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is aware that he has selected a many excellent observations, and, subject which will be despised as affording a good specimen and ridiculed by the men of this of the author's style and manner. world.
p. 232, 233
“ If our experience p. 6. “Nothing, says he, is more com- makes us satisfied with ourselves ; if mon than to despise what is termed Re- can sit still from year to year, ligious Experience: Infidels sneer, the without concern for others, if our cold hearted condemn, and the ungodly property, our talents, our time are all ridicule it Being unacquainted with it laid out for our own interest alone ; themselves they suppose it is all the work if we rest only in cold wishes ; in coma of imagination or the heat of enthusiasm monplace observations on the state of in others But it seems not a little re- mankind; if we are ready to reproach markable, that while the term is admit- those, whose zeal shames our timidity ; ted, when applied to those parts of sci- if we carelessly let slip opportunities of ence, which are founded on sensible tri- doing good, which present themselves to al, it should be rejected when applied to us, and which may never return more, religion ! why should not experimental
how can we call ourselves Christians? divinity be equally as reasonable as ex- Let us not talk of our knowledge, our perimental philosophy ? Indeed we must experience, our talents, our respectabilibe at a loss to conceive what real relig- ty, our membership of churches, while ion is without experience ; for however the world is falling down about us and we excellent it may be as a theory, we know sitting stih in criminal inactivity. Cold it is nothing except it engage the affec- heart ! unfeeling creature ! contracted tions and regulate the conduct: It is true, soul! Go to the inhospitable desert, it does not refuse the exercise of the un- dwell in the wilderness, hide thyself from derstanding; it does not discard investi- the face of man, if thou art determined gation ; but it calls with more ardent to be of no use to society ; but if thou motives to purity of principle, devoted professest to be a Christian, act in charness of mind, lively emotions, and useful acter. Look around ; behold the multiexertions, than it insists on a pursuit of tudes perishing on the shores of eteruity! mere speculative notions, or knowledge, what is thy knowledge if kept to thyself, which does not at all interest the feel- while the world is in darkness? What ings, or impress the heart. And, indeed, thy talents if not used for the advantage of what is the intelligent mind, the acute those who are yet in misery?. What thy reasoner, the learned critic, the man that Experience, if it does not lead thee to can collect, judge, review, arrange, and commiserate the deplorable state of those repeat, if he be without experience, who are still in the gall of bitterness and when compared to him, who, with a bonds of iniquity ? Arise therefore; common understanding, enters with all shake off the slumbers of night. The the energies of his soul into the very spir- sun of time is up, but will soon decline; it and enjoyment of divine truth? The work while it is day; for the night will former beholds the beautiful object, dis- soon come when no man can work.” berus its different features, and admires its just proportions ; but the latter does
To the American edition is more :--he actually possesses it as his added some helps to private deown, lives under its influence, and is transformed into its delightful image.
votion, entitled--The Closet
. to abuse than religious experi. es, which gives an additional val.
ue to the work. ence. Of this the author appears to be fully sensible, and to
A Sermon at the Inauguration have taken considerable pains to
of the Rev. EDWARD D. GrIFguard the subject against misrep
FIN, D. D. Bartlet Professor resentation.
of Pulpit Eloquence in the If one part of his work is
Theological Institution in Anmore important and interesting
dover, June 1, 1809, by Samthan the rest, we should say it is his chapter on "advice respect
UEL SPRING, D. D. Boston:
Farrand, Mallory, & Co. 1810. ing Experience.” From this chapter we select the following No event has for many years interesting passage as containing taken place, so interesting to
Perhaps nothing is more liable Companion, comprising 10 pag
the churches of New England, preacher, or his words will glide as the establishment of the Theo. over their ear disregarded. While logical School at Andover. The the dull monotony of many min. munificent spirit exhibited in lay. isters disposes the least serious ing the foundations of that semi. of their hearers to sleep, the nary is an honorable proof, that vehemence or pathos of others a zeal to do good exists among is accompanied with some un. men of wealth, whose sphere of couthness of gesture, some dis. usefulness is widely extended ; tortion of feature, and some and in the establishment of such faulty modulation of voice, which an institution, in the particular very much impair the effect, that direction given to the spirit of would otherwise be produced. benevolence, we perceive much While therefore this new sem. evidence, that charity is under inary proposes to guide the studthe guidance of wisdom, and that ics of those, who are preparing great, permanent, and everlast. for the sacred ministry, while it ing good is the object, which teaches them to think and to has been embraced by the en. reason, it gives us much satisface larged minds of the founders of tion to perceive also, that the the Institution.
