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4,317

£24,640

£2,107

2,530

18,282
16.659
8,675

THE PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CHIEF ARTICLES OF Foop.
The quantity of the principal food imports retained for home consumption per head of popula-

tion in each of the years 1890-98 was as follows:

Article.

1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897

Bacon and hams..

.Ibs.

13.53 13.11 14.10 11.73 13.29 14.63 15.90 17.95

Butter....

5.83 6.14 6.23 6.59 7.27 7.92 8.46 8.85

Cheese.

6.23 5.86 6.39 5.87 6.38 5.93

6.22

7.17

Eggs..

No. 32.91 33.68 35.03 34.39 36.68 38.97 40.25 42.33

Wheat and flour......lbs. 228.38 244.06 252.73 247.65 256.19 285.09 257.3 227.84
Sugar*.

73.21

80.17 77.84 78.85 80.06 88.13 85.29 80.89

Tea.

5.17 5.36 5.43 5.41 5.52 5.67

5.81

Rice.

9.38 8.85 8.91 8.54 7.26 8.00 6.49 8.62

Tobacco.

1.55 1.61 1.64 1.63 1.66 1.67 1.73 1.75

:

5.77

DISTRIBUTION OF BRITISH FOREIGN TRADE.

-Imports From

-Exports To

In Thousands of £'s.

In Thousands of 's.
1897. 1896. 1895. 1894. 1897. 1896. 1895.
£22,275

£22,642 £24,737 £23,599 £7,543 £7,230 £7,004
9,846

8,784 8,330 3,568 3,163 3,021
4,989 4,322 3,832 3,657

2,251 1.995 1.896
10.970 10,687 9,799 9,544 3,088 2,858 2,700
26,230 27,567 26,993 26,874 24,606 22,478 20,581
28,982 19,255 28,420 27,606 8,857 8,350 7,374
2,227 19,255 17,645 17,052 8,231 7,824 7,325
53,280 49,974 47,471 43,450 13,824 14,258 13,870
2,646 2,604 2,492

2,390

1,417 15 1,461

13,118 11,984 11,315 10,547 3,247 3,46 3,638

3,324 3,168 3,123 3,129 5,609 5,150 5,546

1,282 1,256 1,222 1,386 1,549 1,508 1,716

1,634 1,241 1,241 1,288 835

806

6,212 5,330 5,751 4,900 6,557

5,044 5,348

9,295 9,632 9,524 9,285 4,435 3,780 3,348

1894.

£6.884

2,970

1,917

2,592

17,796
8,787
7,631
13,526

1,446

3,945

5,555

1.427

881

6,520)

3,99 5

* The total of raw and refined sugars.

-Imports From

-Exports To
Countries.
In Thousands of £'s.

In Thousands of £'s. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894. India..

£1,602 £2,314 £2,483 £2,280 £2,485 £2,621 £2,398 £2,677 China.

2,700 2,984 3,344 3,543 5,142 6,734 5,254 4,451 United States.

113,195 106,376 86,549 89,607 21,036 20,436 27,918 18,799 Mexico...

594
593
467

555 1,605 1,519 1,522 1,214 Central America.

1,176 990

976
949
845
1,269 1,316

996 Chili.

3,206 3,609 3,436 3,711 2,230 2,551 3,246 2,207 Brazil.

3,738 4,045 3,614 3,940 5,438 6,706 7,323 7,526 Uruguay

345
316
461
267

795 1,434 1,319 1,488 Argentine Republic... 5.745 8,979

9,084 6,169 4,742 6,678 5,349 4,515 Other countries..

9,974 9,878 8,486 10,375 16,611 16,854 14,549 13,439 Total.

£357,545 £348,548 £321,159 £314,433 £153,645 £155,987 £155,888 £143,184

COMMERCE WITH THE UNITED STATES, 1880 TO 1898. Years ending

Imports from Exports to Years ending Imports from Exports to June 30.

U.S.

U.S.
June 30.

U.S.

U.S. 1880. $452,796,000 $211,613,000 1893..

$421,134,000 $182,859,000 1886. 348,453,000 154,251,000 i 1894.

431,059,000 107,372,000 1888. 361,515,000 177,897,000 ! 1895.

387,125,000 159,083,000 1890. 447.895,000 186,488,000 1896.

405,741,000 169,963,000 1891. 445,414,000 194,720,000 1897

483,270,000 167,948,000 1892. 499,315,000 156,300,000 1898,

540,860,152 109,138,365 PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF EXPORT AND IMPORT AS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT

BRITAIN FOR FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30, 1891, 1897, AND 1898.
Exports from the United Kingdom.

