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Judge Johnson remains on the bench of the su. I tioned affidavits (agreeably to the form published preme court-he declines the appointment of col- by the hon. the secretary of war, under date of 23d lector of the revenue for the port of Charleston. inst.) will be required to accompany the applica

AGRICULTURAL. Messrs. M. and F. Husford of Al- tions for all pensions to which they apply, falling bany, are about to publish, an history of the rise, due on the 4th day of September next. progress and existing state of the Berkshire agricul.

RICHARD CUTTS, Second comptroller. tural society, in the state of Massachusetts, with prac. English seeds. Afr. Cobbett has just imported in. tical directions for societies forming on the same mo-' to New-York, for sale, no less than one hundred and del. Also, proceedings of societies in New

York who fifty-four barrels of field and gardens seeds. What an have adopted that system. By Elkanah Watson, extensive benefit to the country must this prove, if late president of said society.

the seeds are selected with the same judgment This will, doubtless, be a very interesting little and care that we are warranted in believing is the work. The profits of the publication are to be ap- case, from former importations by the same person? plied to the Berkshire premium fund.

N. Y. Eve. Poel. This society, it will be recollected, must be con. Shad.—The day before yesterday two fine shad sidered as the parent of all the associations which at were taken in North river opposite this city-and present so happily abound, and Mr. Watson was as this morning seven more were caught which sold the father of it.

in our market for three dollars each.

ib. Vice president Tompkins. A long report has been Died-On the 15th of March, WONDER, a negro made to the legislature of New York, (through the man, belonging to George Booker, of Prince Edcomptroller') by the commissioners appointed to set- ward county. From an old register found in the tle with Mr. Tompkins, as late governor of that family, it appears that he was born in April, 1693; state. The Albany Argus very properly observes and the cause of his being named Wonder, was that "It is difficult to give an analysis to the report.-- his mother was in her 58th year when he was born, The commissioners did not conceive that they had He was strictly honest, had great strength of body, the power or time to mak: a settlement within the and a mind far superior to people of his color geneperiod allowed in the resolution by which they rally, which he retained in a surprising degree. were appointed. The report reflects credit upon He labored without compulsion, and it is not more the gentlemen who made it. It bestows merited than eight or ten years ago since he was a con. eulogium upon the late governor's services during stant laborer in the garden of his master, without the war, and, in qur mind, exculpates the excellent being required, he was a constant attendant on reli. and worthy officer who is the subject of it, from the gious worship; and it is believed he exchanged a suspicion and blaine with which envy and ignorance long life of servitude for one of everlasting bliss. have attempted to slur the brilliancy and usefulness

Richmond Compiler. of his official »cts.”

Mail Robbers. The three persons who robbed A London paper publishes the following to shew the mail in New Jersey some time ago, have been that people kill themselves as frequently in other convicted and sentenced to ten years imprisonment countries as they do in England: --it was not proved that they had perpetrated the “A very general notion is entertained, that more robbery by putting the life of the driver in “jeopar- suicides are committed in England than in other dly.” The jury, when they retired went to prayers, countries; and day after day the newspapers are fillthat they might be enlightened to decide justly:- Jed with communications, in which this is always asWhen the criminals learnt that they were acquitted sumed as an undoubted fact. The late publication of of a design to kill, they embraced one another, em- Mr. Kamptz, of Berlin, founded on official returns braced their counsel, and even the attorney general. proves that, in the towns of Prussir, the suicides

Mauric, one of those robbers, has published a ve- are more numerous than they are in England. For ry interesting statement of the transaction. “Ilis instance: poverty, but not his will consented”-he once re.

Popula. Suicidler tired from the business, and appears to have been

in 1817. very miserable after he participated in it.


160,584 57 The mails between Wilkesbarre and Easton, Potsdam, not including the miPenn. to Philadelphia, bave been several times pil litary,

15,426 77. fered, or robbed. The offender is believed to be Frankfort on the Oder

12,500 41 caught.


