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day of uncalculating frantic roy- of their own accord, rise in a alism had long since passed away. mass and proceed to attack the The Guards were Frenchmen in royal camp and family; in which spirit as in fact ; and selected, as case, if left to themselves, they they had been, for their fidelity to might commit some deplorable the House of Bourbon, still they excess, which would dishonor the were too wise, and too fond of cause of the Revolution. their country, to engage to embark The citizens were already ringin a desperate and unavailing con- ing the tocsin, and arming themtention in behalf of a prostrate selves without waiting for orders. dynasty, who had proved them- To prevent the possible conseselves incapable of reigning, and quences, the Government lost no whose fatal incompetency was time in arranging an expedition alike ruinous to their friends and under the command of responsible themselves. Instead of manifest- officers, who might control, as ing any readiness to sustain a civil well as direct, the popular movewar, the Guards resolved, in the ments. The National Guard words of M. de Bermond, only were summoned to their posts, to place themselves between the and it was announced to them royal family and any portion of that the ground assumed by the their subjects who might be ex- King required that he should be cited to attack them, pending the compelled to depart or surrender, negotiations which were to decide and that to effect this object the the fate of France.'
Government called on the citiThe Commission lost no time zens to enlist for an attack on the in reporting to the Government at camp at Rambouillet. The anParis that Charles refused to ac- nouncement was received with
of their safe conduct for his the greatest enthusiasm. Thouretirement from the country, in- sands volunteered in the course of sisting that he had abdicated only a few hours, and were despatchin favor of the Duc de Bordeaux, ed in omnibuses, hackney coachand that he should remain at es, cabriolets, diligences, coucous, Rambouillet, and defend himself carts, - in short, in every species there, until he received a satisfac- of carriage, which Paris afforded. tory answer from the Lieutenant In addition to six thousand troops General. The announcement of of the National Guard, were this resolution brought matters to thousands of the half armed but a crisis at once. It was impossi- resolute and excited men of the ble to suffer an armed force, Barricades, who poured out of which withheld obedience from Paris in a tumultuary force, and the new Government, to remain if they had come in conflict with within a day's march of the capi- the royal family would have been tal; and equally impossible to as dangerous and as ungovernable restrain the public irritation, ex- as the militant mobs of October, cited by the obstinacy of the King. 1789. The command of the There was imminent danger that expedition was given to General the inflamed populace would, Pajol, having under him General
Excelmans, Colonel Jacqueminot, furnished with the sum of four and M. Georges La Fayette. millions of francs in money for
Meanwhile the Commissioners his private use. He desired to hurried on to Rambouillet once quit France by the way of Chermore, in advance of the army, bourg, and thither accordingly the for the purpose of making a last Commissioners directed their effort lo persuade the King to
At Dreux, where they listen to reason. They repre- halted after leaving Rambouillet, sented to him the extreme hazard the King dismissed all the troops he would run by an encounter except the body-guard, which with the mighty host of unscru- continued with him as far as Cherpulous men, who were on the way bourg. The Ministers, aware of to Rambouillet. As had all along the danger they incurred of being happened with Charles, he yield- brought to trial for their crimes, ed to selfish considerations of had fled secretly and in disguise, personal safety, where he had in different directions, before the been regardless of the blood of King submitted.
The royal his People, and consented to family passed along slowly through dismiss all intention of resistance Normandy, deserted by the perand accept the safe conduct of fidious counsellors and courtiers, the Commissioners. Indeed such who had contributed by their adwas the consternation of the King, vice, to the destitution and huthat his Court broke up in great miliation, which now pressed upon confusion at ten o'clock in the the last of the Bourbons. They evening of August 3d, and set off were protected from public insult without waiting for the appear- and injury less by the feeble guard, ance of his good friends of the which surrounded them, thao by faubourgs of Paris. The armed the tricolored scarfs of the Comcitizens had ere this arrived at a missioners, and the universal symvillage in the neighborhood of pathy entertained for fallen greatRambouillet, where they bi- ness :- for
- for everywhere they vouacked for the night. On learn- found the national flag flying on ing the departure of the King the the towers, and the inhabitants in next morning, they seized on the arms for the Charter. coaches belonging to the Court, The exiles embarked at Cherand whatever other vehicles they bourg in an American ship, encould find, and returned to Paris gaged at Havre for that purpose, on the 4th, forming a vast pro- and landed in England the 17th cession of soldiers and citizens, of August. They were received who entered the city shouting the there with but little show of reMarseilles Hymn, and firing their spect; for how indeed could any guns into the air in triumph. respect be felt for such men as
The King had selected Great Charles or Louis Antoine? The Britain as a place of refuge. It compassionate hospitality due to was arranged between bim, and their rank and their situation was the Commissioners that he should of course extended towards them, restore the crown jewels, and be and nothing more.
repaired to Lulworth in Dorset The Comte d'Artois was bred shire, the seat of an ancient Eng- in the profligate Court of Louis lish Catholic family, where he XV., and passed a youth of disremained until the old apartments sipation and idleness, until the at Holyrood House, in Edin- Revolution came to arrest his burgh, which he had occupied disorderly career, and teach him previous to the Restoration, were that princes were amenable to again prepared for his recep- the tribunal of public opinion and tion. In that ancient Palace a public justice. He emigrated at retreat of congenial recollections an early period, and hovered for the relics of a royal House, about the frontiers of France, which had rivalled the Stuarts, joining in the poor schemes of in the infatuation of its folly, invasion of his family circle, unCharles and his son had leisure til the success of Bonaparte drove for the life of peace and seclusion, them from the Continent to seek which alone became their present an asylum in England. At the condition.
