Слике страница

tition, and as a sanctuary where they espected to Phillips, James Themas alias James West, Daniel escape the punishment of their crimes.

Livingston, Luke Jackson, Stepen Sydney, Peter Charge of the court.

Nelson, Isaac Sales, and Peter Johnson, were in the The court then charged the jury in substance,that month of March, 1819, part of the crew of a private -the prisoner at the bar was indicted for cruising on armed vessel called the Creola (commissioned by the high seas without any commission, and boarding the government of Buenos Ayres, a colony then at and plundering a Spanish vessel or vessels belong. war with Spain,) lying in the port of Margaritta; ing to some power to the jurors unknown, and pi. that in the month of March, 1819, the said prisoners ratically taking out of such vessel a sum of money, and others of the crew mutined, confined their of. which the crew divided among themselves. The ficers, left the vessel, and in the said port of Marga. essential objects of enquiry were, whether the pri- ritta seized by violence a vessel called the Irresistisoner at the bar was engaged in such cruise without ble,a private armed vessel lying in that port,commis. a commission, whether the robbery charged in the sioned by the government of Artigas, who was also indictment was committed by him and others so at war with Spain; that the said prisoners and cruising as aforesaid, and whether the fact amount others having so possessed themselves of the said resed to piracy under the act of congress.

sel, the Irresistible, appointed their officers, proThe fact of cruising and plundering the Spanish ceeded to sea on a cruise, without any documents vessel was proved by the testimony of accomplices, or commission whatever, and while on that cruise, and it was contended by the counsel for the prison in the month of April, 1819, on the high seas, comer that they were totally unworthy of credit. mitted the offence charged in the judictment, by the

It is undoubtedly true that the testimony of ac- plunder and robbery of the Spanish vessel therein complices is to be heard with suspicion; and if their mentioned. If the plunder and robbery aforesaid testimony should be improbable or contradicted by be piracy under the act of the congress of the Unit. circumstances, or by other testimony, the jury ed States, entitled “an act to protect the commerce might justifiably discredit it: but if all the circum. of the United States and punish the crime of piracy" stances of the case, circumstances which could not then we find the said prisoners, seyerally and re. be mistaken or misrepresented, corroborated the spectively, guilty; if the plunder and robbery aboré testimony of the accomplice, and in fact were mere stated be not piracy under the act of congress, then ly connected by that testimony, it would be going we find thom not guilty. too far to say that the facts supplied by the witness

JOHN G, GAMBLE, Foreman. were to be disregarded because he was an accom The court then adjourned. plice. But in this case one of the witnesses Don. ald, had been acquitted by the grand jury, becanse Wednesday - John Green was put to the bar under he was forced on board the vessel, and his testimo: the 1st indictment. The defence set up for him was, ny concurred with that of the other witnesses in all that he had been forced to join the enterprize, and that was material.

did not assent to the proceedings of the others. If the robbery was committed, their next enquiry The defence failed, and the same special verdict would be, whether the vessel committing it, sailed given as in the case ofthe ten others. under a lawful commission.

Same defence and result in the case of Thomas There was not only no testimony whatever of a Smith. commission, but all the facts given in evidence Henry Anry, alias Henry Andris, and John Fuller, were totally incompatible with the idea of sailing were put to the bar-same defence, and same speunder any authority whatever. The crew of one cial verdict. vessel had mutinied, seized another vessel, and John Allen Sterman and John Haldon, were tried proceeded on a cruise under officers elected by at once under the 2d indictment for robbing a Dutch themselves.

