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and see how you get on, and then cut at the truth, and will not be set from it off altogether and see how you get his purpose by people condoling with on then.” People are of different him about his appearance and the constitutions, and there are some of result of his experiment, and will try such nervous types of constitution the effect of alcohol upon work, I that mere habit is such a force with would tell him fearlessly, and I would them that they think if they do not risk all that I possess upon the back have their daily allowance of alcohol of the statement, that as certainly as they must be ill. The first difficulty he does try that experiment for a in the way of experimenting with month or six weeks, so certainly will such people is that when they try the he come to the conclusion that, howexperiment of doing their work with- ever pleasant alcohol is for the out alcohol they say they think they moment, it is not a helper of work. must be ill, and when the accustomed It is not only not a helper of work, time of taking the alcohol comes but it is a certain hinderer of work, round they think it is evidence that and every man who comes to the front the plan is not going to answer well of a profession in London is marked because they miss their accustomed by this one characteristic, that the beverage, and they begin to be on the more busy he gets the less in the shape side of expecting failure. They are of alcohol he takes, and his excuse is sure to tell some of their friends, who, —“I am very sorry, but I cannot of course, condemn the “mad experi- take it and do my work.” The most ment,” and say, “ Beer is necessary; loyal, careful, faithful, and truthful you are not looking so well already, of observers whom ever it was my and if you go on you will see where good fortune to know-the late Dr. you'll land." The poor man is in the Parkes, of Netley-began life as a position of an army going up to physician in London, and would have battle with the consciousness that it risen, I have no doubt, had he reis going to be defeated, and you know mained there, to be one of the first the chances of success in such a case. physicians of this metropolis, but his I have no hesitation in saying that if health was not good, and he went a man has the courage to cast aside down to Netley. He was an earnest the imaginative difficulties which sur- lover of truth, and this question of round an experiment of this kind, alcohol exercised his mind continually, and say—“None of your nonsense, I and he tried in various shapes and mean to try this fairly; I'm not a ways to bring the question to such a coward, and I will try it honestly,”- test that even the most sceptical he will succeed. People always look might be convinced by the result of a little paler or thinner under such an his experiments. He performed this experiment, but bulk is not measure one among others. He got a number of power, nor colour the measure of of soldiers of the same age, of the health. Now I venture to say, as a same type of constitution, living under working man myself (I take it that I the same circumstances, eating the work as hard as most, for I have same food, breathing the same atmoeighteen hours a day at my work, sphere, and he did this that the exworking in a hurry and very anxious periment might be fair, he divided subjects to work upon, and if that is the soldiers into two gangs—an alconot hard work, when it goes over holic gang and a non-alcoholic gang Saturday and Sunday as well, I know —and he engaged these two gangs in not what is), that I have my personal certain works, for which they were experience to speak of, and I have to be paid extra. He watched these the experience of the enormous num- gangs and took the result of their ber of people who pass before me work; and it turned out that the alcoevery year. That does not go for holic gang went far ahead at first. nothing after ten years. If I don't They had buckets of beer by their know something about the subject side, and as they got a little tired now I must be a bigger fool than I they took beer, and the non-alcoholic imagine myself to be. If there is any gang were in an hour or two left honest man who really wants to get nowhere ; but he waited and watched,

