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the country during each month of the year, the total forming, of course, three per cent of the Poles already resident in America. Now the Poles in Europe who want to come here may embark from Dantsic, as the one Polish port, or from any other port, may take passage on any ship, and may arrive at New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or other Atlantic ports. Not until the vessels containing these Poles have docked is it finally possible to decide how many incoming Poles have a right to remain here.

Suppose the immigrant is deported. What then? Many families have sold their homes and have spent practically all that they had in getting to ports and paying steamship fares. Now they must return in this winter-time to their own impoverished countries, with no home to go to and probably without the oppor

tunity of taking up again the work they Kadel & Herbert

had abandoned. There may be even AIRPLANE VIEW OF ELLIS ISLAND, WHERE IMMIGRANTS ARE EXAMINED BEFORE something worse. The story is told of ENTERING THE UNITED STATES

some Armenian women and children

who three months ago came to the Hohenzollerns." Of a leader in his own that theoretically Watterson made in United States seeking safety, who were party, namely, William Jennings Bryan, placable enemies, but practically he did deported because the Armenian quota he said as long ago as 1900: “He has not, because, though his temper was hot, had been exceeded, and who returned to had his fling and has failed. He should his nature was kindly. He hated emo- meet, not only death, but a still more yield leadership to other hands and de- tionalism and hysteria, but he was terrible fate. vote himself to healing the breaches." always ready to fight for his political And after Theodore Roosevelt's death, principles, even though at times he THE ATLANTIC CARRIERS Watterson said, “Our differences cut no skirmished outside party lines.

TT is not unnatural that the transatfigure in our personal relations."

By Colonel Watterson's death the 1 lantic steamship companies should If sometimes excessively outspoken, country loses a brilliant writer, a nota wish to take as many emigrant passenColonel Watterson was not at all irre- ble public figure, a man of marked indi gers as they think they can land. They sponsible. In a review of his autobiog. viduality, and one of surprising vitality. have been exasperatingly exceeding raphy, published in 1920, we quoted his

their monthly immigrant quotas, despite serious view of newspaper duty: "I LO, THE POOR IMMIGRANT!

the fact that they had before them figtruly believe that next after business CHRISTMAS on Ellis Island, in New ures showing the exact status of the integrity in newspaper management U York Harbor, was different from quotas from each country. No less than comes disinterestedness in the public any preceding Christmas there.

three thousand aliens in excess of these service, and next after disinterestedness Heretofore those who have been com- quotas have been disembarked at our come moderation and intelligence, clean- pelled to spend that day on that island ports. Some immigrants, by executive liness and good feeling in dealing with had at least the pleasant anticipation clemency, have been temporarily adaffairs and its readers.” Speaking to a of entering a new and prosperous life mitted under bond, where it has been gathering of newspaper men on the day in America. But on Christmas day, shown that deportation would be an exof Colonel Watterson's death, a Wash- 1921, Ellis Island held more immigrants treme offense against humanity, and in ington correspondent who as a younger than it had capacity for, and very many addition, the eleven hundred inimiman served under Colonel Watterson on of them were deprived of any anticipa- grants at Ellis Island under orders to the "Courier-Journal” quoted him as tion of a new and prosperous life in be deported have now been admitted for saying: “A Courier-Journal reporter al- America.

ninety days. More than twelve hundred ways gets the news, and always gets it They were facing deportation. The aliens have been returned to their forfirst; but he always remembers in get- transatlantic steamship companies have mer homes because of excess of quotas. ting it that the 'Courier-Journal is a , delivered aliens in excess of the quotas At present over two thousand aliens in gentleman."

established under the Immigration Law New York Harbor await an opportunity It would be hard to say whether Wat passed last May. That law limits the to be landed. terson was the more striking and salient annual number of incoming immigrants Hence, at the Secretary of Labor's in figure in journalistic life or in political to three per cent of the number of stance, Representative Johnson, of the life. Both sides are brought out in the foreign-born persons of any nationality State of Washington, Chairman of the autobiography, and we strongly recom- in the United States—a mechanical and House Immigration Committee, has inmend Americans generally to read that mediæval provision, as The Outlook has troduced a bill empowering the Secrebook, which is one of the most illumi. said. It deprives us of aliens whom we tary of Labor to penalize steamship nating and entertaining of American want and gives us aliens whom we do lines by withdrawing immigration privibiographies. not want.

