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367. A globe is an exact portrait of the earth or heavens. For the facility of working problems, it is provided with a universal brass meridian; with a universal wooden horizon ; with an kour circle to reduce its notion into time with a compass to set it due north and south; and with a quadrant to measure distances and altitudes.
368. As the earth, which is 360 degrees round, tarns any place to the Sun in every 24 hours, of course, 15 degrees turn to and from the Sun in every hour, and one degree in every four mimutes.
The hour of the day, therefore, at different places, depends on their difference in longitude, cateulated in the above proportion; all places to the east moving under the Sun, or having their woon sooner than those to the west, because the earth turns from west to east.
085.-- Bristol is nearly Longitude two degrees west of London; it therefore passes ander the Sun eight mi. qutes later than London arrives at the Suns and of course, when it is twelve o'clock at London, it wants eight ini. nutes of twelve in Bristol, or when it is twelve in Bris. tol, it is eight minutes after twelve in London. In wurk. ing such problems, it is simply necessary to bear in mind. that the whole earth of $60 degrees turns round in (wcu. ty-four hous; and, of course, that the clocks every where vary in proportion to the distances of their nieri. diam, or the diference of their longitudes.
XV. Of Morals and Religion. 309. Man is not well adapted to a social state, mless his conduct be restrained by a respeot for others beyond what is imposed by Laws;
that is, except he be actuated by an habitual sense of what is right, and by feelings of re morse for having done what is aronga,
970. In due time he will tind, that his happe ness consists in restraining his own passions and sensual propensities; in doing good to others; and in rendering his existence usul, by creating a reliance in others upon his labour, skill, and Kindness
371. The perception which every man feels of what is right and wrong. in called the Meral Sense; and it appears to arise frorn a conscious ness of doing, or not doing to others what we would have them do to us, were our situations deversed. Deing to others, therefore, as uv would that others should do to #s, in the golden rule of social virtue.
ONE Another rule an universal, and not less import aut to the cause of stue, is never 2o do an aex As juta would be ashamed to have known.
872. The practice of virtue implies restraint on our own wishes, and on our respecting the rights and happiness of others; restraint in the result of habit, and bubit is produced by edacution. Hence the necessity of education, for restraining vicious propeunities, and for produce ing virtuous habita, on which depend all our happiness and prosperity,
Oax. The golden rule of sirtue is also the golden rete of aumento tone politenean consisting in deterrnre la others, and conceding our own wants and winter to the pleasure and enjoyment of others.
373. There are no general rules so unerring as those, that virtue ought always to be prae
tised, beon time it is productive of happiness; and that future misery is an inevitable consequence of vicious habits.
374. Such were the results of men's own experience in the pagan world; but at length it pleased Almighty God to send his only Son Jesus Christ among his chosen people, the Jews, to recall them, and all mankind, from their idolatries; and to convey to them a just knowledge of ONE God, the maker of all things, and of the immortality of the soul of man after this life of probation.
376. The history of this divine Personage is met with in the writings of the four Evangelists; in which, his precious doctrines are recorded for the instruction of mankind.
As everlasting foundations of virtue, these writings, those of the Apostles, and the whole Bible, should be consulted by young and old, for that wisdom which surpasses finite inquiry, and the delusive knowledge of man.
Obr. The best, and perhaps the only, method of atudying the New Testament, is by means of Barrow's 500 Questions.
376. By the information of the holy scriptures, and the inferences of our reason, deduced from the perfection of his wonderful works, we learn that there is ONE Gop; that he is a Supreme Being: First Cause; the Creator of the universe; Omnipotent, or all powerful; Omniscient, or all-wise : Intimite, or present every where; und Eternal, or without beginning and without end.
In the Vast and the Minute, we see
COWPER, *877. We learn, and we perceive, that God is always present with us; that all our thoughts and actions are known to him; and that we are accountable for them in a future state of immortality, which will follow this transient and ephemeral existence. Hence, we have a far more powerful stimulus to virtuous conduct, than mere temporal happiness.
I read his awful name, emblagon'd high
BARNAULD. 978. Some virtues, from their great worth, are called Cardinal Virtues: these are Sincerity, Charity, Temperance, Justice, Prudence, and Fortitude,
a. Sincerity is that desirable virtue which deals plainly and honestly, without disguise, falsehood, or hypocrisy,
b. Charity is that amiable virtue which leads us to relieve the distresses, tolerate the imperfections, pity the sutterings, and ameliorate the conclition of all sensitive beings; and it op poses itself to persecution, cruelly, selfishirss, and all barbarous practices towards men, an mals, or insects.
e. Temperance sets bounds to our desires, ninbition, and passions ; opposes our self-love, a nity, and sensual gratifications; and leads to contentment, health, and long life.
d. Justice is that virtue which leads us to do to men and animals that which we would they should do to us, were we in their situation and they in ours; and it is the opposite of tyranny, and of practices towards others, founded on our own supposed impunity.
Odr.-Tenderners to animals, and to all who cannot help themselves, or resist our power, is the primary duty
of all men,
e. Prudence is that useful virtue which results from experience, of what is fit or unfit for nur condition; and being possessed by the aged and by parents, their precepts ought to have full weight on the minds of children.
f: Fortitude is that necessary virtue, which enables us to bear with the adversities and accia dents of social life; and which keeps us steady in the practice of virtue.
370. In early ages, the Christian world became divided into two great bodies, called the Greek church and the Komish church.
The Greek church was, and is still, established in Russia, Turkey, Asia, and Greece.
The Homish church spread its intluence over the west of Europe into Germany, France, Spain, Sweden, Britain, &c.
300. Soon after the invention of printing, the abuses and palpable errors of the Romish church