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18. That each member of the Committee be responsible for ten pounds (£10) for the time he holds office, which would be some guarantee for the safety of our Funds.-W. Garrett.



of extreme poverty, to allow the widows of local preachers (deceased members of the Association) a weekly sum not exceeding 3s. 6.-F. J. Littlewood.

12. The following alterations in the proposed Trust Deed are suggested by the Manchester Branch, yiz.

In line 24 of the preamble to leave out the words or Independent."

In line 39 of third column, after “Chairman and Secretary," to add ” and two members of the Committee.”

In line 25 of fourth column, after “ sickness,” to insert “ extreme temporal necessity."

13. Rule 3 to read, “ The objects of the Association shall be to afford relief to its members in sickness, extreme poverty, and old age, also to provide a sum of money payable at death, and to give relief to the needy widows of deceased members.”

14. Rule 19. The words " in London” to be struck out.

15. To add to Rule 48. “No member retained under this Rule shall have any claim to superannuation allowance.”

16. The following as a new Rule. “Any member who, by unforeseen or unavoidable circumstances, other than personal affliction, shall be brought into extreme poverty, may apply for relief through the secretary of his branch, to the general committee, according to Form No. The grants to any brother under this Rule not to exceed £2 in the same year.

Form of Application. 'Extreme poverty. No.

• • Dear Brother,—Being brought into extreme poverty in consequence of

-, I apply through you to the general committee of the Local Preachers' Mutual Aid Association for their early and kind consideration of my case.--I am, yours truly, &c.'

No relief to be granted until full particulars of the case are laid before the Committee, signed by the secretary and one other member of the branch."-A. Andrew.

17. In Rule 15 to add," and within twelve months after membership ceases."-G. C. Amphlett.

GENERAL COMMITTEE. MINUTES of Committee Meeting, held at Bro. Candler's, Brixton, on Monday evening, March 14, 1881. Present: Bro. Madder (President) in the chair. Bros. Amphlett, Candler, Carter, Clapham, Durley, Johnson, Plant, Sims, Wardley and Wright.

After singing hymn 972 and reading by the President of 17th Psalm, Bro. Durley engaged in prayer.

The minutes of last meeting were read and confirmed.

The monthly abstract was read, showing total receipts since last audit, £2,646 58. 11d.; payments, £2,273 2s. 11d.

New members during the month, 39; deaths, 5; sick, 124; annuitants, 162.

Bills for payment, inclusive of Secretary's salary, postage, coal, and directory, amounting to £44 11s. 9d. were presented, and ordered to be discharged.


R. W., of L., aged 68, local preacher 30 years ; was by trade a travelling hawker. Suffers from sciatica ; wife aged 76; has five children, and one son allows him 28. 6d. per week; is highly recommended by the Secretary of the Branch and Bro. Turtle. Resolved, that he have 48. per week.

J. B., of S., aged 75 ; local preacher 36 years ; was a platelayer and railway porter; he receives 38. a week from a club. Suffers from diabetes ; has been on our Sick Fund since 1879, and is now in receipt of 28. 6d. per week; wife aged 72; has seven children, one of whom pays his rent. Resolved, that he bave 48. per week.

G. R., of H., aged 65 years; local preacher 49 years on one plan; was & hosier's warehouseman; suffers from hard and difficult breathing; wife, aged 60, suffers from broken health ; has seven children, but none of them can help. The case is recommended



mittee in place of Bro. Laycock, who had resigned.

It was reported that H. Reed, Esq., one of our Trustees, was dead.

The next meeting to be held at Bro. Plant’s, 136, Wandsworth Road, on Wednesday evening, April 13th.

Bro. Candler closed the meeting with prayer.

by the Ministers of the Circuit, the Circuit Steward and the Doctor. Resolved, that he have 4s. per week.