leges from them for continued violation A keen and just characterization is it provides that a fixed number of of the quota law. Nor is this all. As that of one writer, who says, in effect, Poles, for instance, may be admitted to the result of that law shows, in too many cases efforts to get immigrants into this country amount to fraud, Mr. Johnson has also introduced a bill by which he would suspend the immigration of aliens to the United States for three years, the bill not applying to Covernment officials, to travelers or temporary sojourners for pleasure or business, to students who may enter the United States solely for the purpose of study in educational institutions particularly designated by them, to ministers of any religious denomination, or to husbands, wives, and minor children of naturalized citizens or of persons who have taken out their first papers.

[graphic]

Mr. Johnson's bills should sufficiently warn the steamship companies.

[graphic]

TIJE CIIRISTMAS AMNESTY
THE President on December 25 com-

1 muted the sentences of a number of men convicted for violation of laws designed for the protection of the country

International during the progress of the war. Ap

PRELATES OF THE GREEK CATHOLIC CHURCH WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE PROCLAparently in each instance the cases have

MATION OF ARCHBISHOP MELETIOS METAXAKIS AS PATRIARCH been carefully reviewed and the decision

Left to right: Bishop Alexander, of Rodostolou; Metropolitan Platon, of Odessa and rendered with the desire in view of Kherson: Patriarch Meletios: Russian Archibishop Alexander: Bishop Oftimios, of Brooklyn protecting the interests of the country and serving justice. To disagree in cer- try in time of peace. Perhaps it is time THE NEW PATRIARCH OF tain instances with these decisions is to release those whose physical infirmi- THE GREEK CHURCH not to criticise the motives which led ties likewise limit the danger that The Most Rev. Meletios Metaxakis, to them.

might arise from their release from con- 1 Archbishop of Athens, in the Greek The release of all prisoners convicted trol. But in each instance the test Church, has been elected Patriarch by under war law is something which ex should be the good of the country and the Holy Synod sitting at Constantinotreme radicals, pacifists, and sentimen- not the desire to turn the way of the ple. It is the highest ecclesiastical talists regard as highly desirable. The transgressor into a bed of roses.

authority and corresponds to the College normal-minded citizen is not inclined to Among the criminals recently re- of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic take so generous a position, for he real leased by the President there seemed to Church. izes that there are some things which be some whom it was the plain duty of The election, however, has not been no self-governing and self-perpetuating the Executive authority to release. received with favor either in Constancountry can afford to give away. One There are others the propriety of whose tinople or in Athens. It has been obof these things is the right and duty to release will seem to many to be doubt- jected to by certain Constantinople protect itself from destruction. The ful. One of these is Eugene V. Debs. authorities, who, not unmindful that law regards the deliberate taking of a On the list there is at least one name Meletios is the first Patriarch to be human life as the most serious offense of a man whose release is an affront elected in many centuries without politithat the individual can commit. What to every soldier. On his behalf it can cal intervention, allege that a majority can be said, therefore, in the case of the not be maintained that he was actuated of the members of the Synod were abman or woman who attempts to take by a mistaken idealism or moral con- sent from that body at the time of the the life of a whole nation and who com- victions of any sort. One can under- election. The objection from Athens (it mits this act when that nation is in a stand how a man might honestly oppose may have possibly inspired that fron life-and-death struggle with a foreign the draft even to the point of martyr- Constantinople) is what perhaps might foe? Some of those who committed acts dom, but no man can honestly accept have been expected from King Constan: during the war tending toward such a bribes for the issuance of fictitious ex- tine. Meletios is a friend and supporter consummation were undoubtedly of un- emptions from the draft. The fact that of ex-Premier Venizelos, and when Consound mind. Some of them were ig- this convict served as a Government stantine returned to the throne was one norant men and women who were led witness in other cases will not be ac- of those marked for royal vengeance. astray by cleverer and more vicious cepted by ex-service men as a satisfac- As soon as Constantine found himse!! associates. Still others were active tory explanation of his release. It is secure in his place he ousted Meletios synıpathizers with Germany and her such cases as this which make the vet- from the Archbishopric. The King's aim of world conquest.

