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IMPORTS, EXPORTS, AND CONSUMPTION OF COTTON.
Total Imports of

Total Exports of Retained for Home
Year.
Cotton.

Cotton.

Consumption.
Lbs.
Lbs.

Lbs. 1891

1,994,885,312

182,008,064

1,812,877,284 1892.

1,775,236,288

232,903,888

1,542,332,400 1893

1,416,780,064
224,621,488

1,192,158,576 1894

1,788,116,512
239,894,704

1,548,221,808 1895

1,757,942,672
203,284,592

1,553,758,080 1896.

1,754,890,256

183,8:23,808

1,571,066,448 The following is the quantity of each description of cotton imported, exported, and consumed in 1896, and the stock left in ports at the end of the year :

Stock
Import.

Export.
Consumption.

Dec. 31. 1896.

Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs.

I bs. American..

1,433,827,810

91,300,800
1,360,209,620

411,288,670 Brazil...

10,621,940
2,411,190
9,988,110

1,905,300) Egyptian..

287,416,180
59,769, 150
234,044,760

59,952,670 Peru, West Indian, etc.

8,949,310
3,930,470
5,212,510

6,280,820 East Indian, etc...

66,172,400
33,678,400
35,206,000

10,564,000 Total.

1,806,087,640

191,090,010
1,644,661,000

489,991,460 AVERAGE PRICE OF COTTON. Ellison & Co., of Liverpool, give the following estimate of the average price of cotton at that port for a series of years :

1896. 1895. 1894. 1893. 1892. 1891. 1890. 1889. 1888. 1887.
d.
d.
d. d.

d.
d.
d.
d.
d.

d. Import..

4 3-16 458 5 3-16 4 13-16 55-16 5 13-16 5 11-16 5 17-32 5 15-32 Export..... 4 11-16 4 3-16 4 5-16 5 1-16 4 11-16 4 15-16 55-16 548 476 534 Consumption 434

458 53-16 4 13-16 5 5-16 5 15-16 534 5 19-32 5 9-16

WOOL.

Helmuth, Swartze & Co., London, give the following statements of the supply, export, and consumption of wool in the United Kingdom: Domestic Imports of Wool,

Left for Clip. Alpaca, and

Total Home ConEstimated Mohair.

Total.

Exports. sumption.
Year,

Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs.

Lbs. 1891

148,000,000 740,000,000 888,000,000 401,000,000 487,000,000 1892.

153,000,000 762,000,000 915,000,000 448,000,000 467,000,000 1893.

151,000,000 696,000,000 847,000,000 362,000,000 485,000,000 1894

142,000,000 723,000,000 865,000,000 350,000,000 507,000,000 1895

135,000,000 801,000,000 936,000,000 426,000,000 510,000,000 1896.

136,000,000 736,000,000 872,000,000 352,000,000 520,000,000

FLAX, HEMP, AND JUTE.

The imports of these articles into the United Kingdom for 1893, 1894, and 1895 were as follows:

Quantity

Value Flax – Dressed. undressed, and Tons. Tons. Tons.

£

£ Tow or Codilla of

1896.
1895.
1894.
1896.
1895.

1894. From Russia..

67,227 77,874 55,968 1,821,523 2,154,275 1,860,167 Germany. 1,413 1,687 2,775

44,434
47,404

77,702 Holland.

2,754 5,301

2,782

140.386 188,695 108,071 Belgium.

22,270 16,484 8,638 1,078,219 849,856 431,042 Other countries. 1,505 1,276 1,538 32,754 30,610

48,113 Total..

95, 199 102,622 71,701 3,117,316 3,270,840 2,525, 195 Hemp-Dressed, undressed, and

Tow or Codilla of From Russia..

11,071 12,540 9,515 273, 159 316,325 248,231 Germany. 9,322 10,354 9,435

227,297 248,744 239,121 Italy..

11.025 10,914 8,108 329,969 355.580 263,584 British East Indies. 5,569 4,999 6,839

89,891

78,031 100,687 Philippine Islande.

39,319 47,957 41,774 731,633 891,266 887,554 Other countries..

15,411 11,187 7,870 289,557 197,721 158,766 Total.....

91,717 97,951 83,541 1,951,486 2,087,367 1,897,943 Jute......