J. L., of W., aged 72 years; local preacher 50 years; has been annuitant since 1876 at 3s. per week; applies for increase. He has been a farm labourer, but his mind is entirely gone, and has no income beyond our annuity and the interest of a cottage, amounting to £4 per annum. His wife is dead; he has one daughter afflicted, and one son, who works. on the road occasionally, but can do nothing for his father. Resolved, that he have 6s. per week.

R.C., of G., aged 70; local preacher 40 years; by trade a cooper, but has now a very small income. Wife aged 60; twelve children, some of whom help occasionally, but have large families of their own. Resolved, that he have 38. per week.

A letter was read from Rev. James Pettinger, of Cawston in Norfolk, offering pulpits in his Circuit for first Sunday in April if deputation is sent. Resolved, That the Secretary apply to the members of Committee and other brethren who are in Norfolk to avail themselves of this kind offer.

Letter was read from Sheffield respecting the forthcoming Anniversary, stating the arrangements which have been made for the various public meetings,

Bro. Daws was elected on the Com

DEATHS. Jan. 23, 1881. Henry Smith, Don. caster Branch, aged 58 years. In sure and certain hope of a joyful resurrection. His last words were,

“ Praise the Lord." Claim £8.

Feb. 7, 1881. William Plummer, St. Agnes Branch, aged 42 years. As he lived, so he died, “ trusting in Jesus." Claim £8.

Feb. 8, 1881, William Dawson, Shipley Branch, aged 67 years. His end was sudden, but he was ready. Shortly before his death he said to a brother local preacher, “I cannot tell how it is, but for some time I have been living as it were on the suburbs of glory." No claim.

Feb. 13, 1881. George Rhodes, Ripley Branch, aged 69 years, of heart disease. Claim £4,

Feb. 14, 1881. William Fareham, Barnsley Branch, aged 63 years. No particulars. Claim €8.

March 10, 1881. James Humphreys, Bristol Branch, aged 79 years. Looking forward to the peace and rest beyond the grave. Claim £8.


Free Sub- Benefit scriptions. Members. £ S. d. £ 8. d. 5 0 0

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Ripon-Mr. Bacon, 58; Mrs. Tillotson, hm, £11s; Mr.

Tomlinson, 58
Easingwold-Mr. H. Hawking, hm. £2; Mr. J. Rookledge,

hc. 10s; Mr. W. Teasdale, hm. £1 18...
Wimborme-Mrs. Bracher, bm. €1 1s; Mr. Gould, hm.
£1 ls; Miss Hunt, hm. £1 1s; Mr. J. Sims, hm. £1 Is;
Mr. Strange, hm. £1 ls; Mr. Sutton, hm. £1 ls; A
Friend, £1
Launceston-Mr. J. Dawe, hm. £1 1s

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1 7 0 Retford

3 0 0 Ripley

0 90 Kingswood-Mr. W. Butler, hm. £1 ls; Mrs. Butler, hm. £1 1s

2 2 0 Liverpool-Mr. R. Lloyd, hm. £1 1s; Mr. T. Smith, hm. (Birkenhead) £2

3 1 0 9 16 0 Sunderland–Mr. J. W. Wayman, hm. £1 18

1 1 0 0 3 0 Bridport-Mr. J. Beach, 58 ; Mr. T. Beach, £1; Mr. Howell, 2s 6d; Small sums, 12s 6d (per Mrs. Scadden)

2 0 0 Marlborough

1 0 Holm firth-Mr. and Mrs. G. Wilson, hm. £1 108

1 10 0 0 3 0 Peterborough 2nd

4 3 3 Bradwell

2 90 Wakefield

0 30 Blackburn-Mr. T. Atherton, hc. 10s 60 ; Mr. A. Birtwell,

hm. £1 1s; Mr. J. R. Fletcher, hm, £1 ls ; Dr. Grime, hm, £1 ls

3 13 6 Durham- Mr. James Willan, hm. £1 1s; Mr. John Willan, hm. £1 ls...

