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zeal would expose him to dan. tent to both. The bishop refused ger, labored, though ineffectu. to separate them. 66 The income ally, to repress it.
of the archdeaconry," he said, ples found in Scripture of holy 56 without the parish, is not an men, who boldly denounced vice adequate support. I found them in the face of still greater perils, united, and mean to leave them wrought powerfully on his mind: On this, Gilpin appears and he would have deemed it to have resigned both, and to criminal to accept an employ- have lived for a short time with ment, especially if he derived the bishop as his chaplain. The emolument from it, the duties of only trouble he seems to have which he did not faithfully dis- experienced in this situation, charge.
arose from the eagerness with Ai length the clergy were so which his brother chaplains, and exasperated by his reproofs, that the neighboring clergy, when they raised a great clamor against they met him at the bishop's tahini, as “an enemy of the church ble, sought to engage him in and clergy, a broacher of new religious controversy. The val. and dangerous doctrines,” &c. uable rectory of Houghton-le
. Some alleged that all who had Spring, which was in the gift of been known to preach against the bishop, soon fell vacant, and pluralities and non-residence had, was bestowed upon him. in no long time, turned out here- Houghton afforded a sphere tics; while others chiefly blamed of action exactly suited to the him for preaching repentance turn of Gilpin's mind. It was and salvation by Christ, and not very extensive, comprising no preaching, as they did, about less than fourteen villages; and transubstantiation, purgatory, this circumstance had probably holy water, &c. &c. A formal contributed to the full growth accusation was, after no lovg of that gross ignorance and su. time, preferred against him to perstition which he had here to the bishop, who, being natural. encounter. The religion he ly disposed to judge favorably found here was nothing more of his conduct, on hearing the than the worst corruptions of evidence, pronounced him inr). popery. Searcely a vestige of eent of the heresy with which he true religion was to be seen. had been charged.
Mr. Gilpin was deeply grieved This failure, however did not to behold the state of his peodamp the zeal of his persecutors, ple. But he encouraged himwho continued to harass him self in his God, and girded him. with such incessant opposition, self for his arduous undertaking and so to misrepresent and black. in the strength of divine grace. en every part of his conduct, He earnestly implored the aid of that he found himself under the the great Head of the Church, in necessity of proposing to the gathering in that part of the bishop to resign either his arch. flock which was committed to deaconry or his parish, on the his care; and his prayer was al. ground that, though he was will. swered in due time. 'Even from ing to perform the duties of one the first, the people were attractof the offices, he was incompe. ed in crowds by his earnestness, and listened to him with atten. They could not be blind to the tion : for they saw at once that marked difference between his there existed some grand points life and theirs. His indefatigable of difference between him and attention to his pastoral duties, those ministers who had former. his laboriousness in the work of ly been placed over them. the ministry, and his ever-wake
The value of the living of ful solicitude for the spiritual in. Houghton was about 4001. per terests of his parishioners, afford. annum, a large sum in those ed a reproof, which could not be days; the whole of which Mr. misunderstood, of their negli. Gilpin resolved should be em- gence, indifference, and sloth. ployed in works of charity, and Every engine, therefore, was set in the exercise of hospitality. to work, in order to collect ma. With this view he improved and terials for a charge against him ; enlarged the parsonage-house, and though he behaved as cau. till it became a suitable habita. tiously as he thought consistent tion for one of his hospitable with his duty to the souls of his turn. It was beautifully situat. flock--more cautiously indeed ed, and, in size, it more resem. than his conscience, in after life, bled the palace of a bishop than could approve—yet such was the dwelling of a rector.
the unwearied industry and vigi. He had scarcely been fixed at lance of his enemies, that a long Houghton, when the bishop of. list of charges was, in a short fered him a prebendal stall in time, collected, and he was again the cathedral of Durham, which formally accused before the had become vacant, pressing him bishop, by whom, however, he to accept it, on the ground that, was again acquitted. The bish. as it was quite a sinecure, he op, nevertheless, was so much could have no pretence for de. displeased with his nephew, for clining it. Gilpin, however, what he deemed his imprudence begged that the bishop would be and unwarrantable obstinacy, stow this preferment on some and was so apprehensive of dan. one who stood more in need of
ger to himself, from continuing it than he did ; as for himself, to countenance his rash proceedhe had already received more ings, that he thought it right to from his lordship's bounty than withdraw from him those exter. he feared he could give a good nal marks of his favor which account of.
