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tions other than the District of Columbia. conducted subject to
Title I as contained in the instant bill is trict of Columbia do the Federal courts have In addition to protecting the rights of the similar to title I of H.R. 7525 which bill this broad jurisdiction over crimes of violence accused, the amendments to title I of H.R.
accused, the amendments to title I of H.R. committee reported to the Senate during the which characteristically lack eyewitnesses 5688, made by the committee aid the police
5688, made by the committee aid the police 2d session of the 88th Congress. The lanand independent evidence.
by making clear exactly what they must do guage of such title as contained in H.R. 7525 "It is quite common in cases of homicide, when interrogating a defendant and the was proposed to this committee in the 88th yoke, robberies, rape, and certain other maximum aggregate period of time they have Congress by the Department of Justice and crimes that there is no third eyewitness, and within which to conduct such interrogation. the Office of the U.S. Attorney for the Disit is often difficult for the complaining wit
trict of Columbia as an appropriate legislaness to make an identification. Of course, in
tive measure to effectively modify the Mallory homicides there is no complaining witness.
Section 103 (3) of title I of the committee's
rule in the District of Columbia. Thus, in such cases, confessions assume far bill places a 3-hour aggregate time period as
The differences between title I of H.R. 7525, greater significance as evidence of guilt, and the limit for questioning an arrested person
as amended, and title I of H.R. 5688, as reit becomes important to defendants to have during an investigation following arrest and
ported by this committee are essentially two their confessions excluded in the courts of
before appearance of the accused before a the District of Columbia. Second, by con
magistrate. The committee's purpose in and relate (1) to the period of time that trast, most Federal criminal cases in other placing a 3-hour limit on questioning, in police officers can hold a defendant for ques
tioning following arrest; and (2) the inserjurisdictions involve frauds, mail thefts, nartitle I, is designed to give law enforcement
tion in the instant bill of an affirmative duty cotic violations, and the like, where there is officers and judges a workable rule of thumb
on the defendant to ask for the opportunity substantial evidence apart from a confession;
by which oppressive practices can be avoided,
of consulting with counsel and also of notifyi.e., contraband property, financial records,
constitutional limits. The committee does tax returns, et cetera. “Therefore, it is reasonable to consider the
not envision the questioning of an accused, vised of these rights by police officers. problems in the District of Columbia as being in the practical sense, would be consecutive
Justice Department's views rather unique with respect to the Mallory
and continuous. Instead, it would be inter- On April 27, 1965, the Honorable Ramsey rule and deserving of congressional consid
mittent as necessitated by the requirements Clark, Deputy Attorney General of the United eration in legislation limited to its applica- of an investigation being carried out by States, appeared before this committee and tion to the District of Columbia. police officers. Accordingly, a 3-hour time presented the Department of Justice views on
title I of both the House and Senate crime “In my opinion, the Mallory rule is a good period for questioning has been provided in one. Through it, the Supreme Court made
section 10373) instead of an inflexible and bills (H.R. 5688, and S. 1526) the latter idenclear its intention to prevent law enforce
fixed maximum time period between arrest tical with H.R. 7525, as reported to the Senment officers from delaying preliminary hearand appearance before a magistrate.
ate 1 year ago by this committee. ings for the purpose of eliciting confessions.
This subsection purposely does not set At the committee hearing the Deputy AtThis is as it should be.
forth a specific amount of time for police torney General sought additional time for the “The problem which gives rise to the legis- investigation but leaves that period flexible Justice Department to pursue current work lative proposal before the committee lies not within the “unnecessary delay" limitation on the Mallory problem as it is affects law
enforcement in the District of Columbia bewith the Mallory rule but with its application contained in the bill. The committee recin the District of Columbia.
ognizes that "unnecessary delay,” in some fore making specific recommendations to the “In a number of cases in the District of
cases, has been interpreted by the courts as committee. Columbia 'unnecessary delay' has been in
a period of time so short that, in this com- The Deputy Attorney General in his testiterpreted and applied to make it virtually mittee's judgment, a fair and reasonable in- mony before the committee stated in pertiimpossible, I am informed, for investigating vestigation by the police and any question- nent part: 2
"I am convinced that our system of govofficers to speak with arrested persons with ing of an accused are altogether impossible. any assurance that resultant confessions will
It is the intention of this committee to ernment can devise procedures which will at be acceptable in the courtroom."
clarify by title I of this bill the meaning of once permit reasonable police interrogation
the statutory term, "unnecessary delay," as of suspects while fully protecting their conAction recommended by committee contained in rule 5(a) of the Federal Rules stitutional rights. Moreover, if this commitTitle I of H.R. 5688, as amended, recog- of Criminal Procedure and the subject for tee develops rules which meet the practicalinizes the validity of the argument that the widely varying court interpretations that too ties of modern-day, big city law enforcement, Mallory case does have special impact in the often preclude reasonable and fair investiga- and which are clear and understandable, the District of Columbia by denying to law en- tions by the police in the public interest. police can fairly be expected to assume reforcement officers the essential investigative Likewise, safeguards have been set out spe- sponsibility for their observance. Where they tool of in-custody interrogation, but it fur- cifically to rule out improper, oppressive, or fail the courts will review. ther recognizes that any legislation which abusive police practices against an accused. “For our part, we believe that our own work has as its purpose the preservation of this Particular explanation must be given sec- in this area during the past few months has valuable police tool must provide safeguards tion 103(3), title I, providing an aggregate already provided important additional inand standards which will prevent abuse of 3-hour period (without including interrup- sights. In addition to our factual inquiry, the accused.