2 2 0 3 14 Swaffham-Collection at Swaffham, £1 1s 8d ; Ditto at

Saham Tony, £1 12s ; Profit on Tea, 58; Mr. G. C. Durrant, hm. £1 18; Mrs. Ellis (Box) 3s 3d

4 12 11 2 0 0 Crewe

1 7 6 Doncaster

0 30 Melton Mowbray-Më. J. F. Gibson, hm. £1 "Ts; Mr. J. Towne, hm. £1 ls ...

2 2 0 0 15 0 South ShieldsMr. T. Airst, 5s; M. C. F. Shotton, hc. 108; Mr. G. Snaith, hm. qly. 58

1 0 0 1 16 0 St. Leonards-on-Sea-Mr. A. W. Sargent, hm. £2 2s

2 2 0 Weymouth and Portland

3 14 0 Market Rasen

8 0 0 York—Mr. H. Bushell, hm. £l 1s; Mrs. E. Hill, hc, 10s 6d;

Mr. W. B. Seaman, hm, £1 ls. Less expenses 2s 6d 2 10 0 14 17 9 Gloucester-Mr. G. Brown, 5s 3d; Mr. H. Allen, bm. £1 ls;

Mr. J. Pitchford, hm. £1 ls; Mr. S. Priday, hm. £1 ls;
Mr. R. C. Stephens, hm. £1 1s; Mrs. R. C. Stephens,

hm. £1 ls
Perry Hill-Mr. Everden, hc. 10s 6d ; Mr. E. Fairbrother,

hm, £1 1s; Mr. J. Harding, hc. 10s 6d ; Mr. J. B. Ingle, hm. £1 ls ; Mr. J. Messent, hm. £1 Is

4 4 Southnark and LambethMr. G. Candler, hm. £1 1s; Mr. I. Coxon, hm, £1 ls; Mrs. Hey, don, £1 Is

3 3 0 Evesham

1 19 0 Rochester--A Friend, £5 5s

5 5 0 Bristol-A. A. L., 38 for the Poor Old Hundred (per Bro. Maynard)...

0 3 0 Croydon-Mr. J. Knight, hm. £l is; Mr. W. H. Russell, hm. £1; Mrs. W. H. Russell, hc, 10s

2 11 0 Bayswater—Miss Cox, hm. £1 ls; Mr. R. Moore, hm. £1 ls; Mr. A. Wardley, hm. £1 ls

3 3 0 0 3 0 Deptford and Woolwich-Dr. Lacey, hm. £1 Is

1 1 0 0 12 0 Office List-Collection at Hendon, £1 6s (per Bro. Lawson); Mr. W. H. King, hm. £1 ls; Capt. Smith, hm. £1 ls

3 8 0 Chelsea—Mr. Oakshott, 2s 60 ; Mr. and Mrs. Seymour, 5s

(per Bro. Aldridge); Miss Scott, hm, £1 1s; Mr. 'W. Taylor, hm. £1 ls ...

2 96 0 3 0 Aylesbury-Mr. R. Durley, hm. £1 ls

1 1 0 Office List-See President's Letter


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WHO WAS JESUS ? A Lecture delivered at the Paris Exhibition : Translated and Adapted

from the French.

BI REV. T. A SEED, * By what authority doest Thou these things ?”—Mark xi. 28. This is a question not for an age, but for all time. It is the question of questions for you, for me, for all mankind. Everything depends on the answer that is given to it. It is a matter of life or of death, of everlasting life or everlasting death, that we should rightly answer it. “By what authority ?” &c. Let us approach the question with becoming gravity. Let us discuss it calmly, but with all the earnestness of those whose everlasting destiny is bound up with it.

