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kind of intermediate position be- proprietors ? By a La Boësière, tween the widely sundered ex who deemed it a breach of the tremes of the Opposition and Con- oath of allegiance to question the tre-Opposition. Besides, it was propriety of anything emanating but a few years since, that, of from the Ministers ? By a Salamore than four hundred Deputies, berry, to whom the name of the only thirty were found to vote Press or of the Charter, was as against the Ministers; and now water to a subject of the hydrothey outnumbered their antago- phobia ? And if others, like Coruists, perhaps, or at least were bière, had more of discretion, tallikely to do it with the aid of the ent, or knowledge of the world, Centre.

they labored under a load of unIn characterizing the smaller popularity, which rendered them subdivisions of this Chamber, a of little avail in the present crisis. spirited author has said that the The Contre-opposition, however, extreme Right consisted of the contained men, to whom it is imJacobins of Royalty; the Right, possible to deny the respect due of Royalists somewhat less furious to integrity and ability, although than their neighbors ; the Right associated in positions with men, Centre, of Royalists having a vi- who were blindly hastening on a olent inclination to be reasonable ; new Revolution. Martignac and the Left Centre, of Royalist who Hyde de Neuville, independently desired a varnish of constitution- of their numerous other claims to ality over the solid advantages of consideration, had earned a new ministerialism ; the Left, of the title to it in being driven from the sincere friends of the Charter ; Ministry to make room for the and the Extreme Left, of the Re- vowed foes of the Charter. MM. publicans, the Radicals, the insa- de Conny, Delalot, and de Latiable.

rochefoucauld with others of their La Bourdonnaye, who had just class, might also be singled out retired froin office, had preten- from the ranks of the Right, as sions to be considered a leader of uniting great personal respectathe Extreme Right, these pala- bility with a creed, which compridins of the old noblesse, who cer sed the Charter and the King, tainly did more harm than good the Bourbons and France. The to the King by their extravagance. Right was to derive what aid it What party could be strengthen- might from the Ministers themed by a Duplessis-Grénédan, who selves, at least from such among had loudly demanded the re-es- them as possessed capacity for the tablishment of the rack and other business of a deliberative assematrocious barbarities of feudality, bly; and how weak they had and who opposed the law of in- previously been, in this essential demnity because it did not wrench element of a vigorous Cabinet, is all the fragments of the national rendered apparent by their calling domain from the hands of inno- Guernon de Ranville from a procent purchasers, and restore the vincial bar to suceed La Bourvery estates themselves to the old donnaye, on account of the rhetor

ical powers and supposed parlia- istrates were Dupont de l'Eure, mentary talent of the former gen- exhibiting a life of public usefultleinan.

ness and exalted public virtues in How differently constituted was legislative and juridical functions the Opposition in all the elements coeval with the Revolution ; Mé of national consideration and the chin, a contemporary of the last means of exercising popular influ- in the length of his public services, ence! Since the Three Days and distinguished for zeal as a their names have become familiar debater ; Bérenger, a publicist, to us by the deeds they have per- whom some of the American letformed, or the speeches they have ter writers have absurdly mistaken delivered, in the cause of the for Béranger the poet ; Dupin Charter. If the Left contained and Mauguin, practising advofewer of the old aristocratical fam- cates of Paris, equally distinguishilies, which the Restoration had ed at the Bar and in the Senate; given back to France, it was rich and Schonen, a counsellor of the in everything else, and in that Cour Royale of Paris of the bighrespect even was not deficient. est reputation for talents and patIf the La Fayettes and the La- riotisin. It is one of the distincrochefoucauld-Liancourts, with tions of science and letters, that genealogies running back into eras they diffuse a reputation far beco-existent with the conquests of yond the limits of ordinary politithe French, were not numerous cal notoriety; and Royer-Collard, among the Opposition, who, Etienne, Charles Dupin, Kératry, among the Contre-Opposition, and Benjamin Constant, had more deserved to be matched with the than a single claim to be known, Royer Collards, the Duponts, the whether in or out of France. Périers, the Dupins? Here were Nor should we omit to mention Firmin Didot, Lefebvre, Jars, Ca- the virtuous Labbey de Pomsimir Périer, Lafitte, Balguerie, pières, since lost to his country by Ternaux, Laisné de Villevesque, death ; or Louis, who had twice who brought to the deliberations resigned the ministry of Finance of the Chamber a practical know- rather than participate in acts inledge of the commerce and manu- jurious 10 his country, and was factures of their country, worth now a steady opponent of the all the sangre azul in France ; Government, or Sebastiani and and several of them could be as Gérard, the former so well known eloquent in the tribune, as they as a diplomatist, and both as were wise and well informed in among the great generals of the the committee room. Among the Empire ;* or Laborde, eminent great publicists and erninent mag as an author and a politician, and

* We feel tempted to extract from a biographical work before us, a specimen of wel applied humor concerning another of these military veterans. The Deputy, General Adam de La Pommeraye, says an author, is one of those brave soldiers, who are not ashamed of having planted the French colors on every Cathedral in Europe. He was a member of the Chambers of 1820, always voting with the Left. One day, a certain Prefect being at the tribune, where he spoke raiher ungraciously ofour old

not less so as the generous dis- ville, the Prince de Talleyrand, penser of a noble fortune, and as the Marquis de Jaucourt, the Via spirited public benefactor. comte de Châteaubriand, the