erans of the world war feel that their present attitude, which he has made the It is perhaps time that the more ig- services have been forgotten and in attitude of the Greek Government, if not norant of those who were convicted of vain. If it were possible, we would not a spiteful political trick, is at least anwar crimes—the instigators of these release from prison a man who sold other attempt again to interfere with crimes only too often escaped-should exemptions from the draft until fifty ecclesiastical order and procedure. be released. Perhaps it is time to re- years after the last veterans of the war Though evidence of the strength of the lease those whose mental disabilities do were dead. Even then it might make Patriarch-Elect's position may be wantnot render them a menace to the coun- some of them turn in their graves. ing in Constantinople and Athens, it is the country during each month of the year, the total forming, of course, three per cent of the Poles already resident in America. Now the Poles in Europe who want to come here may embark from Dantsic, as the one Polish port, or from any other port, may take passage on any ship, and may arrive at New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or other Atlantic ports. Not until the vessels containing these Poles have docked is it finally possible to decide how many incoming Poles have a right to remain here.

Suppose the immigrant is deported. What then? Many families have sold their homes and have spent practically all that they had in getting to ports and paying steamship fares. Now they must return in this winter-time to their own impoverished countries, with no home to go to and probably without the oppor

tunity of taking up again the work they Kadel & Herbert

had abandoned. There may be even AIRPLANE VIEW OF ELLIS ISLAND, WHERE IMMIGRANTS ARE EXAMINED BEFORE something worse. The story is told of ENTERING THE UNITED STATES

some Armenian women and children

who three months ago came to the Hohenzollerns.” Of a leader in his own that theoretically Watterson made im- United States seeking safety, who were party, namely, William Jennings Bryan, placable enemies, but practically he did deported because the Armenian quota he said as long ago as 1900: "He has not, because, though his temper was hot, had been exceeded, and who returned to had his fling and has failed. He should his nature was kindly. He hated emo- meet, not only death, but a still more yield leadership to other hands and de- tionalism and hysteria, but he was terrible fate. vote himself to healing the breaches.” always ready to fight for his political And after Theodore Roosevelt's death, principles, even though at times he THE ATLANTIC CARRIERS Watterson said, “Our differences cut no skirmished outside party lines.

Tr is not unnatural that the transatfigure in our personal relations."

By Colonel Watterson's death the 1 lantic steamship companies should If sometimes excessively outspoken, country loses a brilliant writer, a nota wish to take as many emigrant passenColonel Watterson was not at all irre ble public figure, a man of marked indi gers as they think they can land. They sponsible. In a review of his autobiog. viduality, and one of surprising vitality. have been exasperatingly exceeding raphy, published in 1920, we quoted his

their monthly immigrant quotas, despite serious view of newspaper duty: "I LO, THE POOR IMMIGRANT!

the fact that they had before them figtruly believe that next after business MHRISTMAS on Ellis Island, in New ures showing the exact status of the integrity in newspaper management U York Harbor, was different from quotas from each country. No less than comes disinterestedness in the public any preceding Christmas there.

three thousand aliens in excess of these service, and next after disinterestedness Heretofore those who have been com- quotas have been disembarked at our come moderation and intelligence, clean- pelled to spend that day on that island ports. Some immigrants, by executive liness and good feeling in dealing with had at least the pleasant anticipation clemency, have been temporarily adaffairs and its readers.” Speaking to a of entering a new and prosperous life mitted under bond, where it has been gathering of newspaper men on the day in America. But on Christmas day, shown that deportation would be an exof Colonel Watterson's death, a Wash- 1921, Ellis Island held more immigrants treme offense against humanity, and in ington correspondent who as a younger than it had capacity for, and very many addition, the eleven hundred inimiman served under Colonel Watterson on of them were deprived of any anticipa- grants at Ellis Island under orders to the "Courier-Journal” quoted him as tion of a new and prosperous life in be deported have now been admitted for saying: "A 'Courier-Journal reporter al- America.

ninety days. More than twelve hundred ways gets the news, and always gets it They were facing deportation. The aliens have been returned to their forfirst; but he always remembers in get- transatlantic steamship companies have mer homes because of excess of quotas. ting it that the 'Courier-Journal is a delivered aliens in excess of the quotas At present over two thousand aliens in gentleman."