63,020 58 The western waters. Since the year 1812, forty Leignitz

10,000 37 steam bouts have been built upon the western wa. Reichanbach

9,500 ters-7 have been wrecked, burnt or abandoned, 33 Magdeburgh

27,869 50 are plying from place to place, and 28 more are Mersburg

6,000 SO building



24 Treasury department, second comptroller's office, We do not believe that in any one town of the

March 25th, 1819. British dominions, the capital not excepted, the sui. Whereas, by the act entitleil «An act regulating cides amount to one tenth of the rate of Reichen. the payments to invalid pensioners,” passed the 3d bach, which is no less than 1 to 62.” of the present month, an affidavit of two surgeons OF THE "RELT SAW.” The editor of the “Ameri. or physicians, as to the contmuance and rate of dis- can Farmer," J. S. Skinner, esq. has favored us with ability of the several applicants must accompany a sight of a translation froin a French work, which their respective applications for the first payment he intends to publish in his next paper. From this, which falls due afterthe 4th of March nert, and at the we have no doubt but that the Belt Saw, as describ: end of every two years thereafter: And whereased in the REGISTER, was discovered in France in some misunderstanding may arise as to the time when 1815. The description in its principle, is precisely the above mentioned rule shall go into operation: the same as that we spoke of' as being the invention

This is to notify all whom it may concern, that, of Mr. Stewart--and which no doubt, Mr.S. believed by the construction given to the said act by the was entirely his own, We shall copy from the “Ame. second comptroller of the treasury, the before men- rican Farmer" the article alluded to.




BALTIMORE, APRIL 24, 1819. [No. 9-Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 399



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The editors of the National Intelligencer copi., thors and inventors the profits of their writings or ed our remarks on "private claims," some days ago, inventions, for a limitted time. The reasons for this and because they did copy them, the editor of the are manifest: yet in the broad clause charging con«Daily Advertiser," at New-York, has run a-foul of gress with the “general welfare,” this power might them, by taking up here a little and there a little” have been readily implied, if it had been designeri or our essay,--to make it suit his own purposes. to leave any thing to implication in the constitution.

We refer to this thing only because the editors of The "general welfare” is deeply concerned in those the "intelligencer" have felt it proper to notice the things, and men will not spend their time and money remarks of the "Advertiser"-who might have been to produce useful books and inventions, without the dismissed more briefly, by saying, “Satan can quote hope of reward. This instance plainly shows us scripture." There are many of the most interesting that our government rests on delegated powers only, chapters in the Bible which might be represented as and the 10th amendment seems conclusive on this little short of blasphemy, if liberty were allowed to head. But let us recur to original landmarks, itrici extract from them just such words as suited a design the earliest interpretations of the nature and spirit to make them appear so. We do not claim a com- of our constitution. It cannot be believed, that there parison with the inspired writers: but require this is a man in the United States who will venture to asthat when one sentence, or a part of a sentence sert that the constitucion would have been ratified, if bears upon, or is the contingent of another, that it had been understood that congress might grantmo. both should be given-or the whole luid aside. nopolies, or deprive the states of their right to tax

property, except as to imports and exports. In Summary process. It is stated in the Washington every other instance, the right to tax is reserved. City Gazette, that a circular is about to issue from the Among the reasons given by Virginia for ratifying parent board of the bank of the United States, or the constitution, were thesedering that all notes under protest shall be sued for, “That therefore no right, of any denomination, can unless paid or satisfactorily secured, in ten days be cancelled, abridged, or restrained, or modified, by thereafter-and that none of the District bank notes congress, by the senate or house of representatives, will hereafter be received at the Washington branch, acting in any capacity, by the president, or any deon deposite. See the article, whow tame an ele. partment or officer of the United States, ercept ir: phant," page 147.

