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LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
that tongue, in which work they are
aided by a converted Bramin. They We give our readers an abstract preach every Sunday to the Europeans of an account, lately published by this in the fort ; and superintend some Society, of the state of their mis large schools of native children, sions.
'which they have established. In the In OTAHEITE are twelve mission- Tinevelly district, Mr. Ringletaube aries, two of them have wives. is engaged in visiting the small conThese persons have continued to in- gregations of Christians scattered struct the natives in that and some over the country, and occasionally in neighboring islands, not withstanding instructing others. He has acquired many discouraging circumstances great skill in the Tamul language. which they have had to encounter. Mr. Vos, formerly a minister of Cey<< Their labors among the adults," lon, is appointed to the Dutch church it is said, “have not been so useful at Negapatam, where he enjoys an as they wished; yet their endeavors opportunity of being useful among "to instruct the children and youth the native inhabitants. Two mission. are more promising."
aries are on their way to the country In Sou'THERN AFRICA, Dr. Van- of the Birmans, and one to Seringaderkemp and other missionaries have patam; and two are employed in the labored with success. The settle island of Ceylon. Another missionament called Bethelsdorp, at which ry, Mr. Morison, reached China, the doctor has resided, has lately which was the place of his destinaAourished. It contains about 600 tion, in September, 1807. persons, whose civilization and re. Although Mr. Frey, who formerly ligious improvement are said to be labored among his countrymen, the advancing the neighboring Caffres Jews, under the patronage of this discover a growing desire for relig- society, has withdrawn himself from fious instruction. It is the purpose their connexion, they have deter. of Dr. Vanderkemp to leave Bethels- mined to continue their endeavors dorp to the other missionaries, and for the benefit of that once favored to attempt a mission more in the in.
Ministers are engaged to terior of Africa, or in the island of preach to them; and essays, written Madagascar.--The missionaries at by Mr. Ewing of Glasgow, and othOrange River are busied in teaching er tracts, have been published for the people to build houses, and culti- circulation among them. vate the soil; as well as in instructing In AMERICA, Mr. Pidgeon labors them in the gospel of Christ. Sev- as a missionary among the inhabitenteen persons had been baptized. ants of New Carlisle, in New Bruns. The natives had suffered from the wick. small pox ; but the introduction of In the West INDIES, two mis. vaccination promised to eradicate sions have been begun; one at Tobago, that disease. The mission to the where Mr. Elliott, the missionary, is Namaquas is said to go on well. Mr. permitted, on many of the estates, to Kicherer has charge of the Dutch preach to the Negroes, not a few of church at Graaf Reinet, where he whom, it is added, have shewn a great has an opportunity of preaching to a readiness to receive instruction :great number, not only of the colo- and another at Demarara, of which nists, but of the natives. When the an account is given in our present * news of the abolition of the slave number.
Ibid. trade reached the Cape, the joy was great ; and a public day of thanks. giving was observed.
In Asia, several missions have been begun.
At Vizagapatam, Messrs. Cran and Desgranges are employed From the periodical accounts of in instructing the heathen. They these missions, lately published, it have begun to translate the Evangel. appears that they were in general ists into the: Telinga language. They progressively advancing: hrave also printed catechisms, &c. in The total number of Christian Es.
MISSIONS OF THE UNITED BRETH.
quimaux at the three settlements, pressive of joy at his safe arrival and formed by the brethren on the coast his condescension in visiting the setof LABRADOR, was, towards the tlement ; and of the fervent prayers close of the last year, about 230. A of the Hottentot congregation, that variety of interesting particulars res- God would bless him, and enable pecting them we are at present ob. them to be faithful and obedient. liged to omit, for want of room. Lord Caledon thanked them, and asa
The settlement near the CAPE OF sured them of his favor and protecGOOD HOPE, at Bavianskloof, or, as tion. In the evening, he and his it is now called, Gnadenthal, flour. suite went to church; and next morn. ishes greatly. The congregation ing he took leave, with many expres. consists of 547 persons ; besides sions of kindness and good will. whom there are about 300 Hottentot's We must defer, till another oppor. residing at the settlement, and under tunity, any farther extracts from religious instruction. One of the these accounts.
Ibid. missionaries thus writes-" What we lost in Governor Jansen, God has given us again in Lord Caledon : when we called upon him, he assur
MISSION TO TARTARY. ed us of his friendship and good will our mission.'
