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lateral canal can be constructed without with submitted, and affords a gratifying injury to the said Chesapeake and Ohio view of the concerns, managements and canal, and for other surveys, has not yet future prospects of the institution.' been attended to, owing to the existing Some retrenchment in the manageengagements of the engineers.

ment of the affairs of the state is recomUnder the provisions of the law of last mended. session for the education of the Deaf and

The attention of the Legislature is Durb, at the Institution in Pa. which enacts that there shall be one deaf and called to the care of the arms belonging dumb person selected from each county, tions are added respecting the militia

to the state, and the following observaand from the city of Baltimore ; and in

laws. case of reports not being made from some of the counties, additional selec * The Militia System of the state has tions shall be made from the counties become generally inoperative, as the reporting the highest numbers, until public sense, and public convenience twenty have been selected : “there is yet

seem to decide against it.--Militia musremaining the number of five to fill ihe ters as directed by law, have had little list. The amount expended for this ob- effect to make soldiers, or to instruct ject within the year, is for education the citizens in military knowledge. The $615 65; for expenses of conveying pu- days allotted to them are rather injurious pils to the institution $66.

to the time, the labor and the morals of In conclusion of some general remarks the community. Such is our situation on the subject of Internal Improvement, in relation to all foreign powers, and the Governor congratulates the general such has been the precautionary wisdom assembly and their fellow citizens, upon of the Federal Government, in erecting the completion of a navigable intercourse fortifications and defences on our maribetween the Chesapeake and Delaware, time frontier, that there is little danger by the cross-cut canal. This stupen- of sudden invasion. The law now in dous work evinces in the strongest light, existence, imposing penalties for neglect the science by which it has been direct- of military duties, and upon those who ed, and the energy and perseverance

are conscientiously scrupulous of perwith which it has been executed; and it forming such duties, having become innow bids fair to realize every conven- operative, it is with great respect subience, profit and natural utility that have mitted, whether they ought not to be been anticipated.'

repealed, with such a substitution of On public education we quote these volunteer corps, and such a general orparagraphs. “When we consider that ganization of the militia as would annuin Maryland every citizen of competent ally give a view of the effective force of age and residence, is endowed, as he the state, without the imposition of unshould be, with the elective franchise, necessary and useless taxation upon the it appears to us to be the imperative time and industry of the people. duty of the Legislature, to place the - There appears to be a deficiency in means of education within the conven the State 'I reasury, and the Governor ient attainment of all.

earnestly calls on the Legislature to • If there be danger in popular elec- provide for the financial prosperity and tions, as bas been conceived by some, credit of the State. the sure correction is to be found in On the 4th of January the Legislature moral instruction.'

made choice of Thomas King Carroll, as • The progressive improvements made Governor of the State for the ensuing, in the State Penitentiary are good evi year. Ninetythree votes were taken, of dence of great attention in the man which Thomas King Carroll, received agement of an institution which is regu. 50, and Daniel Martin 43. larly gaining upon public approbationNothing at present, seems to be more

February, 1830.—A select committee

of the house of delegates, to which was wanting than a proper classification of

referred certain communications from criminals in the disposition of them at

the executives of Louisiana, Missouri, night. Until very recently, the state penitentiary has been a considerable cost Georgia, and Mississippi, made a reto the public treasury; but the expecta port on the 8th inst. The comunittee tion held out, that when completed it arrived at the following conclusions, would annually produce revenue, is like

as expressed in the resolutions offered: ly to be realized. The annual report re

To agree with Louisiana in extending quired by law from the directors is here. the presidential term to six years, and

render the president and vice president riage that passed was the venerable ineligible afterwards.

