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BUENOS AYRES.--Condition of Country.-Civil War.–Retreat of Rosas.-

New Government.-Pacification.-Viamout elected Governor.-Proceedings

concerning Dorrego's Execution.-Rosas elected Governor.-New Disturban.

ces.-Quiroga defeated.— Invasion of Cuyo.—Meeting of Legislature.-Condi-
tion of Country-Monte Video.

21.

FRANCE.- Vicissitudes in France.-Polignac Ministry.—Public Opinion.-La

Fayette in Lyons.-Breton Association. Parisian Cafes.–Pamphlets.-Jour-

nals.-Journalism.-Comite Directeur.- Jesuits.--State of the Question.-

Meeting of the Chambers.---Character of Parties.

251

FRANCE, CONTINUED.-Meeting of the Chambers.-Speech of the King. --Ad-

dress of the Deputies.- Prorogation.-Discussions.—Dissolution of the Cham-

ber.-New Ministers.--Elections.-Algerine Expedition.-State of Algiers.-

Cause of the War.-Preparation.-Landing in Africa.-Surrender of Algiers.-

Colonization of Africa.

FRANCE, CONTINUED.-Consequences of the fall of Algiers.—Ministerial arrange-

ments.State of Parties,—The Ordinances.-Their effect. Protest of Journal.

ists.-State of the Question.-Protest of the Deputies.-Police arrangements. . 307

FRANCE, CONTINUED.—The Three Days.—Military arrangements.—Marmont.-

The Garrison.-Dispersion of the People.-Night of Tuesday - The Citizens

arm on Wednesday.—Marmont's Plans.- Deputation of the Citizens.-Move-

ments of the Troops.-Conflict at the Hotel de Ville.- Retreat of the Troops.-

Their conduct.— Barricades, Thursday:—The Polytechnic School.-Position of

the Garrison.-Combats.- Capture of the Louvre. Evacuation of the Tuileries

and of Paris.-Conduct of the People. Their Losses.

328

FRANCE, ContinUED.-Provisional Government of Thursday.-La Fayette.-

Proposal of the King.–The Duc d'Orleans made Lieutenant General.-State of

Paris.-Expulsion of the Bourbons.-Remarks.

357

FRANCE, Concluden-Proceedings of the Chambers. The new Charter.—Duc

d'Orleans King.–Settlement of the Government.-Conclusion.

3 80

NETHERLANDS.-Opposition of the Allies to Republican Governments.-

Kingdom of the Netherlands. The creation of the Congress of Vienna.-Uni-

ted Provinces, Islands, &c, of German origin.,Walloons of the Gallic race.-

Contests of the fifth century between the Salians and Saxons.-Conversion of

Witikend to Christianity.-Conquest of the Country by Charlemagne-Corpo-

rate Trades.-Charles, the great-grandfather of Charles Fifth.—Marriage of his

daughter with Maximilian of Austria.-Connexion with Ferdicand and Isabella.--

Charles Fifth. Reformation.—Inquisition.—Philip.-William of Nassau.—The

obnoxious Minister Granville.-Gueux or Beggars, the title of the opposers of

Government.--Division between the Protestants and Catholics.-Union of the

Seven United Provinces.- Power of the Dutch in the Seventeenth and Eigh-

teenth Centuries.-Conquests in the East and West Indies.-French Revolu-

tion.-Batavian Republic.--Kingdom of Holland.-French Province.—Belgium

annexed to France.-Revolution of 1813.--Restoration of House of Nassau.-

Constitution.—Belgium united with Holland.-Assembly of Notables.-Amend.

ed Constitution. Public Debt.-Situation of the Netherlands as to Foreign

Powers.- Internal disputes from the Catholic Religion and Education.-Free

Trade and Restriction.-Ordinances as to Language. - Budget.-M. de Potter,-

His Trial.-Session of 1829.—Ministerial Responsibility:-Law on the Press.-

Revolution of 26th August, 1830.-Demands of the Belgians.—Meeting of the

States General, 12th September, 1830.-King's Speech -Provisional Govern-

ment at Brussels.-Attack of Prince Frederick.–Recognition of the Belgians

by the Prince of Orange.—Return of M. de Potter to Brussels.-Character of

King William.

