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639. The names of the 12 moons, or months, are derived from the Latin, as uuder:

January, from Janus, the god of new-born infants,
February, from Februa, the mother of Mars,

Mareh, from Nurs, the god of war, the first month of the Roman year,

April, from Aperio, signifying to open the year, or the blossoins.

May, from Mara, the roother of Mercury.
June, from Juno, the wife of Jupiter,
July, from Julius Cæsar, the Roman Emperor,
August, from Augustus Cæsar, the Roman Emperor,

September, from Septem, the seventh month of the floman year, which began in March,

October, from Octo, the eighth month of the Roman year.

November, from Novem, the ninth month of the Ilomaa year,

December, from Decem, the tenth month of the Homan year.

640). It will readily be snpposed, that owing to the various lengths of yeais, and the different modes of calculation practised by different nations, great differences of opinion have existed in regard to the date of past events,

The great difficulty has been, to tix the period of certain great events, as a sort of land-marks, from which to ascertain and correct others : these areBefore Christ

Years, The Creation

4004 The Deluge. ,

2915 The Call of Abraham

1921 The Departure from Egypt

1491 The Taking of Troy by the fireeks The Building of Solomon's Temple


According to Cæsar, the mother of Mara wus Juoo, and Powe was a feast of atonement, held in the mouth of Buruwy, whose thened recived its name,

The Building of Rome......

753 The Death of Cyrus...

W26 The Battle of Marathon

400 The Death of Socrates 'The Death of Alexander

323 The Destruction of Carthage The Death of Julius Cimmar.... Afler Chrént.

Years. The Destruction of Jerusalein by Titus......

70 The Eastern Empire began at Constantinople.... 339 The Death of King Arthur .

514 The Flight of Malouct from Mecca The Death of Charlemagne

890 The Death of Alfred...

890 'The Landing of William 1....

1066 The Death of Edward III.

1977 The Death of Tamerlane.

1410 The Discovery of Printing

1460 The Taking of Constantinople by the Turks 1453 The Death ot' Richard III.

1485 The Discovery of America

1492 The Reformation begun

1520 The Spanish Armada Defeated

1588 The Beheading of Charles I.

1649 The English Revolution

1688 The Battle of Blenheim

1704 The American Declaration of Independence 1776 The Freuch Revolution

1189 The Baok of England stopped Payment

1797 The Battle of Marengo...

1800 Napoleon crowned Emperor of France.

1804 Tbe Battle of Trafalgar

1805 The Battle of Austerlitz

1805 The Battle of Jena

1806 The Peace of Tilsit

1807 Moscow burut by the Russians

1812 All the Kings and Poteutates in Europe subșidized by England against Napoleon....

1819 Napoleon abdicated

1814 restored and abdicated


Obe, The preceding dates should be accurately membered by every one, who would talk and remain on historical facte. But there is an art of sliert memery, worthy of being known, by which, all number and dates may be converted into syllables, and added to the word to whiel the date belongs For this purpose, at det of vowels and diphthongs, and a set of components, are meigned to every one of the digits, and in forming Mate into a syllable, either rowels or consonants may be taken at plensure thus,

a ei oo au eu el ou
1 9 3 4 5 6 8 10

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In the vowel-lee, the five Arst digits are reprerented by the five vowels, and 6, 1, and are diphthongs, formed from combining vowels that make up their name bers. Ei are the two arst letters of the word eight, and y for 10, is the occasional vowel.

In the consonant line, b in the fret cotisenant, and 8, and , are the first letters of their respective digitui

is the first letter of duo, two, I stands for 3 er 801 p stands for 1, firm its hull sound in septem, tever ) add is the last letter in the alphabeti

As the year of the Creation can never be forgotten hy the lowest intellect, I shall begin with the Deluge, and dropping ngo, amit syllable to Del, corresponding with 9, 3, 4, 8. Looking to the table, and tolling for I for ,' for 4, and * for W. I make the syllable atte, which added to del, males deldir. Or, to vary the er ample, I can make a diferent termination by taking • for y, i for 3, o for 4, and k for 8, whtela added to del make deledok, either of which may be ensily reinette bered, but the former is to be preferred, because oaty, one syllable.

It is, therefore, an easy task for the student te winke ayllable terminations to all the preceding dates, and then commit the whole to memory. He may, ale, et tend the art to other dates, dietan ees, and number, and or 8004 nueh will enally be recollected through life.

041. History is one of the most agreeable

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studies but unhappily, there are few authentic raistories.aa alat bo di 2007

€The causes of political events are often unbus

Anowns and the real characters of those who direet the affairs of mankind, are generally perverted by prejudice, falsehood, or flattery.

It will however be useful, in many respects, to be acquainted with the revolutions of empires; and for this object, recourse must be had to general and particular histories. See Robinson's Grammar of History; and also his Ancient and Modern History...,

642. It has been already observed, that the Arst families, or tribes, were shepherds or hunters. The quarrels of these led to wars ; vars to : conquest; and conquest to increased dominion, and to empire.

The first conqueror, according to holy writ, was" Nimrod, a powerful hunter ; who built Babylon, and laid the foundation of the Assyrian Monarchy.

He was succeeded by big son Ninus ; who built Ninevel, and extended his dominions all over Asia. from India to the Mediterranean.

643. Ninus-was succeeded by his wife Semiramis; who, for a length of time, wore a man's habit, and extended her empire over Egypt, Ethiopia, and other countries of Africa.

Heroson Ninins succeeded her; and he had thirty successors, during a period of 1300 years, when Sardanapalus burnt himself in his palace at Nineved, and the Assyrian monarchy was divided into the Chaldean and Persian empires.

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644. These empires continued separate, about 200 years; when both were united by Cyrus, (Cy-les) who established the second universal empire, called the Persian empire, which lasted more than 200 years. It was then conquered by Alexander the Great, king of Macedon, who, in his own person, established, for a few years, the third universal empire, called the Macedo: nian empire ; which included Greece, Asia from he Mediterranean to the Indies, and Egypt.in

TOT 645. On the death of Alexander, which took place at Babylon in the 33d year of his age, owing to a fever brought on by intoxication, his vast dominions were divided by his generals, who desolated the world by their mutual wars for many years afterwards.

During these ages, civilization was confined 10 a few countries of Asia and Africa, and to Greece: the rest of the world was in a state of barbarism; and nothing is known of its history,

buan BA 646. Soon after the death of Alexander the Great, in 323, (Alexau-tet) a new power arose more to the west, the ambition of which in time, spread its dominions over barbarous, as well as civilized, nations,

This was the Roman empire ; which commenced from the city of Rome, built by Romulus, in 753 (Rom-put) before Christ. By degrees it spread itself over Italy : thence to Greece and Africa; afterwards over the civilized parts of Asia (except China and India); and,

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