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“But no place on earth has been more the world, you may know what our fadistinguished for a bold and manly vindi. thers believed. cation of these sacred truths, than this “From authentic histories of past times, ancient refuge of the pilgrims. We dai- from the confessions of faith which our ly walk over the ashes of some of the fathers adopted, and from the books most valiant champions of the christian which they wrote, it is known that they faith ; and constantly breathe the air that were decided Calvinists. was perfumed by the incense of their “They believed that “there are three prayers. What christian has lived in any
persons in the Godhead, the Father, the period of the last century and a half, and Son, and the Holy Ghost;" that “these has not heard of the impenetrable phal- three are one God, the same in substance, anx formed by the ministers of Boston, to equal in power and glory defend the doctrines of the Reformation? " They believed that God left nothing These were the truths taught by your to the capricious operations of chance ; Wilsons, your Cottons, your Mathers, that He eternally determined what He your Thachers, your Willards, your Cola would do, or suffer to be done ; and that mans, your Pembertons, your Sewalls, His government, thus shaped and settled your Princes, your Webbs, your Coop- by His infinite and unchanging wisdom, ers, your Foxcrofts, your Checkleys, extends to all events, as well in the moral your Moorheads, your Eliots, and as as natural world many more, whose names will always “They believed that the Scriptures of adorn the annals of the church.
the Old and New Testament, given at “If the tendency of any religion was first by the inspiration of God have been ever thoroughly tooted, it was the relig- preserved, by His providence, sufficiently ion of the fathers of New-England. No pure and entire; and that the translation such colonies ever formed the beginning which we have in our hands, is, in every of any other nation : no other nation important point, correct. ever inherited equal blessings from their • They believed that by the offence of ancestors. By what then were those one, judgment came upon all men to concolonies distinguished ? By the purity of demnation ; that the posterity of Adam their faith, and the fervor of their piety. are shapen in iniquity and conceived in These evidently had a leading influence sin, are by nature the children of wrath, in forming the state of society, and the dead in trespasses and sins, and possess venerable institutions, which they, be- that carnal mind which is enmity against queathed_to posterity. The happiness God of New-England is a monument, rais- “They believed that the second per. ed upon an eminence, to teach the son in the adorabie Trinity, took upon world the tendency of the faith and Himself, as Mediator, the seed of Abrapiety of the puritans.* I venerate ham ; and that this Mediator suffered those holy men I reverence their for
death, as a vicarious sacrifice, to atone titude, their patience, their wisilom ; for the sins of the world but most of all, their love of truth i “ They believed that no man can see feel ambitious to say, Among those an- the kingdom of God except he be born cestors were my own ; and in this ground again ; that this change, which in scripsleeps the dust of my fathers. But I ture is called a new creation, a new birth, am more ambitious to say, Their views of a resurrection from the dead, is produced evangelical truth are mine. It is with by the supernatural influence of the di. mingled emotions of pleasure and hope vine Spirit ; that there is a specific difthat I see an edifice raised to support the ference between common and special doctrines of our forefathers; and to pro- grace; that the repentance and faith nemote those views of practical religion cessary to salvation, are altogether diswhich restrained them from frivolity, tinet from any thing which exists in the and prompted them to a course of strict heart before this change. and manly piety.
“They believed that by the deeds of “ What then were those doctrines and the law no flesh shall be justified; that views ? I will tell you ;--that if ever the by grace we are saved, through faith, and time should come, when men shall sup- that not of ourselves, it is the gift of God. port themselves by a professed venera- “ They believed that God hath chosen tion for the religion of our ancestors, His saints in Christ before the foundation while seeking to banish that religion from of the world, that they should be holy,
and without blame before him in love ;
huvinz predestinated them unto the This subject is treated of in a most adoption of children by Jesus Christ to satisfactory and udmirable manner, by Himself, according to the good pleasure Dr. Dwight in his Sermon on the Death of His will ; that as many as were orof Gov. Trumbull. See our review of dained to eternal life, will believe, being that sermon in our last number.