Charles Carroll. The cars, drawn by To agree with Missouri and Georgia one horse, traversed the 13 miles in one to provide for an uniform mode of elect- hour and four minutes. ing the president and vice president, by The cost of the first 13 miles was the people, without the intervention of $45,000 per mile, but the next 12 is eselectors, provided the sovereignty of the timated at $18,000 per mile. states be not invaded, and that their June 10. The Rev. Wm M. Stone, present power, as prescribed by the con was unanimously elected by the Protesstitution, remains unchanged. A desire tant Episcopal Convention at Baltimore, is also expressed that the constitution Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland. should be so amended as to prevent the The Maryland Penitentiary made a choice of a president or vice president profit of about 16,500 dollars, in 1829, from ever devolving on congress. after paying all expenses, and also $2,

To disagree with Georgia in her res. 897 for interest on certain loans made by olutions that congress possesses no con the state. The average number of the stitutional power to aid the colonization prisoners was 340. society.


6.- The entire receipts at To disagree with Mississippi, declar- the city treasury for the year 1829, ing that the tariff of 1828 is unconstitu- amounted to $329,337 90—including tional, and oppressive; but that a consti- 93,000 dollars borrowed, and about 42,tutional opposition by those who feel 000 on account of damages for opening themselves aggrieved, meets entire ap- Lombard and Pine streets and various probation.

disbursements for paving, &c. refunded May, 1830. A portion of the Balti- by the owners of the property benefitted, more Rail Road, for several miles, was &c. What may be called the regular completed, and opened for various suc revenue, from taxes, licenses, rents, ducessiul experiments. Among these, is ties, &c amounted' to less than $200,the facility of using railways of a curva 000. ture not less than 100 feet radius, which The disbursements were less than the late trials have fully established. receipts in the sum of nearly 10,000 dol

• The first division of the rail road, lars, in the treasury. The following are now ready for nse, is somewhat more some of the chief items. expenses of than thirteen miles in length, from the city's poor 17,500—city court about 12,south side of Pratt Street, in this city, at 000, nearly 5000 on account of former the first depot for its use, to Ellicott's years--other expenses of jurors, proseMills. For the first half of the distance, cutions, courts and jail, abou: 12,000 to the valley of the Patapsco, the road is watching and lighting the city 26,743 made in many places by embankments, interest paid on stocks 21,956 salaries and the rails are laid on sills of wood about 18.000- Baltimore and Ohio rail bedded in broken stone ; on the residue road instalments 75,000~ to commissionof the way to Ellicott's Mills, the rails ers of finance for reduction of the city are laid on blocks of granite.

debt 16,798—deepening and preserving Near to Ellicott's Mills another inter- the harbor 25,257-fire companies 4,990 esting and very satisfactory experiment - damages for opening Lombard and has been made, by constructing part of other streets, &c, 40,752—diary of the a second set of tracts, for a short dis- city council 4,160—rent of offices, countance, of stone rails laid on stone sills, cil chamber, &r, 1000- extending Bowthe iron strap on which the wheels of ley's wharf 4000, &c, &c. the cars are to run, being fastened on Bills of Mortality for 1829. Total intop of the stone rails. That material (of terments in the year, 1,849—985 males the very best quality for such a purpose) and 864 females, of whom 529 were is abundant along the whole route of colored persons-429 free and 100 slaves. the rail road through the valley of the The free colored persons, by the cenPatapsco. The cost of constructing the sus of 1820, were 10,294- and slaves. stone railway, it is ascertained, does not 4,357. exceed that of the wooden rails laid on There died in January 154 ; Feb. 136 ; stone sills. Its permanency and other March 174; April 151; May 93 ; June advantages must insure it the preference, 184 ; July 194; Aug. 255 ; Sept. 164; whenever the bed of the road is suitable, Oct.114, Nov. 129; Dec. 121, total 1,849 and the stone can be obtained.

Agesstill born 106; under 1 year, Some experiments were made on the 428; between 1 & 2, 126; 2 & 5,167; 5 road on the 22d inst. In the first car & 10,55; 10 & 21, 111, 21 & 30, 177;

30 & 40, 188; 40 & 50, 176; 50 & 60, 1,609 hhds and 6,483 bbls. corn meal; 122 ; 60 & 70, 87; 70 & 80,65 ; 80 & 90, 417 hhds. flaxseed; 32; 90 & 100, 6–1 of 102, and 2 of 103 4,509 bbls. and 253 half bbls. beefyears.

