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NOTICE.

The New YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL BULLETIN enjoys the reputation of being the largest, most influential, and most complete daily business journal in the United States.

Its Editorial Discussions are accepted as high and impartial authority upon all questions connected with Commerce, Industry, Transportation, and Banking. It ranks among the foremost in the advocacy of Sound Money and Sound Methods of Finance ; and, whilst non-partisan in politics, is unalterably opposed to all forms of commercial oppression and to all industrial monopolies.

In its News Columns it gives all the day's intelligence bearing upon business affairs, in condensed form suitable for the busy reader. As a member of the Associated Press and assisted by a large staff of experienced Correspondents and Reporters, it has unrivaled facilities for performing this service.

In its Market Reports, accuracy, completeness, and promptness of information are the first essentials.

It can be legitimately claimed that the JOURNAL OF COMMERCE AND COMMERCIAL BULLETIN is the largest and most thorough daily paper of its class in the World.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, $12.00 PER ANNUM.

PUBLICATION OFFICES: 17 and 19 Beaver Street,

New York, U. S. A. WRITE FOR SAMPLE COPIES.

JUL 15 1901

073
4

FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

PART 1.

AREA, POPULATION, FISCAL AFFAIRS, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRIES, COMMER JE, SHIP-

PING, RAILROADS, TELE ZRAPHS, BANKING, AND MONEY.

The area and the distribution of population of the United Kingdom were as follows at the

census taken April 1, 1891 :

England, 50,867 square miles; Wales, 7,412 square miles; Scotland, 29,785 square miles; Ireland,

32,583 square miles ; Isle of Man, 227 square miles; Channel Islands, 75 square miles. Total, 120,979

square miles.

Population: England, 27, 483,490; Wales, 1,519,035 : Scotland, 4,025,647 ; Ireland, 4,704,750; Isle of

Man, 55,608 ; Channel Islands, 92,234; military and naval abroad, 224,211. Total, 38,104,975.

The estimated population at the end of June, 1898, was: England and Wales, 31,397,078; Scot-
land, 4,249,946 ; Ireland, 4,541,903. Total United Kingdom, 40,188,927.

The population per square mile in 1891 was 498; in 1881 was 448: in 1871 was 390: in 1861 was 345 ;

in 1851 was 308; in 1841 was 274; in 1831 was 139; in 1821 was 207; in 1811 was 175; in 1801 was 153.

EMPLOYMENTS OF POPULATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES IN 1891.

Per Cent.

Males. Females. Total. Total.

Professional class.

597,739

328,393

926,132

4.2

Domestic class..

140.773 1,795,555 1,900,328

8.6

Commercial class.

1,364,377

35,358 1,399,735

6.1

Agricultural and fishing class..

1,284,919

52,026 1,336,945

6.1

Industrial class..

5,495,446 1,840,898 7,336,344

33.3

Unoccupied class..

1,708,713 7,445,660 9,154,373 41.5

10,591,967 11,461,890 22,053,857
Mulhall states the ratios of occupation in the entire United Kingdom for the years 1841 and 1891

as follows: Agriculture in 1841 was 37.8, and in 1891 was 15.1; manufactures, respectively, 34.8 and

53.7; trade, 7.6 and 9.9 ; professions, 2.5 and 7.4; domestics, 17.3 and 13.9.

EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION FROM AND TO THE UNITED KINGDOM.

To British

To the

Το Total, Including

Year.

North America. United States. Australia. All Other. Immigrants.

1893..

50,381

213,212

11,412

307,633

141,054

1894.

23,633

159, 431

11,151

226,827

185,799

1895..

22,357

195,632

10,809

271,772

175,674

1896.

22,590

154,496

10,710

241,952

159,913

1897.

22,702

132,098

12,491

213,450

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