ihose instances where power is given by the constitution

for those purposes.“That each state in the union The Sovereignty of the States-No 3. and right, which it not by this constitution delegat

shall respectively retain every power, jurisdiction We repeat it—that the late decision of the suced to the congress of the United States, or the preme court about the bank of the United States, departments of the federal government.'“That these vests in the general government the right and power clauses which declare that congress shall not eser. to grant monopolies, under so many pretences, that it cise certain powers, be not interpreted in any manmay be said to extend to all cases whatsoever,” and ner whatsoever, to extend the powers of congress; for unlimitted periods; and it settles the principle, but that they be constructed either as making exthat property introduced into a state by, or growing ceptions to the specified powers where this shall be out of, such monopolies, is exempted from the com- the case, or otherwise, as in.erted merely for greatmon operation of the laws of the states, affecting pro- er caution." perty of the same description. This is truly alarm New York, with others, assigned the followinga ing-c"it squints ar" consolidation.

“That every power, jurisdiction or right which is What is a monopoly? The dictionary which I hap- not by the said constitution clearly delegated to the pen to have before me, defines it to be, “a grant from congress of the United States, or the departments the king (or sovereign) to any person or persons of the government thereof, remains to the people of for the sole buying, selling, working, or using any the several, or to their respective state governthing.” The bank of the United States, then, is a ments, to whom they may have granted the same; monopoly because the privileges granted by its and that those clauses in the said constitution which act of incorporation are exclusive-for the “sole” declare that congress shall not have or exercise cerbenefit of the stockholders of this particular institu- tain powers, do not imply that congress is entitled tion; and such privileges cannot be granted to other to any powers not given by the said constitution; but persons during the existence of the act. The gene- such clauses are to be construed either as excepral government is as the "king" in the case, and ab- tions to certain specified powers, or as inserted solute. It is, and ought to be, sovereign in respect merely for greater caution" to all powers delegated, and such as are necessary to «THAT CONGRESS DO NOT GRANT MONOPOLIES, OR ERECT maintain those powers. But certainly, it never was ASY COMPANY WITH EXCLUSIVE ADVANTAGES OF COMsupposed to be “necessary or proper," that the Unit. MERCE." ed States should deprive the states of their right to By Marsachusetts-"That it be explicitly declared tax property, except in the case of imports and ex. that all powers not expressly delegated by the aforeporis, as specially provided for. It is impossible that said constitution, are reserved to the states, to be this could have been the originalintention of the fra. by them exercised: That congress shall erect no miers of the constitution; it is neither expressed company of merchants with exclusive advantages of nor implied.

commerce." There is only one case in which congress is con By Maryland. “That congress shall exercise no stitutionally vested with the right of investing any power but what is expressly delegated by this conwith exclusive privileges--that is, to secure to uu- stitution."

Vou XVI. 11.

By New Hampshire. “That it be explicitly declar-| words “necessary and proper" is not only consord, that all powers not espressly and particularly de- nant with that which prevailed during the discuslcgated by the aforesaid constitution, are reserved sions and ratifications of the constitution, but is abso1o the several states to be by themexercised. That lutely necessary to maintain their consistency with congress shall erect no company of merchants with the peculiar character of the government, possessed exclusive advantages in commerce.”

of particular and defined powers, ONLY; not of the geConnecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela- neral and indefinite powers vested in ordinary gorem. ware, and Georgia, ratii d the constitution by sim- ments.ple acts, without coinment. We have not been able We cannot add any thing to the force of these reto lay our hands upon the ratifications of North and marks, and shall not attempt it. South Carolina and Rhode Island,

Mr. Hamilton, the writer of the 33d No. of the Judge Wilsoni,* of Pennsylvania, one of the most "Federalist,” speaking about the words “necessary profound lawyers of his day, addressing the people in and proper,” says, “they are only declarations of a favor of the constitution (Oct.1787) said, “But in de- truth which would have resulted by necessary and legating ícderal power, another criterion was neees- unavoidable implication, from the very act of constisarily introduced: and the congressional authority is tuting a federal government, and vesting it with certo be collected, not from tacit implication, but from tain specified powers.” To the question why these the positive grant, expressed in the instrument of the words were introduced, he answers, "only for the union. Hence it is evident that in the former case greater caution,” &c. But to the very point, (of the states) every thing that is not reserved is he observes though a law laying a tax for the given: but in the latter (that of the United States) the use of the United States would be supreme in its na. reverse of the proposition prevails, and every thing ture, and could not legally be opposed or controlled; which is not given is reserveil."

