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the return of his family he took pleasure in hearing some particulars about the sermon that had been delivered, end other matters connected with the service. The last Sunday evening of his being able to write, he penned some notes on the Life of Moses, and said that would be the subject for his next sermon should he be able again to take up his preaching work.

The testimony of his widow, with whom he lived in happy wedlock twenty-seven years, is that she never heard a word from him, nor saw an act done by him, which was inconsistent with the Christian character; and that what he was in public, that he was at home. He was uniformly the same; one of the most even-tempered and exact of Christians.

A venerable lady of the Church of England, who is now in her 85th year, and at the higher level of the social scale in the parish, having known the widow from her girlhood, and the departed husband for the greater part of his life, wrote under date of January 13, as follows :“My dear Mrs. Aram, I was truly sorry you had been called to part with your dear husband.

I think there is not one that our dear Lord feels more compassion for than the widow. He knows the depth of her sorrows and her desolation as no one else can know it; and if He has tenderly said, 'In all their afflictions He is afflicted,' surely He now feels with you and for you. O look to Him, and believe Him, and trust Him. He is the God of all comfort, who comforteth them who are cast down. I hope you can see with a believing eye, your dear husband in the midst of that happy, happy holy throng, Rev. vii. 9, 10, 13-17. Then will you not try to join your song with his ? Seeking to walk humbly, patiently, and watchfully, till you are called to meet him there. mend

you
to the grace of God for all you need for yourself and children.

“ Your sincere friend, -C. W." By desire of the widow and the Wesleyan friends at New Lenton, a funeral sermon on our brother Aram's decease was preached by the senior Local Preacher upon the plan, who has been 57 years in the work, on Sunday morning, February 20th, 1881.

Temperance.

WINE GLASSES TURNED UPSIDE referred, found whisky and rum and DOWN.

all strong liquors on the sideboards Extract from a Lecture by JOSEPH COOK,

used at the ordination of ministers. from Boston, America, delivered in

His soul burned within him. He preManchester, to the Young Men's pared the celebrated sermons to which Christian Association.

you have made eloquent reference. Sixty or seventy years ago Dr. That was only two generations since. Lyman Beecher, to whom you, sir, To-day reform has progressed so far that in the educated classes, among of the Lower House of the Legislature presidents of colleges and professors that sits in Boston, only a very few in the universities, we count rather were accustomed to have strong drinks the men who are not total abstainers at social entertainments. The goverthan those who are. I am speaking nor follows the example, and nearly of the Northern States, not of the

all his cabinet does the same. And South and South-west, where slavery it is quite possible to state that in poisoned the land. We have hotels Boston it is not considered an eccenin Boston that sell liquor enough. tricity to omit wine in social enterWe have fashionable establishments tainments. There are clubs that there for the entertainment of travel- dabble in wine. I know how club. lers, and which think they could not life may be glorified, and may be the succeed financially if they did not centre of literary enthusiasm, and depend on whisky; but at one of the how it may become a plitical power ; most fashionable of them there came I do not underrate its excellent traits ; together one hundred graduates of a but I know how club life may rot. New English college-Amherst, in the (Hear, hear.) There are in Boston heart of Massachusetts—and wine- some clubs made up of fashionable glasses were put at the sides of the men, which furnish wine and stronger plates, and every wineglass was liquors to their members; but when & turned upside down. Not a drop was new club was formed lately and anused. Look at Yale College, which, nounced its purpose to do so, a storm with Harvard, may be called what of indignation arose. I believe every Oxford and Cambridge are in Great prominent temperance society in that Britain, Harvard is as old as one or two city came out with a public manifesto of your colleges at Cambridge. There against the club. Wendell Phillips were one hundred and fifteen Yale

penned a column of his keenest invecgraduates brought together this very tive, blaming the moderate clergy for last winter at a fashionable hotel in not taking the position on this theme Boston, and I was told that with the that the state of the times demanded. exception of five or six Southern men, During the last ten years I have and one or two from the extreme travelled much in America. West, not a man used his wineglass. count on the fingers of one hand the You say that is fanaticism. I am not number of ministers at whose tables asking you to become Americans. I have been offered wine. In fifteen You have not the political reasons for years I have not seen more than five educating your people in sobriety that times the temptation of nine under a we have; but you may have in time. minister's roof. We count tliere the You ouglit to meditate on these ministers who are not total abstainers. things. (Applause.) One of the fore- But rise higher. Here is a man who most merchants in Boston said to commanded more men in the battleme, “I am a man of moderate opinions field than any one general has ever on the subject of temperance. I do done in history. They were raw not know but that I sliall be obliged levies, many of them; but they had to accede to the opinion of younger hard work to do, and some of them men than myself. I do not offer were not raw when ihey were diswine at my social entertainments. I banded. The man

was put into expected a storm of reproach when I power, but in his youth he had been took this new departure, but at the intemperate. When the war broke out end of the evening several guests took his habits were very uncertain, at me into my library, six of them, one least so his best friends said ; and after another, and whispered in my enormous anxiety prevailed lest his ear that they were glad I was setting old ways should master him. He such an example.” That man has had come up out of the M-xican war. ships in all the zones. It did not He was known not to be entirely surprise me that he had resolved to

safe as

to the bottle. He went . set that example, although his opi- through the American civil war. He nions were those of an older time. He was eight years President of the said among the hundreds of members Republic. He has made the tour of