tions) between arrest and the completion of this has included an analysis of developIt protects the rights of the accused by a confession, statement, or admission. It ments in the law since the earlier hearings providing that a statement resulting from cannot be supported that this provision is a of this committee, and we would also want an in-custody questioning of the accused may back-door method of reinstituting investi- to be sure that any proposals that we make be admitted into evidence if
gative arrest in the District of Columbia. reflect what information can be obtained (1) Immediately prior to any such ques- (See explanation under title II, "Investiga- from the recently published results of the tioning the defendant was plainly advised tive Arrest,” of this report.)
American Bar Foundation study and the curby the officers having custody of him, in addi- Arrests under title I to stand up must be rent work of the American Law Institute tion to any previous warning, that he is not made on probable cause, while investigative whose advisory committee will meet early in required to make any statement at any time or detention arrests are made only with rea- June. However, I should make it clear that and that any statement made by him may son to suspect. Thus, detention or investi- we are not urging this committee to wait for be used against him; and
gative arrests, in the judgment of this com- the final results of the American Law Insti(2) Prior to such questioning, the arrest- mittee, are clearly unconstitutional; how- tute. Thus, we would like some additional ed person was advised by the officers having ever, arrests on probable cause do meet the time to press our current work in this area custody of him that, upon request, he would constitutional test. The committee recom- further before making specific recommendabe afforded reasonable opportunity to notify
mendations do no violence to this precept. tions. We believe this will enable us to a relative or friend and consult with counsel As has been previously pointed out in this make a more constructive contribution. In of his choosing, and if such request were report, the Mallory decision's interpretation the interim, we will continue to work in made, he was, in fact, afforded such oppor- of rule 5(a) has presented special problems close collaboration then with the committee tunity; and
to law enforcement in the District of Colum- staff.” (3) The aggregate period of questioning, bia which are not common to other Federal After the Deputy Attorney General apexclusive of interruptions, does not exceed jurisdictions. Indeed, the Mallory case it- peared before the committee and presented 3 hours between the arrest and the comple- self was a District of Columbia criminal pros- the Department of Justice's recommendation, tion of the confession, admission, or state
ecution for rape.
This committee has the committee proceeded to hold in abeyance ment; and
therefore attempted to meet this special lo- any immediate further action on title I of the (4) Such questioning and the warning cal situation. In any criminal procedural crime bills until the American Law Institute and advice required by paragraphs (1) and statute the challenge is to strike a balance Advisory Committee could meet at Atlantic (2) of this section were whenever reason
between protecting the rights of the accused City in early June of 1965 to discuss rule ably possible, witnessed by a responsible and protecting the law-abiding citizen from 5(a) and other related provisions of criminal person who was not a law enforcement of- criminal molestation. In the judgment of ficer, or transcribed verbatim, or recorded the committee, title I, as amended, meets that 2 P. 34, committee hearings, H.R. 5688 (89th by a wire, tape, or other sound recording, or
procedure. It was the committee's belief "While we cannot be certain that state- contains, would provide a valuable law enthat something beneficial to the committee ments made in compliance with this pro- forcement investigative tool. consideration of the matter might be de- cedure will be admitted in evidence by every In a statement filed with the committee veloped at this session.
judge in every case, the courts will be given at hearings on May 13, 1965, the Honorable Staff members of the committee attended the opportunity to pass upon statements SAM J. ERVIN, senior U.S. Senator from the American Law Institute advisory sessions made under such conditions and may well North Carolina and chairman of the Conin Atlantic City as observers of the proceed- find that Mallory does not require their ex- stitutional Rights Subcommittee of the U.S. ings.
clusion. Careful police implementation and Senate Committee on the Judiciary, stated: However, following the conclusion of the sound prosecutorial discretion will assure the "The Mallory rule and rule 5(a) of the advisory sessions in Atlantic City, it became development of a solid basis for legislation.” Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure are readily apparent to the committee that the
subjects which have long been of great con
Committee favors statute American Law Institute was in the prelim
cern to me. It is my feeling that the crime inary stages of devising remedial legislation the position that the Department of Jus
The committee concurs completely with
rate in the District will continue to mushfor rule 5(a), and that nothing definitely
room and effective law enforcement here tice-through the Deputy Attorney Genaffirmative could be expected to evolve from
will continue to be frustrated until legislaeral-has taken with regard to the detention tion such as that contained in title I is enthe American Law Institute with regard to
of an accused and the appropriate postarrest acted. For this reason, I have in previous the proposed modification of rule 5(a) until
questioning under adequate safeguards. June of 1966, the date set for the annual
Congresses introduced legislation to clarify
However, the committee believes that to rule 5. The Mallory rule certainly is a facsession of the institute in Washington, D.C.,
meet its proper responsibilities the proce- tor influencing the crime rate for due to it, at which time the full matter is expected
dures as proposed by the Department of Justo come before its full membership for a con
self-confessed criminals are let free by the tice, and concurred in by the U.S. attorney courts, and the police are hampered in their clusion.
