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He was, therefore, under the the utmost aversion and connecessity of substituting a gravi. tempt. During the whole of his ty of manner in room of that presidency, he was extremely so. warmth and fire of which he was licitous to train those studious so capable by nature, and which youths who had the ministry of he so much admired in others, the gospel 'in view, in such a when managed with prudence. manner as to secure the greatest
It was impossible to hear him respectability as well as useful. without attention; or to attend ness, in their sacred profession. to him without improvement. It was his constant advice to He had a happy talent at unfold. young preachers, never to enter ing the true meaning of the sa. the pulpit without the most care. cred writer of his text ;-at con- ful preparation. It was his am. sentrating and giving perfect bition to render those in the holy unity to every subject which he ministry the most pious and ex. treated, and presenting to his au. emplary body of men in America. dience the clearest and most com. His personal religion is well prehensive views of it.
known. Few men The sermons of Doctor With. more anxious to walk closely erspoon were distinguished for with God; and by a sober, rightjudicious division, for profound eous, and pious life, to adorn remarks on human nature and the doctrines of the gospel. Behuman life, and for luminous sides the daily devotions of the illustrations of Scripture. In closet and the family, he regular. his discourses, he delighted to ly set apart, with his household, dwell chiefly on the great and the last day of every year for distinguishing doctrines of the fasting, humiliation, and prayer. gospel; and these he brought, He was also in the practice of as far as possible, to the level of spending days in secret exercises every understanding, and to the of this kind, as occasion requir. feelings of every heart. He sel. ed. He was enabled while on dom chose to lead his hearers in. earth, to continue patiently in to speculative discussions; and well-doing ;'-and he is now in Dever to entertain them by a mere heaven enjoying his everlasting display of talents. All ostenta. reward. tion in the pulpit he viewed with
ON THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST, No. 10.
Concluded from page 58. VII. The words of the apos. he shall have delivered up the tle, 1 Cor. xv. 24–29, have been kingdom to God, even the Fa. urged as an unanswerable objec. ther, when he shall have put tion to the Deity of Christ. down all rule, and all authority, « Then cometh the end, when and power. For he must reign
till he hath put all enemies under he is still God over all blessed his feet. The last enemy that for ever. shall be destroyed is Death. For It is further said that the Son he hath put all things under his shall deliver up the kingdom to feet. But when he saith, all God even the Father: things are put under him, it is shews that he all along holds and manifest that he is excepted who administers it under him, which did put all things under him. is evidence of his inferiority. And when all things shall be sub. Answer. It is granted that dued unto him, then shall the Son when all Christ's enemies are sub. also himself be subject to him dued, and the ends for which he that put all things under him, received his mediatorial author. that God may be all in all.” ity attained, he will deliver up
It has hence been argued that the kingdom to God the Father. Christ must be inferior to God This is plain from the express the Father, who will put all testimony of the apostle. But things under the feet of Christ. as the Son of God was God before Since it is by a power delegated he was Christ the Mediator, so to him by God, that he reigns, he will be God blessed for ever and subdues his enemies.
when his office and authority as Answer. Though Christ be Mediator shall be resigned to the true God, yet in the office of Father, from whom he received Mediator he sustained and acted it. in a character ipferior to the Fa. But it is further argued, that ther, from whom he received his when Christ shall have given up mediatorial commission with its the office and authority, which he powers and authority. By vir. hoids under God as Mediator, tue of this power or authority then shall the Son also himself he reigns, and subdues his ene. be subject to him who put all mies. The Father made him things under him, that God may Lord and Christ, committing all be all in all. If Christ is under, power and authority to him as or subject to the Father merely God, Man, Mediator. In this because he condescended, and character he is, and acts under consented to become Mediator, him, as his minister, and accord. and the Father's minister, then, ing to the commandment receiv. upon his resigning this office, he ed from him. But his essential no longer would be subject power or authority, as God must to him, if he is God by na. be distinguished from his dele. ture.
