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and her intellect, and her force must be at She chose her estates in Andalusia. In once acknowledged.
going she went not alone. Goya accomShe was pleased to have Goya paint her panied her. portrait. Thus the intimacy strength Thus deepened the influence in Goya's
ened by opportunity. But it was an inti- art that is traceable on many of his canmacy that was bound to bring trouble. vases for the succeeding ten years, for, alQueen Maria Louisa, herself a coquette of though the liaison ended sadly in disilso many decades that the quality of jeal- lusionment at the end of three
the ousy was not restrained—this queen, well duchess's type of loveliness was Goya's advanced in middle life, made it her ideal of beauty ever after. Again and pleasure to insult and to injure relentless- again are seen in his work the slim, elegant ly the successful Duchess of Alba. figure, the oval face, high-arched brows,
The queen's jealousy resulted in the and triste, dark eyes which recall Doña banishment of the duchess from court. Maria Teresa. She was shown no leniency in this disgrace Portraits of the woman who inspired except the choice of her place of exile. his greatest love were the natural expres
sion of that love. Several notable ones One of the most exquisite as well as imwere named, but the influence of her oval portant of all the Alba portraits is that face and high-bred features on the paint- secured by Mr. Archer M. Huntington er's imagination looks out from many a for the Hispanic Museum in New York.
canvas unmarked with her name. She Goya has impressed on it the nationalism
famous a painting, this is not only the
portrait of a very great lady and the pre- actors. To paint this powerful group sentment of a national character, the Ma- Goya first had it firm and complete in his ya, but it also declares to the world the mind, and then, with great force, he great romance of Goya's life. He has threw it on the canvas with broad strokes written his name on the canvas and Doña from the determined hand that savagely Maria Teresa's index finger points to it, denies technical limitation. In it he while on her hand are two conspicuous shows the power to reproduce in us the rings, one bearing the name of Goya. A emotion felt by himself, and that is art. challenge to the conventions; an open The series of “ The Monk and the Brigdeclaration that before profound love all and," of which Mr. Ryerson owns the full else becomes insignificant, seem here set of six, show this same mood of Goya's proclaimed.
and this same free method of setting Goya's detective eye could not fail to down what his painter's eye had seized read her character and to paint it, but from nature. was he not also prophetic in putting into It is not usual, however cursory or the face a tristesse deepened by dignity? locally limited the review, to omit at least The duchess died by poison in 1802, while a reference to Goya's manner as a terrible she was still at the height of her power satirist of the world both high and low, as and charm. Indeed, it was because of relentlessly and fantastically shown in the this power that her jealous and tyrannical series of "Los Caprichos," and the unqueen wished her out of the way. masked horrors in “Los Desastres de la
Velasquez, Rembrandt, and Nature Guerra." Added to these are the sepia were the masters which Goya in his prime and pen sketches owned by the Hispanic acknowledged. It was a study of these Museum, which were the harvest of his which made him sail free of the mistaken old age. But the liberty is taken here of tendencies of art in his time. Velasquez, avoiding the controversial opinions on the the finer of the two artists, the more deli- use and beauty of these strange exprescate, never disposed to grossness, yet left sions of a great painter's abnormality. a recognizable effect, especially in por Here in America the spell of Goya is traiture. The earlier manner of Velas- upon us, his works are in the galleries of quez, certain critics declare, is reflected our serious collectors, and in such happy in the portrait group of the family of variety that the strikingly different methCarlos IV, which is compared to “Las ods which he employed can be studied at Meniñas.' There are those, however, leisure, that of the Osuna group at the who scoff at this comparison.
Prado with its daintiness and its subtile Rembrandt sets for Goya another pal- revelation of character, and that of its ette, and with Velasquez frees his hand, neighbor at the Prado, the “Third of preparing him for the long list of por- of May” with its tragic power. Pretraits which include (from Mr. Martin eminently a painter of portraits, his best Ryerson's treasure-house) the actor Isidro years of production begin at the very end Maiguez, the charming wide-eyed child of the century. The famous family group Victor Guye (of Mr. J. Horace Harding's of Carlos IV was finished in 1800. The collection), and for those wonders of force- portraits of General Guye, Mr. J. H. ful composition exemplified by the series Harding's collection, of Isidro Maiguez, of “The Monk and the Brigand,” of Mr. of the fascinating, insolent queen, belong Martin Ryerson and “The Forge,” before to this period, as well as innumerable referred to, from the Frick gallery. treasures locked in our private galleries.