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the world. He was received abroad tainment, not under the roof of the with honours very rarely given to a White House, but at which many private citizen of the United States. political dignitaries were present. A He was received, although a private scene of coarse merriment and carousal citizen, as if he was the legal repre- followed, which greatly disgusted both sentative of the American Union. the President and his wife. She said After he left England he made up his to her husband, “ To-morrow night I mind to certain fashions, and he am to give an entertainment. You followed a rule of his own through know what we have seen. What if Italy, Egypt, India, China and Japan, leave all the wine off the table ?' and what is more, through California, " Why, you will disgust the foreign through his own State of Illinois, ambassadors, and our Secretary of through all the North. Up to the State, Mr. Evarts. Nevertheless, if present hour, from the time he left you wish to try the experiment,” said England, General Grant turns the President Hayes, now is a good wineglass upside down. (Loud time, for everybody is disgusted with cheers.) His example is inspiriting ; what we saw last night. If you wish and the youth of America look to this to try it, I have no great objection, general. After all the temptations for must say you have a great deal he has seen, after the trials he has of influence with this Administration.' been through, he is likely to know (Laughter and cheers.) And she did what is the best thing for him when it, and succeeded, and it is the fashion he needs a cool head under terrible in the White House to-day. (Cheers.) stress of work. He turns his wine- The Secretary, Mr. Evarts, did proglass upside down at every public test. He did say to this brave and dinner, and refuses wine; he makes beautiful woman, whose portrait is to no speech, but points to the glass up- be put in the Executive Mansion as a side down, and shakes his head. He permanent memorial of what she has is a total abstainer. It were disloyalty done there : “ The Foreign Ministers to the ideas of the best portion of will be disgusted." “ Mr. Evarts," American society were I not to speak said the President's wife, " wherever of one bright conspicuous star now at you are the representative of the the head of civil life in the United United States, you will do as you States. (Hear, hear.) You will allow please ; but I must follow my conme to go to the State of Ohio, the victions, and when I entertain, the mother of Presidents. Women, there, wineglass must be turned upside educated in the Christian church, down." She was severely criticised resolved to do something to limit for a week and a day, for a month, the temptation of their children by and a year. In the last conversation intemperance. One of them was the I had with President Hayes—and I wife of the Governor of the State. have not had many opportunities of In process of time that Governor was conversing with him-I ventured to translated to the Presidential chair. congratulate him on what had been Drunkenness was only too common accomplished in his household. “Yes," in certain fashionable circles in Wash- said he, with emphasis, and with a ington. From the great first President look as if he was not ready to make down to the last, intoxicating liquors any apology, we have turned a sharp had been put upon the social board corner on that matter in Washington, in the White House. This woman and I hope it is turned once for all.” was a Christian before she went into There is hope that the new Presithe White House; she resolved to be dent's wife will follow the fashion. one after entering it.

She was

And so

on the social heights in woman before, and she did not cease America, on the summit of fashion, to be a woman when she found herself the wineglass has, in the face of all acting as wife of a President. She the world, and for the first time in was a mother before, and she was a history, been turned upside down, mother afterwards. One evening there and America is not ashamed of that, was an unusual amount of wine and neither do we propose to apologise for stronger liquors consumed at an enter- it or go back to the old ways. (Cheers.)

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Passing Ebents.

Let those persons, beer, rum and other spirits die with me; they led me

to commit wrong, and now let us die Ar the meeting of both Houses of the

together one death on the day that I Convocation of Canterbury, recently

am to die; it will not be right that held, the differences of opinion on

they survive that day, but I and my Church matters were warmly ex

bad companions should die together, pressed. Petitions had been presented

lest they should remain to lead people to the Primate, signed on the one

to death ; but as I am to die let spirits hand by the Dean of St. Paul's, and

die also; do not leave any of its kind some thousands of clergy and others;

in the world ; let it be destroyed from and on the other by Bishop Perry

the face of the earth lest it should and those associated with him in op- remain to cause trouble to man; man position. In an address to both the

would then be answerable for his own assembled Houses, the Archbishop of

troubles. If it was destroyed it would Canterbury spoke upon the disputes

be well; man would then seek his own which have occupied the attention of

troubles; then it would be well there the law courts; and touching upon would be no cause (for trouble). That the position of the divided parties in

is all. From Tuhiata." To close the Church at the present time, urged these few words on the subject of that “it was time the clergy left these matters relating to the outworks lyle's temperance appeal to “ free and

Temperance, we add Thomas Carof the ecclesiastical system merely, independent voters. “No man opand took up the work entrusted to their hands by the Apostles."

