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There are in turn subcommittees on car not only between the government and the service, military equipment standards, companies but between the companies military transportation accounting, mili- themselves with regard to communicatary passenger and freight tariffs, each of tions and censorship of communications. these committees being composed of Government toll calls have been given transportation officials of high rank. The precedence over commercial messages. special committee has adopted the broad- This act alone necessitated the special est attitude in connection with the public drilling of some 12,000 long-line operators interest. It has, among other things, de- in different parts of the United States. clared that an emergency exists which In Washington the long-distance wires requires that coal be given preference in have been increased from 148 to 294. car supply and movement; it has issued Swift telephone service has been arranged necessary instructions to the railways between Washington and the headquarthat the movement of ore be preferential, ters of every naval district in the United second only to coal; it has caused to be States; provision has been made for hanmodified the car service rules to facilitate dling telephone calls promptly between the the free movement of freight so as to per- various Army department headquarters mit a larger latitude in the handling of and the State capitols and State mobilizabox-cars in the interest of national effi- tion camps in each military department; ciency as distinguished from that of in- more than 10,000 miles of special systems dividual railroads; and the special com- have already been taken from commercial mittee has certified to the Council of use and devoted exclusively to the service National Defense that in its judgment of the Navy, Agricultural, and other excertain preferences should be given to the ecutive departments; in Washington an movement of fuel, as follows:

entirely new central office with an ultiFirst : Fuel for the United States mate capacity of 10,000 lines is being Government.

installed; plans have been made for proSecond : Fuel for the roads upon which viding telephone connections at approxmines are located.

imately 100 lighthouses and 200 coastThird : Fuel for steam railroads other guard stations; and with regard to the than those upon which mines are located. Navy even more extensive plans, which it Fourth : Fuel for other purposes.

would be against the public interest to The special defense committee is grind- describe at this time, have been put into ing all the time, and aside from domestic effect with brilliant success. transportation problems has occupied it Under Julius Rosenwald there is workself with such matters as the enlistment ing a fluid and effective committee in of reserve engineer regiments composed co-operation with the purchasing departof skilled railway workers to aid in the ments of the War and Navy Departments rehabilitation of the railways of France and assisting in the procurement of necesas well as in the operation of the French sary clothing, equipage, and food. The railways behind the English lines; and committee is composed of six men the organization of the Railroad Commis- chosen by Mr. Rosenwald from different sion to Russia. The American Electric lines of business who are devoting their Railway Association, acting in co-opera- entire time without compensation. The tion with and at the instance of Commis- Committee on Supplies touches many sioner Willard, has likewise completed a angles of the government's life, but its close-knit organization, under the presi- activities may best be instanced by citing dency of General George H. Harries. how, through the employment of modern

Also under Mr. Willard's committee, business methods of buying, it was able to and through the instrumentality of Theo- save the War and Navy Departments at dore N. Vail, president of the American least $2,000,000 on a recent $17,000,000 Telephone and Telegraph Company, purchase of shoes. This was brought there has been perfected a co-ordination about chiefly through the elimination of for the government's needs of the tele- the old system of advertising for bids with phone and telegraph systems of the coun- the resulting creation of fictitious prices try so as to insure complete co-operation in the market. Mr. Rosenwald's own

vast business sees very little of him now- Coffin are concentrated the highly geared adays since war is at our doors.

activities of a body known as the ComBernard M. Baruch, a New York finan- mittee on Automotive Transport, which cier with a touch of genius in handling deals with truck specifications for the men, has organized the field as to raw War Department (in fact, it has pracmaterials, minerals, and metals in a great tically written those specifications), the company of industries from alcohol to training of truck-masters and chauffeurs, zinc. Mr. Baruch first announced his steel equipment for military truck tires, presence in the tremendous task of mobil- motorization of field-artillery, and volunizing American industry by procuring teer motor-truck companies—to cite only 45,000,000 pounds of copper for the Army a few things. This committee is comand Navy at about half the current mar- posed of leading representatives of the ket price, saving the government in the chief national motor-car, aircraft, and neighborhood of $10,000,000. He then farm-tractor organizations of the country. persuaded the zinc interests to deliver 25,- Through the representation of the Soci000,000 pounds of zinc at two-thirds of ety of Automotive Engineers alone, more the market price, and he procured for the than one thousand engineers of the finest Navy several hundred thousand tons of training are ready to be swung to pracshipping-plates and other materials at re- tically all of the mechanical transport markable concessions. When ship-plates needs of the government, from the laying were sold at $160 a ton, this indefatigable out of designs to the officering and mainworker of industrial miracles obtained tenance of motor transport units. them for the Navy at $58 a ton. He then, Doctor Hollis Godfrey directs the Comby methods known only to himself, pur- mittee on Engineering and Education. chased for the government its needs of He is considering the development of a aluminum at 2712 cents per pound when comprehensive method for the solution of the market price was 60 cents per pound. problems of engineering and education

