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No. 228 -- From mound near Diehlstadt, Scott Co., Mo., T.27 N., R. 15 E.
No. 229 — From Cross Co., Ark.
Nos, 230, 231 — Same as No. 228.

Nos. 232 to 236 inclusive – Taken in 1887 from Landers's mounds, in New Madrid Co., Mo., T. 25 N., R. 13 E. Six miles south of Little River station, on the St. L., I. M. & S. Ry.

No. 237 – Taken from Miller mounds, Poinsett Co., Ark., S. 10, T. 10 N., R. 5 E. Nos. 238, 239- From Cross Co., Ark.

No. 240 -- From mound on the Madrid ridge, New Madrid Co., Mo., T. 25 N., R. 14 E.

No. 241 -- Same as Nos. 238, 239.
No. 242 — Same as No. 210.
Nos. 243, 244 - Same as Nos. 238, 239.
No. 245--Same as No. 240.
No. 216 — From Cross Co., Ark.

Nos. 247, 248 — From Miller mounds, in Poinsett Co., Ark., S. 10., T. 10 N., R. 5 E.

Nos, 249, 250 — Fro:n New Madrid Co., Mo., T. 25 N., R. 14 E. Nos. 251 to 254 inclusive - From mound one mile west of mouth of Tyronza river, in Cross Co., Ark.

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Plate I.

Photo. by F. W. Curtiss, Dec., 1893. MISSOURI AND ARKANSAS PREHISTORIC POTTERY. (Selections from Wisconsin Historical Society's collections.)




(Address delivered at the Forty-First Annual Meeting of the State Historical Society of

Wisconsin, December 11, 1893.]

In a recent bulletin of the superintendent of the census for 1890 appear these significant words: “Up to and including 1880 the country had a frontier of settlement, but at present the unsettled area has been so broken into by isolated bodies of settlement that there can hardly be said to be a frontier line. In the discussion of its extent, its westward movement, etc., it cannot, therefore, any longer have a place in the census reports." This brief official statement marks the closing of a great historic movement. Up to our own day American history has been in a large degree the history of the colonization of the Great West. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development. Behind institutions, behind constitutional forms and modifications, lie the vital

1 The foundation of this paper is my article entitled, “ Problems in American History," which appeared in The Ægis, a publication of the students of the University of Wisconsin, November 8, 1892. This address was first delivered at a meeting of the American Historical Association, in Chicago, July 12, 1893. It is gratifying to find that Professor Woodrow Wilson – whose volume on “ Division and Reunion," in the Epochs of American History series, has an appreciative estimate of the importance of the West as a factor in American history -- accepts some of the views set forth in the papers above mentioned, and enhances their value by his lucid and suggestive treatment of them in his article in The Forum, December, 1893, reviewing Goldwin Smith's History of the United States.

Extra-Census Bulletin, No. 2, April 20, 1892.




[Address delivered at the Forty-First Annual Meeting of the State Historical Society of

Wisconsin, December 14, 1893.]

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin has just added to its museum two hundred and fifty-four specimens of prehistoric pottery. Its purchase of the Perkins collection of copper implements, in 1875, rendered the Society easily first in that department of antiques. Nor was it far behind in the line of Indian curiosities, gathered by Gov. ernor Doty, and in relics of the stone age. The treasures of the ceramic art just now acquired form a new departure, and round up the circle of its exhibits. They are also more suited to spectacular display than any species of aboriginal remains which it has hitherto shown.

The new treasure-trove consists of two hundred and fifty-four pieces. They were all discovered in southeastern Missouri or northeastern Arkansas, in the Missouri counties of Scott, Mississippi, and New Madrid, and in Cross and Poinsett counties in Arkansas. All were found in graves of a depth of from two to five feet. They had usually been placed one each side of a skull. In transatlantic cemeteries similar vessels, when buried with the dead, were often purposely broken, either as a token of grief or to make them valueless in the eyes of graverobbers. But these Mississippi memorials were laid in the dust unbroken, and probably contained food or drink. Indeed, when exhumed, so many of them were still whole, that only about ten per cent of the number needed to have their fragments glued together.

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