art of expressing thought is not On the qualifications of min. overlooked, and that a proisters of the gospel depend in a fessor is appointed for the pregreat degree not only the morals, cise purpose of imparting in. the order, the peace, and respec. struction in pulpit eloquence. tability of society, but also the We do not expect that every triumphs of religion in the world student will be made an orator. the eternal welfare of men. The original talent must be re. When a person enters upon the ceived from the Giver of every sacred office with a mind updis. good and perfect gift. But ciplined by preparatory study, though sweetness, variety, and unfurnished with various knowl. force of voice, and other advan. edge, unaccustomed to accurate tages in a public speaker must discrimination, and unskilled in depend very much upon nature, the art of presenting his thoughts yet much may be done by art perspicuously to others, though both in the correction of what is if he be pious he may yet be con. faulty, and in the improvement siderably useful, he will yet in of what is excellent. The free. many respects injure the cause, stone is not susceptible of the which he wishes to support, by polish of marble, but by the not employing all the resources, hands of the skilful workman which might be brought to its they both, though rough and aid. Among the means of doing shapeless as they came from the good, that of pulpit eloquence, quarry, may be fashioned into which has been so much neglect. a regular form, and become the ed in this country, is unques. pillars and ornaments of the tionably of very high import. temple.
The drowsy minds of We were disappointed in bot men, unfriendly to religion, must seeing in this sermon of the Rev. be roused or attracted by some. Dr. SPRING any remarks upon thing in the manner of the the subject of pulpit eloquence, to
which the occasion seemed nat. dren, after the illustration of urally to lead. They were how these topics the sermon ever probably dispensed with includes with solemn, appropriate, consequence of the oration of and interesting addresses to the the professor himself, delivered Founders of the Institution, to at the same time. Choosing for the Trustees of Phillips Acade. his text Prov. iii. 6. In all thy my, to the Professors of the ways acknowledge Him, and He Seminary, and to the Students. shall direct thy paths, the preach. Such are the outlines of this ser. er, after some introductory ob.
It is rendered valuable Servations on the dependance of by the occasion, on which it all things upon the Creator, was preached, by the important first explains the duty enjoined, truths, which are presented and and then points out the connex. illustrated, and by the pious and ion between compliance with devout spirit, which breathes in the injunction and obtaining the every part of it. divine direction.
For men to
Some instances of verbal in. acknowledge God in all their accuracy, and some peculiarities ways he considers as implying, of phraseology occur in this dis. that they love him supremely. course, but they are not suf. When their natural selfishness, ficiently important to be paror the supreme love of them. ticularly enumerated. The fol. selves is succeeded by the love lowing extract is a favorable of God, all the other christian specimen of the author's man. virtues flow from this principle.