In the latter Goya is seen in one of those All these works are but the indicative tensely forceful moods that with superb expressions of the man himself, whose exdramatic power draw the observer into treme complexity was increased by the the spirit of the group as though he were combination of an overvigorous physique an actor in it. The palette set here is and highly sensitized temperament, which Rembrandt's. Goya was not always clear were excited by the experience of an eager in his colors, but in this the tones are the life among the populace and life at the rich, glowing browns that illumine a sun- licentious court of Carlos IV, “the wisest struck woodland brook. But the great fool in Europe," and of Teresa Maria, thing is the force expressed by the robust his vicious queen.
By Harriet Welles
Author of “ Anchors Aweigh"
ILLUSTRATION BY H. J. PECK
ROM the register of the us!”—then transferred their attention to
United States Navy the the yeoman with the report-book, who wooden ships are gone, took his place just as the executive officer with John Paul Jones, De- crossed the deck and knocked at the door catur, and Farragut to of the captain's cabin.
some serene harbor beyond “Mast is ready, sir,” announced the the most distant horizon line--and of the executive, and waited, while the captain ship life of their day but one custom per- finished signing some papers and took up sists.
It was the rule on those old sloops-of “I've gone over the case of that fellow war that any sailor under arrest, awaiting who takes drugs,” said the executive; sentence and having a complaint to make “we've done all we can for him. The or a grievance to air, took his stand by the doctor says it's no use—he hasn't the mainmast, and asked to speak with the backbone to quit; let him go ashore, and captain; this was his right,
the same thing happens. Big mast this The white sails are gone. On our great morning—but the other cases are the steel ships no sign of them remains, but usual things." every day, at a given hour, on each The captain nodded. “I suppose when dreadnought, battleship, cruiser, and de- you have one thousand and thirty men, stroyer of the United States Navy the of the average age of twenty-one years, captain “holds mast.”'
you can expect a fair amount of ingenuity
for getting into trouble," he remarked as, Seven bells.
followed by an orderly, they stepped out On the quarter-deck of the gray dread- on the quarter-deck. nought anchored in the harbor the morn "Attention! Salute!" commanded the ing sun gleamed on a little group of sailors master-at-arm to the prisoners. and petty officers who, as "witnesses,” The captain returned the salute and, gathered and formed in line for the morn- pausing, scanned the yeoman's reporting's mast.
book. “Carry on,” he said. Around the great triple gun-turret the " James Collins. Charged with being master-at-arms marched the prisoners, asleep while on duty. Reported by the two by two, and lined them up at right boatswain's mate in charge of the watch," angles with the witnesses.
read the yeoman. "Don't be forgettin' that you steps for The boy stepped forward and took off ward, and takes off your cap, when your his cap. name's called, and don't look scared to Anything to say, Collins ? What death-there ain't no can-o-bulls pres- ailed you?” asked the captain. ent,” admonished the master-at-arms. “Nuthin', sir,” the sailor answered. “Say what you've got to say, and when “This is my first cruise and I just can't you're ordered to stand aside,' put your hold me eyes open--went to sleep standin' cap on, and step back into line. This right up straight! I ain't never been ain't no trial! It's just a chance for you near the ocean before, and I'm perishin' to tell your side of things."
to sleep-all the time.” The prisoners eyed him silently-ex “If every man went to sleep when he cepting one youth who inquired of his felt like it how long do you think this ship neighbor in a surly whisper what was would last?” asked the captain; “I'll "th' use of tellin' the captain anything? have to give you a summary court, ColNuthin' happens to him like happens to lins, and remember this: if ever you are
given an important post-in war times, a good engineer. Said the admiral said
a joke?” he growled.
“Thomas Jenkins, Carl Jones, coal- the answers of “Twenty.” passers, reported by the water-tender for “You can punish them this time by letfighting,” read the yeoman.
ting them shake hands for two hours, on “What were you fighting about?” the quarter-deck," said the captain. asked the captain.
“Next,” commanded the executive, Jenkins, burning with righteous wrath, and a white-faced man stepped forward answered: “Every time I gets the bright in answer to the name of William Clark. work all shined up, he comes in and turns "Reported by the chief master-at-arms on the steam! Says 'he's tryin' out the for taking cocaine,” read the yeoman. valves,' and when I asks him why don't The captain glanced sharply at the he try 'em out when the brass work's trembling hand raised to remove the white dirty-he laughed !”
cap. "Well, Jones?" asked the captain. "Is this true?” he asked.
Jones grinned unhappily. “Get tired The man nodded miserably. o seein' him forever at his polishin' “How and where did you form this thought I'd give him something to polish habit?" asked the captain. for. He hit me first,” asserted Jones, “I got to going in a crowd in Harlem grasping for a straw.
three years ago, and some of the girls took The witness interrupted.
the stuff—said it was great and wanted me "They fights all the time," he volun- to try it," said Clark in a low voice; "I teered virtuously. “I seen 'em fightin' enlisted to get away from them and quit the other day because Jenkins told Jones it; but every time I go ashore-I just no man that had red hair could ever be can't help buying more.