her fidelity to her ally and to to laugh at our own expense--if we moral and material support that these her sense of justice and liberty, and could have laughed at all. As it is, the men received from the Allies Russia England . was drawn as well. When sort of comedy that is on the stage at was injured to the extent of several bill. Russia collapsed, the duty of the Allies Genoa is very close to tragedy.

ion dollars. Besides, we lost to Ru-' was to see that Germany, thwarted in When the Russians were invited to mania our rich province of Bessarabia. her attempt in one direction, did not confer with Britain, France, Italy, and we have cast up the accounts and find succeed by finding a way over prost rate about thirty other nations, they were that, while we owe you five billion dol- Russia. It was therefore in the interest told beforehand how they should behave. lars, you owe us about twenty-five bill of the Allies, as well as of Russia herThey agreed to observe all the rules of ion. We should be much obliged to you self, that they should do all in their etiquette laid down.

for the balance." That was joke num power to protect the Russian people As Bolsheviki they had rather prided ber one.

from exploiters both within and without themselves in their emancipation from Joke number two promptly followed. and to enable the Russian people to conthe accustomed codes of manners and Ever since they came into power the trol their own affairs. Unfortunately, morals. They made promises without Bolsheviki have been pushing one in the Allies did not have the courage of any intention of keeping them. They dustry--the printing of paper rubles. their convictions. They intervened, but plotted against other governments with As a consequence, they have made their intervened feebly. They gave no true whom they sought friendly relations. money so worthless that actually it in- support to the forces that were working They printed paper money with the jures the value of a piece of paper if for Russian self-government. As a condefinite purpose of destroying all money they print upon it the statement that sequence a dictatorship arose in Russia values. They preached pacifism and it is worth several thousand rubles. which was distinctly in the interest of practiced the most tyrannical kind of They have done this on purpose to de- Germany and contrary to the interest of militarism. They laughed at the popu- stroy money as a medium of exchange. the Russian people. Now the dictators, lar will as something negligible and They have consequently driven gold into still in power, have made a compact contemptible; and controlled the people hiding or out of the country. Having with Germany. In return for recogniby an army recruited by starvation. destroyed the means of exchange with tion as masters of the Russian people, They repudiated the acts and the debts other countries, they thereupon com- they have opened the way for the Gerof the Government as it was under the plained that they were suffering under mans, the most ruthless of military and Czar, and let it be known that any prom- an international boycott and blockade. industrial organizers, to become their ise by treaty or by bond which Russia They impressed sentimentalists even in partners in exploiting the man-power had made before Bolshevism got into hard-headed America. Finally, at Genoa and resources of Russia. In this alli

the saddle was nothing but a scrap of they have come forth with this delicious ance there is a formidable threat to the = paper.

proposal; they say: "You other coun- order, justice, and peace of the world. Finding that their method of ostraciz tries have garnered the world's gold Concerning this compact the Russian ing the world simply meant that they supply. We suggest that you now ex- people themselves have had nothing to - themselves were ostracized, much to tend to Russia credit."

say. They are the victims. The only their own peril, they made what they. Incidentally they introduced joke beneficiaries of that compact are the explained to their intimidated Russian number three. Professed pacifists, they Germans and the Bolsheviki. Thus Rusvictims was a strategic retreat. Outside have organized out of a disrupted and sia and Germany, invited to Genoa to of Russia there were many who believed unwilling people what is probably the be taught how to behave, have used the that the Bolsheviki offered this explana- biggest army in the world to-day. They occasion to establish an alliance, not tion to save their face, and that the have turned starvation into a recruiting only in disregard of all the other counchange in policy meant the beginning of . sergeant. With this army they first tries of Europe, but actually to their a genuine abandonment, not only of sought in vain a military union with peril. This last is the greatest and Communism, but also of the Bolshevist the radical element in Germany; they grimmest joke of all. code which listed treachery, dishonesty, failed because they were withstood by The trouble at Genoa is that the and tyranny among the virtues. Though Poland and by France. As soon as the statesmen of Europe have been trying to Bolshevist leaders plainly said that they Bolshevist delegates arrived in Genoa find a way to say, “Peace, Peace,” when were making concessions simply to fool they proceeded to agitate for disarma- there is no peace. They have thought

their capitalistic neighbors, they were ment. They were very skillful; for they that they could follow the example of s treated as if they had experienced a real thus diverted the attention of the na- the Washington Conference by disre.

change of purpose. So they were in- tions from the real cause of Russia's garding its fundamental principle. Intervited as equals to Genoa.

catastrophe and brought France and national relations cannot be established of course there were conditions laid Poland into the picture as culprits on a basis of confidence except between down, which the Bolsheviki professed to They found that the disarmament joke friends. The nations at Washington accept. One of these was that the was accepted seriously during the war, were with regard to each other morally Bolsheviki should recognize the debts to when it served the purpose of destroying disarmed. The nations at Genoa are other countries incurred by Russia in the eastern front and enabling Germany not. As long as Russia is under the conder the old régime. The Bolsheviki to reach the Marne for a second time. trol of men who wish to disrupt the blandly accepted this condition, Hardly Perhaps the Bolsheviki are not miscalorder of society, and as long as Germany had these gentlemen appeared at Genoa culating when they think that men's cherishes the sort of ambitions she had I than they perpetrated a great joke. memories are short enough to enable before she was beaten, so long will it

They said, in effect: “Yes, indeed: we this joke to be worked successfully be impossible for the nations that want Owe the money that other countries again.

justice and order and peace to deal with

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