« ПретходнаНастави »
17,623 83 0
391 08 0 10,014 429
10,346 22 0 3,111 60 0 2,923 50 0 1,637 99 0
1,784 000 1,495 83 0 1,389 23 0 1,783 37 0
51 200 451 86 0 287 25 0
To the Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor and Treasurer of State,
Judges of the Supreme Court, Presidents of the Courts of Com
mon Pleas and Chief Clerk in the Auditor's office
nals of the last General Assembly :
Treasury for county and township purposes
from the seat of government, making their annual returns
centage on the amount of money received for the sale of said
lands To John M. Walcutt, appointed to appraise the property of the State
in the hands of the late Keeper of the Penitentiary, whose term
of office expired on the 1st of March last
College lands for the Ohio University
nue, and charged to the Canal Fund
1,125 34 O
22 000 500 000 338 15 0 285 87 0 300 000
82 83 0 350 000
150 000 300 000
247 000 737 27 0
Total expenditures for 1830
MEDICINE.-In 1829-30, new modes ought to be his own doctor; and to furof treating disease began to excite atten nish each family with decoctions, and tion in Ohio. The party introducing the vegetable remedies to such an extent, new system were called steam doctors; that every man can be his own physibecause steaming their patients with de- cian. There can be little doubt, that coctions of herbs made a conspicuous part if every family were to supply themof their practice. They numbered their selves with these comparatively cheap decoctions, one, two, three &c, and in medicines, as many would have no use their recipes enjoin No. 1, 2, &c. They for them from general health - quite as declaim vehemently against the delete much money would be expended, on rious tendency of mineral medicines, the whole, as by the present modes. forgetting the terrible efficacy of prussic The steam doctors had their advocates acid, the oil of tobacco, and various and eylogists, and they were assailed by preparations from the vegetable king- the regular school with all the arms of dom. A great object with these sweat ridicule. The regular physicians are ing, or as they call themselves reformed not agreed among themselves. Not 80 doctors, is to inculcate, that every man the steam doctors. A new sect, with
the zeal and freshness of proselytism no ways interested in diffusing false still upon them, kept together by the views in regard to antiquarian specularidicule and opposition of the regular tions, and in search of anything, rather physicians, and bound together by a than organic remains. But in the allukind of masonic tie, they every where vial stratum above the lime stone, bearact in concert, and operate with the con- ing as little the appearance of having sequent moral energy and effect of un been disturbed by human labor, as any ion. In Ohio they have obtained a other portion of the country, at the legislative incorporation for a medical depth of from between fifteen to thirty reformed college at Washington, which feet from the surface, the workman has already been opened, and a course of came upon a cemetery. Human bones mcdical lectures commenced there. were found in abundance of a dark color
The effect upon society has been not approaching to blackness. Horrs, teeth wholly unlike the introduction of a new and various other organic remains were religious sect. Families, circles, neigh- discovered with them, and of the same borhoods have taken sides, and the ques color. Some of the human skeletons tion of steam doctors and regular doctors were in an erect position. In the hand has been agitated with no inconsiderable of one was a beautifully polished stone of asperity.
the shape and half the size of a large GEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES orange. The hand was raised to the PHENOMENA.- Scarcely a week elaps- height of the head, the arm forming es, in which in the great western valley, with the horizontal line from the shoul. some perforation of the earth does not der an angle of 45 deg. Near the skel. disclose new proofs of the former habi. eton, and at about the same depth, were tancy of this country by comparatively the remains of brick and lime-stone civilized people. At first, when facts hearths. The bricks were of an appearof this bearing were presented, they ance, shape and color, much like the were considered, as wanting evidence modern. The lime-stone was wrought and credibility, and originaling in the to a smooth surface, and on it were imagioations of the pretended discover found quantities of charcoal, evidently
formed from the last kindled fires on the After inany isolated discoveries had hearths, which, in those unknown borne when united a concurrent and irre epoch, had probably diffused the light sistible testimony, it became the preva- of domestic cheerfulness. This is but lent fashion to refer them to the Span- one of a hundred testimonials to the iards, to the first adventurers travelling former habitancy of this valley by peoup and down our rivers, and to rapid' ple entirely unlike the present Indians, alluvial changes, which, in half a centu- in the unknown ages of the past. ry, bad covered the recent historical
We may indeed observe the western memorials deep in the earth. It is in- country, from the lakes to the mountains, credible, that such causes should have and the gulf of Mexico, exhibits the operated such results, in places so various appearance of very recent alluvial or and wide from each other. Besides, water formation. The rocks of the the discoveries were of a class not to whole region are full of embedded organ. be referred either to Spaniards or adven. ic remains. These remains, such as turers of our people. The swords of enerinites, teretrabulae, and even deers' iron, the coins, the regular walls of ma- horns form no inconsiderable constituent sonry, and other indicia too numerous to part of the very texture and substance of record, concur with recent unquestiona- solid lime-stone rocks. They are found ble discoveries, not only to confirm the in immeasurable masses in the bluffs of conviction of the former habitancy of the Ohio, Mississippi, Missouri, Cumberthis country by a comparatively civilized land, Tennessee, and in fact of all the people, but to prove, that this epoch of large rivers. It is a striking appearhabitancy preceded that of the races, ance, to note these beautiful little scalwho erected the mounds of the western lop marine shells, making a considerable country, and left them filled with their part of blocks of solid lime-stone at the bones, their rude pottery, and other foot of the Rocky mountains, and on works of art. The excavation of the the highest hills of the interior at such Louisville and Portland canal, it is well great distances from the sea. known, is a work of prodigious labor and In 1829 and 30, discoveries of the orexpense. The excavation exceeds forty ganic remains of some large animal, by feet, and for a greater part of the dis some supposed to he of the marine class, tance is through solid lime stone. It were made at Plaquemine on the Mighas been conducted by men, certainly sissippi, below New Orleans. Some re