for the District of Columbia, should be placed crime detection." On July 15, 1965, and following the con
in statutory form and enacted into positive Further, when Senator ERVIN testified beclusion of the advisory sessions in Atlantic
law by the Congress. Therefore, the com- fore this committee on October 23, 1963, he City, the committee proceeded to obtain further testimony on title I of the crime bills amended, to the Senate, has in effect, placed
mittee in favorably reporting H.R. 5688, as said: 4 from the Deputy Attorney General as well
the recommended procedures advanced by as from the U.S. attorney for the District the Justice Department and concurred in by factor influencing the crime rate, the Mallory
“Although I realize this is not the only of Columbia.
the U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia In his testimony at this proceeding, the in statutory form for appropriate considera
rule certainly is a major factor, for due to Deputy Attorney General proposed as the
it self-confessed criminals are let free by tion by the Congress. recommendation of the Justice Department
the courts and the police are hampered in
The committee's belief is that its legislathat changes in rule 5(a) be implemented tive responsibility can only be properly dis
their crime detection through administrative · procedures rather
charged by recommending a positive statuthan through a statute enacted by the Contory law rather than concur in lieu thereof
"I submit that when Congress approved gress. In his statement before the comwith administrative orders from the U.S. at
the promulgation of the Federal Rules of mittee, the Deputy Attorney General torney for the District of Columbia to the
Criminal Procedure, it did not intend to stated: 3 Metropolitan Police Department on the
throw on the scrapheap the time-honored “As for the problems raised by the Mallory methods to deal with arrest and investiga
test of voluntariness concerning the admisrule in the District, our further study since tion.
sibility of a confession. I submit that conyour hearing of April 27 has led us to a plan
The committee's recommendations as con
gress had no intention of making convicwhich affords an immediate opportunity for a fairer and more effective police investiga- a legislative effort to retain for persons tained in title I of the instant bill represents tions impossible simply because a police of
ficer failed to take a prisoner before a comtion and adequate protection of the rights of charged with crime those essential individual
mitting magistrate until 712 hours had the suspects, while permitting the police to rights that the Mallory rule and its subse
elapsed. develop facts and avoid a premature test of quent case law refinements have made. At
"As chairman of the Subcommittee on the constitutionality of proposed procedures. the same time the recommendation strikes a
Constitutional Rights, I am, of course, not The plan has been implemented by a letter balance point in permitting police to carry
unmindful of the many protections which of July 14, 1965, from U.S. Attorney Acheon proper and necessary questioning under
the Constitution of the United States beson to Chief Layton. Copies of this letter clearly defined limitations. It is the com
stows upon the persons accused of crimes have been provided the committee. mittee's judgment that the Mallory rule and
within our society. But, in the words of “Under this plan, after an arrest based subsequent court decisions, which have Judge Alexander Holtzoff, U.S. district judge upon probable cause and prior to the filing tightened the noose around effective law en- for the District of Columbia, who testified of a charge, a suspect may be questioned forcement, must be changed.
at subcommittee hearings on the subject of concerning his knowledge of a crime. As a prerequisite to questioning he must be clear- only to the District of Columbia where vioThis recommendation is limited to apply confessions and police detention, in 1958:
“'We must bear in mind that the purpose ly advised that he need not answer any lent crimes fall within the trial and appeal
of the criminal law is to protect the public. question; that any statement given may be jurisdiction of the Federal judiciary and On the one hand, it is essential that no inused against him; that he may consult coun
limitations of the Federal Rules of Criminal nocent person be convicted of a crime and sel, a relative, or a friend; and that if he is Procedure. Since the District is unique in that oppressive methods be not used against charged and cannot afford a lawyer the court many ways, the committee believes law en- the guilty. On the other hand, it is equally will appoint one for him. Police officers are forcement must be dealt with uniquely in
indispensable that victims of a crime and tion, and circumstances of all questioning. with clear-cut procedural guidelines so as instructed to keep records of the time, dura- providing the District courts and the police potential victims of possible future crimes
receive protection. The victim must not beQuestioning will be sound recorded or other
not to do harm to persons accused of crimes come a forgotten man. As was said by Justwise preserved where possible, and steps will and at the same time provide protection not ice Cardozo in Snyder v. Massachusetts (291 be taken to improve technology in this area.
now being given to the law-abiding general U.S. 97, 122), "Justice, though due the acAny questioning will be of limited duration public.
cused, is due to the accuser also. The conand should not exceed 3 hours in total. It
What Congress approved by the language cept of fairness must not be strained till it will not, of course, be coercive or oppressive of rule 5 of the Federal Rules of Criminal in manner, and will be avoided where it does Procedure, Congress can now disapprove by
is narrowed to a filament. We are to keep
the balance true":"5 not advance the investigation of crime.
statutory enactment for the District where Section-by-section analysis of title I "The arraignment of suspects who are the court interpretations of Mallory are felt charged after arrest will not be delayed ex- more keenly than in any other Federal juris- ing
law with respect to the admissibility of in
Section 101 is a brief restatement of existcept in unusual circumstances. Commit
diction. ting magistrates have arraigned at 10 a.m.