vessel. Neither of them belonged to the crews of The question whether the case came within the the Creola or Irresistible; but were part of the act of congress was one of more difficulty. It was crew of the Atlas, an American vessel, they spoke impossible that the act could apply to any case if at sea, bound from Teneriffe to New Orleans. They not to this. The case was undoubtedly piracy ac- joined the Irresistible. The defence set up, was cording to the understanding and practice of all na- that they were ignorant of the character of the restions. It was a case in which all nations surrender- sel when they joined her. Verdict of acquittal. ed their subjects to the punishment which any gou (These men were not indicted for robbing the Spa. vernment mightinflict upon them, and one in which (nish vessel which was posterior to their joining.) ail admitted the right of each to take and exercise Thomas Watson put to the bar under the 1st in jurisdiction. Yet the standard referred to by the dictment-he came out ofa Danish barque or Dutch act of congress, as espressed in that act, must be ad- brig-no vessel proved to be robbed after le mitted, to be so vague as to allow of some doubt. joined them- Acquitted, The writers on the law of nations give us no defini.

Francis Oglesby, charged under the first indict. tion of the crime of piracy. Under the doubts aris- ment, was one of the Irresistiblethe defence was, ing from this circumstance, the court recommend he could not safely leave her after she was cap. ed'it to the jury to find a special verdict which tured. A special verdict (with few variations) might submit the law to the more deliberate consi- similar to the rest. deration of the court.

The court adjourned. The jury retired but for a few moments, and

Last class of cases. brought in a special verdict, similar to the one which l'esterclay, the court proceeled to try William we have given in full, below.

Chappels, charged under the third indictment with A jury was then impannelled, and the case of ten robbing an American vessel (the Superior, of Balti. others of the crew (charged in the same indict. more.) This indictment, as will appear from the ment) was, with their consent, submitted at once to former elucidations, rests not upon the act of 1819, trial; the evidence gone through, and the jury re- hut of 1790. The first relates to foreign vessels; turned the following special verdict:

the last, by the decision of the supreme court, to We, of the jury, find that the prisoners, Baily our own. Dufey, Wm. Chappels alias Wm. Chappel, Daniell Mr. Stairard on behalf of the United States On

[ocr errors]

that of the prisoner Mr. W. Wickham and Mr. Russian Finance Report. James Riddle, who, at the request of the court, as

St. Petersburg, April 9, 1819. sisted in the defence. Black, a witness on the part of the prosecution, Report of M. de Gourieff, first minister of finance

of his imperial majesty, the emperor of Russia, and who had been first lieutenant on board the

pronounced in the council of public credit, at Irresistible, stated that the captain of the Superior

the opening of its annual session, by virtue of the came on board the privateer, the captain of which

imperial manifesto of the 7th May, 1817. (Ferguson) knew him to be an American captain (an

Gentlemen-The duties with which you have been acquaintance of F's at Baltimore); that the American captain told F. he had Spanish passengers and charged by the law of the 7th May, 1817, call you property on board his schooner; and that'F. then now, for the second time, to this assembly.

At the commencement of the last war, you saw gave instructions to his boarding, crew, to respect the first operations of the committee of the sinking the American proper y, but to bring with them all fund, and witnessed the favorable impression it the valuables they could find on board belonging made on public opinion, the best pledge of their to the Spanish passengers - Black stated that he

success. was told by F. that this captain was an American

The heads of the several bank establishmenis, captain; and says that he himself saw the American will render a detailed account of their proceedings register. The counsel for the prisoner asked if he knew and I will confine myself to lay before you the ge

which will sbew you the advance of iheir credit, the register to be a genuine one-to which he l'eneral view of the steps that have been taken, and of plied he did not.

their results. They then moved the court to instruct the jury,

And first, of the commission of the sinking fund. 1st, that to prove her to be an American vessel, it was necessary that her register, or an authentica- tain the credit of the state, by a careful attention

The sole purpose of this cominission is to mainted copy of it, should be produced in court; 2dly, to the debts of the empire, liowever contracted. that the capture of Spanish property in an Ameri

This bureau has, in the last year, received sixty can vessel, was not piracy under

the act of congress: millions (three millions sterling from the imperiul The chiet justice observed, he had little doubt treasury) for particular destinations. such a capture was an act of piracy in the eye of the law, and as to the other point, he should suis- dated, in great part, by the year 1823, that due to