Samuel Gompers, spokesman in Amer- in the United States brought sharply to ica for organized labor, sits in the Advi- the fore under war-time conditions. His sory Commission. It has been his dream consulting section touches general engithat American labor should from the neering as relating to manufacture and start of the war hold up the hands of construction; his operating section is conthe government of the United States, and cerned with the consummation of policies to a remarkable, almost incredible, degree outlined by the consulting section; the he has made this come true. He knew general engineering section deals with the that one of England's tragedies in the development of engineering as related to early days of the great war was that war; the production engineering section organized labor did not come in until a handles specific problems of production year had gone by, and he wanted with all engineering as they relate to certain his heart to have no such thing happen groups of fundamental industries; and the here. There is not space to recite all that educational section is active in the coMr. Gompers has accomplished, but per- ordination of the educational resources of haps the most outstanding achievement the country and their connection with the of his committee on labor of the Advisory national government. Commission has been its action looking to Even in what is only an outline of the the maintenance of existing standards of labors of the Council and the Advisory employment in our industrial plants and Commission there should not be forgotten transportation systems and recommend- the part which two members of the Couning that changes therein should be made cil, Secretaries Lane and Wilson, and two only after investigation and approval by members of the Advisory Commission, the Council of National Defense. There Messrs. Willard and Gompers, took in the can be little question of the sincerity of Mr. settlement of the recent threatened railGompers in his endeavors to bring labor, road strike. These four men were the capital, and the government together into government's mediators, and the outcome one happy and single-minded family for of the negotiation is too well known to dethe successful prosecution of the war. mand a detailed statement.

Under the supervision of Commissioner The work of the Council of National

Defense and the Advisory Commission is type giving all of their time in the same largely carried on through the assistance way. In addition, there are several hunof civilians who serve without compensa- dred more men of similar caliber and tion. The really vast machinery raised training who are rendering kindred serup in four months' time performs its vice during more than half of the working functions with a paid staff of less than one day and who are continually coming and hundred persons, nine-tenths of whom are going to and from Washington. It is likestenographers, clerks, and messengers. ly that there never has been such a suThe advisory commissioners receive no perbly equipped volunteer, non-partisan salaries, and there are.constantly at work company of specialists working so unin the Munsey Building in Washington selfishly to a common end in the history more than one hundred men of the same of any government.


By Harriet Prescott Spofford
How often in a summer dawning,

When life too lovely seems to leave,
And under many a sylvan awning

Grass and the sun their wonders weave,
When everywhere the rose is blowing,
The thin cloud on the azure flowing,
And ragrance floats from bloom and briar,
I think of the old Flemish friar
Who, after fierce and wasting years, -
He like a firebrand quenched in tears, –
Brought back from the wild Tartar chiefs
Fantastic hint of strange beliefs.
There is a certain province lying-

Rubriquis, this Franciscan said, -
Beyond Cathay a bird's quick flying,

By airy forces tenanted.
And who, through any chance whatever,
May win those parallels he never
In that serene shall find him older,
Or feel the fires of life fall colder;
Though white moons wax and wane, and stars
Through æons drive their golden cars
To other centres, he shall stay
Fortunate, poised on that rare day.
If any of us should discover,-

Sailing forever-easting seas, -
That happy land of loved and lover,

'Twould be on mornings such as these.
Yet well we ween the storied sailing
Comes only with the daylight failing,
Where a more ancient province lying
Beyond our living and our dying,
Beyond all boundless atmospheres,
All gleaming tops and misty meres,
Sets the high soul forever free



By Norval Richardson



10 one has ever offered a tion. And yet, at first glance, even at

satisfactory explanation of second or third for that matter, he was what it is in certain men the last man under the sun you would that makes all women fall have taken for one of many love-affairs. in love with them. The He wasn't handsome, no one in the wild

ladies in question could: est delirium of love could have called him oh, yes, if they would; but the fact re- that; his charm was at first quite negamains that they won't. Balanced reason- tive; and still more, I doubt very much ing and every-day common sense would if he had any imagination to speak of. assert that the man must be good-looking, His eyes were rather good; big, brown, fairly intelligent, and of course interesting. gentle; in fact, now that I think of him, It is quite ridiculous to imagine a woman that seems to express him best: gentle. loving a bore, until one sees it happening Gentle eyes, gentle voice, gentle manevery day; as we do, you know we do. ners. I could tell you a thousand inAgain, intelligent women, pretty women, stances of his gentleness, his modesty, his charming women, can knock the founda- kindness, and I will, only now I am trytions from any well-thought-out conclu- ing to present him to you as he appeared sion by marrying a man you would have in the flesh. It is tremendously difficult. sworn they wouldn't deign to notice; fur- If you don't happen to see him right you thermore, they appear immensely hap- won't understand at all, and, bless me, if py, and, say what you will, a woman I know how to set you right. In figure rarely bluffs—if the word may be used in he was long. Long expresses some peosuch a connection-about loving her hus- ple; tall, others. Dr. Brooke was long, band. If she does, you know it; if she perhaps six feet and a little more; neither doesn't, you also know it. Of course, I thin nor fat, with always a swinging sort make exception of the cases where it is to of motion in his walk that suggested outher interest to make you think she does. door life. His clothes were negligible. To ... The whole matter is vastly puz- save me, I can't remember what he ever zling. I have long ago given up trying to had on, except that he wore a low turnunderstand, to my own satisfaction, why down collar and a made-up black silk tie. Mrs. X married Mr. Z. She is the only You are placing him as a typical politician one who could explain and, as I have said, from the West or South, and have gone she won't; knowing all the time, sly Mrs. entirely in the wrong direction. He X, that you wouldn't understand if she didn't suggest that in the least. Why, I told you. All of which, believe it or not, can't exactly explain. It is frightful to is à propos of Dr. Brooke.