as I told you, and as the experiment owe their ill-health to alcohol—to the went on, the energies of the beer- abuse—I do not say these 70 per cent. drinkers speedily began to flag, and, were drunkards—but to the excessive do what they would, before the end of use. I do not know that one of them the day the non-alcoholic gang had was what you call a drunkard. Nay, left them far behind. When this had I must here put in a curious word gone on for some days the alcoholic which will shock your rector in the gang begged that they might get into chair very much, that on the whole the non-alcoholic gang, that they it is not the drunkards that suffer so might earn a little more money, but much from alcohol. There are a Dr. Parkes, in order to make the ex- number of men that we know to be periment clenching and conclusive, drunkards. They get drunk and they transposed the gangs. He made the get sober, and they are so much alcoholic gang the non-alcoholic gang, ashamed of themselves that they and vice versa, the men being very won't touch the accursed thing for willing to lend themselves to the ex- months to come, until somebody periment, and the results were exactly tempts them. These are not the men the same. The alcoholic gang beat who suffer most from alcohol. These the non-alcoholic gang at the starting, are the men who, conscious of their and failed utterly towards the end of infirmity, and horribly ashamed of the day. This is the most conclusive, themselves when they recover, will and I think by far the most crucial remain virtuous for months and experiment that I know of upon the months. No, the men to whom I question of the relation of alcohol to allude are the men who are habitually work. With that I will set aside this taking a little too much. The curse question by saying from personal ex- of this is that they feel so jolly and perience, and from experiments most comfortable and full of jokes and fun carefully conducted over large bodies that other short-sighted people almost of men, it is capable of proof beyond envy them their condition. These all possibility of question that alcohol, are the men who go into company, in ordinary circumstances, not only who are full of life, who are always does not help work, but is a serions begging you to have another glass, hinderer of work. Now, as to the and all that sort of thing. They are effect of the use of alcoholic drinks very good fellows, do their work well, upon disease. I went to my hospital but they are always drinking just a to-day thinking that I should have little more than the physiological this terrible ordeal to go through to- quantity I mentioned at the beginning. night, and not knowing, indeed, how Now these are the men who, taking I should go through it. Well, think- a little more than they require or can ing of my lecture, I walked through use, looking well, yea, often feeling my wards, and I asked myself this well, are yet being sapped and underquestion - How many of these cases mined by this excess. Day by day, are due to natural and unavoidable just as the grass grows and you can't causes, and how many are due to see it—day by day this little excess, alcohol? Now, remember what I often a little one, is doing its work. said at the beginning of these informal It upsets the stomach, the stomach remarks—I do not desire to make out upsets the other organs, and bit by a strong case, I desire to make out a bit, under this fair and genial and true case. I am speaking solemnly jovial outside, the constitution is and carefully in the presence of truth, being sapped, and suddenly some fine and I tell you I am considerably day this hale, hearty man, whose within the mark when I say to you steps seemed to make the earth rethat going the round of my hospital sound again, and the rafters re-echo wards to-day seven out of every ten with his tread, tumbles down in a fit! there owed their ill-health to alcohol. That is the way in which alcohol Now, what does that mean? That saps the constitution. As I looked out of every hundred patients which at the hospital wards to-day, and saw I have charge of at the London seven out of ten who owed their Hospital 70 per cent of them directly diseases to alcohol, I could not but


lament that the teaching about this yield, will stimulate people to keep question was not more direct, more themselves up with glasses of wine decisive, more home-thrusting than and glasses of beer. ever it has been.

Though I do not There is another side as well of want to appeal to your emotions, or this question, and it is no abuse of to make a fine speech with fine language to say it is an awful side. phrases to catch you through your It would be bad if we men who abuse feelings, I want to catch you if I can alcohol were to suffer in ourselves, by your plain reason or

