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That, as, on the Christian by these very writers, as infa. scheme, Christ will be the Judge mous desertions of principle and of the quick and the dead, he decency. Is it less infamous in has not on this account (i, e. ad. themselves ? All hypocrisy is de. mitting this to be true) any dis- testable; but I know of none so agreeable apprehensions on ace detestable as that, which is coolly count of what he has written ; written, with full premeditation,
by a man of talents, assuming the He ridicules the birth and res- character of a moral and religious urrection of Christ, postpones instructor, a minister, a prophet, bis instructions to those of the of the truth of the infinite God. heathen philosophers and law. Truth is a virtue perfectly defin. givers, asserts his doctrines to be ed, mathematically clear, and dishonorary to God and injuri, completely understood by all ous to mankind, and allows him men of common sense. There not to be sinless ; but merely can be no haltings between ut. not a gross sinner.
tering truth and falsehood, no He further declares,
doubts, no mistakes; as between That the resurrection of Christ, piety and enthusiasm, frugality if true, proves not the immortal. and parsimony, generosity, and ity of the soul :
profusion. Transgression, there. That the belief of a future fore, is always a known, definite. state is of no advantage to soci. deliberate villany. In the sud. ety :
den moment of strong temptaThat all religions are alike: tion, in the hour of unguarded
That it is of no consequence attack, in the flutter and trepi. what religion a man embraces : dation of unexpected alarm, the
And he allows not any room best man may, perhaps, be sur. for dependence on God's Provi. prised into any sin; but he, who dence, trust in him, and resig. can coolly, of steady design, and nation to his will, as parts of du. with no unusual impulse, utter ty, or religion."
falsehood, and vend hypocrisy, That our readers may know is not far from finished depravhow to appreciate the assertion ity.” that Mr. Chubb " was uniform. The article Church is consid. ly formed for integrity,” we beg erably enlarged, and some of the leave to introduce another pas. additions require notice. The sage from the same excellent compiler of the original article sermons, p. 45, 46.
explains the word which is trans. “Herbert, Hobbes, Shaftsbury, lated “church” throughout the Woolston, Tindal, Chubb, and New Testament, to “denote ei. Bolingbroke, are all guilty of ther a single congregation of the vile hypocrisy of professing Christians, or the whole Christian to love and reverence christiani. community ;” and adds that “the ty, while they are employed in plural number is invariably used no other design than to destroy when more congregations than it. Such faithless professions, one are spoken of, unless the such gross violations of truth, subject be the whole common. in Christians, would have been wealth of Christ.” This the proclaimed to the universe American editors suppose to be
an unwarranted conclusion; and quoted it from the learned and have argued somewhat at length amiable Dr. Jortin :" to prove, that the number of be.
“In England, at the time of the synod lievers at Jerusalem was so great,
of Dort, we were much divided in our that they could not assemble in
opinion concerning the controverted ar
ticles; but our divines having taken the one place, and be justly denomi.
liberty to think and judge for themselves, nated one congregation. They
They and the civil government not interposing, take notice, indeed, that 6 they
it has come to pass, that fiom that time
to this, almost all persons here, of any (the believers at Jerusalem) were note for learning and abilities have bid all with one accord in Solomon's adieu to Calvinism, have sided with the re
monstrants, and have left the fatalists to porch.” “But,” they ask, “can
follow their own opinions, and to rejoice we reasonably understand by this, (since they can rejoice) in a religious more than that the body of the dis. system consisting of human creatures
without liberty, doctrines without sense, ciples frequently convened in this
faith without reason, and a God without place for the purposes of inter.
mercy.' course and conversation, and the
The American editors subjoin transaction of some
the following sentences: that might require an union of counsel, influence, and exertion?"
“Calvinists have often been charged
by their "amiable” opponents with holdWe answer, No; and ask, in
ing sentiments from which the horrible our turn, whether the meaning consequences here stated must necessaof the words “ a single congre.
rily result. But it is notorious to all the
world, that they reject these conse: gation,” would not be well ex.
quences with the deepest abhorrence: plained by the very definition and we think they have shown, in the
most solid and satisfactory manner, that which they have given of the as.
such consequences cannot fairly be drawn semblies in Solomon's porch ? from anyof their tenets. It is the indication It appears to us, that the belier- of a weak cause thus to repeat reproaches,
wbich have a thousand times been coners in any one city might prop
futed, and shewn to be utterly grounderly be addressed as one congregation, if the body of them met
Without arrogating to Calvintogether indiscriminately, and ists all the piety, all the learning, without any restraint, except that to all the modesty in the world, imposed by their numbers, how.