yet a law abrogating or preventing the collection of it In several files of newspapers and a number of tax laid by the authority of a state (UNLESS OX IMPORTS books, we have looked over many hundred pages AND EXronts) would not be the suprenie law of the land, of cliscussions, resolves and proceedings about the but an USURPATIon of a power not granted by the conconstitution, and see nothing in any of them to jus-stitution. In the 34th No. in which the same subtify the opinion that an idea was then her that con-ject is continued, after arguing the right and neces. gress could vest any persons with monstrous powersity of a concurrent jurisdiction in the general governand odious privileges now possesscd by the bank of ment and those of the states, as to taxation, he says the United States, as a monopoly. It is no matter --a concurrent jurisdiction was the only admissi that the bank has paid a "bonus" for its extensive ble substitute for an entire subordination, in respect to advantages, or that it is to perform certain services this branch of power, of state authority to that of the --these have no effect upon the principle involved; union.for the bonus might as well be one cent as ten mil Then, even if the right exists in congress to eslions of dollars, and the services nominal, (like that tablish the bank of the United States, the concurrent of wrat-catcher to his majesty'), as real.

power" remains to tax the property vested in it. IT Judge Tucker, on the constitution- See Tucker's CANNOT BE OTHEA WISE. Black. Vol. I, part 1. app. 142-speaking of the Since the preceding was in type, wc have receir. [10th) amendment, says:--This article was added the Richmond Enquirer of the 20th inst. which ed “o prevent misconstruction or abuse of the contains a strong editorial article on the subject powers granted by the constitution; rather than before us. We borrow from it the following er. supposed necessary to explain and secure the rights tracts-of the states, or of the people. The powers dele- Judge Marshall, in bis Life of Washington,speaking gated to the federal government being positive, of the establishment of the old bank, says and enumerated, according to the ordinary rules “This measure made a deep impression on many of construction, whatever is not enumerated is re- members of the legislature, and contributed not intained; for, expressum facit tacere tacitum is a max. considerably to the complete organization of those im in all cases of construction: it is likewise a max- | distinct and visible parties, which in their long and im of political law, that sovereign states cannot be dubious conflict for power, have since shaken the deprived of any of their rights by implication; nor U. States to their centre!" in any manner whatever but by their own voluntary The editor, in conclusion, observes consent, or by submission to a conqueror."

In fact, our doctrine on this subject is to be found We recommend to the attentive perusal of every in the luminous and noble speech of the illustrious one, the remarks of judge Zucker, as well as the George Clinton, when he put his veto upon the reessays of the "Federalist,” on the article vesting vival of the old United States bank, in 1811. The an authority in congress to make all laws “neces. following words of his, deserve to be written in letsary and proper," for carrying into execution the ters of gold over the door of congress: powers granted - [Sce as above, p. 286 to 289, aud “In the course of a long life I have found, that the "Federalist,"No's. 33 and 44.) “This neither government is not to be strengthened by the assumpenlarges any power specifically granted, nor is it a tion of doubtful powers, but a wise and energetic er. grant of new powers.” He adds whenever, there. ccution of those which are incontestible; thc former fore, a question arises concerning the consututional never fails to produce suspicion and distrust, wlilst ity of a particular power, the first question is, when the latter inspires respect and confidence. If, howther that power is expressed in the constitution. ever, after a fair experience, the powers vesteil in If it be, the question is decided. If it be not ex- the government shall be found incompetent to the pressed, the next enquiry must be, whether it attainment of the objects for which it was instituted, is properly an incident to an express power, the constitution happily finishes the means for re. and necessary to its execution. If it be, it may medying the evil by amendment." be exercised by congress. If it be not, congress It is useless to multiply instances of construction, cannot exercise it-And this construction of the they are to be found in favor of the side we bave

taken, in the writings and speeches of erery patriot *He was a member of the convention, and after who advocated the adoption of the constitution of wards a judge of the supreme court,

the United States: no other construction wasthought

possible by the friends of the federal government as the master spirit, demanding sunconditional subAnd the opinion of these, together with the acts of mission." the states, at the time, are entitled to great weight. Comment is useless. Certain late arrangements