His Excellency Letters from Karass have been re. proposed to the missionaries to form ceived, dated in January last. Mr. a second settlement, at a place which Brunton, the superintendant of the he offered to grant them, urging the mission, was recovering from a sebenefit which would attend the ex- vere illness; but he had lost his wife, tension of their labors among the who, in November last, died of Hottentots. The missionaries agreed an abscess in her lungs, full of the to send two of their number to reside faith and hope of the Gospel. Since at the place pointed out by Lord Ca- last July,a considerable number of the ledon, until they should learn the following tracts had been circulated. pleasure of their brethren in Europe, 1. Advice of a Friend to a Mohamby whose determination their mea- medan, in 52 pages 8vo, 2. The sures must be finally guided. On Principles of the New Testament, in the 18th of February, 1808, his Ex- 14 pages 8vo. 3. Letter in Defence cellency visited Gnadenthal, in com- of St. Paul's Apostleship, in 7 pages pany with Lord Blaney and a general 8vo. 4. A Catechism, in 56 pages officer, and inspected the whole eco- 8vo. 5. St. Matthew's Gospel, in nomy of the settlement. The Hot
50 pages folio. These tracts had ex. tentot children welcomed him by cited much attention and inquiry singing some verses, which seemed among the people, and some hostility to afford him pleasure : he express. among the Mohammedan doctors. ed surprise at their sweet and mu. They had prohibited the people from sical voices, A party of the men reading them ; but this had only led then approached, and one of them to their more eager perusal. The stepped forward and addressed his Gospel of St. Matthew seemed to be Excellency in a short speech, ex- much prized, and well understood.
TO THE FRIENDS OF LITERATURE.
The public bave been repeatedly repugnant to my principles. I really informed of my design to compile a thought that in the preface to my large and complete Dictionary of the Compendious Dictionary I had treated English language ; and most men of Dr. Johnson, bishop Lowth, and oth. learning are probably apprised of the er English authors with a due degree opposition manifested, in various of respect ; having uniformly expresparts of the country, and especially sed my high opinion of their erudiin the eastern part of New-England, tion, and having censured Mason, for to this attempt at improving the lex- the contemptuous manner in which icography of our language. The un. he speaks of Dr. Johnson. In my abating zeal displayed, on this sub- letter to Dr. Ramsay, I have also ject, by various remarks and stric- censured Mr. Horne Tooke for the tures published in the Anthology, severity of his remarks on the same indicates a spirit of enmity very un. author. I have attempted to point usuaļ; the motives of which I will
out many errors in the works of those not attempt to explain. If honest, distinguished anthors, and to prove the men who possess them evidently the errors, by numerous examples manifeșt more zeal than knowledge and authorities. In the view of maor discretion. It is not improbable ny learned men, these proofs appear that many gentlemen mistake my amply sufficient for the purpose. In views and the tenor of the remarks, the view of others perhaps the proofs which I have made on the English are not sufficient, for it would be very philological works which are now extraordinary that no differences used in this country ; if so, some ex, of opinion should exist on this sub. planations are due to the public, and ject. required by a decent regard to my One thing is certain that in what. own reputation. But as the spirit ever I have alleged, I have been acdisplayed in the Anthology renders tuated by a firm belief of the truth of it necessary for me to withhold all my assertions ; and, on a review of communication, with the conductors what I have written, aided by further of that work, I beg leave to trouble researches, I can now declare my be the readers of the Panoplist, with a lief that, far from exaggerating the few observations in explanation of errors and defects of the English dic. the motives by which I have been tionaries and grammars used in our actuated, and in vindication of country, I am persuaded that my repmy conduct, principles, and de- resentations come very much short of signs.
the truth. The principal charges against me, In addition to what I have said on may be comprehended in these par. the works of Lowth, Johnson, Varro, ticulars—That I have indulged too Vossius, Junius, and Skinner, I will much freedom in censuring the now mention the Hebrew Lexicon of works of many men, of unquestiona. Parkhurst. I have no doubt that the ble erudition, and of established rep- sense of Hebrew words has been utation in philology; and that I have generally understood; but a great displayed great zeal in pressing my number of Hebrew words which are own publications upon my fellow treated as radical, are compound or citizens.
derivative, and a multitude of words In regard to the first charge, I can are arranged by Hebricians, under say most sincerely that if I have ever roots with which they have no conviolated the rules of decorum in my nexion. strictures upon autbors, it is a sub. Equally erroneous and defective jeet of much regret ; for nothing is are the Latin and Greek Lexicons, in more abhorrent to my feelings, and assigning words to their radicals. I
have made no enumeration of these quiries into the origin and history errors, but in the dictionaries of Ains. of his noblest art. But I have learnt worth, Schrevelius, and Johnson, that this subject is intimately con. probably, not one word in fifty is tra- nected with the history of nations ; ced to its radical signification. and not only ancient authors, sacred
In making these representations, and profane, but the origin and mi. I am persuaded my motives are pure gration of nations, may be illustrated and honorable. They spring not by an investigation into their lanfrom vanity, or a disposition to de. guages. preciate the learned labors of other This explanation will, I trust, ob men. My real motive is to justify to viate the censure I have incurred, the world my design of publishing a by endeavoring to spread the circu. new work. I hold it to be very im- lation of my school books. The proper to tax the public with the small books I have published furnish expense of a new publication, with- my only means of subsistence, while out offering to the purchaser, as a I devote my time exclusively to liter. compensation, real and valuable im- ary studies. Some of them at least provements. It is a common prac.