we boldly challenge their oppo. ever impracticable it might be nents, to name a single Calvinisfor all to assemble and worship tic divine, who has ever held to under one roof, at the same time.
such a religious system,” as We are inclined to believe, there- that described in the quotation fore, that there is no reason to
cited above from Dr. Jortin. Did differ with the English editor on
Calvin, or do any of his followthis subject, especially as the
ers, believe that human creutures Greek, word which is translated
are without liberty? It is perchurch, might have been translat- fectly well known to those who ed congregation, and perhaps know any thing on the subject, with equal propriety.
that Calvinists have ever been In the account of the church of strenuous defenders, and conEngland is introduced the follow.
stant teachers of the doctrine, ing quotation from the bishop of that men are free agents, and Lincolo's Elements of Christian Theology, who is stated to have tions. We hardly know what
accountable to God for their ac
is meant by doctrines without because the same reproaches are sense, and faith without reason. continually repeated, at the If it is meant to be asserted, that present day. Calvinists discard reason in the At the close of this article is discussion of religious topics, the a particular history of the Pro. charge has no foundation in fact. testant Episcopal Church in On the contrary, they are often America, written, we presume, charged, (and by the same set of by one of its members. opponents too,) with placing too In summing up the character much reliance upon logical, of Cicero, the English Editors or metaphysical demonstration have indulged in a strain of pan. Thus when presented with a doc. egyric, which quite transcends trine offensive to the natural heart, the boundaries of truth. these men descry it as destitute “Few persons in christian countries,” of sense and reason ; and when say they, “and none in his own age, were
upon the whole so free from vice; Fsurebeset with arguments from which
ly this is extravagant. American Editors.] it is in yain to hope for an escape, He was an entire stranger to the sordid they take refuge in vain accusa.
passions of lust and avarice; and however
vain, irresolute, or inconsistent a part he tions of metaphysical subtlety. sometimes acted, he does not appear to The truth is, that Calvinists look have committed a crime.” to the Bible for their religious The writer of this passage opinions ; they exclaim, in the must have had in his mind rather language of the apostle, “Let a loose definition of the words God be true, and every man a vice and crime ; for he tells us, liar.” The doctrines relative to only two sentences before, that the divine government, with re. Cicero "requested Lucceius to spect to which such violent re. write the annals of his consul. proaches are lavished upon them, ship, and to praise him, even at they conceive to be revealed in the expense of truth.” That is, a particularly clear manner; so he deliberately, and in writing, clear that every unbiassed mind urged his friend to be guilty of can hardly mistake the truth. falsehood in a public history, in But they are of opinion, more. order to gratify his unbounded over, that the same doctrines can love of praise. The most profli. be unanswerably established by gate minister in modern times, reasoning from those attributes would be ashamed to address such which are ascribed to the Deity a letter to his friend, a dignified by all sects of christians. If any historian. Cicero also advised one supposes that Calvinists be to enkindle a civil war, that he lieve in a God without mercy, let might return from an exile, in him read the writings of Calvin, which he had behaved with the or Edwards, or any of their il. most childish pusillanimity. He lustrious fellow-laborers, and if mentioned without censure, if he he does not find more heartfelt did not directly countenance, descriptions of the stupendous crimes too gross to be named, as mercy of God to a fallen world, is evident from a passage in his than can be found any where else, book de Oificiis. He adhered we will frankly confess ourselves to the party of Pompey, till it mistaken. These reflections we was overthrown; then made a have thought it our duty to state, studied and gratuitous panegyric
Vol. II. New Series.
on Cæsar in two most beautiful forming the reader what he was, we orations ; and, after Cæsar's think it proper, for the sake of those who
are unacquainted with his works, to add death, bestowed the sanie extrav. a little to this negative information, by ayant praise on his murderers, saying that he was not an Arian, not a
Socinian. He was even solicitous to avoid which he had just before lavished
the imputation of these heresies. Dodon him.
But how could any dridge in his Lectures on Divinity, in thing better be expected, when he giving the different theories relative to repeatedly declares, in his public Clarke's scheme is, that there is one Suspeeches, that praise, fame, or preme Being who is the Father, and two glory, (call it by what name you
derived and dependent beings : but he
waves calling Christ a creature, as the please,) was the only incentive
ancient Arians did, and principally on to the labors in which he engag- that foundation disclaims the charge of ed for the safety of his country?