But the apostle says gated power or authority as that when he shall have give Christ. The mediatorial author- en up his mediatorial kingdom, ity indeed sets him above all then the Son shall still be subpower in heaven or earth, except ject to him who put all things the supreme power of the Deity. under him, that is to the Father. But as it was delegated to him This shows that Christ being by the Father, so Christ acts un. under God does not arise merely der him, acknowledges that he is from his becoming Mediator, but above him, and does homage to must be founded in inferiority of him. But his voluntary conde. nature. scension does not ungod him, but Answer. The Son of God has
a twofold right of dominion ; the diator has power and authority one essential to him as God, to do. And when all this is done the other delegated to him as Me. and the end of his commission diator, and the minister of God. fully answered, he will resign Whatever person is truly God is his office of Mediator, as having also Sovereign Lord. The Son nothing further to do in that of God never was, nor will be character. divested of this prerogative.
But Christ not only receives But when he assumed our na. kingly power and authority to ture, and became Mediator, he qualify him for the execution of received authority from the Fa. the office of Mediator, but he ther. He was made Christ and also receives glory, power, and Lord. This delegated authori. authority as God-man, in reward ty which Christ receives from of his condescension, humilia. the Father comes also under a tion, obedience, and fidelity in twofold consideration. 1. The undertaking and executing this Father gave him power and au- office. Because he hambled him. thority to be Mediator; he fur. self, and became obedient to nished him with all suitable pow. death, God hath highly exalted ers for holding and executing him, that at his name every knee this office. 2. He has given him should bow, and every tongue also power and authority as God. confess that he is Lord. As man, as the reward of his con- sovereign authority is the insepdescension, humiliation, obedi. arable prerogative of his divine ence, and fidelity in the execu- nature, so it is derived or commution of this his office.
nicated to the man Jesus Christ, It was necessary that the Me. by virtue of the union of the didiator be authorized by God to
vine and human natures in the his office. And as great author
person of Christ.
And as this ity, as well as power, was ne. personal union of the divine and cessary to the effectual execution human nature will never be disof this office, this was delegated solved, so the kingly authority to Christ by the commission of Christ over his saints will be which he received from the Fa. everlasting. ther. He had authority, as Me.
We must not then think that diator, to make laws and ordi. Christ as God-man will cease to dances for the church, to work be king, when he is no longer miracles, lay down his life, and Mediator. He will never be detake it again, govern the church, graded, never divested of his and the world in subserviency to lordship or dominion over the the interests of his kingdom. He
sbjects of his kingdom. Though had power and authority to ap
he will not hold or exercise au. ply the blessings he had purchas- thority as Mediator, after all his ed for men, to call them into his enemies are subdued, and his kingdom, to save them from sin kingdom settled in peace; yet, and misery, and give them eter- as the reward of his Mediatorial nal life, to subdue all his and administration, he will for ever their enemies, to judge the world, hold and exercise the honor and and render toallaccording to their authority of king of saints. Of works. All this Christ the Me. this the Scriptures assure us in
such plain and pointed language, Mediator, so he has an eternal that it seems rather strange any kingly authority given or dele. should imagine that Christ will gated to him by the Father as ever abdicate or give up his roy. the reward of his merits, where. al crown and throne.
by his human nature is exalted be more express than the follow. in glory, honor, and authority ing testimonies. Heb. i. 8, Un above all creatures.
But this to the Son he saith, thy throne everlasting dominion which Christ O God is for ever and ever. has received as the reward of his Isa. ix. 7, Of the increase of merits, being given or delegated his government and kingdom to him by the Father, must be there shall be no end. Dan. vji. subordinate to the supreme, un. 14, His dominion is an everlast. derived, essential dominion of the ing dominion, and his kingdom Father. As Christ the Mediator that which shall not be destroy. is subject to the Father, so when ed. Luke i. 32. He shall reign he shall be no longer Mediator
, over the house of Jacob forever, he shall still hold kingly author. and of his kingdom there shali ity, but still subordinate to the be no end. Rev. ii. 15, The Father, who has crowned him kingdoms of the world are be. with glory and honor for the come the kingdoms of the Lord suffering of death. But the suband his Christ, and he shall reign ordinate everlasting royalty, with for ever and ever. How incredi. which Christ as God man is in. bleis it, that God's own Soo, the vested, no more intrenches on the object of his highest compla. essential rights and prerogatives cence, and whom he delights to of his godhead, than the subordi. honor above all, should receive nate authority with which he was only a temporary, transitory invested as Mediator. crown, when our poor services Though it is said that the kingand light aflictions in the way dom, or the authority which is of duty have the promise of an delegated to Christ as Mediator eternal crown of glory.