340,649 392,025 338,884 4,167,992 4,358,036 4,622,137 Total of tlax, hemp, and jute..... 527,565 592,598 494,126 9,236,794 9,716,543 9,045,275

FISHERIES. For England and Wales, the total amount of fish landed in 1896, exclusive of shell fish, amounted to 7,551,000 cwts., of the value of £5,167,000; shell fish, £343,000, making a total value of £5,510,000.

For Scotland, the amount was 6,138,000 cwts., exclusive of shell tish, the value being £1,568,000, to which should be added £78,000 for shell fish, making a total of £1,647,000. The corresponding figures for Ireland show a total of 843,000 cwts.,

valued at £266,000, the total, including shell fish, being valued at £279,000. The total value of the fisheries of the United Kingdom, shell fish included, for 1896, was £7,436,000.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.

The merchandise imports and exports of Great Britain have been as follows for a series of years :
-Exports-

Total
Foreign
British

Total Imports and
Year.

Imports. and Colonial. Produce. Exports. Exports. 1886.

£349,863,472 £56,234,263 £212,725,200 £288.959,463 £618,822,935 1887

362, 227.564 59,348,975 221,913,910 281,262,885 643,490,449 1888

387,635,743 64,042,629 234,534,912 298,577,511 686,213,284 1889.

427,637,595 66,657,484 248,935,195 315,592,679 743,230,274 1890.

420,691,997 64,721,533 263,530,585 328,252,118 748,944,115 1891

435,441.264 61,878,568 247,235,150 309,113,718 744,554,982 1892.

423,793,882 64,423,767 227, 138,270 291,640,166 715,434,048 1893.

404,688,178 58,878,552 218,259,718 277,138,270 681,826,448 1894.

408,344,810 57,780,230 216.005,637 273,785,867 682,130,677 1895.

416,689,658 59,704,161 226,128,246 285,832,407 702,522,065 1896

441,808,904 56,233,663 240,145,551 296,379,214 738,188,118

CLASSES OF ARTICLES FOR TWELVE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31.

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£940,645 11.355,141 17,692,507 105,355,592

Exports of British and Irish produce and manufactures:
Animals, living.
Articles of focd and drink..
Raw materials..
Articles manufactured and partly mauufactured, viz:

(A.) Yarns and textile fabrics...
(B.) Metals and articles manufactured therefrom (except ma-

chinery)......
(C.) Machinery and mill work.
(D.) Apparel and articles of personal use..
(E.) Chemicals, and chemical and medicinal preparations.
(F.) All other articles, either manufactured or partly manufac-

tured... (G.) Parcel post..

Total value...

33,572,894
17,036,899
10,473,345
8,243,601

£793,297 11,062, 480 18,298,553 101,377,315 28,886,549 15,150,522 9,307,130 8,288,831 31,387,408 1,337,931

33,583,916
1,669,669

£239,922,209

£225,890,016

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1893. Cotton manufactures...

£54,699,387 Cotton yarn...

9,055,502 Total of cotton....

£63,754,869 Woolen manufactures..

£16,404,035 Woolen and worsted yarn...

4,531,832 Total of woolen and worsted... £20,935,867 Linen manufactures.

£4,775,140 Linen Farn...

1,005, 102 Jute manufactures.

2,391,461 Jute yarn..

298.418 Apparel and haberdashery.

5,751,829 MetalsIron. pig..

1,971,518 Iron, bar, angle, bolt, and rod.

929,552 Iron, railroad, of all sorts...

2,511,014 Iron wire.

647, 461 Iron, tin plates..

4,991,300 Iron, hoops, sheets, and plates.... 3,264,977 Iron, cast and wrought, of all sorts. 3,765,025 Iron, old, for re-manufacture..

331,274 Steel, wrought and unwrought.. 2,177,456

Total of iron and steel..... £20,592,577 Hardware and cutlery..

£2,046,606 Copper

3,021,767 Machinery

13,917,543 Coal, cinders, fuel, etc..

14,375,476 Chemicals..

8,680,313

£4,504,658

939,202 2,093,350

376,1184 5,369, 494 1,912,958

823,365 1,885,399

620,536 4,338,786 2,982,051 3,431,990

221,316 2,472,362

2,077,073

854,017 1,897,036

711,188 4,239,193 3,014,488 3,727,07

252,540 2,907,781

£23,932,567 £5,030,975

1,041,814 2,344,700

378,560 6,745,670 2,535,792 1,104,352 3,565,564

904,103 3,035,931 3,691,632 4.724,322

338,832 3,912,711 £23,813,239

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£2,121,268 2,548,898 17,1-36,899 15,160,577 8,243,601

THE PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CHIEF ARTICLES OF FOOD.