Arianism." We are of opinion, that vast mul. We were disappointed in not titudes “in christian countries,” finding any notice of the late Dr. in all periods of the christian CLARKE, of Boston. church, have not only been more
(To be continued.) o free from vice” than Cicero, but have acted, habitually under The Works of Mrs. Anne Steele, the influence of principles in.
complete in two volumes, 12mo. comparably more conducive to Boston, Munroe, Francis, and virtue and happiness, than any
Parker, 1808. of which he ever had a concep- The specimens of Mrs. Steele's tion. That Cicero was one of compositions given to the Amerthe least faulty men of his age ican Public in Dr. BELKNAP’S and nation, we readily grant ; collection of Psalms and Hymns, that he was one of the best mor- excited a general desire to see al writers of heathen antiquity her whole works; and we con. admits not of a doubt ; that his gratulate the community,
that talents were of the most brilliant they have at length made their and useful kind, the united voice appearance. Either the English of the learned, bears concordant edition was out of print, testimony: But his moral char. copies of it, we presume, were acter is no more to be compared imported; for, after diligent in. with what it would have been un. quiry, we were never able to find der the transforming power of but a single copy of a single volchristianity, than the shapeless ume. This edition is very neatly daubings of an awkward land.
and correctly printed, and does scape painter, with the inde. credit to the respectable press scribable beauties of a summer's from which it proceeds. prospect.
Mrs. Steele's character, as a We insert the following sen- writer, is too well known, to retences, subjoined by the Amer. quire notice ; and too well esican Editors to the account of tablished, to need confirmation. Dr. CLARKE, for the information To many, who have not seen of our readers :
these volumes, it may be grateful “ The writer of this article appears to to know, that they are more rehave been not a little gratified, that Dr. Clarke was not, in the strict sense of the
plete with evangelical truth, than term, a Trinitarian. As the article how
the selected specimens, excellent ever states what he was not, without in- as they are, may have led them
to imagine. The divinity of its tenderness, its grace, and Christ, the atonement, the influ. sometimes its 'sublimity.
If, in ences of the Spirit, and the per. general, it be less fertile in its severance of saints, are here prom- imagery, it is more chaste ; if inently exhibited.
less elevated, it is more equable; The Prose is of too poetical a if less familiar, it is more deli. cast; but the sentiments flow cate; if less advepturous; it is from a heart deeply affected with more correct. The author dis. a sense of its own imperfections, tinguished for exquisite sensibil. and aspiring after the beauties of ity, as well as for ardent piety, holiness. The poetry is seldom cheered her own pilgrimage with if ever, prosaic. It is of a char. these songs of Zion; and such acter somewhat resembling the must be their influence on every poetry of Watts, yet distinct and reader, whose soul is attuned to peculiar. It has its simplicity, celestial harmony.
to distinguished characters of the differ,
ent religious denominations. What its PHILADELPHIA BIBLE SOCIETY.
ultimate effect will be, in the several We have received the first report of this places to which it has been forwarded, respectable society, made at their an
cannot yet be ascertained: but it is known nual meeting, May 1, 1809, with which that it has excited the serious attention wepromptly gratify our readers, in the
of many of the friends of christianity, and hope, that it may animate them to that, in some places, it is in contemplasimilar exertions.
tion to make the attempt to establish Bi
ble Societies. FIRST REPORT OF THE PHILADEL
In connexion with this measure, the PHIA BIBLE S0 CIETY. In conformity with the third article of Managers considered it to be of the ute
most importance to the prosperity of the the constitution of the Bible Society, the institution, that strenuous efforts should Managers lay before the Society the re- immediately be made for increasing the port of their proceedings, together with funds of the Society and enlarging the an account of their receipts and disburse- number of its members. To accomplish ments of money, from its institution on these objects, they not only thought it the 12th of December last, until the
proper to invite the pious and benevolent, present time.
through the medium of the public prints,to Immediately, upon receiving notice of come forward and subscribe; but they their election, the Managers met, and were of opinion, that the magnitude of the organized themselves agreeably to the objeet was such, as to justify them in makprovisions of the constitution ; and with- ing personal application to the citizens of out delay entered upon the performance Philadelphia, for their aid and support in of the duties assigned them.
carrying it into effect. Accordingly, havThe first object of the Managers was ing distributed themselves into small to draw the attention of the public, not committees, and divided the city into only in this state, but through the United districts, they determined that a general States, to the great importance of such solicitation for subscriptions and donations institutions; and to stimulate the friends should be made. This measure, to a of the Bible, in the other large cities on considerable extent, and with no small this continent, to exert themselves to es. success, has been carried into effect: but tablish societies similar to the one organ. the times having been unfavorable for ized in this city. With this view, an ad- such an application, and the season indress to the public was prepared and cir- clement, much still remains to be done culated. Three thousand copies of this in the same way. address were printed; two thousand in the The Board of managers were of opinEnglish, and one thousand in the German ion, that the sooner the charity, placed at language: And it has been sent into eve- their disposal, was directed to its destined ry part of the United States, addressed object, the better would the purposes of