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SENATE

TUESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1965 (Legislative day of Monday, August 30, 1965)

The Senate met at 12 o'clock meridian, on the expiration of the recess, and was called to order by the President pro tempore.

The Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, D.D., offered the following prayer:

Eternal Spirit who art revealed to us in the order of the universe in which we live, in the truth about our world which our minds discover, and above all in spiritual realities as we touch them, in the noblest sons of men, as we face the tasks of deliberation which center in this Chamber, we would bring our fragmentary and partial lives into the presence of Thy holiness. We would bring our transient and temporary concerns into the white light of Thy eternity. We would bring our restless and irritated spirits into the calm strength of Thy everlasting purpose which through the ages runs.

Teach us once again the eternal mystery that only as we lose ourselves in something higher than ourselves can we find ourselves.

To this end give us the grace to grasp great causes to live for, and to venture a great faith to live by. From doubt and disillusionment, from bitterness and cynicism, in these difilcult times, Good Lord—deliver us.

Though we may not see all things clearly, let us see some great things plainly so that high decisions may be made on the right side of moral questions.

We ask it in the Redeemer’s name. Amen.

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Sec. 5. (a) (1) For the purpose of advising and assisting the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Secretary") with respect to the education of the deaf, there is hereby created a National Advisory Committee on Education of the Deaf. which shall consist of twelve persons, not otherwise in the employ of the United States, appointed by the Secretary without regard to the civil service laws.

( 2) The membership of the Advisory Committee shall include educators of the deaf, persons interested in education of the (leaf, educators of the hearing, and deal’ individuals.

(3) The Secretary shall from time to time designate one of the members of the Advisory Committee to serve as Chairman of the Advisory Committee.

(4) Each member of the Advisory Committee shall serve for a term of four years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term, and except that the terms of the ofllce of the members first taking ofilce shall expire, as designated by the Secretary at the time of appointment, three at the end of the first year, three at the end of the second year, three at the end of the third year, and three at the end of the fourth year after the date of appointment.

(5) A member of the Advisory Committee shall not be eligible to serve continuously for more than one term.

(1)) The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary concerning the carrying out of existing and the formulating of new or modified programs with respect to the education of the deaf. In carrying out its functions, the Advisory Committee shall (A) make recommendations to the Secretary for the development of a system for gathering information on a periodic basis in order to facilitate the assessment of progress and identification of problems in the education of the deaf; (B) identify emerging needs respecting the education of the deaf. and suggest innovations which give promise of meeting such needs and of otherwise improving the educational prospects of deaf

CHARLES E. WILSON LIBRARY
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individuals; (C) suggest promising areas of inquiry to give direction to the research efforts of the Federal Government in improving the education of the deaf; and (D) make such other recommendations for administrative action or legislative proposals as may be appropriate.

(0) The Secretary may, at the request of the Advisory Committee appoint such special advisory professional or technical personnel as may be necessary to enable the Advisory Committee to carry out its duties.

((1) Members of the Advisory Committee, and advisory or technical personnel appointed pursuant to subsection (0), while attending meetings or conferences of the Advisory Committee or otherwise serving on business of the Advisory Committee, shall be entitled to receive compensation at rates fixed by the Secretary, but not exceeding $100 per day including travel time and while serving away from their homes or regular places of business they may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act (5 U.S.C. 73b—2) for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.

(e) The Advisory Committee shall meet at ‘he request of the Secretary, but at least semiannually.

So as to make the bill read:

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled “An Act to provide in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare for a loan service of captioned films for the deaf", approved September 2, 1958, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2491 et seq.), is hereby amended to read as follows:

"That the objectives of this Act are—

"(a) to promote the general welfare of deaf persons by (1) bringing to such persons understanding and appreciation of those films which play such an important part in the general and cultural advancement of hearing persons, (2) providing through these films, enriched educational and cultural experiences through which deaf persons can be brought into better touch with the realities of their environment, and (3) providing a wholesome and rewarding experience which deaf persons may share together; and

“(b) to promote the educational advancement of deaf persons by (1) carrying on research in the use of educational media for the deaf, (2) producing and distributing educational media for the deaf and for parents of deaf children and other persons who are directly involved in work for the ad\vancement of the deaf or who are actual or potential employers of the deaf, and (3) training persons in the use of educational media for the instruction of the deaf.

"Sec. 2. As used in this Act—

“(1) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

“(2) The term ‘United States’ means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.

"(3) The term ‘deaf person’ includes a person whose hearing is severely impaired_

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"$110. 3. (a) In order to carry out the objectives of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a loan service of captioned films and educational media for the purpose of making such materials available in the United States for nonprofit purposes to deaf persons, parents of deaf persons, and other persons directly involved in activities for the advancement of the deaf in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary.

“(b) In carrying out the provisions of this Act, the Secretary shall have authority to—

"(1) acquire films (or rights thereto) and other educational media by purchase, lease, or gift;

"(2) acquire by lease or purchase equipment necessary to the administration of this Ac.;

“(3) provide for the captioning of films;

“(4) provide for the distribution of captioned films and other educational media and equipment through State schools for the deaf and such other agencies as the Secretary may deem appropriate to serve as local or regional centers for such distribution;

"(5) provide for the conduct of research in the use of educational and training films and other educational media for the deaf, for the production and distribution of educational and training films and other educational media for the deaf and the training of persons in the use of such films and media;

“(6) utilize the facilities and services of other governmental agencies; and

“(7) accept gifts, contributions, and voluntary and uncompensated services of individuals and organizations.