It is not contended that legislative en
criminating statements made by an accused. on weekdays in the District for decades, actment to alter the severe application of nothing in this title is intended to prevent
The committee wishes to make clear that This is typical of most jurisdictions. Any the Mallory rule alone will curb the crime questioning of a suspect will be done, and the rate which has risen steadily since that
the trial courts of the District of Columbia decision whether and what to charge willl be Supreme Court decision in 1957. The De
from determining the voluntariness of any made, between the time of arrest and the partment of Justice, the U.S. Attorney, police
incriminating statement made by an accused time next available for arraignment except officials, a respected member of the U.S.
in accordance with established principles of when the time and circumstances make this
law. district court, the District of Columbia unfair or inadequate. Council on Law Enforcement, and members
Section 102 restates existing law and ex"In no event will questioning cause 'an
of the bar have testified at various times cludes statements made by an accused after unreasonable delay' in presentment to a before this committee that a change in the
a period of unnecessary delay and prior to an committing magistrate. Mallory doctrine should provide assistance
appearance before a U.S. commissioner. in combating crime. 3 Committee hearings, July 15, 1965, H.R. Certainly, proper interrogation free of .P. 353, hearings, H.R. 5688 (89th Cong.). 5688 (89th Cong.).
abuse and with the guidelines this title 6 P. 355, hearings, H.R. 7525 (88th Cong.).
Section 103 provides that under section 102 The real issue in the bill was con- REPORT ON RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORof this title delay alone shall not cause the tained in title I, the portion dealing with
PORATION LIQUIDATION FUND exclusion of any statement obtained by in the so-called Mallory rule. A number of
A letter from the Administrator, General terrogation of the accused if (1) the accused was warned that he need not make a state- Senators directed apt and incisive re- Services Administration, Washington, D.C., ment and was told that any statement made marks toward this problem. The dis- transmitting, pursuant to law, a report on
the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Liqcould be used against him; and (2) prior to tinguished junior Senator from Mary- uidation Fund, as of June 30, 1965 (with an any questioning, the arrested person was ad- land [Mr. TYDINGS) and the distin- accompanying report); to the Committee on vised by the officers having custody of him guished junior Senator from New York Banking and Currency. that upon request he would be afforded
[Mr. KENNEDY] forcefully presented and reasonable opportunity to notify a relative or argued for their amendment to title I,
IMPROVEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF CERTAIN
LAWS OF THE COAST GUARD friend and consult with counsel of his choos
and the ever-able senior Senator from ing and if such request were made, he was,
A letter from the Acting Secretary of the in fact, afforded such opportunity; and (3)
Oregon [Mr. MORSE), the junior Senator Treasury, transmitting a draft of proposed the aggregate period of questioning, exclusive from New Hampshire [Mr. MCINTYRE), legislation to improve and clarify certain laws of interruptions, does not exceed 3 hours, be- the junior Senator from Vermont [Mr. of the Coast Guard (with accompanying tween the arrest and the completion of the PROUTY], and the junior Senator from papers); to the Committee on Commerce. confession, admission, or statement; and (4) all of these warnings and any questioning of the District of Columbia Committee, Colorado [Mr. DOMINICK], all members REGULATION OF DEPRECIATION ACCOUNTING OF
AIR CARRIERS of the accused were witnessed by a third
ably and articulately expressed their A letter from the Vice Chairman, Civil party or transcribed or recorded verbatim.
Aeronautics Board, Washington, D.C., transThe aggregate 3-hour time limitation in views on the issue. this bill, rather than a fixed time period, was All of the participants in the debate mitting a draft of proposed legislation to included in the bill in order to provide police on this piece of legislation deserve hearty amend the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 so as
to authorize the Civil Aeronautics Board to officers flexibility in their questioning during thanks and congratulations for the skill
regulate the depreciation accounting of air the course of the investigation.
ful treatment which this body has given carriers (with accompanying papers); to the Section 103(1) is intended to require a this significant measure.
Committee on Commerce. warning at the station house even though a warning had been initially given on the scene
CLARIFICATION OF POWERS OF CIVIL of arrest. It should be clear that this proTRANSACTION OF ROUTINE
AERONAUTICS BOARD vision does not make it necessary for the
A letter from the Vice Chairman, Civil police to reassert this warning after every
Aeronautics Board, Washington, D.C., transinterruption of their course of investigation By unanimous consent, the following mitting a draft of proposed legislation to at the station house. routine business was transacted:
amend the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 so as The intention of section 103(2) is to re
to clarify the powers of the Civil Aeronautics quire the police to advise the accused that he
Board in respect of consolidation of certain may request of them the opportunity to ad- EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, proceedings (with accompanying papers); to vise a friend or relative of his arrest and that
the Committee on Commerce. he may request the opportunity to consult
OF with counsel. However, this section shall
TEACHERS' SALARY ACT OF 1955 not be constructed as a requirement that this fore the Senate the following letters, advice be given the accused at the place of which were referred as indicated:
A letter from the President, Board of Comarrest or en route to the station house.
