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compass of their authority or most desperate of their proceedcould become obligatory by their ings; and even in kindling the sanction. A more important re- fires which consumed the fruits of sult of the trials was the collec- the harvests and the dwellings of tion and exhibition of a mass of their owners, they appear to have evidence on the moral condition been impelled by no stimulant of and physical sufferings of the malice or animosity against indiagricultural laborers and work- viduals. ing classes connected with the By what system of reasoning cultivation of the soil, more im- they had been brought to the pressive than could be obtained practical exercise of such a theory by petitions to Parliament or re- with regard to the rights of proports of committees of inquiry perty, perhaps it might not be upon the operation of the poor possible to discover, but the prolaws and the corn laws. The ceedings of the special commisintellectual condition of the classes sions could not fail to undeceive of people reduced to such ex- them. In the conflicts between tremities had never formed a sub- the rioters and the military forces ject of parliamentary inquiry. - brought out against them, it does It was displayed in ihe evidence not appear that more than one of upon these trials, by demonstra- them lost his life, but the execution which could not be mistaken. tion of a small number of incenThe greater part of the prisoners diaries and the transportation of were so utterly ignorant of the several hundreds of the frame law, that they had no conception breakers, soon brought their assothey were infringing it by break- ciates to a juster sense both of the ing up threshing machines, by in- substance and the power of the laws sisting upon constant employment and in the course of a few weeks from the farmers, or by exacting tranquillity and peace, at least apfrom them wages adequate to the parent and temporary, was restorcomfortable subsistence of them- ed to the disordered districts. selves and their families. The The sessions of the commisdistinction which they made be- sions continued into the year suctween the destruction and the rob- ceeding that of which we now bery of property had, perhaps, close the account. Here for the some foundation in the law of present we rest. The year 1830 nature; and even the nightly will long be memorable in the fires which spread terror and des- annals of England, of Europe, of olation over a whole region of Christendom, memorable for the country, were kindled by a sem recoil of freedom upon her opblance of public spirit

, which pressors -- memorable for the triseemed in their eyes to be patriot- umph of the revolutionary princiism. The instances of depredation ple, not less over the sanguinary or plunder were rare - those of spirit of anarchy, than over the deliberate personal injury still iron yoke of military power and more so. There was nothing renown. Three days of spontaferocious, nothing cruel, in the neous and unorganized popular

resistance toppled down head- of good alone can create. After long,' for the third and it is to twenty five years of exterminating be hoped last time, the elder wars, and the overthrow of almost Branch of the House of Bourbon.' all the ancient institutions in EuBlood was shed to achieve the rope, all the wisdom and all the victory, but none in the triumph. power of the European many The first example of moderation could accomplish no more than to and mercy, has been exhibited patch up the tatters of old feudal in the conflict between kings and monarchy with the modern rags of people, on the popular side. popular representation. And in Charles X., detected in the restoring Louis XVIII. to the very act of complicated perjury throne the only compromise which to his royal oath, and of usurpa- they could effect between ancient tion upon the rights of his people, prejudice and new principle was, has been expelled, but suffered to to allow him to date the comlive ; the Ministers by whom he mencement of his reign twenty was counselled, more culpable years in arrear, and to oblige him even than himself, have been to grant by a charter to his peosaved from vindictive fury, monu- ple, a semblance of popular repments of nagnanimous forbear- resentation in the legislature. ance in an exasperated people. Twentyfive years of bloody exIn England, the revolution has perience had taught the rulers of been entirely bloodless. The re- the old monarchies of Europe sult not of popular commotion, nothing but a tenfold horror of inbut of public opinion matured by novation. The Inquisition and the irresistible progress of reason the Jesuits were restored with the against thrones, dominations, monarchies, and the charters were princedoms and powers. The yielded to the necessities of the changes in England have yet as- time, only to be ordermined or sumed only the mild and placid as- overthrown as the favorable oppectos reform. But by many, even portunity might occur. Candor of the benevolent and the wise, re constrains us to acknowledge that form is dreaded as the herald and for the reconstruction of the social precursor of revolution; of san- edifice the reformers have been guinary revolution, subversive of as feeble and inefficient as the all social order, and destructive to adherents to the dilapidated instiall religion. Let us hope better tutions of antiquity have been things. When the feudal mon- stubborn and unteachable. Of all archy of France fell in 1789 be- the constitutions fabricated during fore the republican spirit of the the revolutionary period in France, age and the principles of North in Spain, in Portugal, not one has American Independence, it was proved able to sustain itself for a soon discovered that it could not term of seven years. The events fall alone. It sounded the hour of of the last half century have formall the feudal institutions of Eu- ed multitudes of consummate milrope. But what the spirit of evil itary chieftains - multitudes of is competent to destroy, the spirit eloquent orators, multitudes of