mains have recently been found in Keno ministerial office. Hence they hold tucky, vaunted to be much larger than much to lay instruction, and perform · the mammoth bones found at Big Bone ance of public religious duties. Lick
The schism among the quakers has RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY INFOR• separated from the ancient or orthodox MATION.-A new sect appeared in Ohio quakers, a considerable portion of their in the summer of 1830. They assume community, who call themselves Hicksto have a new revelation, found under ites, or followers of Elias Hicks. Iniraculous circumstances, under a stone. Revivals in some of the churches, They made some progress in the interior during the two past years, have been of Ohio, so far as to have baptized 2 or numerous and attended with many of 300 persons into the new religion. The the circunstances of high excitement, leaders are exceedingly illiterate. which are recorded of the Wbitefield
The followers of Alexander Camp- revivals, so celebrated in the former days bell, called Campbellites, increased in of the church. There have been an:number in 1829 and 30. Very few liv. ious seats, inquirers in spasms, huning leaders of sects have acquired a dreds received into the church at a time, greater number of followers, personally - and, what is almost unprecedented acquainted with the leader, or a more in the history of revivals, Presbyterian extensive or deeply founded influence. church Camp meetings. A number
Great alarm was manifested by other have been held at no great distance from religious denominations at the evident Cincinnati, attended by all the peculiar progress of the Catholics in the western circumstances, which have been forcountry. Acting in perfect concert, and merly recorded of such meetings. with the concentrated energy of wise The preachers connected with these plans and strong pecuniary resources, revivals have urged as prevalent motives ihere can be no doubt, that they are mak- in their preaching, that the end of ing great advances in numbers and im- the present system of things, is to be portance.
espected, in the fulfilment of the prophIn 1829-30, schisms have grown up in ecies, some time between the present the Methodist church and among the and 1848. These motives have been quakers, in the western country, corres pressed with great vebemence and earponding to the same schisms, which nestness, though it cannot be perceived, have previously existed elsewhere.-- that they, who advance them, appear to In the Methodist church the sece attach less value to tenures, which exders are generally, called Radicals tend beyond 1848, than other people. and they call themselves the Reformed Unprecedented exertions have been Methoists. They object to the Episco. made, by the Presbyterian denominapalian sternness of the old Methodist tions, to extend sabbath schools in all establishment, as giving too much pow- parts of the Mississippi valley. Suber to the bishop and clergy and too little scriptions to the amount of 40,000 dollars to the laity. They are more democratic have been raised in the Atlantic states in their ecclesiastical regime, and they for this purpose, which have been met hold less to the inherent rights and im- with very respectable contributions in munities of the ministry, and represent, the western country, and the efforts are that all its claims are founded on personal systematic and vigorous to extend those worth and sanctity, without any pre schools on every side. scriptive claims on the score of the
FINANCES. The expenditures dur extend only to persons who had resided ing the year 1829 were $12,392 48. within the state for one year, The receipts were $41,036 72, which A law was also passed exempting solwith $11,323 39 in the Treasury at the diers of the Revolution from imprisonbeginning of the year, makes a total of ment for debt. $52,354 11; and a balance in the Treas. The establishment of Medical Societies ury on the 5th Dec. 1829, of $9,961 63. was authorized and professional services
The Legislature at its session held at by persons not licensed to practise mediIndianapolis commencing the 1st Monday cine were declared not to be recoverable of Dec. 1829, ainong other laws, enacted
by law. that the laws concerning divorce should A law was passed that no sale should
be made of the school lands in any con The counsel for the prisoner expressed gressional township unless a majority of a wish that the court would unite with all the qualified voters of the township the jury in recommending him to the are in favor of it.
clemency of the executive. The ver. June, 1830. INDIAN TRIAL. - A dict was then explained to the prisoner, Miami, Nowelinggua, was tried at Fort who was asked, 'what he had to say Wayne, on the 9th, on a charge of mur. why ju nent should not be pronounc. der for killing a woman who was his ed against him ?' He seemed much slave. The indictment was interpeted depressed, and said he had nothing to to him and he was asked to say whether say more than he had said. The court he was guilty or not guilty. He answer proceeded to pronounce sentence, hav. ed, 'I do not deny having killed the wo. ing previously spoken of the nature it inan; she was iny slave, and by the the offence, and the light in which it laws of the nation I had a right to do so. was viewed by the laws of the land. She had stolen one of my children, and They then explained to him the lenity I had not seen her afterwards until the of the jury, and that, perhaps, they day when I was put in jail, when I met would unite in recommending him to a her at Fort Wayne and killed her. If pardon. This revived him inuch ; and my fathers, when they purchased our he assured the court if he was released, lands had told me it was wrong, I should he would go home and kill deer and never have attempted it.'