presses thee, O free and independent

franchiser; but does not this stupid From a Parliamentary Paper just pewter-pot oppress thee? No son of issued, the late election in the two Adam can bid thee come or go ; but divisions of the County of Durham this absurd pot of heavy wet, this can cost the various candidates on the and does ! Thou art the thrall, not whole a total of £40,199 138. 3 d. of Cedric the Saxon, but of thy own A new asteroid of the 11th magni

brutal appetites and this scoured dish tude has been discovered. It is the of liquor; and thou protest of thy 220th of the group of small planets liberty? Thou entire blockhead!" having their orbits between those of

IN apswer to Marshal Moltke's Mars and Jupiter.

apology in defence of war, to which THE House of Commons cannot be we alluded in our last number, M. accused of having been impatient on

Steinheil, a Frenchman, says, rightly, matters relating to Ireland. During “By God's will all men are brethren, the last few weeks some correspon

and the grand duty of nations condents of the papers have been curious sists not in exhausting each other to count up that various Irish mem- under the crushing burden of an armed bers have delivered an aggregate of peace, or meanwhile killing one an

many as from 800 to 1,000 other on fields of battle; but, on the speeches.

contrary, nations, like individuals, A REMARKABLE letter has been are called upon to mutual love and going the round of_the papers as

reciprocal advancement. War to evil having been sent by Tuhiata, a New

under all its forms and in all its Zealand murderer, to the Governor of manifestations.” New Zealand. It is dated December Lieutenant and Commander De 23rd, 1880, and says, “ Go, this letter Hoghton, of Her Majesty's ship of mine to the Governor. Friend, “ Beagle,” has been giving a valuable greeting,- I have heard that I am to testimony as to the value of the Wesbe put to death on Wednesday, and I leyan missions being carried on by am willing to die on that day, but I the Rev. George Brown, in New have a word to say to you: Let my Britain, New Ireland, and Duke of bad companions, your children, beer, York's group. “ At all these stations rum, and other spirits die with me. (some twenty-nine in number) the

as

native teachers introduced by Mr. ber his early ministry and who speak Brown can converse freely with the of him with pleasure. natives in their own language. I have, I believe, seen the whole of the

It would be ungrateful of us not to teachers; and as far as I can judge

be concerned at the failure of Dr.

Panshon's health ; not only because they are a most respectable and worthy body of men. I have heard them

of his connection with the Local

Preachers' Association as an honorary conduct service and preach to a church full of natives, who outwardly

member, but because of that cosmocertainly listened to what was said ;

politan generosity of disposition

which actuates him so remarkably. and amongst their number is an old New Britain chief, who is, I believe,

We sincerely hope that his return

from the Continent will be speedy, a sincere convert to Christianity.

and that when he returns he will do These men, living as they do and

so quite convalescent. Every effort associating with the natives, are a

should be made to increase the misconstant example to them of a better life than their own. The natives see

sionary funds, that the missionary the clean, well-built, roomy houses of

committee, and especially the secrethe teacher. They see he has but

taries, may be relieved from undue one wife, who is treated as his equal,

anxiety. the man doing the hard work and the Some of the correspondents of the woman attending to the domestic Methodist Recorder write as if there duties. They see them leading an was no resource for the Wesleyani industrious, quiet, orderly life, and in

Methodist Connexion to rely upon all respects better than their own; whereby apparent difficulties may be and they see and know they worship surmounted. We have pointed out one Being unknown to them."

before, and say again, that the un

paid principle needs to be increaThe recent departure of Thomas

singly cultivated and encouraged. Carlyle, at a very advanced age,

Mr. John Field, who represented the reminds us that time eventually ter

Local Preachers of America at the minates the longest lives. There was

Local Preachers' meeting held in something very impressive about the

York last year, spoke of the hearty annual visit of this renowned writer

co-operation of Local Preachers and and thinker to the grave of his de.

Episcopal Methodist ministers in parted wife. The visit involved a

America, and that sentiment is recijourney from Chelsea to the High- procated by the Local Preachers of lands of Scotland, to mourn

England. When aggression is spolight gone out of him.” With this

ken of, the great metropolis is always friend of John Stuart Mill there was

brought to mind. It was only the evidently a craving for another sphere

other day that a superintendent of existence.

minister said to the writer,“ When SINCE we last wrote, Methodist my son was in the country he had obituary has contained the names of plenty of work as a Local Preacher, T. Pennington, John Thomas, and but since he has been residing in Robert Jackson, all names with which London he has not one appointment we were familiar in our younger days, in six months.” The Local Preacher and all of them worthy to be men- to whom this observation referred, is tioned as having in their various a member of a firm of solicitors. If spheres served their generation well. the Local Preachers are going to be Let those who still live, not forget to thus neglected, it must be expected be “ followers of them who through that they will either mark out faith and patience now inherit the course of usefulness for themselves, promises. Nearly sixty years ago or seek other associations where they Robert Jackson travelled in the cir- can be employed. It is not to be excuit from which we write. The pected that young men whose hearts writer is not sufficiently old to have God hath touched with a burniug love had any knowledge of him; but there for their fellow men, can remain altoare those still living who well remem- gether idle.

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