established under the Immigration Law New York Harbor await an opportunity It would be hard to say whether Wat- passed last May. That law limits the to be landed. terson was the more striking and salient annual number of incoming immigrants Hence, at the Secretary of Labor's in figure in journalistic life or in political to three per cent of the number of stance, Representative Johnson, of the life. Both sides are brought out in the foreign-born persons of any nationality State of Washington, Chairman of the autobiography, and we strongly recom- in the United States—a mechanical and House Immigration Committee, has inmend Americans generally to read that mediæval provision, as The Outlook has troduced a bill empowering the Secrebook, which is one of the most illumi- said. It deprives us of aliens whom we tary of Labor to penalize steamship nating and entertaining of American want and gives us aliens whom we do lines by withdrawing immigration privibiographies. not want.

leges from them for continued violation A keen and just characterization is It provides that a fixed number of of the quota law. Nor is this all. As that of one writer, who says, in effect, Poles, for instance, may be admitted to the result of that law shows, in too

[graphic]

many cases efforts to get immigrants into this country amount to fraud, Mr. Johnson has also introduced a bill by which he would suspend the immigration of aliens to the United States for three years, the bill not applying to Government officials, to travelers or temporary sojourners for pleasure or business, to students who may enter the United States solely for the purpose of study in educational institutions particularly designated by them, to ministers of any religious denomination, or to husbands, wives, and minor children of naturalized citizens or of persons who have taken out their first papers.

Mr. Johnson's bills should sufficiently warn the steamship companies.

[graphic]

TIIE CIIRISTMAS AMNESTY

e President on December 25 com1 muted the sentences of a number of men convicted for violation of laws designed for the protection of the country

International during the progress of the war Ap

PRELATES OF THE GREEK CATHOLIC CHURCH WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE PROCLAparently in each instance the cases have

MATION OF ARCHBISHOP MELETIOS METAXAKIS AS PATRIARCH been carefully reviewed and the decision

Left to right: Bishop Alexander, of Rodostolou; Metropolitan Platon, of Odessa and rendered with the desire in view of Kherson; Patriarch Meletios; Russian Archibishop Alexander; Bishop Oftimios, of Brooklyn protecting the interests of the country and serving justice. To disagree in cer- try in time of peace. Perhaps it is time THE NEW PATRIARCH OF tain instances with these decisions is to release those whose physical infirmi- THE GREEK CHURCH not to criticise the motives which led ties likewise limit the danger that M HE Most Rev. Meletios Metaxakis, to them.

might arise from their release from con- 1 Archbishop of Athens, in the Greek The release of all prisoners convicted trol. But in each instance the test Church, has been elected Patriarch by under war law is something which ex- should be the good of the country and the Holy Synod sitting at Constantinotreme radicals, pacifists, and sentimen- not the desire to turn the way of the ple. It is the highest ecclesiastical talists regard as highly desirable. The transgressor into a bed of roses.

authority and corresponds to the College normal-minded citizen is not inclined to Among the criminals recently re- of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic take so generous a position, for he real- leased by the President there seemed to Church. izes that there are some things which be some whom it was the plain duty of The election, however, has not been no self-governing and self-perpetuating the Executive authority to release. received with favor either in Constancountry can afford to give away. One There are others the propriety of whose tinople or in Athens. It has been obof these things is the right and duty to release will seem to many to be doubt jected to by certain Constantinople protect itself from destruction. The ful. One of these is Eugene V. Debs. authorities, who, not unmindful that law regards the deliberate taking of a On the list there is at least one name Meletios is the first Patriarch to be human life as the most serious offense of a man whose release is an affront elected in many centuries without politithat the individual can com - What to every sold in his behalf it can cal intervention, allege that a majority can be said, therefore, in the

not be maint

he was actuated of the members of the Synod were abman or woman who atten

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stand how a

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tions fron

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convict

Government stantine returned to the throne was one norant men and v

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by ex-s

a satisfac- As soon as Constantine found himsel! associates. Still

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e the vet- from the Archbishopric. The King's aim o conquest

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and in attitude of the Greek Government, if not norar vhow

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[graphic]
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