Of the danger of admitting that congress may will very soon develope the mystery concealed in grant monopolies, and exempt thefimonopolists from our similitudes. It does not become the line we the sovereignty of the states, we have spoken tree- have marked out for ourselves to shew the progress ly, and perhaps enough for this time; and shall of political manquvring. We can only hope, that now let the subject rest for the moment, exhorting the deceived elephant will cast off his pretended every man who loves his country to investigate it for friends, and regain his "natural and unalienable himself, that he may appreciate its consequences. rights” of “peace, liberty, and safety." When in the course of things, our feeble aid shall appear to be useful to promote a return to the origin nal principles of the constitution, it shall not be wants

The Paper System. ing

It is with awful feelings, indeed, that we publish

the terrible list that follows, of counterfeited and How to tame an Elephant!

spurious bank notes, collected within the last eight or

nine weeks,as we happened to meet with notices of The elephant has larger claims to independence such things in the newspapers. It is the last time than any land animal that we know of, yet he is that we shall attempt a collection of this sort among the most generous and docile of any, two-leg- it is too debasing to the character of our country to ged or four-legged, that has been civilized. His affec. be repeated; but the detail was due to the history of tions are of the most interesting character, and his the paper system. What a prostration of morals does intelligence is as remarkable as his attachments; it indicatel-yet, we are seriously of opinion that the for those that he loves, he freely puts out bis greater part of the evil must be solemnly laid at the strength to promote the works of peace, or mingle doors of our legislators, for permitting or establishin the clash of war: with Job-like patience he tugs ing so many banks. They who tempt the people to the ponderous load, or rushes impetuous through commit sin, are more inexcusable than the sinners. the armed ranks of the foe. Always great, though There appears to be a gang of accomplished vilhis unsuspicious disposition is often deceived; al lains stretching from one end of the United States ways generous, though frequently imposed upon. to the other, under various pretences, as traders,

An old housewifery book, in directing us how to pedlars, and the like, whose chief business it is to cook a salmon, says— first catch a salmon." this is a deal in counterfeit bank notes and sud money"very important preparation for the cooking of one! and they are so very artful, that it requires a consi.

-So, before we proceed to tame an elephant, derable degree of smartness to prevent them from it is necessary that we should get him into our toils. succeeding: This, we are told, is most certainly done by means We are very far from feeling any thing like pleaof several female elephants, taught for the business sure in publishing this list; we do it as an act of duty speculators in their fellow animal's misery, who en. -to put honest men on their guar', and sheiv them compass him about, anil coax and caress him, while how necessary it is to exercise caution in the receipt the master spirit of their actions binds him with of bank bills. Happily, so it is, that most persons ropes, passed frequently round his legs, and very accustomed to examine paper money, can nine times tight. When he is completely secured, the deceive in ten, telia counterfeit or altered note, though on 2 ers retire and leave him to his fate. On discover- bank which they never saw one of before; but they mg this, he becomes outrageous; but he exerts are often received without due examination by his mighty strength in vain; he is fastened to the those who are capable of detecting them, and the spot, and no longer moves at the impulse of his own people, in general, a re very indifierent judges. It desires; a captive, smarting under a sense of his becomes every body, when the bills of strange or wrongs, and indignant at hypocrisy.

