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His public life was honest and nobly consistent and his private character was without a blemish. His style of speaking was vivid, impassioned, and epi. grammatic. His cloquence owed nothing to personal advantages, for he was below the medium height, and not prepossessing in appearance.
This character of Chatham was written by Grattan when quite a young man, and published in a newspaper of the day.)
The secretary stood alone. Modern degeneracy had not reached him. Original and unaccommodating, the features of his character had the hardihood of antiquity. His
august mind overawed majesty; and one of his sovereigns 5 thought royalty so impaired in his presence that he conspired to remove him, in order to be relieved from his
superiority. No state chicanery, no narrow system of vicious politics, sunk him to the vulgar level of the great; but,
overbearing, persuasive, and impracticable, his object was 10 England, his ambition was fame.
Without dividing, he destroyed party; without corrupting, he made a venal age unanimous. France sunk beneath him. With one hand he smote the house of Bour
bon, and wielded in the other the democracy of England. 15 The sight of his mind was infinite; and his schemes were
to affect, not England, not the present age only, but Europe and posterity. Wonderful were the means by which these schemes were accomplished, always seasona
ble, always adequate, the suggestion of an understanding 20 animated by ardor and enlightened by prophecy.
The ordinary feelings which make life amiable and indolent were unknown to him. No domestic difficulties, no domestic weakness reached him ; but aloof from the sordid
occurrences of life, and unsullied by its intercourse, he 25 came occasionally into our system to counsel and to decide.
A character so exalted, so strenuous, so various, so au. thoritative, astonished a corrupt age, and the treasury trembled at the name of Pitt, through all the classes of
venality. Corruption imagined, indeed, that she had found 30 defects in this statesman, and talked much of the inconsist
ency of his glory, and much of the ruin of his victories; but
the history of his country, and the calamities of the enemy, answered and refuted her.
Nor were his political abilities his only talents: his eloquence was an era in the senate, peculiar and spontaneous, 5 familiarly expressing gigantic sentiments and instinctive
wisdom; not like the torrent of Demosthenes, or the splendid conflagration of Tully; it resembled sometimes the thunder, and sometimes the music of the spheres.
He did not, like Murray," conduct the understanding 10 through the painful subtlety of argumentation ; nor was
he, like Townshend, o forever on the rack of exertion ; but rather lightened upon the subject, and reached the point by the flashings of the mind, which, like those of his eye, were
felt, but could not be followed. Upon the whole, there was 15 in this man something that could create, subvert, or re
form; an understanding, a spirit, and an eloquence to summon mankind to society, or to break the bonds of slavery asunder, and to rule the wilderness of free minds with
unbounded authority; something that could establish or 20 overwhelm empire, and strike a blow in the world that
should resound through the universe.
XXXII. - THE PILGRIM FATHERS.
(JOHN PIERPONT was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, April 6, 1785, and was graduated at Yale College in 1804. He was originally a lawyer, but afterwards studied theology, and in 1819 was ordained minister of the IIollis Strcet Church in Boston, where he remained till 1845. Since then he has been settled over congregations in Troy, New York, and Medford, Massachusetts. He has been an active laborer in behalf of temperance, anti-slavery, the improvement of prison discipline, and other reforms; and many of his poems have been called
* William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, held a seat in parliament, and was an orator of most persuasive elegance and subtle powers of argumentation. He was appointed chief justice of the Kings Bench in 1756. Charles Townshend entered parliament in 1747. He held various high offices during his life. IIe supported the stamp act and the taxation of the American sulonies. He had great parliamentary abilities and oratorical powers.
forth by the moral and religious movements of the day. His poetry is char-
The waves that brought them o'er
As they break along the shore;
When the Mayflower moored below,
And white the shore with snow.
2 The mists, that wrapped the Pilgrim's sleep,
Still brood upon the tide ;
To stay its waves of pride.
When the heavens looked dark, is gone;
Is seen, and then withdrawn.
3 The Pilgrim exile sainted name!
The hill, whose icy brow
In the morning's flame burns now.
On the hill-side and the sea,
But the Pilgrim — where is he?
4 The Pilgrim Fathers are at rest:
When Summer 's throned on high,
Go, stand on the hill where they lie.
On that hallowed spot is cast;
And the evening sun, as he leaves the world,
Looks kindly on that spot last.
The Pilgrim spirit has not fled:
It walks in noon's broad light;
With the holy stars, by night.
And shall guard this ice-bound shore,
Shall foam and freeze no more.
THE GOOD GREAT MAN.
How seldom, friend, a good great man inherits
Honor or wealth, with all his worth and pains!
merit that which he obtains.
For shame, dear friend ; renounce this canting strain.
See page 347 for biographical sketch.
XXXIII. — THE FALLS OF NIAGARA.
From“ Sketches of Upper Canada,” by JOHN HOWISON, published in Edin
burgh, in 1821.] Now that I propose to attempt a description of the Falls of Niagara, I feel myself threatened with a return of those throbs of trembling expectation which agitated me
on my first visit to those stupendous cataracts; and to 5 which every person of the least sensibility is liable, when
he is on the eve of seeing anything that has strongly excited his curiosity, or powerfully affected his imagination.
The form of Niagara Falls is that of an irregular semicircle, about three quarters of a mile in extent. This is di10 vided into two distinct cascades by the intervention of Goat
Island, the extremity of which is perpendicular, and in a line with the precipice over which the water is projected. The cataract on the Canada side of the river is called the
Horseshoe or Great Fall, from its peculiar form, and that 15 next the United States, the American Fall.
The Table Rock, from which the Falls of Niagara may be contemplated in all their grandeur, lies on an exact level with the edge of the cataract on the Canada side,
and, indeed, forms a part of the precipice over which the 20 water gushes. It derives its name from the circumstance
of its projecting beyond the cliffs that support it, like the leaf of a table. To gain this position, it is necessary to descend a steep bank, and to follow a path that winds
among shrubbery and trees, which entirely conceal from 25 the
the scene that awaits him who traverses it. When near the termination of this road, a few steps carried me beyond all these obstructions, and a magnificent amphitheatre of cataracts burst upon my view with
appalling suddenness and majesty. However, in a mo30 ment the scene was concealed from my eyes by a dense
cloud of spray, which involved me so completely that I did