Imports into the United Kingdom.
1891.
1897.

1891.

1897. Art works..

$303,197 $1,185,603 Animals (cattle, horses, and Books, music, maps, etc. 2,405,392 1,654,693 sheep).....

$28,727,100 $39,270,162 Cement, Roman, Portl'd, etc. 1,984,692 596,195 BreadstuffsChemicals, drugs, dyes, etc.. 14,467,902 9,419,097 Barley.

362,605 3,806,691 Cotton, unmanufactured... 1,216,742 1,471,095 Corn..

8,167,775 22.952,199 Cotton manufactures.. 12,324,970 14,349, 471 Oats.

105,026 5,410,578 Earthen, stone, & china ware 4.672,277 4,017,233 Wheat.

27,281,400 41,975,657 Feathers & down, not dressed 675,407 1,276,196

Wheat flour.......

33,781,917 30,925,512 Fibers, vegetable, etc., un

Copper--Ore.

6,852, 470 1,829,564 manufactured.....

5,909,928 1,638,510 Ingots, bars and old. 1,000,498 8,283,175 do.

manufactured. 18,284,974 24,253,603 Cotton, unmanufactured... 170,863,888 117,292, 717 Fish..

660,681 1,210,810

manufactured.

976, 155 1,298,077 Furs, and manufactures of.. 3,926,311 1,902,613 | Cycles, and parts of...

2,375,675 Hides and skins...

5,535,366 4,598,932 Fish-Salmon, canned.... 1,792,838 2,534,977 India rubber, crude. 2,630,164 3,265,497 Fruits, including nuts.

961,311 3,683.577 Iron & steel, & manuf'r's of.. 10,314,223 11,006,040 Furs and fur skins...

2,534,310 2, 432,774 Leather, & manufactures of. 2,311,441 2,499,243 Glucose..

1,374,044 2,571.872 Malt liquors.. 1,444,633 1,181,029 Hops..

2,254,001 1,159,262 Metals,metal composit'ns,etc 2,276,854 1,058,870 Iron & steel, & manuf'r's of. 3,501,657 10,132,574 Oils, vegetable...

512,601 1,020,818 Leather, and manuf'r's of... 9,242,388 12,915,976 Paper stock, crude.. 1,844,833 1,023,484 Naval stores...

3,857,992 9,214,958 Silk, manufactures of.. 5,575,040 2,034,551 Oil cake and oil-cake meal.. 5,157,578 3,170,883 Sugar.

476,795 1,452,004 Oils, mineral, refined... 7,801,606 13,240,527 Tea.

547,222 1,666,265 Paraffine and paraffine wax. 3,298,263 3,126,041 Tin, in bars, pigs, etc.. 2,394,026 2,723,133 Paper, and manuf'r's of... 39,498 1,044,308 Wool, unmanufactured. 13,734,771 28, 192, 431 Provisions - Beef products.. 27,374,390 28,673,010 Wool, manufactured.. 14,975,331 25,356,841 Hog products..

49,384,916 51,713,135 Butter & cheese.

7,055,831 6,696,572 Seed, linseed.

9,900 2,178,022 Starch...

241,062 1,2 9,745 Tobacco, & manuf'r's of... 7,382,547 9,711,285 Wood, & manufactures of.. 7,222,933 12,612,967 Zinc-Pig, bars, etc..

1,669,959 For the year ending June 30, 1898, the imports into the United Kingdom were : Animals, living (for food), $36,374,000. Breadstuffs-Wheat, $74,926,000 : wheat meal and flour, $16,508,000 ; oats, $12,330,000; indian corn, $38,651,000; bacon, $30,759,000; beef (fresh), $24,081,000 ; bams, $18,249,000: cheese, $6,631,000; lard, $12,961.000; copper, $9,997,000; cotton (raw), $127,740,000: tallow and stearine, $2,263,000; wood and timber, $11,261,000; leather, $14,821,000; animals, horses, $4,045,000.

The exports for the corresponding period were: Wool, sheep and lambs, $2,833,000; cotton man. ufactures, 8,797,000 : jute manufactures, $3,757,000; linen manufactures, $7,119,000; woolen and worsted manufactures, 85,304,000; iron and steel and manufactures, $7,233,000: machinery, $1,602,000; alkali, $1,191,000 ; bleaching materials, $1,146,000; earthen and china ware, $2,567,000 ; skins and furs, $3,342,000.

do.