and to suffer in those around us, understanding. I must ask you in whom we love or ought to love; surely passing what do these seven men in that is terrible enough to prevent men ten, stricken down by alcohol, repre- from using alcohol freely. But there sent in social life? Each one of is even a more terrible statement than these men was perhaps a husband that behind. It is not they alone and a father, with a wife and family who suffer ; but so soon as a man depending upon him for their daily begins to take one drop more than bread. Any man of but a small what I have called the physiological experience who knows what it is to quantity, the desire of it is not only have the head of the house cast down begotten in him, but the desire of it at an early age by early disease (as becomes a part of his very nature, almost all the diseases produced by and that nature, so formed by his alcohol are), any such man must acts, is calculated to inflict curses know what a terrible history is the inexpressible upon the earth when history of the family which depends handed down to the generations that upon the head, when that head is are to follow after him, as part and stricken down by the diseases pro- parcel of their being. And I ask : duced by alcohol, and it is too terrible What are you to think of those who for me to enter into upon such an are born of drunkards, who come into occasion as the present. I am not this world, so to speak, with a curse saying—because I have no means of not only upon them but in them the saying-in human life, in society at terrible desire for that which is to large, what is the percentage of blast them, and to blast them speedily victims which alcohol seizes upon as -a desire which no human power its rightful prey. I do not know; I can save them from, and which God have no method of coming accurately alone in His wisdom and mercy can to the conclusion; but I know this, protect them from. What an awful that not only was a large percentage thought this! Can there be any of such diseases as I have mentioned, man here present who, if he is taking but a great mass-certainly more more than he ought to take, is inthan three-fourths of the disorders different to all this? How can he in which we call “fashionable life think without dread of this terrible arise from the use of this very drug fact-for fact it is as surely as that of which I am now speaking. Now, two and two make four—that this if you think of that, and think for one desire is becoming part of his nature, moment of the fact I have told you, and that he is handing it down, not that in this London Hospital seven for the good but for the most terrible out of ten of those whom I have seen evil that man can suffer unto generato-day-and seen, for one reason, to

tions unborn? Can I say to you any present the statement to you to-night words stronger than these of the

- lie there maimed for life by this terrible effects of the abuse of alcohol? agent: that a great mass, perhaps It is when I myself think of all this the greater mass, of the disorders, as that I am disposed, as I have said distinct from the diseases with which elsewhere, to rush to the op site mankind is afflicted, arise from the extreme, to give up my profession, to abuse of this drug-surely you will give up everything, and to go forth agree with me, that a terrible respon- upon a holy crusade, preaching to all sibility lies upon those who, forgetful men-beware of this enemy of the of these plain and certain teachings wbich the commonest experience can

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Literary Notices.

but saving souls is better.” We do not mean by these quotations to array

the heart and the head, knowledge The World Redeemed : a Poem in Six and goodness, against each other.

Books. By WILLIAM TID Watson. But we do mean that knowledge by London: Elliot Stock. Royal 8vo ;

itself can never with power impart stitched cover. Price 1s. 6d.

instruction in goodness. It is only

the force of feeling that can heat the MR. WATSON has been a writer of

light of knowledge and make it burn poems for many years, for on the

into the soul. back of the cover we have reviews of

By the heart as a power in teachsix different works, and the reviews date back to 1858. All of these

ing, we mean that the truth from literary notices are very flattering.

being an abstraction shall become a

conviction. The teacher must feel it The Standard of Nov. 12th, 1858, says: “ His command over words as

in him, the greatest of all realities.

Nay, beside its reality and impor. the medium of thought is absolute and without limit."

tance, he must burn with the love of What can we say after this ? Most

it; that love must be his highest and persons, if they issue a book of poems,

strongest passion. Along with this bring it out in large type, and set it

passionate love of truth, of divine off by elegant binding. Not so Mr.

truth, there may be of knowledge Watson. He has his poems set up in

more or less, and the knowledge will

furnish small type, and arranged in the repul

a place for planting the sive form of double column royal 8vo;

fulcrum and give skill in the work of plain paper cover.

lifting, but the passion is the lifting The production before us contains

This heart element in teaching the 28

pages; each page contains 130 lines, of eleven syllables each. We

truth will explain many of the anomawill give the first paragraph of Book

lies of success among ministers of the VI., entitled, “Redemption Achieved.”

Gospel. Here, for example, is a fine

scholar, fragrant with the bloom of "O grave! where is thy victory?' so the richest culture, and admirable in flung

person and voice. The cultivated are The Christian sage his challenge forth to pleased, and perhaps nothing more. man's

But this man of mere culture has a Most dreaded foe, what time his soul upclomb

neighbour, whose mind is of the The heights of rapture, by sure hope in- plainest type, to whose services spired

crowds are attracted, and at the altars Of endless life and immortality.

of whose church multitudes bow as O grave! where is thy victory?' my penitents. Culture has scarce any song

share in producing the awakenings ; The exulting cry repeats; as in the wake

it is the heart that has done it. The Of her triumphant Hero she attends, And whom, evenwhile, Victor o'er sin and

plain, and, perhaps, ignorant preacher, death

has a firm hold on a few fundamental And Hell she sang, once more the saintly truths of Christianity; even these he chords

has not mastered; they have rather She sweeps, and sings Him Conqueror of the grave.”—Page 25.

mastered him; he obeys their divine touch, burns at their kindling, works at their order; and as face answers

to face in water, so the hearts of those Miscellaneous.

respond to the passionate pulsation of his.