missioners, District of Columbia, transmitting
REPORT ON TRANSFER OF RESEARCH AND Section 103(4) is not meant to require that
a draft of proposed legislation to amend the
DEVELOPMENT FUNDS good investigative practice be changed to
District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act of conform to the present technology of sound A letter from the Administrator, National 1955, as amended (with an accompanying recording. The intention of the committee
Aeronautics and Space Administration, paper); to the Committee on the District of is rather to encourage experimentation with Washington, D.C., reporting, pursuant to law, Columbia. reliable means of verification and to require on the transfer of research and development PAYMENT OF AN ALLOWANCE TO CERTAIN EMuse of verification means during investiga- funds for the construction of a Delta Opera
PLOYEES ASSIGNED TO DUTY AT THE NEVADA tions where present technology and the cirtions Building at the Western Test Range
TEST SITE OF THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMcumstances of the case permit. (with an accompanying paper); to the Com
MISSION Section 104 requires the trial judge who mittee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences.
A letter from the Chairman, U.S. Atomic admits any statement in evidence pursuant REPORT ON REAPPORTIONMENT OF AN
Energy Commission, Washington, D.C., transto section 103 of this title to make findings
mitting a draft of proposed legislation to auof fact concerning the existence of the con
A letter from the Acting Director, Bureau thorize the payment of an allowance of not ditions set out in section 103. This will
of the Budget, Executive Office of the Presi- to exceed $10 per day to employees assigned establish the necessary record for any sub
dent, reporting, pursuant to law, that the to duty at the Nevada Test Site of the U.S. sequent appeal taken by the accused from the appropriation to the Treasury Department Atomic Energy Commission (with accomdecision of the judge to admit any statement for "Salaries and expenses, Bureau of the panying papers); to the Committee on Govunder this section.
Mint,” for the fiscal year 1966, had been ap- ernment Operations.
REPORT OF ACTING COMPTROLLER GENERAL promulgate regulations including necessary priation; to the Committee on Appropri
A letter from the Acting Comptroller Gendisciplinary measures to assure that police ations.
eral of the United States, transmitting, purofficers comply with requirements of law set
suant to law, a report on procurement of out in this title and with the regulations
AMENDMENT OF NATIONAL SECURITY ACT
aircraft engine cylinder assemblies without made pursuant to it.
A letter from the Director, Central Intelli- consideration of actual usage experience, De
gence Agency, Washington, D.C., transmit- partment of the Navy, dated August 1965 Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, in
Mr. President, in- ting a draft of proposed legislation to amend (with an accompanying report); to the Comcreasing attention has been directed to the National Security Act to repeal the pro- mittee on Government Operations. the problem of the rise in the crime rate visions dealing with the compensation of
DISPOSITION OF FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO PAY across our Nation and in the District consultants, and for other purposes (with
A JUDGMENT IN FAVOR OF THE NOOKSACK of Columbia—this city over which we in accompanying papers); to the Committee on
TRIBE OF INDIANS the Congress have a very direct and Armed Services.
A letter from the Assistant Secretary of the primary responsibility. It is toward a TRANSFER OF COPPER FROM THE NATIONAL Interior, transmitting a draft of proposed solution of this problem that the very
STOCKPILE TO THE BUREAU OF THE MINT legislation to provide for the disposition of important legislation just passed by this A letter from the Administrator, General funds appropriated to pay a judgment in
favor of the Nooksack Tribe of Indians, and body—the District of Columbia crime Services Administration, Washington, D.C., and criminal procedure bill—is directed. transmitting a draft of proposed legislation for other purposes (with accompanying paI congratulate the Senate for its thor: to authorize the transfer of copper from the pers); to the Committee on Interior and
national stockpile to the Bureau of the Mint Insular Affairs. ough treatment of this measure and its (with accompanying papers); to the Com- FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT affirmative action. mittee on Armed Services.
AMENDMENTS OF 1965 Special thanks and commendations
REPORT ON EXPORT CONTROL must be extended to the very able man
A letter from the Secretary of Labor, transager of the bill, the senior Senator from transmitting, pursuant to law, a report on
A letter from the Secretary of Commerce, mitting a draft of proposed legislation to
amend the Federal Employees' Compensation Nevada (Mr. BIBLE), who is the hard- export control,
for the second quarter of 1965 Act to improve its benefits, and for other working chairman of the Senate Com- (with an accompanying report); to the Com- purposes (with accompanying papers); to mittee on the District of Columbia. mittee on Banking and Currency.
the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.. DISPOSITION OF EXECUTIVE PAPERS the Congress in opposing the threat of com- By Mr. MCINTYRE, from the Committee
on the District of Columbia, with amendA letter from the Acting Archivist of the munism; to the Committee on Foreign RelaUnited States, transmitting, pursuant to law, tions.