he had before enjoyed. He even As Mr. Gilpin had resigned blotted him out of his will. On the archdeaconry, by his conduct this Mr. Gilpin remarked, that, in which office it was that he considering the great obligations had chiefly excited the enmity of he owed to the bishop, he was the neighboring clergy, and as truly sorry to perceive that he he now confined himself chiefly had offended him. He would to the concerns of his extensive have given up any thing to satisparish, it might have been hoped fy him, except his conscience. that they would have allowed As for the bishop's property, he him to proceed in his course was glad not to have the bur, without molestation. Their mal. then of it, ice, however, still pursued him,
Though Mr. Gilpin's enemies this he meekly replied, “that had thus failed a second time with he had no doubt it was.” And the bishop, they resolved to per. so indeed it proved; for, before , serere in their attempts against his leg was in a condition to ad, him. They therefore accused him mit of his travelling, pews arrive before Bopper, the bishop of ed of the death of queen Mary, London. Booner was a man and he was soon after set at lib. suited to their purpose.
Some have affected to violence formed a direct contrast doubt the truth of this relation, to the moderation of bishop Tun. at least as far as relates to the ac, stal. He commended their zeal, cident which is said to have bę. and assured them that the here. fallen him. Thus much, hower, tic should not go unpunished. er, is undeniable; that the iq. An account of this threat reach. telligence of the queen’s death ed Mr. Gilpin in time for him to met him as he was on the way to effect his escape, a çourse to London, and put an end to his which he was strongly urged confinement and persecution ; by his friends ; bụt he was deaf and that he returned to Hough. to all their importunities : he ton, where he was met by crowds had long prepared his mind to of
of people, loudly expressing suffer for the sake of the gospel; their joy, and blessing God for it would be denying the faith of his deliverance. Christ, to shrink from giving his Mr. Gilpin now enjoyed that testimony when called to it; his full liberty to pursue his benev, great ambition was to advance olent plans for which he had the interests of religion ; and if, long prayed. His uncle, the to this end, his death were ne, bishop, now suffered in his turn; cessary, he should rejoice to he was ordered up to London, sie. He then caused a long gar, and, refusing to take the oath of ment to be provided for him, in supremacy, he was sent to the which he might go decently to Tower. His confinement, how. The stake, should it be the will ever, was not of long duration, of God that he should suffer. He was received by archbishop lo a few days, persons arrived Parker into the palace at Lam. with authority to apprehend and beth, and there spent, in a very convey him to London, to whom comfortable and tranquil manner he willing surrendered himself. the short residue of his long life.
In the course of his journey The earl of Bedford was always to town he broke his leg; and much attached to Mr. Gilpin ; this accident necessarily prevent. and when many of the popish od his proceeding for some time. bishops were deprived of their One of the maxims which Mr. sees, recommended him to fill one Gilpin was used frequently to of the vacancies. He was accord. repeat was, that all events are ingly nominated to the bishopriç intended by Providence for our of Carlisle. He no sooner heard good.” His keepers took occa- of the honor which it was in. sion now to taunt him with this tended to confer op him, than remark, asking him, whether he he wrote to the earl of Bedford, thought his present misfortune expressing his gratitude to his was intended for his good. To lordship and the queen ; but de.
clining to accept their kindness, my enabled him to complete. on the ground that he was whol. The school flourished greatly ly unequal to the station. The under his care: the masters were earl employed Dr. Sandys, the the ablest he could procure ; and bishop of Worcester, to over, he himself exercised a constant come Mr. Gilpin's scruples. inspection over it, quickening ap, But notwithstanding the argu. plication by suitable encouragements and urgent intreaties of ments, and distinguishing the Dr. Sandys, aided by a solemn scholars who were most diligent, appeal to Mr. Gilpin's con- by calling them his own, and inscience, Mr. Gilpin maintained structing them frequently him. his first determination ; and the self. Often, when he met a poor bishopric was at length given to boy on the road, he would make Dr. Best.