raccoon, and only try to make an honest The court ordered the plea of Not support for his family - he would not Guilty to be entered by the clerk. In strike even one of his own dogs. While the trial a variety of argument was used in prison he had otten talked of his wife of no particular interest here, on the sub and children, and cried, and expressed a ject of the relation in which the acc'ised desire to return to them, not more on stood to the laws of the state ; and it was his own account than theirs. contended that the lights of knowledge Nowelinggua is a good looking Indian, and revelation had never been extended of middle stature, his countenance open to him; and that it would be cruel to and manly, and he has the reputation make him accountable to laws he had among his people of being a good man. no agency in enacting, and about which Several of his people were present dur he could possibly know nothing. When ing the whole progress of the trial, and the case was submitted, the jury, in among them his grandmother, said to be about forty minutes returned a verdict over ninety years old. They seemed 10 of guilty of manslaughter. Punishment take much interest in the event, but con- two years in the state prison and to ducted themselves with good order and pay a fine of one cent. Ai the foot of propriety. He was splendidly dressed the verdict the jury unanimously recom according to the Indian manner. mended him to a pardon.
GALENA. - This town is situated in tne state of Illinois at the head of steamboat navigation on Fever or Bean river, six miles from its mouth, and two and a half miles east from the Mississippi, and is north of St Louis, Mi. 500 miles. The lead mines in the neighborhood are capable of supplying lead for the consumption of the whole country; and recently a new sjurce of wealth has been discovered in valuable copper mines. The tract in which this mineral has been found, is twenty five miles long and three or four in width ; its manufac. ture will be immediately commenced, and from its abundance it will become an article of exportation.
In the neighborhood of the town, are
found extensive quarries of soap-stone, which it is thought will be of great service in the construction of ash furnaces or any other requiring a considerable degree of heat. Beautiful white clay is also found in large veins, which is sought after by the ludians, to use as a paint for the decoration of their persons, and which will prove valuable hereaster in the manufacture of porcelain.
In 1827, 2,133 perrnits to miners and four licenses to smelters were granted, and the quantity of lead made at the mines amounted to 6,824,389 pounds. In 1828 the permits were 1,944 and the licenses were 31, and the lead made amounted to 12,957,100 pounds.
July 22, 1829. INDIAN Hostili quested the aid of the United States TIES. - A rencontre took place this troops. A body of men was despatched month between a part of Joway and in pursuit of the Indians, but returned Sack Indians, and a body of white inen without having seen any Indians, or the in the county of Randolph, near the signs of any but such as were supposed head waters of Chariteau river. The to have passed seven or eight days preIndians had located themselves at this viously, who were probably the retreatplace as a hunting party, and the coun- ing party. try was also used by the whites for
INTERIOR grazing their cattle, while a party of
TRADE the whites were so engaged, a company Missouri, of Nov. 1, thus notices ai arri
Mexico. – An article from Fayette, of the Indians took possession of the cat
val from Santa Fe : tle and drove them off. Froin twentyfive to fifty of the frontier inhabitants • From fifteen to twenty of our citizens, immediately embodied and pursued the consisting principally of those who left Indians, who were foun
encamped. here in May last, have just reached The whites demanded the cattle which their homes in good health and spirits, had been stolen. The Indians refused having realized an average profit on to surrender them, at the same time their investments of about 100 per cent. threatening that if the whites did not The aggregate amount of their returns, leave the country as soon as possible I understand, is computed at $240,000. they would kill every one of them." * Accompanying the traders are several
The whites then told them to stack Spanish families of the class who were arms, which they refused to do -- and expelled from the Mexican republic, by immediately commenced cocking their an edict of the government, at the comguns. The whites then thinking that it mencement of hostilities with Old Spain, was useless to reason further with them, and who have chosen a refuge and a and seeing that some of the Indians had home among us. They were escorted their guns to their faces, discharged by a body of Mexican troops to the bounone of their guns upon the Indians. A dary line between their government and conflict then ensued in which John ours, where Major Riley's command Myers, James Winn, and Powell Ow was stationed, and thus the protection of ensbey were killed -- four others wound a military escort was afforded through ed – two dangerously, and two slightly. the whole extent of country from Santa The loss of the Indians was said to have fe to our frontier. been ten or twelve killed. The action I am pained to add that Mr Samuel continued for a few minutes, when the Craig Lamme, a merchant of Franklin, whites retreated with three of their and last of Harrison county, Ky. lost his wounded, leaving the fourth behind, life in this adventure, in'a rencontre with who was supposed to have been killed, the Indians, some distance in advance
The number of the Indians was esti- of the main company. Two Spaniards mated from seventyfive to a hundred and one of major Riley's men, are also and fifty. The Governor of Missouri reported to have been cut off by the called out a thousand militia for the Indians.' protection of the frontier, and also re