eminent statemen. A legislatortor, a mind not of the modern has not yet been found. The only stamp, but a Solon, a Lycurgus, man of legislative mind, which a Numa. A legislator for herself, Europe has produced in the age disencumbered of her sister Isl

departing, was Edmund and, which also needs a legislator Burke, and his genius took the of her own. In closing with this direction of sustaining ancient in- reflection we cast our eyes over stitutions, and rejected that of the catalogue of the Whig and devising and maturing new ones. Tory statesmen now figuring upon Whether it was even equal to this her political theatre, and all is may be doubted - certain it is, desolate and barren. Instead of that neither bis age nor his coun a Solon, a Lycurgus or a Numa, try were prepared to receive that we see nothing but men of diminwhich he might perhaps have been utive intellectual stature, the sumcompetent to produce and to com- mit of whose ambition it is to pass bine. Now, far more than when with their own and after ages, for he lived is the time, when the BRITISH STATEMEN. Island of Albion needs a legisla

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Nativity. Sal.
Jobn Marshall, Chief Justice, Va. $5,000 Smith Thompson,
William Johnson,

S. C. 4,500 John McLean,
Gabriel Duvall,

Md. 4,500 Henry Baldwin, Joseph Story,

Mass. 4,500

Nativity. Sal.

N. Y. 4,500
N. J. 4,500
Pa. 4,500



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Louis McLane, Envoy, &c.
Washington Irving, Secretary,

William C. Rives, Envoy, &c.
Charles C. Harper, Secretary,

Cornelius P. Van Ness, Envoy, &c.
Charles S. Walsh, Secretary,

John Randolph, Envoy, &c.
John Randolph Clay, Secretary,

William P. Preble, Envoy, &c.
Auguste Davezac, Secretary,

Joel R. Poinsett, Envoy, &c.
John Mason, Secretary,
Anthony Butler, Chargé d'Affaires,

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Corps of engineers.

Brevet 2d lieutenant Enos G. Mitchell, Brevet 2d lieutenant, Thompson S. to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1828. Brown, to be 20 lieutenant, 1st July, Third regiment of infantry. 1825.

Brevet Major Stephen W. Kearney, Second regiment of artillery. captain 1st infantry, to be major, Ist Brevet 2d lieutenant, Hugh W. Mer- May, 1829, vice Baker, promoted. cer, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1828. Fourth regiment of infantry. Third regiment of artillery.

2d lieutenant Lorenzo Thomas, to be 2d lieutenant George S. Green, to be 1st lieutenant, 17th of March, 1829, vice 1st lieutenant, 31st May, 1829, vice Mountz, cashiered. Phillips, resigned.

Brevet 2d lieutenant Nelson N. Clark, Brevet 2d lieutenant Robert E. Tem to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1827. pie, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1828.

Sixth regiment of infantry. Brevet 2d lieutenant George E. Chase, Brevet lieutenant colonel D. Baker, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1828. major 3d infantry, to be lieutenant colonel,

Fourth regiment of artillery. 1st May, 1829, vice Woolley dismissed. Brevet captain Patrick 11. Galt, 1st 1st lieutenant George C. Hutter to be lieutenant, to be captain, 15:h May, captain, 12th May, 1829, 'vice Gantt, 1829, vice Spotts, resigned.

dismissed. 2d lieutenant Williain Cook, to be 1st 2d lieutenant Joseph Van Swearingen, lieutenant, 15th May, 1829), vice Galt, to be 1st lieutenant, 12th May, 1829, promoted.

vice Hutter, promoted. Brevet 2 lieutenant Chas. 0. Collins, B:evet 2d lieutenant Nathaniel J. to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1828. Eaton, to be 2d lieutenant, Ist July, First regiment of infantry.

1827. 1st lieutenant W. R. Joueti, to be

Brevet 2d lieutenant Robert Sevier, to captain, 1st May, 1729, vice Kearney, be 21 lieutenant, 1st July, 1828. promoted.

APPOINTMENTS. let lieutenant Thomas Parker, to be

Brevet major James H. Hook, captain captain, 31st May, 1829, vice Ser, re 4th infantry, to be commissary, 10th signed.

March, 1829. 2d lieutenant William Reynolds, to be

Captain Joseph P. Taylor, of the 24 1st lieutenant, 1st May, 1823, vice Jouett, artillery, to be comniissary, 10th March, promoted

1829. 20 lieutenant Albert S. Miller, to be James B. Sullivan, Va. to be assistant 1st lieutenant, 31st May, 182), vice

surgeon, 5th May, 1829. Parker, promoted.

Ist lieutenant Anthony Drane, 5th inBrevet 2d lieutenant Jonathan K. fantry, to be assistant quarter master, Greenough, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 18th April, 1829. 1827.

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