1885. 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895 1806. 1897.

Foreign Movement of Precious Metals.
GOLD COIN AND BULLION.

SILVER COIN AND BULLION.
Year.
Imports. Exports.

Year.

Imports. Exports. $65,097,034 $58,061,325 1885

$45,908,639 $47,946,155 114,693,910 69,623,497 1890.

50,541,810 52,866,658 147,472,002 117,634,800 1891

63,663,246 64,993,889 103,413,125 75,187,425 1892.

60,2.22,938 68,495,988 120,978,231 94,959,241 1893.

72,912,463 68,219,872 134,590,674 76,208,306 1894.

65,431,903 60,979,318 176,197.803 104,094,683 1895

60,428,333 52,209,705 118,671,435 146,101,036 06.

69,496,213 72,983,450 150,039,830 150,034,960 | 1897,

87,815,840 91,463,470

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TOTAL SHIPPING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM IN THE HOME AND FOREIGN TRADE.

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(See Index, under “Railroads of the World" and "Telegraphs of the World.")

Canals and Other Navigable Waters.

At the latest date available–1888-the length, traffic, revenue, and expenditure of the canals and navigations in England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, which do not, and of those which do, belong to railway companies were as follows:

Length.
Traffic.

Expend-
Miles.
Tons.
Revenue.

iture. Canals not belonging to railwaysEngland and Wales

2,026
27,717,875
£1,439,313

£861,068 Scotland.

69
69,714

12,011

16,086 Ireland....

513
439,194

89,369

71,541 United Kingdom..

2,608
28,274,813
£1,510,723

$948,695

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The paid-up capital of these waterways not belonging to railway companies was, in 1888, in England and Wales, £21,959,820; in Scotland, 61,251,017; in Ireland, 62,071,308: total, £24,285,175.

The Manchester Ship Canal, opened in 1894, is in miles in length, 26 feet in depth, and (except for 24 miles near Latchford) not less than 120 feet in bottom width. The minimum width of the locks is 65 feet. The large docks at Manchester are 2 feet deep, and the smaller 20 feet. The canal is in direct communication with all the large canals of the district. The pital of the company is £15,412,000.

Post-Office.

LETTERS, Post-CARDS, NEWSPAPERS, ETC., DELIVERED.
Year

Book-Packets, ending

Letters Post- Newspapers, March 31. Letters. Per Capita.

Cards.

Parcels. England and Wales.....

1890 1,413,000,000

50

184,000,000 502,000,000 1898

1,711,200,000 55 308,900,000 729,700,000 Scotland.

1895
140,000,000 35

23,000,000

58,750,000 1898 177,400,000 42

36,400,000

94, 100,000 Ireland...

1890
96,750,000

20
9,750,000

37,500,000
1898
123,700,000

27

15,100,000 54,400,000 United Kingdom... 1890 1,649,750,000 44

216,750,000 598,250,000 1898 2,012,300,000 50 360,400,000 878,200,000

MONEY AND POSTAL ORDERS IN UNITED KINGDOM.
Money Orders.

1880.
1885.
1890.
1895.

1897. Home issues-Number..

16,704,118 10,703,320 8,961,068 9,272,794 9,307,237 do -Amount, £'s.

24,515,395 22,263,899

23,925,981 25,317,302 27,074,965 Foreign issues-Number*.

602.971 943,574 1,381,406 1,551,301 1,595,314 do -Amount, £'s.

1,780,873 2,810,761 3,940,521 4,095,682 4,598,5+15 Postal orders - Number..

3,615,543 24,085,015 47,870,798 62,946,171 71,232,337 do --- Amount, £'s..

1,662,090 10.096.770 18,814,276 23,521,445 25,926,670

Money and Banking.
MONEY.--For gold and silver coins see Index.

The standard of value is gold. Silver is legal tender up to 40 shillings; bronze up to 12d., but farthings only up to 6d. Bank of England notes are legal tender.

The following table shows the amount of gold, silver, and bronze moneys issued from the Royal Mint, London, and of light gold coin and worn silver coin sent in for re-coinage: ----Gold

Silver
Light Coin

Worn Coin Bronze.
Years.

New Issues. Returned. New Issues. Returned. New Issues. 1895.

£3,810,136
£2,400,000
£1,196,168
£444,001

£40,995 1896.