distant banks are presented to them to suspect them, The next thing is to tame him. Whilst thus unless they know the character of the person offer bound, one fellow, armed with a club or some other ing them, and to reject them altogether from transi. offensive weapon, falls foul of him and abuses him in ent individuals, without some test to satisfy the mind the most shameful and barbarous manner; when the that they are genuine representatives of money, at suffering has reached its destined point, and the ani. home. In this case, the calculation may be made, mal finds that dependence on himself avails nothing, whether the profit on the articles exchanged for the another person appears and seems to chastise the paper, will satisfy the difference or difficulty of conwretch that maltreated him, driving him away. verting it into money, &c. This is repeated day after day, until the sagacious animal, filled with gratitude to his supposed bene A fellow found guilty at Baltimore for dealing in a factor, knows his voice and person, and regards him counterfeit bill of $100 of the Philadelphia bank, as a protector and friend. Then this same person and several 20's of the bank of the Northern Liberloosens the ropes, or restores their pressure on the ties. elephant, as he she ws a disposition to submit to, or An emission of $50 notes of the bank of the state reject his authority, or resist the good impressions of Georgia, very well altered from genuine 5's of the made as above described, until he finally becomes same bank. a passive slave, and kisses the hand that robbed him A man sentenced by a court in Delaware to a fine of his freedom.

of $500, solitary confinement three montlis, and forNow for the application of our story: the people ever to wear the letter F, made of scarlet cloth sew. of the United States, (but especially those of the ed on the back of his outer garment, to he whipped. west, in present circumstances) may be considered as &c. if found without it, &c. &c. &c. for passing a c3 the elephant--the paper system as the females who conterfeit note of the Fariner's bank of Delawari , deceive him; their obligations to the banks as the payable at Wilmington, cords that fasten him; speculators as the person The receipt by the raitor of the REGISTER of a S5 who beats him, and the bank of the United States, counterfeit note of the samc bank and office, which through the agency of the government deposits,&r lunfortunately, lie was compelled to light a segar


with at his own loss-through uncommon careless., Marine bank of Baltimore. They had also some coun ness, in not examining it.

terfeit coin. The breaking up of a large establishment at A notice of 10's on the bank of North AmeriBloomugburg, where much apparatus for making ca, 3's on the bank of New Brunswick, 3's on the hank notes, and many bills partially executed, were Hagerstown bank, 2's of the Mechanic's bank of Balfound.

timore, 3's of the Hartford bank; counterfeits. The arrest of several persons near Pittsburg, with A $20 counterfeit note of the Bank of Baltimore a large amount of notes of the following descriptions Cold plate,) remitted to the editor of the REGISTED -5's of the Marine bank of Baltimore; 3's of the from Ilinois, and sent back again, being crossed. bank of Delaware, 10's of the bank of Auburn, l's Counterfeit bills of $50 on the Hudson bank of of die bank of Philadelpbia, 10's of the bank of N. York, attempted to be passed in Charleston, S. Buck's county, 20's of the bank of New Ark, l's of|Carolina. the bank of Sandusky Bay-counterfeits; a note of Spurious bills in circulation, on the Silver Lake the bank of Steubenville altered from 1 to 10; and Bank, payable at the Unim Bank, in the city of N. of the bank of Utica, altered from 1 to 50. A whole-York, subscribed by the fictitious names of Ivee Sul. sale business was hereby interrupted.

ton, president, and Daniel Woodbridge, jun. cashier, The capture of two men at Sheffield, Mass. for 10's and 5's of the bank of Virginia, counterfeits passing counterfeit bills, chiefly 10's of the bank of -well calculated to deceive superficial observers; Aubur.

but easily detected with common care. The passage of 50 dollar bills at Savannah, to a Counterfeit notes, l's and 2's, of the old einis. considerable amount, of the Marine and Fire Insur-sion of the bank of Cape Fear--miserably executed. ance coinpany-well counterfeited; but the villain

A large quantity of counterfeit and spurious paper not caught.

circulated in Monroe county, Ohio, and the parts The putting to jail of a fellow for passing 3's of adjacent, viz-3's of the bank of Niagara, 2's of the the Fayetteville branch, of the state bank of North Phænix bank, Hartford; notes said to be of a bank Carolina, altered to 50's. He had in his possession at Circlerille, where there is no bank-counterfeit counterfeit bills of several other banks, among them, 1's on the Philadelphia bank, &c. one of 20, on the Elkton bank.