Many engagements of short terms will be liquipend his opinion. But, if the jury should be in Holland not included; the funds employed for these clined to think, that the Superior was an American vessel

, he recommended it to them to bring in a payments, will then be applicable to increase those special verdict, re serving the question whether she appropriated to the extinction of the excess of our could be proved to be American property without details of loans and payments.)

assignats, or state paper money. [Here follow some the production of her register, or a copy under seal And that they might also reserve the point as to the exact amount of all the debts of the state, both

In the report of the commission, ou will finil the Spanish property found on board of her.

for short terms, and on perpetnal annuities. The jury retired, and brought in a verdict of noi

The second and most important portion of the Fuilty. The U.States' attorney then stated to the court, regulation.

public debt, is equally attended to for its order and that he had no further business for a jury, and they were accordingly discharged-the witnesses they became afterwards a paper inoney of the

The assignats were at first a bank paper creclit; recognized to appear at the next term of the court state, and by their gradual depreciation (througla in November next. The other cases under the 3d indictment will lation, and endangered, at some time, both the puls.

an issue to great excess,) they embarrassed circuiLie over until the prosecution can obtain the regis- lic fortune and individual property. They arc, ter, and other evidence, as to the fact of American however at this time, converting, through our loans, ownership.

into funded stock, or capitals bearing interest. The point growing out of the act of congress of 1819, and reserved in the several special verdicts, has left to every one the perfect liberty to avail

In taking this important step, the government will probably be adjourned to the supreme court at himself of the advantages which it offers; no one suf. Washington,

fers any constrains, for the free disposition of all pr:In the case of Thomas Watson, a nole pros has been vate property, and its inviolability, are the first se. cntered up by the attorney. The other prisoners curities of all credit. will probably remain in juil until the winter, to await

The loan of 1817 was a happy experiment only. their fate.

The novelty of the neasure did not admit the capi.

talists, who are always wary and circumspect, to enWe have taken some little pains to report ter into it so extensively as was necessary; it neverthese cases to the public. The scenes of outrages theless contributed, together with a large exportaon the high seas which they develope, belong to tion of our products at a high value, to draw into the history of the times. Such scenes ought to be the empire a large portion of the precious metals, understood. To repress them, should be the wish which assisted the improvement the government of every American, who values his country, her had in view; although, at the inoment, there sudcharacter and her laws. We owe it to the civilized (enly appeared, through some peculiar circumworld to arrest such lawless outrages, perpetrated stance, a larger demand for metallic money in the by vessels and by crews who have their equipment interior than the circulation of commerce could and their sanctuary in our own ports. If the law supply. Government then determined on a second be so weak that pirates can escape through its loan, in June last, fixed at 85 for a six per cent anmeshes, let us strengthen it. Let congress do their nuity, iristead of 82 1.2, the rate of the preceding duty, and not leave it to judges and juries to do it year. In November 17 millions had been inscribed; for them. If the law then he undefined in its pro. when at this time, circumstances foreign to our af. visions, let them give clearer and more practical fairs, checked the means and inclination of foreign definitions, Enquirer.

capitalists to make further investments. Mans,



[ocr errors]

however, had sent here ingots of gold and silver to this permission bas been already granted to Mos-
be coined, and exchanged for assignats to be paid cow, as centre of the commerce of the interior of
into the inscription for the loan; and in the month(the empire.]
of September last the quantity of these deposites
was so large, that notwithstanding the great activi. is not yet completely organized. It has received
ty of the inint, it was obliged to deliver a fifth part in the last year deposites of 45,000,000.
only of the amount brought in, with receipts from
month to month for the remainder, as fast as the The principal employment of this establishment,
quantities could be struck into coin.