all Baltimore packed, except 168 INSPECTIONS at Baltimore, for the year

barrels; 1829

4,453 bbls. and 142 half bbls. pork483,156 bbls. and 14,920 half bbls. 2,514 Baltimore packed, 1,939 forwheat flour; of the barrels 235,791 were eign; what is called · Howard street,' 212,927 5,864 kegs butter; city mills,' and 24,438 Susquehannah. 14,590 do lard; • Howard street flour takes in all, or 6,998 hhds, and 46,682 bbls. whiskeynearly all, brought to the city in wag. about 2,200,000 galls.-of which ons; except parcels from the city 5,911 hhds. and 6,216 bbls. were mills.'

received from the Susquehannah; 12,777 bbls. and 48 half bbls. rye 14,979 hhds. tobacco.



1829. ConstitUTION.-The Consti- ly those in the valley, or westward, contution of this state was adopted about tain from 1,500 to 2,000 taxables.- while the same time that the declaration of many in the eastern part of the state, independence was made by the United having the same power of representation, States in 1776, and was framed rather have less than 400 taxables-one, Warwith the view of supplying the state wick, only 126. with a government in a time of emer The following is a statement of the gency, than of giving it the best possi- number of persons in each county and ble form. Certain defects were discov- corporate town, within the commonered in the lapse of years, and although wealth, charged with state tax, for the objections were urged against any year 1828, on moveable property, furchange, the obvious inequality and in- nished by the auditor in obedience to a justice of some of its provisions had ex resolution of the convention :--Accomac, cited a feeling of dissatisfaction in va- 1106; Albemarle, 1541; Alleghany, 306; rious parts of the state, which every Amelia, 549; Amherst, 882; Augusta, succeeding Legislature found it more 1942; Bath, 441; Bedford, 1814; Berkdifficult to resist. Several ineffectual ley, 917; Botetourt, 1405 ; Brooke, 738; attempts were made to autho:ize the peo- Brunswick, 857; Buckingham, 1141; ple to call a Convention to amend the Cabell, 403 ; Campbell, 1174; Caroline, Constitution. The Legislature which 1027 ; Charles city, 331 ; Charlotte, 983; held its session in 1828–9, at last adopted Chesterfield, 1169; Culpepper, 1538 ;an act dated February 10th, 1829, author- Cumberland, 724; Dinwiddie, 883; Elizising a Convertion to assemble at Rich- abeth city, 277; Essex, 529; Fairfax, mond, on the 1st Monday of October 904; Fauquier, 1423 ; Fluvanna, 571; following, to revise and amend the Con. Franklin, 1345 ; Frederick, 1791 ; Giles, stitution. For this purpose the state was 662; Gloucester, 553 ; Goochland, 682; divided into 24 districts, each of which Grayson,814; Greenbriar, 1076; Greenselected four delegates, who formed the ville, 360; Halifax, 2031 ; Hampshire, Convention at the time designated, and 1306; Hanover, 1002; Hardy, 863; Har. on motion of James Madison, James rison, 1849; Henrico, 589; Henry, 507; Monroe was appointed the President of Isle of Wight, 800; James city, 217; the convention, who was conducted to Jefferson, 877; Kanawha, 881 ; King and his seat by the venerable mover and Queen, 773; King George, 362; King John Marshall, Chief Justice of the U. William, 591 ; Lancaster, 364 ; Lee,751; States. One of the chief defects in the Lewis, 820; Logan,388; Loudoun,1914; Constitution, was the inequality of repre- Louisa, 1051 ; Lunenburg, 783; Madisentation in the Legislature, each coun son, 619; Mason, 797 ; Matthews, 395; ty, whatever might be its population, Mecklenburg, 1325; Middlesex, 251 ; sending the same number of delegates. Monongalia, 1703; Monroe,1,011; Mont

The inequality of the present mode of gomery, 1364 ; Morgan, 304; Nanseelecting delegates to the general assem- mond, 842; Nelson, 737 ; New Kent, bly inay be well estimated from the ta- 437; Nicholas, 412; Norfolk county, ble showing the taxables in each coun 1160; Northumberland, 497 ; Northampty. Many of the counties, and especial. ton, 456 ; Notloway, 528; Ohio, 1263;