4,808,860
2,400,000
1,235,161

226,167

122,860 1897

1,820,500
2,749,300

982,000
279,200

101,700 BANKING.-There is no State bank in the United Kingdom, but the Bank of England, the Bank of Scotland, and the Bank of Ireland have royal charters, and the first and the last lend money to the Government.

There were in October, 1896, 97 joint-stock banks making returns in England and Wales, with 2,794 branches: 4 in the Isle of Man and Channel Islands, with 14 branches; 10 in Scotland, 1.015 branches; and 9 in Ireland, 509 branches. There were 29 offices in London of colonial joint-stock banks, with 1,585 branches; and 24 of foreign banks, with 168 branches. Of 27 private banks which made returns in England and Wales, the deposits amounted to £47,298,061; cash in band and at call, £12,717,610 ; partners' capital and reserve, £8,594,452.

End of
Year.

1814.. 1834 1864. 1874 1884 1894 1895. 1896. 1897

THE BANK OF ENGLAND.
Issue Department-

-Banking Department
Capital Deposits

Notes in Coin in
Notes

and
und

the "Re- the "Re-
Issued. Securities. Bullion. * Rest." Post Bills. Securities. serve." serve."
In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's.
28,152 14,000 14,152 17.664 16,391 24,304 8.960

791
26,988 14.000
12,988 17,744 17,334 27,093

7,306

679 28.036 14,650 13,356 17,910 22.078

30,611
8,063

714 35,784 15,000 20,784 17.646 26,761 34,056

9,612

709 35,562 15,750 19,812 17,669 34,206 40,467 10,525

883 47,065 16.800 30,265 17,720

37.223 31,272 21.389 2.282 58,:367 16,800 41,567 17,643 58,067 41,552 32,092

2,066 48.935

16,800 32,135 17,745 54,866 48,316 22,271 2,024 45, 462 16,800 28,662 17,709

46,623 44,296

17,914 2,122

LONDON JOINT-STOCK BANKS. The following statistics show the condition of the metropolitan joint-stock banks on June 30, 1898, compared with previous periods:

Paid-up Capital and Surplus.
1898.
-1897

-1896-
I. Banks purely Metropolitan.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. London and Westminster, Limited...

£4,400,000 £4,400,000 £4,100,000 £1,400,000 £4,400,000 London Joint-Stock, Limited..

2,963,000 2,963,000 2,963,000 2,943,000 2,963.000 Union, Limited.

2,555,000 2,555,000 2,555,000 2,555,000 2,555,00 Glyn, Mills, Currie & Co..

1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500.00 City, Limited..

1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 London and South-Western, Limited.

1,110,000 925,000 890,000 880,000

860,000 Martins, Limited.

575,000 570,000 567,000 565,000 563,000

Total..

14,603,000 14,413,000 14,375,000 14,363,000 14,341,000 * Includes orders received into the United Kingdom from colonies and foreign countries as well as orders sent out to same.

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1898.
-1897

-1896
II. Banks with Country Branches.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30.
National Provincial, Limited...

£5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,090,000
London and County, Limited.

3.180,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 Lloyds, Limited...

3,240,000 3,240,000 2,780,000 2,780,000 2,780,000 Barclay & Co., Limited....

3,062,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited

2,640,000 2,640,000 2,640,000 2,640,000 2,640,000 Capital and Counties, Limited.

1,735,000 1,655,000 1,655,000 1,655,000 1,655,000 London and Midland, Limited.

2,967,000 2,718,000 1,833,000 1,806,000 1,683.000 Williams, and Man. and Sal., Limited.

1,500,000 1,500,000 1,480,000 1,480,000 1,460,000 London and Provincial, Limited.

1,535,000 1,430,000 1,426,000 1,420,000 1,415,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited....

611,000 611,000 611,000 611,000 611,000 Total.

£25,420,000 £24,874,000 £23,425,000 £23,392,000 £23,244,000
Deposits at Interest and on Current Account.

1898.
-1897-

-1896
I. Banks purely Metropolitan.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30.
London and Westminster, Limited..

£26,693,000 £25,356,000 £28,736,000 £25,002,000 £28,453,000
London Joint-Stock, Limited..

16,810,000 16,728,000 16,418,000 15,601,000 18,191,000 Union, Limited..

16,321,000 15,582,000 15,837,000 15,818,000. 17,226,000 Glyn, Mills, Currie & Co..

14,806,000 12,707,000 12,925,000 12,102,000 13, 152,000 City. Limited..

8,996,000 8,685,000 8,268,000 7,753,000 8,253,000 London and South-Western, Limited..