trial of his capacity, and, if sat. In the following year the pro. isfied with it, would provide for rostship of Queen's college, Ox. his education. From school, he ford, was offered to Mr. Gil. sent several to the universities; pin ; but he likewise refused to maintaining them there at his accept this preferment. The own expense, and continuing benefice he already possessed to watch over their conduct. gratified his utmost desire of He regularly corresponded with worldly wealth, and afforded him them, and required from them an a sufficiently extensive sphere for account of their studies. Inhis benevolent labors.
deed, so anxious was he respect. Mr. Gilpin was carly aware ing them, knowing the tempta. that the grand impediments to tions to which their age and sit. the progress of the Reformation, uation exposed them, that he which had been so happily be. made occasional journeys to the gun, were the prevailing igno. universities, in order to inspect rance and superstition. With their proceedings. Nor was his these evils even the universities care fruitless. Few of his schol. were deeply infected, so that ars turned out ill, and many of the very channels through which them became great ornaments to knowledge might be expected to the church, and exemplary inflow were choked up. The at, stances of piety. tention of the queen and her min. While Mr. Gilpin was cm. isters was drawn to the subject, ployed in founding his school, and they took an active part in the popish party in the north, endeavoring to promote the in, headed by the earls of Westa terests of science. In this good morland and Northumberland, work they were zealously aided broke out into open rebellion. by Mr. Gilpin. Although his They appeared in arms, display. hospitality, which was of the ing in their banners a chalice, most generous and expansive and the five wounds of Christ, kind, made a large demand on and brandishing a cross before his income, and his charities ex. them. They took Durham, and hausted a still larger portion of laid waste the adjoining country, it, he formed a design for build. ravaging as far as Houghton. ing and endowing a grammar- But the approach of the earl of school, which his exact econo. Sussex with a numerous army so
terrified the insurgents, that they ities of the former; and though mutinied and dispersed. Many he behaved to him always with were taken, and a commission mildness, yet proving a constant was issued to try them. On check on his unjust and oppressthis occasion, the humane inter. ive conduct. position of Mr. Gilpin proved The bishop who was a well. very beneficial. He represent. meaning, but weak and irreso. ed to the judge, that the people Jute man,
very unwilling to were well affected, but, being believe any thing which was told extremely ignorant, had been him to the disadvantage of his misled by designing men, who brother, seems not to have re. made them believe that they were garded Mr. Gilpin with much taking up arms for the Qucen: cordiality. This was very visi. This representation served great. ble on one occasion. ly to abate the severity which ceived a message from the bish. the judge seemed at first disposed op, appointing him to preach a to exercise towards the insur. visitation sermon on the followgents.
ing Sunday. He was then about During the period of seven- to set off to fulfil some itinerat. teen years, viz.from 1559 to1576, ing engagements which he had that Dr. Pilkington was bishop made in Readsdale and Tindale. of Durham, Mr. Gilpin enjoyed He informed the bishop of the a state of comparative tranquilli- circumstance, and begged that ty and comfort. The bishop he would excuse him from com. was a learned and pious man, plying with his wish. The bish. remarkable for his moderation, op returned no answer ;
and and anxious, above all things Gilpin, concluding that he was else, to promote the interests of satisfied, proceeded on his jour. religion in his diocese. Between ney. When he came home, he him and Mr. Gilpin there soon found, to his surprise, that he arose a very intimate friendship. had been suspended. They were intent on pursuing days afterwards, be received an the same objects, and often met, order to meet the bishop. He sometimes at the bishop's palace, went, and found many of the and sometimes at Houghton, to clergy assembled. The bishop consider and determide their pi. ordered him to preach that day ous plans. Dr. Pilkington was before them. Mr. Gilpin ear. succeeded in the bishopric by nestly requested to be excused; Dr. Barnes, with whom Mr. Gil. he had come wholly unprepared pin did not live on the same to preach. But the bishop would footing of friendly intercourse. take no excuse, and commanded The bishop appointed his broth. him, on his canonical obedience, er, who was a man of bad char.
to go into the pulpit. He there. acter, licentious, violent, and fore went up, and though he obtyrannical,to be chancellor of the served several taking notes
, he diocese. Between him and Mr. proceeded in his sermon without Gilpin there was a perpetual op- hesitation.
Towards the close position, the latter endeavoring of it, he addressed the bishop to redress the injuries done by personally on the flagrant abusthe venality and other irregular. es in his diocese, telling him that