in its present state, is to exchange new assignats

. The commission will now present to you more for those which, through long wear, cannot continue than eighty millions (four millions sterling) of assig. in circulation; or to exchange large or small notes, nats, withdrawn from circulation, and paid into the as is required, or to deliver copper money. royal treasury on the loan of perpetual annuities, The value of all the circulating property of Rus. to be cancelled and burned.

sia is still represented by the assignats of this naThese are nearly the principal operations of the tional bank. The sacrifices which the government is commission of the sinking fund. The effects they making to restore their original value, would be have produced, fulfil all the expectations formed of fruitless, if we were not well convinced that no new them, and effect all the purposes designed. The emissions are made, and that proper precautions system of loans on perpetual annuities, the intro- are taken against forgeries of this paper. duction of which into Russia, had appeared, to many These two conditions, so indispensable to the cre. dfficult to effect, is already, in a degree, nationalized dit of our assignats, are the charge and care of this among ourselves; while at the same time our stock. bank. debentures circulate freely all through Europe, and The report of this establishment, and the inspecs maintain a general credit, an inappreciable advan- tion of its books, will convince you, gentlemen, that tage, which delivers us forever from the necessity the law which forbids any new creation of assignats of having recourse to the further emissions of paper is strictly observed. money!

The appearance of some forged assignats, though We have already withdrawn 118 millions of pa- few in number, has drawn the attention and solicie per roubles, and the imperial mint has issued in tude of government. It must be confessed that the 1817 and 1818, about 43 millions of gold and silver fabrication of our paper money, his not kept pace roubles, (about two millions sterling only) a quan- with the improvement in the mechanical ans, and tity wbich kad not been coined in ten years at any that it had allowed too great facility for counterfeit. time froin 1762 to 1810.

ing. It has been found necessary to form a newes If an extraordinary exportation of all our produc- tablishment, which is providing notes of a new fort, tions in 1817, caused an influx of the 'precious me. which will be ready on the 1st July next, and will tals, though the same cause did not exist in the afford new facilities for circulation, last year, the subscriptions of foreigners to the Such, gentlemen, is the state of our establishments loan made up this deficiency. The sudden iuflux of of public credit. În 18 months, the sinking fund specic, has satisfied the demand which some local has withdrawn 118 millions of assignats. Our sy sho and temporary circumstances has causedjfor coin, tem of credit enjoys a general confidence. This demand is already sensibly diminished, and The bank of commerce has transacted operations that for assignats, or state paper roubles, has in- of 357 millions of roubles in discount, and very concreased; and thus have vanished all the debts that siderable capitals have been deposited in the loan had arisen, on the progressive iinprovement of the bank. value of our paper.

These satisfactory results demonstrate, with the Without dwelling longer on this subject; I shall fullest evidence, the correctness of the principles only add, that the resistance which is always more which have been made the basis of our system. or less made to novel proceedings of this nature, These principles should remain unchanged; but erought to yield at last to the efforts of the govern-perience has shown the necessity for some mea. ment, when instead of allowing itself to be led on sures, in practice, whose application will most cerby the illusions of a fictitious system, or into mea- tainly insure to us the end proposed. sures which may be called forced, it founds its ope. The august founder of these establishments has rations on principles, whose justice and solidity are charged you, gentlemen, to examine well all other consecrated by the evidence of experience. propositions of this kind, which may be designed,

[Here follows a report on the bank of Commerce, and tend to the gupport of public credit, which we for mercantile discounts, with a capital to accrue of shall have the honor to subinit to you in the course thirty millions, confined to discount with the pa of this session; deign to be at once our judges and per money of the state, and not to issue its own onr fellow laborers, in carrying into effect his great notes,

designs for the good of our country. This bank receives deposites, allowing interest on them; discounts bills of exchange, and makes ad. vances on merchandise.