The quantity of the principal food imports retained for home consumption per head of population in each of the years 1890-95 was as follows: Article.

1890.
1891.
1892.
1893.
1894.

1895. Bacon and hams.

.lbs. 13.55 13.11 14.10 11.73 13.29 14.63 Butter.

5.83
6.14
6.23
6.59
7.27

7.92 Cheese.

6.23
5.86
6.39
5.87
6.38

5.93 Eggs...

no. 32.91

33.68
35.03 34,39 36.68

38.97 Wheat and flour.

lbs. 226.38 244.06 252.73 247.65 256.19 285.09 Sugar.

73.21
80.17
77.84
78.85
80.06

88.13 Tea.

5.17
5.36
5.43
5.41
5.52

5.67 Rice.

9.38
8.85
8.91
8.54
7.26

8.00 Tobacco.

1.55
1.61
1.64
1.63
1.66

1.67

DISTRIBUTION OF BRITISH FOREIGN TRADE.

Countries.

Russia...
Sweden.
Norway
Denmark
Germany
Holland.
Belgium.
France.
Portugal.
Spain...
Italy..
Austrian Territories..
Greece.
Turkey.
Egypt..

Imports From
Twelve Months ended December 31.
1896.
1895.

1894.
£22,642,000 £24,737,000 £23,599,000

9,527,000 8,784,000 8.330,000
4,322,000 3.832,000 3,657,000
10,687,000 9,799,000 9.544,000
27,567,000 26,993,000 26,874,000
19,255,100 28,420,000 27,606,000
19,255,000 17,445,000 17,052,000
49,974,000 47,471,000 43,450,000

2,604,000 2,492,000 2,390,000
11,984,000 11,315,000 10,547.000
3,168,000 3,133,000 3,129,000
1,250,000 1,222,000 1,386,000
1,241,000 1,241,000 1,288,000
5,330,000 5,751.000 4,900.000
9,632,000 9,524,000 9,285,000

-Exports ToI welve Montbs ended December 31. 1896. 1895.

1894. £7,230,000 £7,004,000 £6.884,000 3,163,000 3,021,000 2,970,000 1.995,000 1,896,000 1,917,000 2,858,000 2,700,000 2,592,000 22, 478,000 20,581,000 17,796,000 8,350,000 7,374,000 8,787,000 7.824.000 7,325,000 7,631,000 14,258,000 13,870,000 13,526,000

1,541,000 1,461,000 1,446,000 3,466,000 3,638,000 3,945,000 5,150,000 5,546,000 5,555,009 1,508,000 1,716,000 1,427,000

850,000 806,000 881,000 5,044,000 5,348,000 6,520,000 3,780,000 3,348,000 3,995,000 Countries.

India..
China
United States.
Mexico.
Central America.
Chili..
Brazil.
Uruguay.
Argentine Republic....
Other countries..

-Imports From

-Exports To Twelve Months ended December 31. Twelve Months ended December 31. 1896. 1895. 1894. 1896. 1895.

1894. £2,314,000 £2,483,000 £2,280,000 £2,621,000 £2,398,000 £2,677,090

2,984,000 3,344,000 3,513,000 6,734,000 5,254,000 4,451,000 106,376,000 86,549,000 89,607,000 20,436,000 27,948,000 18,799,000

593,000 467,000 555,000 1,519.000 1,522,000 1,214,000

090,000 976.000 949,000 1,269,000 1,316, 000 996,100 3,609,000 3,436,000 3,711,090 2,551,000 3,246,000 2,207,000 4,045,000 3,614,000 3,940,000 6,706,000 7,323,000 7,526,000

316,000 461,000 267,000 1,434,000 1,319,000 1,483,000 8,979,000 9,084,100 6.169,000 6,678,000 5,349,000 4,515,000

9,878,000 8,486,000 10,375,000 16,854,000 14,549,000 13,439,000 £348,548,000 £321,159,000 £314,433,000 £155,987,000 £165,888,000 £143, 184,000

Total..

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PRINCIPAL ARTICLES EXPORT AND IMPORT AS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT

BRITAN FOR FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30, 1891 AND 1896.

Exports from the United Kingdom.

Imports into the United Kingdom.
1891.
1896.

1891. 1890. Art works....