"Sec. 4. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated not to exceed 83,000,000 annually for each of the fiscal years 1966 and 1967, 85.000900 annually for each of the fiscal years 1968 and 1969, and 87,000,000 annually for fiscal year 1970 and each succeeding fiscal year thereafter.

“Sac. 5. (a) (1) For the purpose of advising and assisting the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereinafter in this section referred to as the Secretary’) with respect to the education of the deaf, there is hereby created a National Advisory Committee on Education of the Deaf, which shall consist of twelve persons, not otherwise in the employ of the United States, appointed by the Secretary without regard to the civil service laws.

“(2) The membership of the Advisory Committee shall include educators of the deaf, persons interested in education of the deaf, educators of the hearing, and deaf individuals.

“(3) The Secretary shall from time to time designate one of the members of the Advisory Committee to serve as Chairman of the Advisory Committee.

“(4) Each member of the Advisory Committee shall serve for a term of four years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term, and except that the terms of the ofilce of the members first taking oilice shall expire, as designated by the Secretary at the time of appointment, three at the end of the first year, three at the end of the second year, three at the end of the third year, and three at the end of the fourth year after the date of appointment.

"(5) A member of the Advisory Committee shall not be eligible to serve continuously for more than one term.

“(b) The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary concerning the carrying out of existing and the formulating of new or modified programs with respect to the education of the deaf. In carrying out its functions, the Advisory Committee shall (A) make recommendations to the Secretary for the development of a system for gathering information on a periodic basis in order to fa

cilitate the assessment of progress and identification of problems in the education of the deaf; (B) identify emerging needs respecting the education of the deaf, and suggest innovations which give promise of meeting such needs and of otherwise improving the educational prospects of deaf individuals; (C) suggest promising areas of inquiry to give direction to the research efforts of the Federal Government in improving the education of the deaf; and (D) make such other recommendations for administrative action or legislative proposals as may be appropriate.

“(0) The Secretary may, at the request of the Advisory Committee appoint such special advisory professional or technical personnel as may be necessary to enable the Advisory Committee to carry out its duties.

“(d) Members of the Advisory Committee, and advisory or technical personnel appointed pursuant to subsection (0), while attending meetings or conferences oi’ the Advisory Committee or otherwise serving on business of the Advisory Committee, shall be entitled to receive compensation at rates fixed by the Secretary, but not exceeding $100 per day including travel time and while serving away from their homes or regular places of business they may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act (5 U.S.C. 73b—2) for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.

“(e) The Advisory Committee shall meet at the request of the Secretary, but at least semiannually."

The amendment was agreed to.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, was read the third time, and passed.

Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the Rscosn an excerpt from the report (No. 649), explaining the purposes of the bill.

There being no objection, the excerpt was ordered to be printed in the Rsconn, as follows:

PURPOSE or 'rms 311.1.

This legislation expands the original act, Public Law 85—905 as amended by Public Law 87-715, which provided a loan service of captioned films for the deaf. S. 2232, as amended, will provide for the use of all educational media, rather than films alone, and for the distribution of such media to parents of deaf children and other persons who are directly involved in work for the advancement of the deaf or who are actual or potential employers of the deaf.

The amendment to S. 2232, adopted unanimously by the committee, could create a National Advisory Committee on Education of the Deaf, to advise and assist the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. The 12 members of the Advisory Committee would include educators of the deaf, persons interested in the education of the deaf, educators of the hearing, and deaf individuals, appointed by the Secretary.

Finally, the bill increases the authorization for this program from $1,500,000 annually to $3 million for fiscal years 1966-67, 85 million for fiscal years 1968-69, and $7 million annually thereafter.

Mr. PELL. Mr. President, I am extremely pleased that the Senate has taken prompt and decisive action in passing S. 2232 which amends and expands our existing Federal program of captioned films for the deaf.

This modest program already yields results far out of proportion to the relatively small amount of Federal funds which have been devoted to it. I have Yin-252;} ‘ii-'3 .ZT'i-i .3 2319.013

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received dozens and dozens of letters from all over the country testifying to the fact that it literally opens the minds and lives of handicapped persons, particularly children, to experiences and knowledge that otherwise would be denied to them.

In a recent 6-month period, the existing loan service for captioned films, operated by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, recorded 1,917 bookings involving a total audience of 171,815. For the fiscal year 1965 the total audience of all services under the program, including individual use of filmstrips, amounted to 948,000. Group showings during the year were made to 1,150 schools and youth groups, religious organizations, and clubs.

I am proud to say that several of the participating agencies and groups were in my own State of Rhode Island, which is one of the leading States in providing for education of children with hearing handicaps. Rhode Island was one of the first States to have a mandatory, acrossthe-board education program for handicapped children, beginning at age 3.

The bill approved today would expand the existing program to provide for all educational media, rather than just films alone, and would provide for progressive increases in the authorization for the program from the present level of $1,500,000 annually to $7 million annually after fiscal 1969. It also would create a National Advisory Committee on the Education of the Deaf.

I had the honor of presiding over the special subcommittee of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare which handled this legislation and I am therefore especially pleased that the Senate saw fit to accept our bill.

Some of the possible benefits which can be expected to flow from this new bill were best described to our subcommittee by Mr. Paul V. Sherlock. supervisor of special education for handicapped children in Rhode Island. Mr. Sherlock said:

Slides, filmstrips, educational television, programed instruction, the computer-aided instruction of the near future combined with the special technology designed for the hearing handicapped—group hearing aids, etc.— could be coordinated to approach these students through several learning modalities simultaneously, enhancing a multisensory learning experience and reinforcement.

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