predestinated according to ihe purpose
of Him who worketh all things after the service of the ever blessed Trinity we counsel of His own will; that the names solemnlydedicate these walls, these arches, of those who, in the eternal covenant of these columns, this pulpit, that towering redemption, were given to Christ, were spire, and all that contains, with all that written in the book of life from the foun. is contained within these sacred limits.. dation of the world ; that, in the same For the preaching of the word, for the transaction, the Mediator received power public service of prayer and praise, for bver all flesh, that he should give eternal the administration of the sacraments of life to as many as the Father had given the New Testament, and for the resiHim; that all whom the Father hath dence of the eternal God, we consecrate given Him, shall come to Him; that of all the house." these He will lose nothing, but will raise it up again at the last day; that the After so many extracts, we
Father which gave them Him is greater than all, and none is able to pluck them give only the close of the ser. out of the Father's hand; and that of
mon. course they will be kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation.
“And when the dust of this crumbled “They believed that the wicked will be edifice shall be scattered upon the winds punished with everlasting destruction of heaven ;--when the stones of the last from the presence of the Lord, and from earthly sanctuary shall tremble in the the glory of His power.
convulsions of expiring nature ;-- when “They believed that the church and the agonies of disappointment and desthe world are two separate kingdoms; pair shall seize on those who reproached and that none but true believers have a your religion ;--then, in the full assemright to the sacraments of the New Tes- bly of your fathers, and with all the tritament, either for themselves or their umps of victory, you shall ride the clouds children.
with your victorious Prince. And when “ They believed in revivals of religion, all the myriads of the redeemed, followproduced by extraordinary effusions of ing the triumphant chariot of their rethe divine Spirit.
turning King, shall shout at heaven's gate, “They warned their contemporaries Lift up your heads, ye everlasting doors, and posterity against those who are lov- and the King of glory shall come in! you ers of pleasures more than lovers of God; shall be welcomed to those abodes of salhaving a form of godliness, but denying vation where there is no temple but the the power : and, by their own dignified Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb. and holy example, they strongly discoun
Amen.” tenanced a plunge into that whirl of dis. sipation which drowns men in destruction, We think this sermon well and perdition.
"Such were the views of the fathers of adapted to the occasion, and New-England : and I repeat the decla
calculated to excite the best ration, that to support the same views of emotions. As a literary perthe truths and duties of our holy religion, formance it is respectable; but this church was erected Those, therefore, who stand in the ways, and ask for its principal excellency consists the good old paths, and walk therein, in the topics of instruction, and will say, Peace be to this house : those
excitements to devotion, which only who have abandoned the religion of their fathers, will regard it with a cold or
it contains. a jealous eye.”
There is an unpleasant and The following sentences of the improper recurrence of the word dedication are, to our minds,
view in the first sentence, which impressively solemn.
we presume, was on oversight,
Some other verbal criticisms “And now, in pursuance of the design might be made ; they are not, of our meeting, we proceed to dedicate however, of very great impor. this house to Him for whom it was erect. ed. May God attend! Let all the angels tance. witness! -We religiously devote this The sermon was printed at the edifice to the Father, infinite and selfexistent; to the Son, the brightness of request of “ The Brethren of His Father's glory; to the Holy Ghost,
the Park Strcet Church." almighty and eternal. To the honor apo
Vol. II. New Series.
An Oration delivered June 21, by the subject of the Oration un.