Orange, 516 ; Patrick, 736 ; Pendleton, the case of Justices of the County 890 ; ”Pittsylvania, 1995 ; Pocahontas, Courts, who may be eligible to the Leg897 ; Powhatan, '518; Preston, 644; islature. Prince Edward, 920; Princess Anne, The third relates to the legislative 904 ; Prince George, 586; Prince Wil- power.—There is to be a General As. liam, 684 ; Randolph, 657; Richmond sembly of Virginia divided into two county, 3:30 ; Rockbridge, 1397 ; Rock- houses--the Senate and the House of ingham, 1906 ; Russell, 275 ; Scott, 704; Deleyates. The House of Delegates is Shenandoah, 2026 ; Southampton, 1112; to be composed of 1:34 members, annualSpottsylvania, 722; Stafford,652; Surry, ly elected, of which 31 shall be chosen 452; Sussex,793 ; Tazewell, 6:12; Tyler, by the twentysix counties lying west of 502 ; Warwick, 126; Washington, 1332; the Alleghany Mountains; 25 by the Westmoreland, 468 ; Wood,702; Wythe, fourteen counties lying between the Al1300; l'ork, 318; Williamsburg, 125; leghany and the Blue Ridge ; 42 by the Richmond city, 1023 ; Norfolk borough, twentynine counties, lying east of the 639; Petersburg, 649 ; Lynchburg, 351; Blue Ridge and above tide-water; and Fredericksburg, 245 ; Winchester, 189; 36 by the connties, cities, towns, and Staunton, 110. Total, 95,593.

boroughs, lying upon the tide-water. In the foregoing enumeration, persons Then follows a specific enumeration of of every age and color, and of both sex the counties, cities, towns, and boroughs, es, are included

by name, apportioning the choice of del A warm and animated contest ensued, egates among them. The Senate is to as to the propriety of making any and consist of 32 members, of whom thirwhat amendment, in this particular, and teen are to be chosen by that part of the it was not until after many close divis state lying west of the Blue Ridge, and ions, that the question was settled. nineteen by that part of the state lying

On the question whether the basis of east of it. For the purpose of electing representation in the house of delegates, the Senate, the staie is divided into should be the number of white inhabit- thirtytwo districts. To keep up this ants, or the Federal principle, which adds Assembly by rotation, the districts are to that number 3-5 of the claves within to be equally divided into four classes, the district, the vote stood 49 to 47. The and numbered by lot. At the end of one members of the eastern counties were year after the first general election, the resolved not to part with the power of eight members elected by the first divisgoverning the state, and those from the ion shall be displaced, and the vacancies west, as determined not to submit to the thus occasioned, supplied by a new elecexisting inequitable mode. The Con- tion. This rotation to be applied to each vention was several times apparently on division according to its nuinber, and the point of breaking up without finish- continued in due order annually. The ing its business.

Legislature is to re-apportion once in evFinally, a compromise took place, the ery ten years the representation in both political power however, being carefully houses, provided that the number of Del. secured to eastern Virginia, and an egates from the four great districts above amended Constitution was adopted on mentioned, and the number of Senators the 14th of January, 1830, by a vote of from the two great districts respectively 55 ayes to 40 Nays.

be neither increased nor diminished. AfThe next day after the Constitution ter the year 1841, however, the Legishad been enrolled and signed, Mr John lature shall have authority (two-thirds Randolph rose and moved that the Con- of each house concurring) to make such stitution be submitted to the freeholders a re-apportionment as to increase the only, for ratification or rejection. number of Delegates to 150, and the

This was rejected Ayes 28, Nays 66. number of Senators to 36. With respect

The following is an abstract of its to the apportionment of the representaprincipal provisions.

tives in Congress among the several By ihe first article, the declaration of counties, cities, boroughs, and towns of rights, adopted by the State of Virginia, the state, it is directed that it shall be June 12th, 1776, is retained without done by the same rule as in other states. amendment.