ments: a list of papers and documents on the files of
A resolution adopted by the legislators' sec- H.R. 647. An act to amend the act of several departments and agencies of the Goy
tion of the National Legislative Conference, March 3, 1901, to permit the appointment ernment which are not needed in the conat Portland, Oreg., favoring the enactment of new trustees in deeds of trust in the Dis
trict of Columbia by agreement of the • duct of business and have no permanent by the House of Representatives of Senate
parties (Rept. No. 671). value or historical interest, and requesting bill 561, the Intergovernmental Cooperation action looking to their disposition (with ac
Act of 1965; to the Committee on Govern
ment Operations. companying papers); to a Joint Select Committee on the Disposition of Papers in the Petitions signed by Lilianna Vitols, and
EXECUTIVE REPORTS OF Executive Departments. sundry other citizens of the State of Con
COMMITTEES necticut, favoring the liberation of the Baltic The PRESIDENT pro tempore ap- States; to the Committee on Foreign Rela
As in executive session, pointed Mr. MONRONEY and Mr. CARLSON tions.
The following favorable reports of members of the committee on the part homa City, Okla., relating to the repeal of
The petition of W. B. Robinson, of Okla- nominations were submitted: of the Senate.
By Mr. EASTLAND, from the Committee section 14(b) of the Taft-Hartley Act; to the
on the Judiciary: Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.
Edward M. McEntee, of Rhode Island, to PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS
be U.S. circuit judge, first circuit.
By Mr. SMATHERS, from the Committee Petitions, etc., were laid before the REPORTS OF COMMITTEES
on the Judiciary: Senate, or presented, and referred as
The following reports of committees William 0. Mehrtens, of Florida, to be indicated: were submitted:
U.S. district judge for the southern district
of Florida. By the PRESIDENT pro tempore:
By Mr. EASTLAND, from the Committee A concurrent resolution of the Legislature on the Judiciary, without amendment:
By Mr. BAYH, from the Committee on the of the State of Michigan; to the Committee
S. 803. A bill for the relief of Ching Zai on Interior and Insular Affairs: Yen and his wife, Faung Hwa Yen (Rept. attorney for the southern district of Indiana.
Richard P. Stein, of Indiana, to be U.S. "H. CON. RES. 101
No. 656); "Concurrent resolution memorializing the
S. 1168. A bill for the relief of Timothy
By Mr. HART, from the Committee on William O'Kane (Rept. No. 657);
the Judiciary: Congress relative to the establishment of H.R. 1402. An act for the relief of Dr. Jorge
Orville H. Trotter, of Michigan, to be U.S. the Sleeping Bear Dunes National RecreaRosendo Barahona (Rept. 658);
marshal for the eastern district of Michigan. tion Area H.R. 1443. An act for the relief of Mrs. Olga
By Mr. FULBRIGHT, from the Committee "Whereas a survey of the vanishing Great Bernice Bramson Gilfillan (Rept. No. 659); on Foreign Relations: Lakes shoreline was made by the U.S. Depart
H.R. 1627. An act for the relief of Esterina Raymond A. Hare, of West Virginia, a Forment of Interior during 1957 and 1958; and Ricupero (Rept. No. 660);
eign Service officer of the class of career am"Whereas this survey revealed three out
H.R. 1820. An act for the relief of Winsome bassador, to be an Assistant Secretary of standing areas, all of them in Michigan, Elaine Gordon (Rept. No. 661);
State; worthy of incorporation in the national park
H.R. 2678. An act for the relief of Joo Yul Dr. James Watt, of the District of Columsystem; and Kim (Rept. No. 662);
bia, to be the representative of the United "Whereas one of these areas and the one
H.R. 2871. An act for the relief of Dorota States of America on the Executive Board of nearest our population centers is at Sleeping Zytka (Rept. No. 663);
the World Health Organization; Bear Dunes in Leelanau and Benzie Counties;
H.R. 3292. An act for the relief of Consuelo Bernard Zagorin, of Virginia, to be U.S. and Alvarado de Corpus (Rept. No. 664);
Alternate Executive Director of the Interna"Whereas this beautiful area is deserving H.R. 6719. An act for the relief of Mrs. tional Bank for Reconstruction and Develof national recognition and preservation; and Kazuyo Watanabe Ridgely (Rept. No. 665); opment; "Whereas legislation to this effect, modiand
Dr. Gustav Ranis, of Connecticut, to be fied to safeguard the property rights of home
H.R. 9570. An act to amend the Federal owners, has been introduced in the Congress Firearms Act to authorize the Secretary of nation, Agency for International Develop
Assistant Administrator for Program Coordiby the Senators from the State of Michigan;
the Treasury to relieve applicants from cerand
ment; tain provisions of the act if he determines “Whereas early action to save this area for
Charles Frankel, of New York, to be an that the granting of relief would not be conenjoyment of future generations has been
Assistant Secretary of State; trary to the public interest, and that the recognized as desirable by the President of applicant would not be likely to conduct his
Charles W. Yost, of New York, to be the the United States, the Michigan Conservation
operations in an unlawful manner (Rept. Deputy Representative of the United States Commission, the Michigan Tourist Council, No. 666).