$803.197 $1,271,135 Animals, cattle and sheep... $28,727,100 $36,632,583 Books, maps, engravings,etc. 2,407,392 1,789 2 16 BreadstuffsChemicals, drugs, dyes, etc.. 14,467,902 11,246,506 Corn..

28,167,775 18,719,940 Cement... 1,984,692 940,013 Wheat.

27,281,400 27,906, 126 Cotton, unmanufactured.. 1,216,742 1,189,070 Wheat flour.

33,781,917 29,108, 434 Cotton manufactures. 12,321,970 13,444,510 Copper-Ore...

6,852,470 2,033,513 Earthen, stone, & china ware 4,672,277 4,887,337 ingots, bar and old.. 1,000), 498 3,663,505 Furs and manufactures...... 3,926.311 3,250,093 Cotton, unmanufactured... 170,863,888 93,050,467 Flax, hemp, & jute & m'f'r's.. 19,915,923 15,056,619 Fertilizers..

1,318,316 1,072,650 Fruits, including nuts...... 1,067,667 1,030,302 Fish-Salmon, canned. 1.792,838 2,639,172 Hides and skins not furs.... 5,535,366 3,984,272 Fruits, including nuts.

961.311 2,169,873 India rubber & gutta-percha,

Furs and fur skins..

2,534,310 2,876,378 crude.. 2,638, 032 3,620,724 Glucose..

1,374,044 2,593 620 Iron & steel & manuf'r's of.. 10,314,223 9,726,834 Hops.

2,954,001 1,387,349 Tin plates, terne plates, etc.. 35,645,076 8,915,083 Iron and steel, manuf'r's of. 3,501,657 5,555,000 Jewelry and precious stones. 4,337.014 2,501,463 | Leather-Sole and other.... 9.212.388 14,382,533 Leather and manufactures... 2,311,441 2,366,112 | Naval stores.......

3,857,992 3,435,222 Malt liquors..

1,444,633 1,245,095 Oil cake and oil cake meal.. 5,157,578 3,506,715 Metals and metal composi

Oils, mineral, refined... 7,801,606 14,489,674 tions, and manufactures.. 2,276,854 1,245,925 Paraffine and paraffine wax. 3,298,263 2,759,112 Paper stock & manufactures 2,3392,166 1,739,956 Provisions Silk manufactures. 5,575,040 2,498,332 Beef products...

27,374,390 25,527,100 Tin - bars, blocks, etc.. 2,394,026 2,321,417 Hog products..

49,384,916 52,125,981 Vegetables, includ'g pickles

Dairy products, butter and sauces... 1.430,976 363,294 and cheese.

7,055,831 4,259,541 Wools, unmanufactured. 13,734,771 14,679,257 Tobacco & manufactures of 7,382,547 9,768,450 Wool, manufactured. 14.975,331 234,436,272 Wood & manufactures of...

9,124,672

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TOTAL SHIPPING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM IN THE HOME AND FOREIGN TRADE,

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Entered
--Cleared

Total
Year. Rritisb. Foreign. Total. Britisb. Foreign. Total. British. Foreign. Total.

1,000 tons. 1,000 tons. 1,000 tons. 1,000 tons. 1,000 tons. 1,000 tons. 1.000 tons. 1,000 tone. 1,000 tons. 1891. 28,637 10,2:22 39,859 27,320 10,633 37,954 53,957 20,855 74,813 1892. 27,040 10.633 37,673 27,333 10,862 88,194 51,373 21,495 75,868 1893. 26,919 10,223 37,142

10,262 37,491 54,148 20,485 1894. 29,033 10,785 39,818 29,649 11,070 40,718 58,682 21,855 80,536 1895, 29,175 10,826 40,002 29,517 11,021 40,537 58,692 21,847 80,539 1896. 30,290 12,188 42,478 31,182 11,803 42,985 61,472 23,990 84,462

27.229

FOREIGN TONNAGE ENTERED AND CLEARED IN 1894, 1895, AND 1896.

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The total length of British railways open at the end of the years given and the average yearly increase in miles at various periods compare as follows: Av. Yearly

Av. Yearly
Year.
Line Open. Increase.

Year.

Line Open. Increase.
Miles.
Miles.

Miles.

Miles. 1850.

6,621
265 1890.

20,073

214 1860.

10,433
381 1 1894.

20,918

209 1870.

15,537
510

21,174 1880

17,933

240
1896.

21,277

! 1895

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