By “these things,” then, is meant, not merely the expulsion of the merchants from the Temple at Jerusalem, but the whole work of Christ, of which that act was but a detail more or less characteristic. I want you to consider the whole of His work on earth as it is set before us in the Gospels. And not only that: I want you to consider the establishment of His kingdom in the world as it is related in the history of the Church, and as it is being effected under our eyes. Here is a fact; a visible, patent, striking fact, the work of Christ when He was on earth and since He

And what I want you to do is to explain this fact. Who is this Jesus Christ ? “ By what authority doeth He these things ? This, I say, is the question of questions for the world, and there are only two answers possible to it, as there were only two answers possible to the question as to the Baptism of John. The authority of Jesus Christ is either from heaven, or it is of men. There is no other alternative. Either Jesus Christ is man, and nothing more than man, or He is God manifest in the flesh. And the question is, Which?

I. Very well, then ; let us first take the former part of the alternative, Let us suppose that Jesus Christ is man; and nothing more than man. There was nothing supernatural in Him; He was simply a mortal like you and me; a child of the night like you and me, to whom the problems of life and death and destiny were proposed as they are proposed to you and me As such, no doubt, He was an extraordinary man; one of the élite of nature, a clear thinker, a profound philosopher. As such, He would be able, like Socrates and Plato and many others, to interrogate the Sphinx and try to solve its enigma; and, like other philosophers, He would, no doubt, have been able to imagine His little system of truth, and fill the minds of men, for a time, with His explanations and conjectures. But like all these sages, He would only have been able to present Himself before the world as an ignorant man speaking to other ignorant men, as a blind man seeking to lead other blind men in their researches after truth.

May, 1881.


Well now, it is fair to ask, in the first place, was that the position He took up before the world ? Certainly not. You know that, on the contrary, what most impressed His hearers was the authority with which He spake. He always affirmed, and never attempted to prove what He affirmed. “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life,” said He. Born in the midst of a people who expected the Messiah, an extraordinary messenger from God, a King of whom the greatest things were predicted. He gave Himself out without hesitation to be the long-expected Christ. He applied to Himself all the ancient prophecies which were the foundation of the hopes of His nation; He stated frankly and openly in the face of all the world that He was a Being without weakness and without sin; and, most audacious of all on this hypothesis, He passed Himself off as the Son of God, as always doing what was agreeable to the Father, making use of this incredible language, “He that hath seen Me hath seen the Father.” He spake of the issues of life with an accent of certi. tude. There is to be a Day of Judgment, He tells us, and He is to be the Judge, and before Him are to be gathered all nations to receive their doom. He spake to His disciples in this fashion : “ Ye believe in God, believe also in Me.” “In My Father's house," &c. “I go to prepare a place for you," &c. He never says, “perhaps"—“it is probable"_"I hope.” These words are not found in His vocabulary. He calls upon all men to forsake all and follow Him. He abolishes the Established Religion to substitute—what ?

His own. He receives, He encourages on the lips of His disciples such homage as this : “To whom shall we go ?&c.; and “ We believe that Thou art the Christ the Son of God.”

My Lord and my God.” When He came face to face with death, what did He do ? He defied it, and announced His resurrection on the third day. Covered with insults and indignities, in the midst of the mob that had been raised against Him, before the very judge that had con•demned Him to death, He said, “ Yes, I am a king ; I came into the world to bear witness to the truth.” And on the Cross (which was also a gibbet) when dying, He said to the thief who called Him Lord : “ This day thou shalt be with Me in Paradise."

Well now, I ask you, Who is this, and by what authority did He say and do these things? Will any man tell me that we have here only a Jew like Barabbas, or like Judas Iscariot? I appeal to your common sense. Suppose (as we must suppose if He were a mere man), suppose that the history of Jesus of Nazareth had ended with His crucifixion ; suppose, further that, since that time He had been utterly forgotten, and that, by one of those happy discoveries which have been so numerous in our days, that history, as we have it in the Gospels, had been found in some lost volume of Josepbus, or of some other historian ; suppose that you read it for the first time in one of our magazines or reviews as a literary curiosity, what opinion would you form of such a hero ? Would

Would you not besitate to set him down as an impostor or a madman? I think you

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