of America to the United Nations with the and numerous nongovernmental organiza
By Mr. EASTLAND, from the Committee on
rank and status of Ambassador Extraorditions and individuals; and the Judiciary, with an amendment:
nary and Plenipotentiary, and a Deputy "Whereas such action would clearly be in the interest of the State of Michigan, its citi- Evadne Newman (Rept. No. 667);
S. 481. A bill for the relief of Winnifred Representative of the United States of
America in the Security Council of the zens, and its economy: Now, therefore, be it
S. 779. A bill for the relief of Henryka
United Nations; “Resolved by the house of representatives Lyska (Rept. No. 668); and
JAMES ROOSEVELT, of California, to be the (the senate concurring), That the Congress
H.R. 3128. An act for the relief of Angelo representative of the United States of Ameris hereby respectfully urged to authorize the Iannuzzi (Rept. No. 669).
ica on the Economic and Social Council of establishment of the Sleeping Bear Dunes
By Mr. EASTLAND, from the Committee on the United Nations; and National Recreation Area in Michigan; and the Judiciary, with amendments:
Mrs. Eugenie Anderson, of Minnesota, to be it further
H.J. Res. 504. Joint resolution to facilitate
be the representative of the United States “Resolved, That copies of this resolution be the admission into the United States of cer
of America on the Trusteeship Council of transmitted to the President of the United tain aliens (Rept. No. 670).
the United Nations. States, the President of the Senate, the
By Mr. ERVIN, from the Committee on the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and
Judiciary, without amendment: to each member of the Michigan delegation
BILLS INTRODUCED H.R. 5024. An act to amend titles 10 and to the Congress.
14, United States Code, and the Military Bills were introduced, read the first “Adopted by the house June 16, 1965.
Personnel and Civilian Employees' Claims time, and, by unanimous consent, the "NORMAN E. PHILLEO,
Act of 1964, with respect to the settlement of second time, and referred as follows: "Clerk of the House of Representatives.
claims against the United States by mem-
By Mr. SCOTT:
S. 2480. A bill to amend the District of "Secretary of the Senate."
for damage to, or loss of, personal property Columbia Alcoholic Beverage Control Act to A resolution adopted by the legislators' incident to their service, and for other pur. prohibit the sales of alcoholic beverages to section of the National Legislative Con- poses (Rept. No. 655); and
persons under 21 years of age; to the Comference, at Portland, Oreg., relating to re- H.R. 8027. An act to provide assistance in mittee on the District of Columbia. ciprocal intergovernmental tax exemption; to training State and local law enforcement (See the remarks of Mr. SCOTT when he the Committee on Finance.
officers and other personnel, and in improv- introduced the above bill, which appear unA resolution adopted by the legislators' sec- ing capabilities, techniques, and practices der a separate heading.) tion of the National Legislative Conference in State and local law enforcement and
By Mr. RIBICOFF: held at Portland, Oreg., pledging the support prevention and control of crime, and for S. 2481. A bill to amend the Federal Water of that organization to the President and other purposes (Rept. No. 672).
Pollution Control Act, as amended, to increase the share of Federal financial assist- PROHIBITION OF SALE OF ALCO- It is time we recognized that despite ance for construction of municipal sewage
HOLIC BEVERAGES TO PERSONS the promise of desalinization and detreatment works and to authorize increased
UNDER THE AGE OF 21 IN DIS- ' spite the possibilities of improved imappropriations for the purpose of making such grants, and for other purposes; to the
TRICT OF COLUMBIA
poundments—our only salvation lies in
water reuse. This means we will have Committee on Public Works.
Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, I intro
to begin treating our waste water by (See the remarks of Mr. RIBICOFF when he introduced the above bill, which appear under amend the District of Columbia Alco- lutants through advanced waste treat
duce for appropriate reference, a bill to removing the maximum amount of pola separate heading.)
holic Beverage Control Act to prohibit ment techniques. In short, Mr. PresiBy Mr. LAUSCHE: S. 2482. A bill to prohibit obstruction of the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons
dent, we must face up to reality and the performance of duty by the Armed Forces under 21 years of age. At the present
recognize that water pollution control by obstruction of the transportation of per- time, hard liquor may not be sold to any: is not mere esthetics—it is a matter sonnel or property thereof; to the Committee one under 21, although beer and light
of life and death. on the Judiciary.
wines may be purchased by those over (See the remarks of Mr. LAUSCHE when he
Only through intelligent action now introduced the above bill, which appear un18 years of age.
will we insure our future water supplies.
The drinking age in the District of der a separate heading.)
Only by recognizing the size of the task Columbia is lower than in the surround
and committing our resources now, will ing areas of Virginia and Maryland.
we avoid the crisis and turn away catasCONCURRENT RESOLUTION This leads to a large influx of minors
trophe. PRINTING AS A SENATE DOCUMENT who do their drinking in Washington
Pollution control is a national conand creates both a nuisance on our COMPILATION ENTITLED "CAM
cern-concern of every living man and streets, especially in the Georgetown
woman and child-and of generations PAIGN '64"
area, and to a serious danger on the Mr. MAGNUSON submitted the fol- highways. The Police Department feels yet unborn.
