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educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses;

b. to develop self-government, to take due account of
the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them
in the progressive development of their free political in-
stitutions, according to the particular circumstances of each
territory and its peoples and their varying stages of ad-
vancement;

c. to further international peace and security;

d. to promote constructive measures of development, to
encourage research, and to co-operate with one another
and, when and where appropriate, with specialized inter-
national bodies with a view to the practical achievement
of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth
in this Article; and

e. to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for in-
formation purposes, subject to such limitation as security
and constitutional considerations may require, statistical
and other information of a technical nature ing to
economic, social, and educational conditions in the terri-
tories for which they are respectively responsible other
than those territories to which Chapters XII and XIII
apply.

ARTICLE 74
Members of the United Nations also agree that their policy
in respect of the territories to which this Chapter applies, no
less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based
on the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due account
being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the
world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance
with the Purposes of the United Nations laid down in Article
1 of the present Charter, shall be:

a. to further international peace and security;

b. to promote the political, economic, social, and educa-
tional advancement of the inhabitants of the trust terri-
tories, and their progressive development towards self-
government or independence as may be appropriate to the
particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples
and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned,
and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship
agreement;

c. to encourage respect for human rights and for funda.
mental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex,
language, or religion, and to encourage recognition of the
interdependence of the peoples of the world; and

to ensure equal treatment in social, economic, and
commercial matters for all Members of the United Nations
and their nationals, and also equal treatment for the latter
in the administration of justice, without prejudice to the
attainment of the foregoing objectives and subject to the
provisions of Article 80.

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the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:

b. territories which may be detached from enemy states
as a result of the Second World War; and

c. territories voluntarily placed under the system by
states responsible for their administration.

2. It will be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which
territories in the foregoing categories will be brought under
the trusteeship system and upon what terms.

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The trusteeship system shall not apply to territories which
have become Members of the United Nations, relationship
among which shall be based on respect for the principle of
sovereign equality.

There may be designated, in any trusteeship agreement, a
strategic area or areas which may include part or all of the trust
territory to which the agreement applies, without prejudice to
any special agreement or agreements made under Article 43.

a. territories now held under mandate;

ARTICLE 78

ARTICLE 79

ARTICLE 83

The terms of trusteeship for each territory to be placed under the trusteeship system, including any alteration or amendment, shall be agreed upon by the states directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the case of territories held under mandate by a Member of the United Nations, and shall be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.

1. All functions of the United Nations relating to strategic
areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship
agreements and of their alteration or amendment, shall be
exercised by the Security Council.

2. The basic objectives set forth in Article 76 shall be
applicable to the people of each strategic area.

3. The Security Council shall, subject to the provisions of
the trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security
considerations, avail itself of the assistance of the Trusteeship
Council to perform those functions of the United Nations
under the trusteeship system relating to political, economic,
social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.

ARTICLE 80

1. Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship
agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each
territory under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements
have been concluded, nothing in this Chapter shall be construed
in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of
any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international
instruments to which Members of the United Nations may
respectively be parties.

2. Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay or postponement of the negotiation

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The Trusteeship Council shall formulate a questionnaire on the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of each trust territory, and the administering authority for each trust territory within the competence of the General Assembly shall make an annual report to the General Assembly upon the basis of such questionnaire.

ARTICLE 89 1. Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall have one vote.

2. Decisions of the Trusteeship Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

assistance from the trust territory in carrying out the obligations
towards the Security Council undertaken in this regard by the
administering authority, as well as for local defence and the
maintenance of law and order within the trust territory.

Functions and Powers

ARTICLE 87
The General Assembly and, under its authority, the
Trusteeship Council, in carrying out their functions, may:

a. consider reports submitted by the administering
authority;

b. accept petitions and examine them in consultation with the administering authority;

c. provide for periodic visits to the respective trust territories at times agreed upon with the administering author

ARTICLE 85

1. The functions of the United Nations with regard to
trusteeship agreements for all areas not designated as strategic,
including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agree-
ments and of their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised
by the General Assembly.

2. The Trusteeship Council, operating under the authority
of the General Assembly, shall assist the General Assembly in
carrying out these functions.

ity; and

d. take these and other actions in conformity with the terms of the trusteeship agreements.

ARTICLE 88

CHAPTER XIII
THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

Composition

ARTICLE 86

Voting

1. The Trusteeship Council shall consist of the following
Members of the United Nations:

a. those Members administering trust territories;

b. such of those Members mentioned by name in Article
23 as are not administering trust territories; and

c. as many other Members elected for three-year terms
by the General Assembly as may be necessary to ensure that
the total number of members of the Trusteeship Council is
equally divided between those Members of the United
Nations which administer trust territories and those which
do not.

2. Each member of the Trusteeship Council shall designate
one specially qualified person to represent it therein.

Procedure

ARTICLE 90

1. The Trusteeship Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.

2. The Trusteeship Council shall meet as required in accordance with its rules, which shall include provision for the

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1. The General Assembly or the Security Council may
request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory
opinion on any legal question.

2. Other organs of the United Nations and specialized
agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the General
Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on
legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.

Th

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CHAPTER XIV
THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

ARTICLE 92
The International Court of Justice shall be the principal

judicial organ of the United Nations. It shall function in
accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the
Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and
forms an integral part of the present Charter.

ARTICLE 93
1. All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto
parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice.

2. A state which is not a Member of the United Nations
may become a party to the Statute of the International Court of
Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the Gen-
eral Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security
Council.

ARTICLE 94
1. Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to com-
ply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in
any case to which it is a party.

2. If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations
incumbent upon

under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.

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which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of the United Nations.

In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.

ARTICLE 100

ARTICLE 103

1. In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General
and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any gov-
ernment or from any other authority external to the Organiza-
tion. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on
their position as international officials responsible only to the
Organization.

2. Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to
respect the exclusively international character of the responsi-
bilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek
to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

ARTICLE 104

ARTICLE 101

The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its purposes.

ARTICLE 105

1. The staff shall be appointed by the Secretary-General under regulations established by the General Assembly.

2. Appropriate staffs shall be permanently assigned to the
Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and, as
required, to other organs of the United Nations. These staffs
shall form a part of the Secretariat.

3. The paramount consideration in the employment of the
staff and in the determination of the conditions of service shall
be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency,
competence, and integrity. Due regard shall be paid to the im-
portance of recruiting the staff on as wide a geographical basis
as possible.

1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each
of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary
for the fulfilment of its purposes.

2. Representatives of the Members of the United Nations
and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such
privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent
exercise of their functions in connexion with the Organization.

3. The General Assembly may make recommendations with
a view to determining the details of the application of para-
graphs 1 and 2 of this Article or may propose conventions to
the Members of the United Nations for this purpose.

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CHAPTER XVI
1
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

ARTICLE 102
1. Every treaty and every international agreement entered
into by any Memher of the United Nations after the present
Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered
with the Secretariat and published by it.

2. No party to any such treaty or international agreement

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