Antediluvian Antiquities, The deposites at interest in this bank, are already The township of Middletown, N. J. is remarkable çighty millions.

for the relics of animals and things that may be con"The receipts of this bank, for transfers of deno. ceived to have existed before the flood. For sevesite, are accepted in payment of duties at the custom ral years the farmers have been in the practice of house.

enriching their lands with an carthy substance dug The sum of discounts has amounted to fifty mil. from the stratụm which underlays their arable soil. lions of roubles.

This material they call marl. It is such an excelThe rate of interest regulated by thrat on the ex. lent fertilizer, that the thin, poor and exhaustal changc, with a desire to reduce it, rather than pro. grounds of that region, have been, by being properfit by a high rate.

ly dressed with it, rendered as productive as those The evident advantages'of this establishment hare of the inland country, by the operation of gypsum induced sereral cities to solicit similar burexus; and Almost every farm contains a plentiful supply of the

invaluable article and on many, the marl can be! 22 days, a quarter of wheat. procured abundantly in the several sections or fields 20 days, a fat hog, two years old. of the same plantation. The inhabitants really pos. 20 days, clothing for a year of a common servant sess the means of raising at pleasure the heaviest of husbandry crops; for their industry, with the aid of the marl, 6 days, a quarter of beans or peas. is rewarded with manifold increase.

5 days, a quarter of barley. Doctor Mitchell and Mr. Pierce, have lately re 2 days, a pair of shoes. connoitreed this interesting tract, and confirmed the 1 day, two gallons of ale. accounts given of the abundant product in grass and

Middle of the fifteenth century. grain, which follows the application of this fossil Pay of a laborer per day, 3d. manure.

Price of a quarter of wheat, 58. a 5. 64. The marl pits are replete with extraordinary 20 to 22 days, a quarter of wheat. things. Remains of animals, either extinct, or not 16 days, a quarter of malt. now known to be alive, or not found in these parts, 17 days, clothing for a year of a servant. constitute a considerable part of the marl. None of 8 days, a quarter of oats. them are petrified; but all are detached, and the 7 days, a fitch of bacon. pieces are in various states of decomposition, ac 4 days, a yard of cloth, for a shepherd. cording to their situations and qualities. Belemites, 1 day, two or three gallons of ale. five or six inches long-Gryphites, a pair of whose Former part of the sixteenth century. silells weighs between six and seven pounds; a small Pay of a laborer per day, 3d. sort of zig-zag oyster, not more than an inch long Price of a quarter of wheat, about 78. 6d. rery distinct teeth of the famous animals of Maestreht 26 days, a quarter of wheat. with portions of the jaws annexed-several species 13 or 14 days, a quarter of malt. of clans and cockles-bones belonging to whales, or 7 days, 3 quarters of oats. to some kind of cetaceous creatures ---Teeth and verte. 1 day, cight or nine pounds of beef, pork or veal. brae of sharks-exceedingly curious baculites-are 1 day, seven pounds cheese, four pounds butter. some of the animal remains, which the proprietors

About the middle of the seventeenth century. find by penetrating with the pick-ase and shovel, a In Essex, the medium pay of a laborer (rated) few feet.

was 13d. They discover also various tools and implements,

Price of wheat (per Fleetwood's Chronicon, p. made by the hand of man. Fragments of clay pipes

106) 403. and of malt 248 per quarter, as estimafor smoking, have been repeatedly found. One of

ted by the bishop. those received by Dr. Mitchill from Dr. Reynolds, 37 days, a quarter of wheat. is uncommonly curious, unusually large, and nearly 22 days, a quarter of malt. entire.-It is even said that metallic articles, such as 7 days, a quarter of oats. buckles and tongs, have been, likewise, dug out of 4. days, two shirts for a man, made. the marl pits.

Lalter part of the eighteenth century. Bones, horns and teeth of land animals, are ming Pay of a laborer per day, 14d. led in this jumble of materials which the marl pits Price of a quarter of wheat 42r. 6d. of malt 30s. afford. The horn of a deer, the tooth of an elephant, 41 days, a quarter of wheat. the thigh of a rhinoceros, tand the fragments of 264 days, a quarter of malt. other skeletons, not so well ascertained as yet, show

96 days, a fat hog, fourteen score, at 8s. per score. the admirable and unaccountable association of he. 26 or 28 days, a quarter of beans and peas. terogenous substances deposited here.