1809, on the day of the au- der review.
tian ministry is worthy of no-
" The business to be conducted here It has given us great pleasure, is, in the highest degree, benevolent; that a Professorship of Pulpit and will have incalculable influence on
the present and future happiness of men. Eloquence is established in the
This is not the place to form generals for Theological Seminary at Ando. fame and for carnage; but youthful Gid
In the education of minis. eons, to lead “the sacramental host of ters in our country, the rhetori. King ;-to fight with tears, not with
God's elect" to fight the battles of their cal parts of the art of composi. swords ; to wield the
prayer, tion, and the whole subject of instead of spears ; und to carry to the delivery, have been comparative. is not the place to form statesmen, to setly neglected. To be an accurate tle the little concerns of nations ; but thinker, and a logical reasoner,
ministers of Christ, to manage, under
their king, the interests of an immortal are high attainments ; but the kingdom,– a kingdom which will shine ability to discuss plain and com. with the splendors of heaven, when all mon subjects, in an interesting This is not the place to elicit the sparks
the kingdoms of men shall be no more. manner, and to deliver with pro.
of forensic eloquenee, or to raise up men priety and animation, what is to shine in national debate ; but to fit written with judgment, is scarce
young evangelists to pour the strains of
immortal truth, and to plead before a ly less useful. It has been no dying race the cause of God, and His uncommon thing to hear sermons anointed Son. Generals may conquer, which indicate piety, good sense,
and statesmen may rule ; but there is
no work so great or so good, as that of a and learning, delivered with such gospel minister. If the memory of a unnatural tones, such ill.judged Howard is blessed, for visiting the pris. pauses, and such misguided cm.
ons and lazarettos of Europe, to relieve
temporal distress, surely they ought not phasis, as inevitably to detract to hold a thankless office, who spend their much from the effect they were
lives in efforts to deliver their brethren otherwise calculated to produce.
from the prison of endless despair, the
lazaretto of eternal disease.” That the perception of these de. fects is becoming more general,
The Orator guards against any is a happy circumstance ; and supposition that ultimate reliance that a Professor is devoted to the is to be placed on human art, or great object of making candi- the unassisted exertions of men, dates for the ministry good pub. by several judicious reflections. lic speakers, furnishes a belief, His definition of pulpit eloquence, that so far as the influence of is a good one ; yiz. this Institution shall extend, a fection of pulpit eloquence con. remedy will be, in a great meas. sists in displaying the most affec. ure, provided. To these reflec. ting gospel truths, in the most tions we have been naturally led impressive manner.”
66 The per
He proceeds to show that a If on any topic he can become impassionpreacher may avail himself of ed, and be carried beyond himself, it is
on the theme of immortal love, and the the imagination, the natural af- everlasting destinies of men.' fections, and the sympathy of his hearers.
The difference between the el. " But” he observes, through oquence of the pulpit and that whatever medium an impression of the bar, or of popular assemis made on the mind, it must be blies, is illustrated by a compar. made by divine truth, or it is ison between Paul and Cicero made in vain. And it must be and the Oration is concluded by made by the power of God.” some pious and animated reflec.
That the understanding is to tions on the good effects to be be addressed, and the conscience expected from the Institution, assailed ; that the preacher into which the author had been himself must feel ; and that all chosen a Professor. affectation is to be avoided, are We think a just estimate of positions distinctly stated. the importance of eloquence in
We transcribe a brief enumer. the pulpit, is given in this Ora. ation of the subjects which pre
tion. It is not suffered to be sent themselves to the pulpit depressed, on the one hand, as orator.
unworthy the attainment of the “The preacher of everlasting truth
student in Theology ; nor is it has certainly the noblest subjects that exalted, on the other, above the ever elevated and enkindled the soul of
station of a humble instrument man;—not the intrigues of a Philip,--not the plots of a Cataline ;--- but the re- in the hands of God. bellion of angels,----the creation of a The only remaining criticism world,---the incarnation and death of the which we shall offer is, that the Son of God, ---the resurrection of men, the dissolution of nature ---the general Orator might have profitably judgment ---and the final confirmation of enlarged more upon what may be countless millions of men and angels in
called the didactic parts of his happiness or misery, No subjects are so sublime ;---none so interesting to the feels discourse, viz. those parts which ings of a reflecting audience: no orator relate to the foundation of pul. was himself ever so deeply interested in his subject, as a godly minister is in the pit eloquence, and the objects at kruths which he presses upon his hearers. which it aims.