age of sixtyeight he succeeded In thus tracing the responsible Louis XVIII., whose dying admembers of this unhappy family vice to his successor was to govfrom power to privacy, from the ern legally.' For a time Charles splendors of the Tuileries and X. seemed disposed to abide by Saint Cloud to the humble retire- the death-bed injunction of his ment of Holyrood, we have hither- brother, and to govern in the to omitted to speak of those com- sense of the Charter. But he panions of their exile, who had was weak, vain, headstrong, unaparticipated in a tenfold degree ble to appreciate the exigencies of in the calamities and sorrows of his position, — and fell into the their House, whilst wholly free of hands of unworthy counsellors, its guilt. We allude to the who had never forgiven the Revodaughter of Marie Antoinette, and lution, and longed for the return the widow of the Duc de Berri, of absolutism. who suffered because others had Had the Dauphin possessed sinned. The language of con- the energy of character demanddemnation and reproach, which ed by his relation to the country we have so frequently had occa- and the situation of his family, he sion to apply to the male mem- might have retarded the fall of the bers of the royal family, belongs Bourbons ; but unfortunately for not to them. Neither the King them all, however good a hunter, nor the Dauphin is deserving of he was a weak man and an incapamuch pity, and they are entitled ble ruler. Louis XVIII. sought to no respect. The Duchess to acquire for him some of that d'Angoulême has a claim to both military renown, which the French respect and pity; and so also has so much admire in their princes, the Duchess de Berri, and will by giving him the nominal comcontinue to have, unless she for- mand of the Spanish expedition. feits it by a succession of indis- The inglorious events of this war creet attempts in favor of her son. against the Cortes have been
sculptured on the arch of the it is for her family more than for Carrousel, in place of the great herself, that she laments the revictories of the year 1805, which verses, which have befallen her the Allies removed when they House. occupied Paris. But the title of
The Duchesse de Berri posDuque del Trocadéro is all that sesses a temper naturally gay, the Dauphin can fairly claim as his light and amiable, designed, in own share of the honors of the short, for enjoyment and popucampaign, and he has since repos- larity, - and which, notwithstanded on his laurels -- until he ing the untimely death of her wounded himself in the very husband, and the change in her brave and highly meritorious act prospects which that event occaof disarming Marshal Marmont sioned, would have assured her on the last of the Three Days. the possession of comparative hapHe appears to have entered cor- piness as mother of the young dially into the mad projects heir to France. Her hopes are of Polignac, and divides with once more dashed to the ground, his father the loss and the shame by a series of desperate measures, of unsuccessful usurpation. against which she, as well as the
Not so the Duchesse d'Angou- Dauphiness, protested. Being a lême, whom Napoleon, with his daughter of the late King of the accustomed discrimination, has Two Sicilies, of whom the prestermed the only man among the ent Queen of France is a sister, she Bourbons. The daughter of a is doomed to see her aunt occupy long line of Kings, she has seen the throne, which in better times her father and mother perish on she looked forward to as probathe scaffold, her brother clandes- bly to become one day her own. tinely done to death by ignoble She also is rendered an exile by hands and ignoble means, her no fault of hers; and considering husband's brother assassinated in the advanced age of Charles and the streets, her family pensioned the Dauphin, their misfortune afexiles and outcasts, and now a fects her and her son more serithird time driven from the throne ously than it does the older memof France with ignominy. With bers of the family. That son, the her poor woman's wit, of which last remaining scion of his race, her uncle and husband seem to for the posterity of Philip V. are have thought so meanly, Cassan- aliens to France by the most sadra like, she foresaw the effect of cred oaths and treaties, – leaves the infatuated measures they had the land of his fathers to become in train, but vainly uttered her the centre and watchword of pooracles of warning and menace to litical intrigues, and to renew in deter them from rushing upon de- bis own person, perhaps, the rostruction. With a frame macera- mantic fortunes of Charles Edted by religious severities, and ward of England. views fixed upon a happier future,
Proceedings of the Chambers. The new Charter. - Duc d'Or
leans King. - Settlement of the Government. — Conclusion.
We arrive, at length, at the venient and regular means of ascatastrophe of the Revolution, at certaining the will of the People the fifth act of the political dra- on the great question, which now ma, which opened with the ap- came up for decision. Whatever pointment of M. de Polignac to objections had existed to the suboffice for the purpose of over- stitution of a Lieutenant General throwing the Charter, and termi- in place of the provisional Comnates with the elevation of the mission of Government, applied Duc d'Orleans to the throne. with added authority to finally This was a result for which all and permanently settling the pubParis was now prepared, and less lic affairs through the agency of doubt was entertained as to the the Chambers alone. Particular result itself, than as to the best difficulties presented themselves means of reaching it. The re- in great force. How could the publicans continued to dispute the Chamber of Deputies dispose of authority of the Chambers to re- the Chamber of Peers, the existorganize the institutions, which ence of which the public voice dethe victory of the Three Days clared to be contrary to the wishhad laid prostrate. They main- es of regenerated France ? It tained that the Charter had en- seemed to the numerous party, tirely lost its vitality; that the who maintained these opinions, a Chamber of Deputies elected un- fit occasion for proclaiming a reder it, ceased on the 30th of July turn to the true republican princito be a constitutional element of the ple, the sovereignty of the People, State ; that of course it had no and the establishment of a Govright to proceed in the perform-ernment by their immediate inance of ordinary business, and tervention. still less any right to remodel the This end might be accomplishCharter itself and that, when it ed by an act of the Chamber reassembled, it should do nothing viving the Constitution of 1815, more than simply to provide con- which they contended was pref