20 or 21 days, a quarter of barley. Such are some of the disclosures made in the be. 41 days, a Aitch of bacon, six score, at 88. ginning of these investigations. Every quarry tbat

9 days, a yard of cloth for servants, is opened, and every load that is removed, promises 6 days, a pair of men's shoes. new and valuable additions. Thus, while the marl 1 day, less than a gallon of ale. pits afford agricultural wealth to the proprietors,

1 day, three pounds ordinary cheese-14 pound they will furnish a harvest equally abundant to the

butter. antiquary, the theologian, and the geologist.

40 days, clothing for a year of a common servant It is believed that the belt or zone containing this

of husbandry marl, reaches from the Hudson to the Delaware, in a direction parallel with the other great formations of North America, from N. E. to S. W. It is thought

Bank of England. to be from two to five miles wide, beginning at the

From a London paper of May 27. base of the Nerersink Hills, near Sandy Hook, and Parliamentary paper.-An account of all distribu. ending between Bordentow'n and Burlington.

tions made by the bank of England amongst the The disclosures hitherto made in this region may proprietors of bank stock, whether by money, pay, be considered as in their commencement. There ments, transfer of 51, per cent; annuities, or other. is a wide and inviting field for improvement, and wise, under the heads of bonus; increase of dividend, such a spirit of research has gone forth, that there and increase of capital, betwixt the 25th February, man be no doubt that both owners and laborers will 1797, and 1st of May, 1819, in addition to the ordi. preserve for deliberate examination, the rare and nary annual dividend of 71. per cent. on the capital Curious things they may discover.

stock of that corporation existing in 1797, including therein the whole dividend paid since June, 1816,

on their increased capital; stating the period when Old Times.

such distributions were made, and aggregate amount From a London paper of 1798.

of the whole:

In June, 1799, 10 per cent. bonus in 5
Middle of the fourteenth century.

per cents. the 1797 on 11,642,4001 is 1.1,164,240 Ordinary price of day labor 2d.

In May 1801, 5 per cent. bonus in navy Price of the quarter of wheat 38. 3d. - 48.

5 per cents. on 11,642,4001, is

582,120 Medium, 36.8d.

Im Nov. 1802, 3 1-2 per cent. bonus on





navy 5 per cents. on 11,642,4001, is 291,060 , In the year 1796, the total amount

was In Oct. 1805, 5 per cent, bonus in cash

14,550,397 2 0 on 11,642,4001, is

582,120 In the year 1806, the total amount In Oct. 1806, 5 per cent. bonus in cash

21,922,754 12 8 on 11,642,4001. is

582,120 In the year 1816, the total amount From April 1807, to April 1819,

31,953,890 9 5 both inclusive:

In the year 1818, the total amount Increase of dividend at the rate 3 per

33,534,520 0 10 cent, per annum on 11,642,4001. is 12 1-2 years, or 371. 108. per cent. 4,365,900 “In our paper of Wednesday we published a reIn June, 1816:

turn of the amount of the effects of chancery suitors Increase of capital at 25l. per cent. is 2,910,600 at different periods. It is curious to trace the mFrom Oct, 1816, to April, 1819,

crease of these sumns, In 1756 they were under both inclusive:

three millions, and had scarcely exceeded four Dividend at the rate of 101. per cent.

millions at the end of ten years (1766.)- In the next per annum on 2,910,6001, increased

ten, the increase was above two millions and a half capital, is 3 year's dividends, or 301.