For pollution reduces the supply of lowing concurrent resolution (S. Con. that this is a crucial problem; in the last
available water just as surely as a Res. 54) authorizing the printing as a year alone there were 576 arrests of
drought. We have not yet found a way Senate document of a compilation of the minors for drunkenness.
to break a drought-but we can fight speeches, remarks, press conferences, and There is no justification for this siturelated papers, during the 1964 presiden- ation to continue, and I sincerely hope
ation to continue, and I sincerely hope pollution. We can fight it—we have the tial campaign entitled “Campaign '64”; that my corrective proposal will be given
that my corrective proposal will be given techniques and the tools—but we have which was referred to the Committee on favorable consideration, I intend to
not yet put them to work. We are not
doing enough. Rules and Administration, as follows: press for action next January, if no
The Conference of State Sanitary Resolved by the Senate (the House of action is taken by the relevant commit
Engineers reported in its January 1, Representatives concurring), That there be tees in the current session. printed with illustrations as a Senate doc- The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. WIL- 1965, survey of municipal waste treatument a compilation, prepared by the Senate LIAMS of New Jersey in the chair). The
ment needs that there exists today a Committee on Commerce, entitled “Cam- bill will be received and appropriately
backlog of 5,277 communities with sewpaign '64" to consist of five parts, as follows: referred.
age treatment needs that alone will cost Volumes I, II, III, and IV, the speeches, re
The bill (S. 2480) to amend the Dis- $1.86 billion to fill. The survey further marks, press conferences and related papers
states: of President Lyndon B. Johnson, Senator trict of Columbia Alcoholic Beverage HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Senator Barry M.
Control Act to prohibit the sales of al- In order to eliminate the existing backGoldwater, and Congressman William E. Mil- coholic beverages to persons under 21 log, provide for the continuing obsolescence ler, respectively, during the 1964 presidential years of age, introduced by Mr. Scott,
of existing plants, and the population campaign; and was received, read twice by its title, and
growth, it will require an average annual exVolume V, the radio and television network referred to the Committee on the District
penditure through 1970 of $800 million. newscasts for the period September 1 through of Columbia.
In other words, we must embark now November 3, 1964. SEC. 2. There shall be printed eleven thou
on a $4-billion cleanup of our Nation's sand four hundred and fifty additional LET US DECLARE WAR ON WATER future. We cannot live without fresh
waterways. This is an investment in our copies of such document, of which four thousand three hundred and ninety copies shall
water. We will need greater efforts on be for the use of the House of Representa- Mr. RIBICOFF. Mr. President, there
. Mr. President, there every level of government—local, State, tives, two thousand and sixty copies shall be is an old saying "you never miss the and Federal. Every community should for the use of the Senate, and five thousand
water until the well runs dry.” The be concerned—as a matter of civic copies shall be for the use of the Senate Committee on Commerce.
drought in the Northeast now reminds pride-about what it dumps on its downus of that truth. We miss the water. stream neighbor. Every State should
And unless we take certain positive adopt and promote vigorous pollution RESOLUTION
steps-we are going to miss it much control programs. And the Federal Gov
more. STUDY TO DETERMINE FEASIBILITY
ernment should help both communities OF UTILIZING TRADE CREDITS
The plain fact of the matter is that and States with technical assistance, reISSUED BY THE INTERNATIONAL
we are 15 years away from a water crisis search, and financial assistance.
The need for an expanded program of MONETARY FUND TO FACILITATE insignificant. Our Nation's water sup- Federal aid has already been recognized. INTERNATIONAL TRADE
ply remains constant. So the 200 mil- Practical businessmen like Frazar B. Mr. HARTKE (for himself, Mr. Mc- lion Americans using water today are Wilde, chairman of the board of the ConCARTHY, Mr. BARTLETT, Mr. Moss, Mr. drawing from the same supply—from necticut General Life Insurance Co.Young of Ohio, Mr. METCALF, Mr. YAR- the same amount of water—that was told the Greater Hartford Chamber of BOROUGH, Mr. CLARK, Mr. DoUGLAS, and here when the Pilgrims landed in 1620. Commerce last May that “large grantsMr. WILLIAMS of New Jersey) submitted a We have learned to hold water in one in-aid by the Federal and State Governresolution (S. Res. 142) proposing a place—we have learned to move it ments are needed.” Such statements are study to determine feasibility of utilizing around—but we have not yet signifi- greatly encouraging. Past industry optrade credits issued by the International cantly increased the absolute amount of position to Federal pollution control laws Monetary Fund to facilitate internation- fresh water we need.
is fading in the dawning light of realizaal trade, which was referred to the Com- In 15 years—by 1980—the consump- tion that the pollution problem is critimittee on Foreign Relations.
tion of water can be expected to rise to cal and getting worse. (See the above resolution printed in 600 billion gallons a day. Our projected I have long been concerned with water full when submitted by Mr. HARTKE, dependable fresh water supply will be pollution problems. As Secretary of which appears under a separate head- 515 billion gallons. That, Mr. Presi- Health, Education, and Welfare, I proing.) dent, spells crisis.
posed that the Federal law be amended