We need occupy but little time Comtes de La Ferronays and de in speaking of the Chamber of Laroche-Aymond, the Marquis Peers, which from deliberating in de Catelan, the Comtes de Ponprivate, attracted less of general tecoulant, de Ségur, the Duc de interest, and has been alınost pas- Praslin, and others who justly sive in the changes of the Three appreciated the mad schemes of Days. It contained two very dis- the Government. They rememtinct divisions, one of which would bered what the noblesse had algladly have aided M. de Polignac ready lost in the unequal contest in restoring the good old times, of parchment-privileges against and the other would have prefer- force, they foresaw what it would red to let things remain as they again lose by another such strug

It is observable that neith- gle, and they sought to calm, by er did all the ancient nobles be- moderation and prudence, the exlong to the first class, nor all the altation and exaggeration of the novi homines to the latter, but wild apostles of a royalist revolusingular mixtures had occurred on tion. Although sustained by the both sides. Many gentlemen brilliant cortège of the titled heof name and arms had become roes of the Republic and the reasonable by the influence of re- Empire, by the great functionaflection and experience. Such ries who had been the lights of were MM. the Ducs de Morte- their times, and who retained in mart, de La Vauguyon, de Choi- old age the patriotic spirit of their seul, de Broglie, de Doudeau- youth, — although efficiently aid

defenders, M. de La Pommeraye interruped the Prefect with some sharpness, uttering an exclamation which the journals of next day translated into the polite words, You are a pitiful fellow ! Hereupon the orator demanded of his colleague, through the medium of the newspapers, whether the General had really intended to insult him; and M. de La Pommeraye frankly answered that he certainly did intend the words as an insult ; to which the Prefect made no reply, being perfectly s. tisfied with this very interesting explanation.

Another Deputy is thus disposed of in the same work : -
Delarode (Yonne, ministerial.) Un clou chasse l'autre.
M. Boutin, Deputy going out. What do you want

M. Delarode, Deputy entering. Your place. [ M. B. Are you a ventru ?

M. D. M. Piet and my colleagues will acknowledge me as such.
M. B. What is the duty of a ventru ?
M. D. To vote according to his conscience.
M. B. Where is the conscience of a ventru?
M. D. In his interest.
M. B. Do you promise on your conscience to do as I have done, to vote for the
Ministers, and to cry question ! when occasion requires ?

M. D. I promise.
M. B. Give the countersign.
M. D. Obedience and protit.
M. B. The sacred pledge.
M. D. Vilelle, quand même !
M. B. It is well; take your place, vote, and prosper

ed by such men, the Mortem arts ters resign if the Address of the and the Châteaubriands strove in Deputies should be against them, vain to control a suicidal mad- and a dissolution of the Chamber ness of policy, which they knew ensue? The royalist journals would work the destruction of said, no. The Address, they the Bourbons, and had reason to argued, is of little consequence: fear would prove equally fatal in if it is hostile, Ministers will put it its consequences to the Chamber in their pockets, and pursue their of Peers.' Of M. de Pastoret, the course as before; they are not perpetual President, we will mere- persons to retire because they are ly add, that he had well attained asked to do so. Let them hold his political elevation by a career firm; the Address will pass for of meritorious public services, hav- nothing ; and they will have the ing traversed the Revolution with majority for the Budget.' Suphonor. It was pointedly remark- posing this to be their course, and ed of him, long before any body the Ministers to disregard the anticipated the catastrophe of the menaces of the Opposition, yet, Three Days: — Il ne nuira ja- if the latter should have the mamais de lui-même à l'ordre éta- jority in the Chamber, what would bli ; mais, si on voulait le renver or ought to be the effect of their ser, il laisserait faire. The event refusing the Budget ? Would has very strikingly verified this the Ministers then yield to the prediction.

National Representatives? Or Such was the Legislature, be- would the King, indignant at such fore whom the Ministers were an interference with his pretended now called upon to account, not for prerogative in the selection of his their measures, but for their exis- Ministers, dissolve the Chambers ? tence in office. Anxious expec- And if so, would he order a new tation filled every mind, and an election thus making an appeal gry discussions

were heard in to the voice of the Nation?" Or every circle, as to the form in would he undertake a coup d'état, which this great question would in the hope of maintaining his come up, and the effect of any ground by force? These delihostile demonstration on the part cate and difficult questions were either of the ministers or of the at length cut short by the unexOpposition. Would the Minis- pected arival of the national crisis.

CHAPTER XII.

- FRANCE, CONTINUED.

Meeting of the Chambers. Speech of the King.

Address of the Deputies. Prorogation. Discussions. Dissolution of the Chamber. - New Ministers. Elections. - Algerine Erpedition. - State of Algiers. - Cause of the War. - Preparation. - Landing in Africa. Surrender of Algiers. — Colonization of Africa.

The French Chambers assem- complish. You will repel with bled on the 2d of March. · All contempt the perfidious insinuaFrance awaited with intense anxi- tions which malevolence endeavety the result of this the inost ors to propagate. If culpable important legislative meeting maneuvres

should raise up which had occurred since the against my Government obstacles Restoration.

which I am unable (he added The King's Speech at the on recovering himself) which I opening of the session, after al- do not wish — to foresee, I shall luding to the probable termina- find the power of surmounting tion of the negotiations regarding them in my resolution to maintain Greece and the intended Alge- the public peace, in my just conrine expedition, and to some mi- fidence in the French, and in the nor topics of internal policy, con- love which they have always cluded with these words : The shown for their Kings.' Charter has placed the public lib In weighing impartially these erties under the safeguard of the expressions, which occasioned so rights of my throne. These much heat, excitement and disrights are sacred; my duty is to cussion at the time, and which had transmit them entire to my suc such a decided effect in precipi

Peers of France and tating the critical moment, it seems Deputies of Departments, I doubt clear to us that the great error of not of your co-operation in effect- the Speech was in its mal-adaptaing the good which I wish to ac- tion to the sentiments and opin

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