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tablished in due form, analagous against him a body of French to the practice of the British in troops, who took possession of bis Hindostan. General Clausel capital, and sent him prisoner to having discovered a refractory France. Everything, in fine, disposition in the Bey of Titery, short of an express declaration of a valuable dependency of Algiers their purpose, indicates that the situated in the interior of the Government intend to consult the country at the foot of Mount At- wishes of the whole Nation, in las, very speedily brought the the disposition to be made of their Turk to reason by despatching new conquest in Africa.

CHAPTER XIII.

FRANCE, CONTINUED.

Consequences of the Fall of Algiers. - Ministerial Arrangements.

- State of Parties. The Ordinances. Their Effect. - Protest of Journalists. — State of the Question. - Protest of the Deputies. - Police Arrangements.

INTELLIGENCE of the capture ca, the Ministers wrought up their of Algiers was conveyed to Tou- courage to the requisite degree lon in about sixty hours by a of strength, on the faith of their steamboat, and thence by the line late success in war, and resolved of telegraphs to Paris, where it upon those memorable infringearrived on the 9th of July. The ments of the Charter, which were King immediately ordered Te to precipitate the King from his Deum to be celebrated throughout throne. It is said that M. GuerFrance, and he himself attended non de Ranville and M. de Peythe service in the cathedral church rodnet were the last to yield their of Notre Dame. A kind of ver

A kind of ver- assent to the meditated coup d'état. tiginous madness appears to have They had confidence in their seized on the King, the Dauphin, ability as public speakers, and and the Ministers, from that hour. were long disposed to try the esElated with extravagant feelings fect of discussion in the Chambers. of triumph, they deemed them- But M. de Polignac proved the selves sure of the same easy vic- evil genius of the Monarchy ; for tory over the People, that they he, who had originally been alone had achieved over the flying Be- in the nefarious project of overdouins of the desert. An absurd turning the constitution, now succonfidence in the support of the ceeded in bringing all his assoarmy, an almost insane audacity ciates into the views of himself, of purpose, an extraordinary de- and of the irresponsible advisers, lusion as to the spirit, and temper, who governed the King. and power of resistance, and or If they had been a revolutionary ganization of the Nation, all con- committee of old regicides, plotspired to hurry on the weak Prince ting the assassination of Charles and his headlong advisers to swift and his family, they could not destruction. In the course of the have conducted their operations four or five days which followed with more of guilty stealth and the arival of the news from Afri- elaborate secrecy.

The compo

sition of the Ordinances, and of could have been so ignorant of the Report to the King or justifi- the state of public sentiment in catory memoir by which they were France. The subdivisions of the to be accompanied, was not only Nation were by no means of the executed by them, but even all same kind with those of the the transcribing was performed Chambers. Opinions, to be by them, so that no clerk or sure, were in some sense repreamanuensis should have it in his sented by the legislative body; power to divulge the portentous that is, individuals could be found mystery. The Nation was amus- there of each of the great classes ed with the most earnest assur- of opinion, which divided the ances that no coup d'état was in- Nation. But the legislative reptended, no violation of the Char- resentation was far from exact ter, nothing like that, which was as a picture of the relative force already fully decided upon and ar- of each party, and gave no suffiranged in all its details ; and these cient indications of the existence assurances were even extended or vigor of the two, which toto the foreign Ambassadors, who gether comprised a majority of looked with natural anxiety on the People. the threatening aspect of affairs. First there were the Ultras, Nay, if rumor may be credited, the Emigrés, the Jesuits, the Baron Rothschild, who, by his Church and King party, the diconnexion with the public stocks, vine right faction : for faction it had a more direct interest in the well deserved to be called, as question than any person except well in regard of its violence as the Ministers and the royal fami- the comparative smallness of its ly, was tranquillized by M. de numbers. If they were few in Polignac with like deceptive de- number, they were desperate and clarations. Letters of convoca- uncalculating in policy, reckless tion had been despatched to the of consequences and deaf to all Peers and Deputies, summoning argument or counsel. They had them to meet the 3d of August. built up their project of absolutIn short, a system of elaborate ism with painful industry, and jesuitical duplicity and falsehood they clung to it with inexpressiwas adopted by these royal and ble obstinacy. noble felons, to conceal the conspiracy until the appointed time

You might as well

Forbid the sea for to obey the moon, arrived for exploding their “in

As or by oath, remove, or counsel shake fernal machine.' Fortunately The fabric of their folly. they cheated and deluded themselves even more than they did They blindly pursued their infatuthe Nation, and thus became theated course on the very brink of pitiable victims of their own folly the precipice, over which their and wickedness.