say it, and if you don't want to hear you Information, or gossip, if you will have had better put a finger in each ear: the it that way, gathered while I knew him, most characteristic things that I can reand from those who knew him before I member about his apparel were his white did, all pointed to the astounding fact socks and low black shoes. But of course that no woman had known him never so there was a reason for my remembering slightly-of course those are excepted them. Now I have said the worst. As who had good reason to turn a deaf ear far as age went, he was somewhere beto romance-without having loved him; tween thirty and fifty-a matter dependcalmly, sweetly, passionately, according ing on the weather and how he was going to the temperament of the lady in ques- on; always a mannish age, suggesting


neither boyishness nor senility. All this that if things did come to the worst he is in tone with my first impression of him; would be a comfort to me, much more so naturally, as our friendship developed than those tremendous swells I had left and I became an onlooker, sometimes an behind, who rode in motors, made tests assistant, in his numerous affairs, my im- of my blood, charged me a year's income, pressions changed; I saw other sides, un- and called themselves specialists. suspected charms; I even grew to think I saw him once or twice during the I understood why all those foolish women month that followed, drawn to his office "carried on” so about him.

for no special reason than that I was The first day in the village brought me lonely, beastly lonely, and thought I to his office, announced to me by a weath- might pull off a sort of friendship with er-beaten sign nailed to a weather-beaten him. This idea, though of spontaneous fence before a weather-beaten house set growth, did not develop so rapidly. He back in a tangled garden and watched did not give himself to you at once, you : over by a huge oak, not in the least had to eke friendship out of him, bit by , weather-beaten, though worlds older than bit, which in the end may have been one the house. Let in by a negro woman, of his charms. Every one treats lightly quite as old as the tree and equally those who give themselves too intimately spreading and comfortable, I was con- at first encounter. ducted to the room which served for his office. Dear me, that office! I won't be

II gin to describe it to you. Just fancy heaps and heaps of bottles in quaint old AFTER several months I was installed cabinets and bookcases, a long table lit- in a little house half-way up a mountain. tered with pamphlets and papers, a desk I had built it myself, not literally, but alalso littered, old steel engravings on the most so; even if I didn't drive the nails, I walls, faded wall-paper showing the path saw them driven. I wanted to build it at of the sun, chairs covered with horsehair the top of the mountain, and should have, in varying degrees of shabbiness, and, in only disagreeable necessity put a finger the midst of all this, Dr. Brooke, poring in the pie and said I must build where over a volume bound in rusty calf, one there was water, and water was to be hand lost in the shock of his reddish- found no farther up than half-way. At brown hair, the other holding a lighted least, though, I have a view, a splendid, brier pipe. Good tobacco smoke filled encouraging view, which has done quite the room, coming in a long column from as much for me, with its soul tonic, as the out of his stubby, reddish-brown mus- bracing air. tache. He met me quietly, graciously, Things went on well enough while I and indicated a chair. I remember the was interested in getting the house fingrip of his hand as being warm and ge- ished and furnished, but after that was nial. Somehow I felt at home at once, and over and I had spent a month there alone, sat down with an unexpected sensation of with only an old mountain woman as cook pleasure which kept me from stating the and nurse and everything else that was object of my call as promptly as I might necessary, it began to be frightfully lonehave, though he appeared in no hurry to ly. I had not yet trained myself to get hear it. The pipe in his mouth testified along without people, nor had I develto that. In the end I explained that I oped the courage of loneliness. In the end had come to his village in search of health I wrote to Adelaide to take pity on me, and, due to my condition, or from force and come for a few weeks. Adelaide, you of recent habit, I had thought it advis- must know, is a cousin, a widow, and, able to call on him so that, in a case of above everything else, immensely smart. emergency, he would know me and I At least she calls herself so, and one sees know him. He said very little, but what her name grouped with those our jourhe did say was in such a gentle tone and nals are in the habit of dubbing “repremanner, expressed more through his won- sentative.” She telegraphed: “Of course derfully sympathetic glance than in I'll come; but I must bring my maid." words, that I left him with the feeling “You mustn't,"'I answered. "There's no

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