(1776.)-In the next above two millions (1786.) per cent. on 2,910,6001 is

873,180 Thus in thirty years the total amount rose froni

2,800,0001. to 8,800,0001.. The increase in the next Aggregate amount of the whole 2.11,933,460 ten years, from 1786 to 1796, was nearly six milAnnual dividend payable on bank stock,

lions. From 1796 to 1806, above seven millions. in 1797, on a capital of 11,642,4001. at

But from 1806 to 1816 above ten millions. The the rate of 71. per cent. per annum

814,968 increase in the two years 1817 and 1818 is above Annual dividend payable since June,

one million and a half. The total amount is now 1816, and at present on a capital of

above thirty-three millions and a half!" 14,553,0001. at the rate of 101. per cent. per annum


Foreign Articles.

Court of Chancery, in England.

State of the Navy. The earl of Darnley made

some observations on the papers relative to the state We copy, to day, two curious articles from the of the navy, which had been lately laid on the table, London Courier, upon the subject of this growing but as his lordship spoke in a low tone of yoice, and evil. Law,' says the Edinburg Review, 'is cheap the bar was very crowded, we could not correctly in America: In England it is better, in a mere pecu- hear what fell from him. From the perusal of the niary point of view, to give up forty pounds than to paper in his hand, he admitted that in no former contend for it in a court of common law; and, in the period of our naval history did the navy appear on court of equity, it is better to abandon five hundred, the whole to have been in a state of greater efficienor a thousand pounds, than to contend for it. We cy in time of peace. He spoke strongly in appro. mean to say nothing disrespectful of the chancellor, bation of the exertions of Mr. Seppings, whose im. who is an upright judge, a very great lawyer, and provements had been of great advantage. Notwithzealous to do all he can; but we believe the court of standing the praise which he thought generally due chancery to be in a state, which imperiously re- to the admiralty, there were some particulars with quires legislative correction. We do not accuse it respect to the state of the navy, which he thoughtit of any malversation, but of a complication, formali- right to notice, as they might be of importance in ty, entanglement, and delay, which the life, the case of the country being involved in a contest. He wealth, and the patience of man cannot endure.' could not overlook the naval power of another connMr. Broughan, in his recent pamphlet upon the try-he meant the U. States of America, which the abuse of characters, relates an anecdote of lord Ers-events of the late war had tended to raise to a state kiue, which conveys the keenest satire upon the of consideration. It appeared from the papers, that law's delax' in the chancery court. Some lispute means had been taken for building ships of large arose as to the mode of redress to be pursued by dimensions, corresponding with those of the same one of Erskine's clients. The judge said, 'let hiin rate built by other powers. It was kurown that the go into the court of equity.' Erskine answered, in American two deck ships were superior to those of an artless tone of voice which made Westminster the same rate, built in this country, both as to guns hal ring with laughter, 'would your lordship send and men. He did not, however, think that it would a fellow creature there?

be advisable to have all the British navy raised to

the same scale. It appeared to him that to attempt SUITORS IN CHANCERY.

such a measure, would be only a useless waste of The following is a return of the total amount of money. The American frigates were of a very the effects of the suitors in the high court of chan- superior class, compared in the scale on which Bri; cery, in the years 1756, 1766, 1776, 1786, 1796, 1806, tish frigates had formerly been built, but he could 1816, and 1818, as laid before the house of com- not think it necessary that all the Britisha frigates

should henceforth be built on so enlarged a scale. In the year 1756, the total amount

He thought it would be better to build frigates of 1 of the effects of the suitors in

size between those formerly fitted out by this coun. the high court of chancery was 1.2,864,975 16 1 try and the American frigates: This seemed the In the year 1766, the total amount

more advisable, as the latter could not be expected

4,019,004 19 4 to be very numerous. In the year 1776, the total amount

Lord Melville expressed his acknowledgments to

6,002,229 8 6 the noble lord for the candid and handsome manner In the year 1786, the total amount

in which le had spoken of the state of the nary. 8,843,535 7 il'le concurred in the propriety of this country buildin




« ПретходнаНастави »