We are not glorifying ignorance, HEART TEACHING.

but the heart; we are not underHe who would reveal God to man rating culture, but showing that it must have his heart with God. Said

must work by means of the heart. à Kempis: “I would rather feel peni- Indeed, much of the work of the tence than be able to define it." Said Wesley: "Knowledge is a good thing,

ignorant evangelist may go no deeper than a sensation, because he has not


based it on sufficient knowledge; it may be only the tears and sighs of sympathy; a mere inflection of weeping and shouting, which perishes as soon as it gets out of the crowd and gaslight of the meeting. But what then ? Is there aught wrong in the passion ? By no means, but only in the knowledge. Let not the uncultured evangelist restrain his heart, but rather harness it with culture. Let not the cultured pastor despise his learning. or set slight store by its classifying and adorning power, but let him find and interest his heart. In a word, let the evangelist who is almost all heart, and the cultured pastor who is nearly all mind, unite in one man, and passion shall give wing and edge to cultured reason. The intellect shall then move in lightning glances, and be none the less intellect, but all the clearer for the blaze and heat of its movement.

“Why, I'll tell you. Ever since I've lost my enjoyment for singing. I can't sing my favourite hymn with a good conscience any longer.”'

6. What is that?"
" This :
No foot of land do I possess,
No cottage in the wilderness,

A poor wayfaring man.
'I dwell awhile in tents below,
Or gladly wander to and fro,

Till I my Canaan gain.
• Yonder's my house and portion fair,
My treasure and my heart are there,

And my abiding home.' “ There!” said Strange, “I'd rather sing that hymn than own America. I'll trust the Lord to take care of my wife and children.”

He continued singing and preache ing, and the Lord, said the preacher, did take care of him and his children after him.-Merry's Magazine.



A CERTAIN tyrant sent for one of his His name was Strange. Many will subjects and said to him : “ What is think his conduct was strange also. your employment ?” He said, “I am He was a zealous preacher, and a a blacksmith.” • Go home and make sweet singer. Nothing gave him so me a chain of such a length.” He much pleasure as to go about the went home; it occupied him several country preaching and singing. A months, and he had no wages all the gentleman well off in worldly goods, time he was making it. Then he desiring to make him and his family brought it to the monarch, and he comfortable in their declining years, said, “ Go and make it twice as long." generously presented him with a title- He brought it up again, and the deed for three hundred and twenty monarch said, “Go and make it acres of land. Strange accepted the longer still.” Each time he brought donation with thankfulness, and went it, there was nothing but the comon his way, preaching and singing as mand to make it longer still. And he went. But after a few months he when he brought it up at last, the returned, and requested his generous monarch said, “Take it, and bind friend to take the title-deed. Sur- him hand and foot with it, and cast prised at the request, the gentleman him into a furnace of fire.” These inquired :

were the wages for making the chain. “ Is there any flaw in it?

Here is a meditation for you to-night, “ Not the slightest.”

ye servants of the devil. Your master, “ Is not the land good ?

the devil, is telling you to make a “ First-rate.”

chain. Some have been fifty years “ Isn't it healthy ?

welding the links of the chain; and “ Yes.”

" Go and

it still “ Why, then, do you wish me to longer.” Next Sabbath morn you take it back? It will be a comfortable will open that shop of yours, and pub home for you when you grow old, another link on; next Sabbath you and something for your wife and will be drunk, and put on another children if you should be taken link; next Monday you will do a disaway.”

honest action; and so you will keep

he says,

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