CONSTITUTION OF THE MERRIMACK BIBLE SOCIETY.
ARTICLE I. THE distribution of be "distributed in other languages. the Holy Scriptures among the needy II. In the accomplishment of this and destitute, within the reach of great object, the Society will cheerour aid, shall be the only object of fully, correspond and co-operate, as the society; and the version of the opportunity may offer, with all other Bible in common use, without note institutions of a similar description ; or comment, shall be the only ver- and especially with those in this sion to be distributed in the English State. language; and it shall also be the III, There shall be an annual meet. standard in selecting the versions, to ing of the Society, holden at Newbu
ryport, on the first Wednesday of the manner of notifying the meetings January, at two o'clock, P. M. when shall be prescribed by the Managers. there shall be elected by ballot a If the President and Vice President President, Vice-President, Record. be absent at any meeting, some othing Secretary, Corresponding Secre- er person appointed shall preside. tary, and Treasurer ; who shall ex X. The payment of twenty-five officio be Managers.
dollars upon subscribing these articles IV. There shall also be elected shall constitute a member of the Soby ballot, at the annual meeting, ten ciety for life; and the payment of Managers, who, in conjunction with two dollars annually, shall constitute the Officers mentioned in the pre- the subscriber a member. ceding article, shall constitute the X1. No person holding an office board of Managers : seven of whom under the Society, shall receive any shall be necessary to form a quorum: compensation for his services, except and this board shall be authorized to the receiving committee ; who may make any regulations, comporting be compensated at the discretion of with this Constitution, which expe
the board of managers. rience may indicate, as necessary: XII. Thirty members, regularly The President of the Society shall vened, shall constitute a quorum. also be the President of the board of The constitution shall not be altered, Managers.
except at an annual meeting ; nor y. The Society shall, if they then, but by a vote of three fourths think proper, determine at each an- of the members present : but the nual meeting the amount of monies first article shall be subject to no to be expended for the year. If they alteration. shall make no such designation, the XIII. Upon the adoption of the matter shall be determined by the constitution, the society shall be im. Managers.
mediately organized by a choice of VI. There shall be a standing officers ; and a committee shall be Committee of two, appointed by appointed to obtain subscriptions ; the Managers, to receive the annual and it shall moreover be the duty of taxes, contributions, and all dona- the members at large, to increase the tions to the Society; and deliver the number of subscribers, and the funds same to the Treasurer, obtaining his of the Society, by all laudable measreceipt for the amount.
V!l. The Managers shall appoint a XIV. The transactions of the Socommitteeofthree, who shall purchase ciety at their several meetings, and and distribute Bibles, conformably to also of the managers at their meet. their Instructions ; and they shall ings, shall be signed by the record. receive from the President an order ing Secretary. on the Treasurer for the amount. XV. The board of managers shall, All orders on the Treasurer shall be as soon as convenient, apply to the signed by the President, under the General Court for an act of incorpodirection of the Managers.
ration. OFFICERS. VIII. There shall be at least a semi. William Coombs, Esquire, President. annual meeting of the Managers to ex. Rev. Samuel Spring, D:D. Vice Pres. amine the accounts of the Treasurer, William Woart, Esq. Recording Sec. receive the report of the Committee of Rev Daniel Dana, Cor. Secretary. Distribution, and transact any other Richard Pike, Esq. Treasurer. business,relative to the objects of the
MANAGERS. institution ; and they shall report Rev. John Andrews, their doings, and the success of the Rev. C, W. Milton, institution during the year, at the Rev. James Morss, annual meeting of the members.
Rev. James Miltimore, IX. Special meetings of the So- Rev. John S. Popkin, ciety shall be called by the President, William Bartlet, Esq. or in case of his disability, by the Vice Thomas M. Clark, Esq. President, at the request of seven of Daniel A. White, Esq. the members ; and the objects of John Pearson, Esq. such meeting shall be specified; and
Capt. Stephen Holland,