A notice of the alteration of one dollar notes of the Three dollar notes of the City bank of New York, Hagestown bank into tens, altered to 50's.

Counterfeit notes of 5 dollars, on the Franklin The seizure of a person called Hunter, at Savan. bank of Baltimore. The signatures badly executed. nait, who had in his possession a vast quantity of notes, 50's, 100's and post notes, of the bank of Newport,

Joseph Lancaster. Kentucky, engraved by Murray, Draper, and co. (who had been imposed upon by him,) but not filled tion known by his name, and extensively adopted in

This father and founder of the system of educaas he graduated at Rhode Island college, he has been Great Britain and Ireland, and in the United States, called, by way of eininence, “a classical scoundrel." and partially introduced into France and Germa. He had sone hundreds of thousands of dollars in ny, &c. and even spoken of as being countenanced

in Spain, has taken up a temporary residence blank notes. An account of another imposition practised on

in Philadelphia, and will probably become a citizen Murray, Draper, and co. in engraving or striking off of the U. states.

The eclitor of the REGISTER is honored with the plates to a large amount, for the Steam Factory company, of Cincinnati- there being no such com- personal acquaintance and private friendship of this

great apostle in the cause of knowledge. From our "The detection of 10 dollar counterfeit notes of the social conversation, as well as from his public lecbank of Illinois, at Shawnectown—said to be badly there is any mystery in it—that all things belonging

tures on education, the inystery of his system is-if done. A large issue of a sort of a bank in Fayette county, CADENSTAsu one thing at a time. But of a system so

to it are* done by method, and the pupils taught to Penn. Called the “Connelsville Navigation Compa. generally known and approved, it is not necessary ny,” in detiance of the laws relating to banking.

to speak at this time. Mr. L. is now superintendThe capture of five counterfeiters in Golconda, ing a model school at Philadelphia, wherein it is exIllinois, with several thousand dollars of their pected that many young men and women will be own make, in their possession. They had a com- fully qualified for the instruction of others. plete set of apparatus and worked in a cave The

But our present purpose ischiefly to notice the rechief part of those fellows' notes were of 10's 5's and spectful attentions which were paid to him on his O's of the state bank of Indiana; but they had 10's visit to Washington City, during the late sitting of and 2's of tlie Middletown bank, 2's of the Phænix congress, and to record them, as honorable to all bank, 5's of the bank of Auburn, 5's of the Exchange parties and individuals concerned. Bunk, S's of the Eagle bank, 5's of the Marine bank,

In the house of representatives, on the 9th of Jaand 5's of the Worcester bank.

nuary, 1819, Mr. Bussett addressed the chair, and The circulation of 10's of the bank of Auburn, said, that he rose to perform a pleasing task, because and 20's of the Planter's bank of Georgiamgood it was connected with humanity. it was to give counterfeits.

praise and honor where praise and honor were A caution against notes of the Frederick county due. It was (continued Mr. B.) said last night, bank, altered from 1 to 10 dollar notes.

from that chair, that sensible objects most forci. A quantity of three dollar counterfeit notes of the bly felt, attracted us. My heart responds to Franklin bank of New York, detected in that city. its truth.

Most sensibly did I feel, on behold. The breaking up of a gang of counterfeiters by ing in that chair a man whose life has been de. catching them at Lancaster, 0,--the rasculs made voted to the amelioration of the state of man; one battle, but were subdued. Their stock was very who, without the influence of kindred or country. large, chiety in 20's and 50's on the Miami Export- and without any aid save that of a common tongue, ing Company, 10's on the farmer's bank of Buck? has passed the vast Atlantic to make known the hid. wuniy, j's of the bank vi Columbit, atau 's of the luen powers and blessings of knowledge. Thou.

pany exisung:

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