party could not fail to be dashed In reflecting upon the events of io atoms. They do not deserve this period, it seems difficult to to be ranked with the genuine understand how any Ministers Royalists, the sensible, clear

headed, patriotic friends of mon- was laboriously seeking for the archy, who sought in vain to pre- honors of Art by the liberal use of serve the integrity of the whole the privy purse, - the inspired public system. These last were and inspiring features of Napoledecidedly attached to the Bour- on, and the achievements of his bons as a dynasty, but not the dazzling career, were indepenless hostile to the Ultras, who dent of the sickly protection of were obviously rushing headlong Government patronage, and lived upon destruction, and hurrying in the unbought guardianship of the King, the Charter, and them- the Nation. The Press groaned selves into one common ruin. with histories, memoirs, anecdotes,

There was a name, a form, a disquisitions, concerning him and memory, which, in the latter part his life ; and yet the supply seemof the reign of Charles, dwelt ed to fall far short of the insatiaupon every lip, rose before every ble demand. Sir Walter Scott's eye, held a hallowed spot in every eulogy on his character was debosom, and yet was proscribed nounced as a libel, so inadeby the Government with impotent quate did its praises appear to the fury in all the forms of petty per- craving admiration of the reading secution. That name belonged world in France. While the to a usurper, perhaps to a ty- Government had no power to rant, in the modern as well as the check the activity of the Press in classical interpretation of the thus affording exciting food to the word, - and yet his form was popular enthusiasm, it was renmultiplied in every work of art dering itself ridiculous and exposand taste, and his memory iden- ing its imbecility by sending potified with all the glories and lice officers to the distilleries of eau splendors of the Revolution. de cologne with orders to break Bonaparte himself was no more; the bottles moulded in Napoleon's the Man' had perished on a form, and persecuting the paper desert rock in the midst of the stainers who adorned the hangings ocean ; but the ' Son of the Man" they manufactured with such survived ; and an ague fit seemed disagreeable reminiscences as the to seize on every fibre of a Bour- bridge of Arcola, the Simplon, or bon at the very thought. While the Pyramids. In short, it needthe inane countenance of Charles ed but a careless eye to see that Tenth and the common place ac- for once the Government had tions of his family were woven by made a correct observation of a authority in the brilliant threads of fact. Bonaparte's was the poputhe Gobelin looms, or fatigued lar name, the concentration of the pencil of Gérard and Gros; everything, which charmed the while Genius, yielding to the populace of France. It would be voice of Power, was vainly striv- wrong to say that young Napoleon ing to immortalize the looks of had a visible party; he had not ; men, who possessed an irresistible but the name was a magical word — innate alacrity for sinking into a potent talisman among the lower oblivion ; while the poor King classes, a portion of the soldiery,

the disbanded veterans, some vade the Charter ?

We know men distinguished in civil affairs, not, and they cannot tell, where and not a few of the higher mili- they discovered any grounds of tary, who had grown familiar with confidence whereon to proceed. victory under guidance of the im- A free Press had been sounding perial eagles. But numerous as the tocsin of alarm for eleven the Bonapartists undoubtedly months. The aristocracy had no were, still as a body they could not power as such; for none could it be considered the most intelligent have after the abolition of the members of the community. Men rights of primogeniture. The of liberal views in matters of clergy were divided, unpopular, Government knew that his policy and without influence. ' A viowas that of concentration, and of lent excitation of sentiment percourse adverse to freedom. It vaded the whole country. The was among the Republicans that elections had proved the force of the active wisdom, talent, and en- popular right, even in spite of ergy of the Nation were to be the artificially devised system of found. Here were the men of electoral colleges. All men selt 1789, true to their first love; the ready to act upon the maxims and relics of the exalted spirits of motto of a patriotic society, which 1793, untamed by adversity, assumed for its title 'Aide toi, le clinging in old age to the flattering Ciel t'aidera. The People were visions of their youth. Above conscious of their rights, confident all, here were the educated and in their power to sustain them, and enlightened men of the present ready to do all and dare all, generation, the mind of young rather than submit to any arbiFrance, animated by the example trary acts on the part of the King. of the United States, looking to that It has frequently been observed country as the pattern of all that that the situation and character is perfect in the theory of Govern- of Charles X. of France were ment, all that is useful in its prac- strikingly similar to those of James tical application. They constitu- II. of England.

M. de Poligted a party, - a powerful, nu- nac might have taken warning merous, indefatigable party, — from this instructive page in the ardently attached to republican history of princes, when he saw forms, but willing to dispense with the readiness of the people to the forms if they could make sure run out the extraordinary parallel of the substance; temperate and to its consummation. In England prudent in their plans as they Charles I., by singular alternawere patriotic in their feelings; tions of weakness and obstinacy, and they were gradually working contributed to bring on the revothe regeneration of France bylution which led him to the scafpreparing her to be fit for the fold; and in France Louis XVI., blessings of liberty,

wonderfully like Charles in bis In such a condition of parties, virtues and his failings, had reachwhat were the indications, which ed the same result by the same encouraged the Ministers to in- means. In France as in England

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