and exhibits his views of the First they feel, and lament, extent of the Supreme agency. and confess, and forsake their sins. Next they acknowledge
“ Though no man hath seen God at
any time yet we are so encompassed God by the habit of devout
with the blaze of his perfections, that in prayer. They also maintain a qualified sense we behold nothing excontinually a proper sense of cept God. The preservation of the unitheir entire dependance upon him
verse is as really the effect of divine
agency as the creation. admitting no other freedom of globe, the luminous orbs of heaven, men the human will but what consists and angels ; in a word the natural and in the choice itself without refer
moral system, time and eternity, things
mortal and immortal are in his hand and 'ence to the cause of the volition. under his perfect control. His eye perThey, further, carefully use the vades inimensity, and his unerring hand
directs every thought and every event. means, appointed to assist them
He takes care of sparrows, insects, and in the course of their duty. the most minute things, because he takes And they lastly confide in the
care of the world and the boundless sys
tem of intelligence. Amid therefore the perfection of the divine adminis.
disorder and confusion, the rage and tration. Under the second destruction so predominant under the general head, the preacher shows
sun, how sublime the consolation, that
the Lord reigns over all. He will make that there is a connexion be.
darkness light, and finally overrule all tween acknowledging God and evil both natural and moral to the ad
Thuis God has being directed by him from the vantage of his kingdom
decreed, and his decree will be executed. relation of christians to their
To acknowledge him therefore in all our Father in heaven, from the ways we must confide in the perfection
of his government: and like Christ, who promises of his word, and from
was never inilue ced by partial affection, the ample testimony of his chil. we must disinterestedly aim at the honor VOL. II. New Series,
of God in the highest enjoyment of all “Will you not acknowledge God in holy beings. For God lives and reigns to all your ways, that you may possess the accomplish his design."
qualifications of faithful, zealous minis
ters, so peculiarly needful to the church The following passage from at the present day? Will you not love the address to the professors is
God supremely ; lament your sins in a
submissive manner ; and pray devoutly deserving of the attention of all for his grace, remembering that the
most able ministers imbibe the best in. messengers of truth.”
structions on their knees in secret? “ But when we con*emplate things in
Will you not contemplate your entire a more elevated light, we not only an
dependance on Christ for every favor, ticipate your success as teachers of di
and diligently use all the means, which vinity, but indulge a confidence, that by
he has appointed, to obtain his blessing? your humility, and other virtues you
Will you not unreservedly confide in the will deeply impress the minds and hearts perfection of God's government? For
the Lord is a rock, and his work is perof your pupils with that modesty and meekness of wisdom v:hich adorn the
fect. If you thus acknowledge God, he pastoral character. Destitute of these
will teach you by his Spirit, and properly graces, their science, their divinity, and acquaint you with the fundamental printheir eloquence will qualify them for the
ciples of divinity. He will acquaint you
with the character of man both before theatre, rather than the pulpit ; and
and after the fall; with the great differ. they will resemble actors on the stage rather than Christ and his apostles, who
ence between the object of holy and addressed the conscience and not the
sinful affections ; with the real difference fancy and passions of men. God forbid,
between man's natural and moral ability, that we shall be at the expense of edu
and with the necessity of special grace to cating young men for the ministry, who give sinners a heart to accept the selfby vanity and parade in style, or manner
denying terms of salvation. Without of address, shall degrade the pulpit, dis
this information ; and without digesting grace the seminary, injure souls, and
these and other principal doctrines you dishonor Christ.”
cannot prove instructive and convinciog
preachers." We close the extracts with a few sentences from the address to the students.
REV. AND DEAR SIR,
Letter from Rev. Mr. Blackburn to in every particular, as the Indians, Dr. Morse.
by some means, especially at the first
of the business, thought there Maryville, Jan. 5, 1810. might be a design eventually to tax
them according to that ratio.
In the nation there are 12,395 In. I THINK when I was with you in dians. The number of females exCharlestown, I stated the number of ceeds the males 200. The whites in the Cherokee nation to be between the nation are 341 ; one third of ten and twelve thousand souls, though those have Indian wives, 113. Of at that time the enumeration was Negro slaves there are 583. The not completed, and I could not there. mumber of their cattle, 19,500 ; do. fore make the estimate with certain.
of horses, 6,100. The number of ty. But now the persons employed hogs, 19,600 ; do, of sheep, 1,037. having finished the business, I am They have now in actual operation able to give you the exact state of 13 Grist
. Mills ; 3 Saw Mills; the nation in detail. Let it be re
petre works, and marked that the enumeration is They have 30 Waggons, between rather below than above the number 480 and 500 ploughs, 1600 spinning
3 Salt. powder Mill.
wheels 467 Looms, and 49 Silver- MISSIONS OF UNITED BRETH. smiths.