9,711,000 9,595,000 9,475,000 8,635,000 8,161,000 Martins, Limited.

2,400,000 2,521,000 2,270,000

2,428,000 2,403,000)
Total...

95,737,000 91,174,000 91,935,000 87,339,000 95,839,000
II. Banks with Country Branches.
National Provincial, Limited..

47,984,000 48,920,000 48,313,000 46,855,000 46,600,000
London and County, Limited.

42,826,000 41,527,000 42,098,000 41,151,000 40,686,000 Lloyds, Limited..

37,017,000 37,112,000 32,388,000 32,645,000 31,661,000 Barclay & Co., Limited..

30,038,000 28,291,000 26,248.000 25,549,000 26,170,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited.

20,120,000 20,506,000 19,810,000 19,269.000 20,308,00) Capital and Counties, Limited.

19,170,000 16,985,000 16,637,000 16,048,000 15,369,00 London and Midland, Limited.

22,619,000 21,725,000 17,062,000 15,757.000 14,181,6.00 Williams, and Man. and Sal., Limited.

13,043,000 11,386,000 12,024,000 11,693,000 13.106.000) London and Provincial, Limited,

9,624,000 9,040.000 8,850,000 8,666,000 8,058,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited..

5,156,000 4,545,000 4,415,000 4,232,000 4,631,000 Total.

£247, 497,000 £240,037,000 £227,859,000 £221,865,000 £220,770,000

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Discounts and Advances.
1898.
1897

--1896-
I. Banks purely Metropolitan.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30.
London and Westminster.

£16,631,000 £14,616,000 £17,0728.000 €16,142,000 £18,835,000
London Joint-Stock*,

13,688,000 13,194,000 13, 472,000 12,700,000 14,856,000 L'nion.

9,454,000 8,868.000 9,114,000 8,785,00 10,109,000 Giyn, Mills, Currie & 10

5,494,000 7,307,000 6,059,000 5,894,000 5,835,000 City..

7,041,000 7,132,000 6,404,000 6,145,000 6,030,000 London and South-Western.

5,566,000 5,117,000 4,803,000 4,442,000 3,751,000 Martins, Limited.

1,545,000 1,555,000 1,539,000 1,512,000 1,566,000
Total

£59,329,000 £57,689,000 £58,419,000 £55,620,000 £60,988,000
II. Banks with Country Branches.
National Provincial.

26,159,000 25,700,000 26,988,000 235,195,000 25,157,000
London and County

26,819,000 25,340,000 25,552,000 25,3:25.000 25.0122,000 Lioyds...

22,650,000 23,057,000 20,742,000 20,622,000 19,104,000 Barclay & Co., Limited.

13,677,000 12,759,000 10,938,000 11,440,000 10,6:33,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited.

12,664,000 13,605,000 13,049,000 13,615,000 12,522,000 Capital and Counties..

10.198,000 9,429,000 9,287,000 8,855,000 8.264,000 Lindon and Midland, Limited.

15,209,000 14,326,000 10,685,000 10,337.000 9,073,000 Williams, and Man, and Sal., Limited

8,510,000 7.796,000 7,373,000 7,868,000 7,342,000 London and Provincial.

7,237,000 6,350,000 5,620,000 5.620,000 5,138,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited.

2,777,000 2,688,000 2,500,000 2,496,000 2,684,000 Total...

£145,900,000 £141,059,000 £132,785,000 £131,373,000 £124,939,000

JOINT-STOCK BANKS OF UNITED KINGDOM.
The following are some statistics of the joint-stock banks of the Kingdom for 1897:

English

and Welsh. Scotch. Irish. Colonial. Subscribed capital...

£211,660 £29,135 £25,549 £48,709
Paid-up capital...

59,319
9,302
7,114

33,795
Market value of capital......

181,443
30,311

21,053
Reserve fund, dividend, etc.

32,510
7,152
3,726

9,150
Xotes in circulation.

24,448
7,370
5,795

7,567
Deposit and current accounts 565,006

95,882

45,580 156,320 Total liabilities..

707,879 124,929

62,740 238,498
Casb in band and at call.

160,881
22,452

8.921

48,844
Investments..

149,174
30,365
17,634

14,579
Discounts, advances, etc.

376,229
64,846

35,025 164,414
Total assets......

707,879 124,929 62,740 238,498

Foreign.
£32,467

21,860
34,328
9,647
2,854
72,604
143,767
24,242
12,258
104,580
143,767

* Including money at call.

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