have been well received ; I grateful. tice for men, for the purpose of ac- ly acknowledge this reception ; but quiring fame or money, to make I wish not the public to give currenbooks by selection, without the merit cy to any book of my composition, unof erudition, or the toil of research ; less the purchaser believes it to be and there may be cases, especially as good as any other of the kind, and in regard to school books, in which finds himself indemnified for the pur. the practice, if not commendable, is chase in the value of the book, at least not very censurable. There Having relinquished a lucrative are other instances in which men of business, for the purpose of pursuing very superficial attainments,aided by a favorite study; and finding my good taste and judgment, acquire means inadequate to the great ex. more celebrity, as well as property, penses of the undertaking ; having a than authors of ten times their eru. numerous family and an aged father, dition,
bending under the weight of four In my contemplated Dictionary, I score and eight years, looking to me design to offer a new illustration of for support; I am bound by all the the origin and progress of language ; ties of duty, affection, and humanity, altogether different from any thing to seek for such patronage as is due that has yet appeared. I offer this my honest exertions. I seek only in confidence, not that my work the fruits of honest labor, which for will be perfect, but that the fruits of eight and twenty years, has been my investigations will be a valuable unceasingly devoted
to the best interacquisition to the republic of letters; ests of my fellow-citizens. and not to the English nation and I am happy to find, that many entheir descendants only, but to most lightened men in this country who of the nations of Europe. After mak. are best acquainted with my views ing due allowance for the partiality and my designs, are disposed to renof every author for his own produc. der me all the services in their powtions, I am persuaded that the im. er. Equally gratifying is it, that the provements I contemplate, will ap. Eclectic reviewers in England, have pear to deserve encouragement, and spontaneously expressed their readito be an ample equivalent for the ex- ness to aid me in my undertaking. pense of a new work. These are my The prospectus of my work, inreal views-such and no other are my serted below, has been sent to the motives.
principal towns in the Northern To the importance of such re. States, for the purpose of procuring searches as I am making, different aid from such gentlemen of talents persons will attach different ideas. and property, as may have the dispoIn my own opinion, no researches sition and the ability, to afford me into the origin of arts, or the his- encouragement. If I should meet tory of man and his improvements with the necessary aid from this are unimportant ; much less, in, proposal, I shall prosecute the work
with diligence and satisfaction. If of English gentlemen for the neces: not, I shall either abandon the un- sary means io enable me to accom: dertaking, or apply to the liberality plish the work I have begun.
PROSPECTUS OF A NEW AND COMPLETE DICTIONARY OF
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. BY NOAH WEBSTER, JUN, ESQ.
In this work, the Compiler at Newburyport, Portsmouth, and sev. tempts the following objects.
eral other towns ; and the gentle1. Tocomprehend all the legitimate men, while they differ from the comwords, in the English Language, piler, as well as from each other, as common and technical, with perspi- to the propriety of some parts of the cuous and discriminating defini- scheme of minor consideration, have tions, exemplified by authorities, in unanimously expressed their approall cases in which authority is deem- bation of the General Design, and ed necessary to vindicate the use of their readiness to give it all the en. a word, or illustrate its signification couragement in their power. This article includes the new terms As the execution of this work, lain chemistry, mineralogy, geology, borious beyond any thing, of a litera. botany, and zoology.
ry kind, hitherto undertaken in the 2. To contract the size of the work United States, must occupy a large within the smallest compass that is portion of the compiler's life, to the consistent with the comprehensive exclusion of other employments; and ness of its design; and by reducing the as the expenses to be incurred during price considerably below that of John this period, which cannot be less son's larger work, to render it more than fifteen thousand dollars, will ex. accessible to men of small property. ceed his own pecuniary resources,
3. To exhibit the true orthogra. he is advised to offer to gentlemen of phy and pronunciation of words, ac- property and liberal views of the cording to the most approved English value of this undertaking, a Prospec. practice.
tus of the work, and invite a sub. 4. To explain obsolete words, scription to aid him in this arduous found in ancient English authors. design. As the exact price of the These words will constitute a separ- work cannot yet be determined, it ate department of the work.
is proposed that gentlemen, disposed 5. To deduce words from their to patronize the undertaking, should primitive roots, and exhibit the affin. advance a part of the price, which ity of the English Language with va. may be either five dollars or ten, at rious other Languages. This part the option of each subscriber, and of the work will be new, and will of receive a copy of the work, when fer results singularly novel and inter- finished, neatly printed and bound, esting; unfolding the connexion be. at the lowest retail price, deducting tween the languages of the principal the money advanced. The compiler, races of men, consisting of the Assy- on his part, stipulates to complete rian stock in Asia and Africa ; and of the work, as speedily as the nature the Celtic and Teutonic, in Europe. of the design and his own health will
It is believed this work will form permit, and deliver the books to subthree large Octavo Volumes, which, scribers at some bookstore in the well printed on fine paper, cannot be principal town in the state where the afforded at less than twelve or fifteen subscribers respectively reside ; of dollars. The compiler has already which place due notice shall be given devoted about five years to the exe- in the public prints. cution of this work, and about the
NOAH WEBSTER, jun. same time will be necessary to com. plete it. Specimens of the work Yale College, November 2, 1809. have been exhibited to Gentlemen of To NOAH WEBSTER, Jun. Esq. the first literary attainments in New- DEAR SIR, York, N, Haven, Boston, Salem, YOU have requested our opin