REN. Circulating specie is supposed to be as plenty as is common amongst
Extract from the Diary of the Mis. the white people. These advantages
sionaries in Labrador. have been mostly obtained since the “Jan, 1st, 1806.-We received year 1796 and rapidly increased since from Kivalek an account, which fill. the year 1803.
ed us with horror. The old well If we deduct from the year the known sorcerer, Uiverunna, had spent number of Sabbaths it contains, and the winter there, he and his family suppose that each spinning wheel being the only residents. His wife turn off six cuts per day, the amount died last night, upon which the old of 1600 will be 250,400 dozen of monster seized a poor orphan child, yarn in one year, this will make when whom they had formerly adapted, wove into cloth 292,133 yards. and murdered him ; then cut bim
If we should suppose each loom to across all the joints of his fingers and put off 4 yards per day, the produce toes, ripped open his belly, and threw of 467 will be annually 584,684 yards. the body naked into the sea. Though
Allow 2 hands to a wheel 3,200 we are not acquainted with his mo. women will be employed in carding tive for so atrocious an act, yet we and spinning, 467 engaged in weav- know, that it belongs to that system ing, and as many to fill the quills. of diabolical incantations, by which
If each plough be allowed only ten he expects to appease the water dev. acres, then 500 ploughs would culti- il, by whom he pretends to do great vate 5,000 acres and would employ wonders, but who now, in his idea, 1000 hands, as one must use the hoe required a greater sacrifice than usual, after the plough. There is also near- as he had not saved his wife's life." ly as much land in the nation wrought " On the 7th, while we were rewithout a plough as with it ; joicing at the gracious visitation of each acre will produce 50 bushels our God and Savior, so manifest which will be equal to 250,000 or among our Esquimaux, we were 20 bushels to each person. The ac- suddenly interrupted by information tual amount will double that sum, of the most distressing nature, which
It is often asked are they increas- furnishes another lamentable proof ing or on the decline ? All I can say of the power of Satan over this poor to this is, that both from my own ob- nation. Kullugak, a man who observation and that of those most con. tained leave to live on our land, had, versant with them, it is evident that in company with a man from Vivak, there is less space between the called Tukekina, murdered the old younger children of families than sorcerer, Viverunna, at Kivalek.those more advanced, and that in near. Having given out that by bis leger. ly the proportion as hunting life has demain tricks, he had killed Kulluyielded to the cultivation of the soil. gak's two wives, the latter had ever
The number of Bibles and Testa- since sought revenge. In general ments,circulated in the nation, inclu- Uiverunna has of late endeavored to ding the children of the schools is up. render himself formidable anjong the wards of 600, and a variety of other heathen Esquimaux, by making them books as opportunity offered. believe, that he had power to kill
On their roads they have many pub- such as he pleased ; and if any one lic houses, and on their rivers comven. died, he was sure to have it reporta ient ferries, there are many of them ed, that he had sent them out of the learning different trades as their in. world by his torngak. As he is al. clination may lead them. But yet so known to be an old murderer, and, there is no chnrch erected, and few as above related, had but just mur. feel the impressions of grace.
dered a poor innocent infant, his life I have filled the sheet with de, has been long in danger, and many a tails,and can only pray that the Lord one had resolved to kill him, when may make your harvest of souls opportunity offered. At length Kul. abundant in Charlestown. I am, &c. lugak succeeded. We informed him
GIDEON BLACKBURN. that we suffered no murderers to live