will be delivered up by him to It is easy to see that Christ's God, even the Father, yet we giving up his authority as Media- need not conceive that this act of tor, when a Mediator is no long- homage is paid to the first person er needed, (which I conceive is exclusively of the other persons what the apostle means in the of the godhead; but the Father passage we have been consider. who is styled the Fountain of the ing) is quite consistent with his Deity, or the Original of the reigning king of saints for ev. other divine persons, seems rath
And even in this character er to be considered as representit may
be said, without any prej. ing the whole blessed and undiudice to the essential divinity of vided Trinity. Nothing hower, the Son of God, that he shall be
er need, or ought to be inferred subordinate and subject to the from this implying a denial of the Father, who put all things under true and proper divinity of the him. For as the Son of God Son of God the object of relighas a human nature, which will ious homage to men and angels. for ever remain personally united What seems to have embarrass. to him after he shall cease to be ed and misled some in their rea.
sonings on this subject I conceive party injured and offended by is their supposing that Christ is sin. And it is asked who is to God, merely because the Father be our Mediator when we address made him God by delegating ourselves to Christ, as our of. great power and authority to fended God? To say he medi. him. The Father indeed made ates with himself, is the same as him Lord and Christ when he to say we must go tu him with. commissioned him to be Media. out a Mediator. tor, as has been noticed before. I shall not attempt to carry But it is never said that he made the discussion of this objection him God. Christ would not through that intricate labyrinth have been able to sustain and ex. of subtility, which has been form. ecute the office of Mediator effec. ed for its defence. For I am tually, whatever divine assistance weary of the business, and wish he may be supposed to have had, to cut it as short as I can. if he had not been God.
It has commonly been thought man has not that personal digni. and said, that Christ is admiraty, or those divine perfections, bly qualified to be a Mediator which are requisite for the attain. between God and men, by the ment of those ends for which a union of the divine and human Mediator was needed. Admit. nature in his person ; yea
that ting that a mere man by extraor. he would not otherwise be such dinary assistance could do and a Mediator as we need, or able suffer all that Christ did as man, to execute the office effectually. still it would be but the doings But the objection asserts that if and sufferings of a mere man, and Christ be God he cannot be Me. not of a divine person, and so diator, he being the party of. would be insufficient and ineffec. fended ; for then he must medi. tual. I have enlarged the more ate with himself, which is ab. in replying to the objection surd. grounded on that passage of But I conceive that it is not Scripture, which we have been very difficult to give a sufficient considering, because some have answer to this puzzling question, thought it could not be well an. who is to be
Mediator swered, and others have thought when we address ourselves to the this text very hard to be under. Son of God, as our offended Slood. Whether any others have God? And the answer is, we go explained it exactly in the same to him in the name of Christ, manner, I know not. 'How far who being God and man in one these observations are just and person is appointed as Mediator pertinent others will judge. I to effect a reconciliation between will mention but one objection the triune God and the sinner. more. I would not have notic. Nor is it absurd that he who as ed so many as I have, if they God is offended by our sins had not been published and cir. should, as God-man, mediate a
reconciliation between God and VIII. It is said that Christ's
We need not a Mediator Divinity is inconsistent with the
we address ourselves to gospel doctrine of his mediation. Christ authorized by God to be For if Christ be God, he is the Mediator, though he be also God.
Vou. II. New Series.
culated among us.