The same article directs that no per The second article deciares, that the son shall be a member of the House of Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary Delegates who has not attained twentyDepartments, shall be kept distinct, and five years; or a senator who has not atthai no person shall exercise the powers tained the age of thirtyfive ; that they of more than one at a time, except in shall be residents in the districts for

which they are elected, and freehold paupers, seamen or soldiers of the U.S. voters. Persons holding lucrative of- service, and persons convicted of any fices, ministers of religion, and priests, infamous offence, are not entitled to are excluded from the legislature. The vote. In all elections, the votes are to members are to be compensated from the be given openly, or viva voce, and not treasury, but no law increasing the com- by ballot. pensation is to take effect till the end of The fourth article relates to the Exthe next annual session, and no member ecutive power, which is vested in a can, during the term for which he is Governor and a Council of State comelected, accept any lucrative office cre- posed of three persons, each eligible by ated by the legislature during such term, joint vote of both Houses of the General or the emoluments of which have been Assembly. The Governor is to be a naincreased, except such offices as may be tive of the U. States, or a citizen at the filled by elections by the people. The time of adopting tne federal constitution, two Houses are to meet every year ; a 30 years of age, and a citizen of the majorit, of each is to constitute a qu1o- Commonwealth for five years previous rum; neither is to adjourn for more than to his election. His salary, to be fixed three days without the consent of the by law, shall not be increased or diminother-nor to any other place. There ished during his term of service. He is are several other provisions conferring to hold his office for three years, and to on the two houses the usual powers of be ineligible for the next three He is to legislative bodies. All laws are to orig- be Commander-in-Chief of the forces of inate in the House of Delegates. The the State, to convene the legislature, to writ of Habeas Corpus is in no case to propose public measures by message, be suspended. No bill of attainder, no grant pardons, fill vacancies pro tempore er post facto law, no law impairing the during the recess of the Legislature, in obligation of contracts, taking private offices of which the Legislature has a property without just compensation, right to appoint, &c. &c. "The members abridging the freedom of speech or the of the Council of State are to hold their press, prescribing any religious test, offices for three years, and one is to be levying taxes for the support of public chosen every year. The Governor is to worship, giving peculiar privileges to consult them before exercising any disany religious denomination, or molest- cretionary power, and their advice is to ing any person in any manner on ac be registered in a book kept for that purcount of his religious opinions, is to be pose. The senior Councillor is to be passed by the legislature. The General the Lt Governor, and to act as Governor Assembly is empowered to disqualify in the death or absence, &c. of that offipersons hereafter in any way concerned cer. in a duel, from holding any public office. The fifth article vests the Judicial powThe Governor, the Judges, &c. are im er in a Supreme Court of Appeals, in peachable by the House of Delegates such Superior Courts as the Legislabefore the Senate, and may be convicted ture may establish, in County Courts by the concurrence of two thirds of the and in Justices of the Peace, the jurisnumber present, the Senate being on diction of all which tribunals is to be oath. The judgment in cases of im- regulated by law. The Judges of the peachment is to extend only to removal Supreme Court of Appeals, and of the from office and future disqualification, Superior Courts, are to be elected by a leaving the punishment of the offender joint vote of the two Houses of Assemto the usual process of law.

bly, who are to receive adequate salaEvery white male citizen, of full age, ries, which are not to be diminished durthe proprietor of a freehold of the value ing their continuance in their stations, of twenty five dollars, or of a reversion or and who are to hold their offices during remainder in fee of the value of fifty good behavior, or until removed by å dollars, or of a leasehold estate for a concurrent vote of two thirds of the iwo term not less than five years, of the an. Houses, for causes which are to be ennual rent of twenty dollars, or who for tered on the joumal of each House, and twelve months next preceding the elec- of which due and timely notice is to be tion has been a house-keeper and head of given. The present Judges of the Sua family, having paid taxes, shall be en- preme Court of Appeals, General Court, titled to vote for members of the legis- and Supreme Courts of Chancery are tó Jature, in the county, city, town, or bo- continue in office only until the end of rough, where such land may lie, or such the first session of the Legislature, unhouse-keeper may live. Insane persons, der the new Constitution. No law abol

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