395

THE PENINSULA.-Spain.-Rumors.- Queen's Death.—Public expectations.

-Arrival of the new Queen.-Law of Succession.-Portugal.

41%

ENGLAND.-Retrospective view of the settlement of the Catholic Question in

1829.-Its consequences.-Its essential connexion with other projects of Reform.

-Meeting of Parliament, February, 1830.-Debates on the Addresses.-Universal

Distress of the Country:-Amendments to the Addresses, proposed; rejected.-

Amendment of Lord King.-Reduction and substitution of taxes. Parliamenta-

ry Reform.-Affairs of India.-Foreign Affairs.-Greece.-Portugal.—Death of

George IV.-Notices of his Life and Character.-Accession of William IV.-

Notices of his previous Life.-Dissolution of Parliament.-Meeting of the new

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Executive Officers of the United States,

Judiciary,

Diplomatic Corps,
Army Promotions,

Navy Promotions,

Members of the 21st Congress,

Governors of States,

Census of 1830,
Duties received in 1829

Public Debt of the United States,

Custom-house Returns,

Treasury Returns,

Sales of Public Lands for 1829,

Expenditures of United States for 1829,

Imports and Exports from 1821 to 1829,

Commerce of each State and Territory, for 1828-9,

Statistical View of the Commerce of the United States for the year ending

September 30, 1829,
Condensed View of the Tonnage of the several Districts of the United States

on the 31st December, 1828,
Abstract of the Tonnage of the Shipping of the several Districts of the United

States on the 31st December, 1828,
Quantities of American and Foreign Tonnage entered into, and departing from,

each District of the United States during the year ending Sept. 30, 1829,

Recapitulation of the Tonnage of the United States for the your 1828,
Summary statement of Merchandise imported into the United States, in Ameri-

can and Foreign vessels from Oct. 1, 1828, to Sept. 30, 1829,

Summary statement of the value of the Exports of the Growth, Produce and

Manufacture of the United States, during the year ending on the 30th Sep.

tember, 1829,
Statement showing the whole amount of Indian Annuities now payable under

treaty provisions ; dates of the acts of oppropriation ; names of tribes to whom

payable; the sums which are permanent, and those which are limited, and the

terms of limitation,

Message from the President of the United States to to the Twentyfirst Congress,

First Session,

1

Message from the President rejecting the Maysville and Lexington Road Bill, 22

Treaty between the United States and Brazil,

33

Treaty between the United States and Prussia,

43

Convention between the United States and Denmark,

49

Correspondence in relation to the Trade between the United States and British

Colonies,

52

Proclamation of President of the United States opening the Ports :

114

Circular to the Collectors of Customs,

116

Correspondence in relation to opening the Poris,

117

Order in Council opening the Ports,

Present and proposed Import Duties in the American Colonies,

122

Documents concerning the relations between the United States and the Creek and

Cherokee Indians,

123

Message of President Guerrero to the Mexican Congress,

Proclamation of do. abolishing Slavery,

147

Decree of the General Congress in relation to Imposts,

147

Proclamation of the Liberator to the Colombians,

149

Message of do. to the Constituent Congress,

150

Proclamation of General Paez to the Venezuelians,

155

New Colombian Tariff,

156

Speech of the Emperor of Brazil on the opening of the General Assembly, 158

Decree of the Banda Oriental at Montevideo, relative to the Tariff,

159

Speech of the King of Great Britain to Parliament,

161

Speech of the Governor of Upper Canada to the Provincial Legislature,

163

Do. of Governor of Lower Canada.

165

Speech of King of France to the Chambers,

167

Address of the Chamber of Peers to the King,

169

Address of the Chamber of Deputies,

171

Proclamation of King of France,

173

Report of the French Ministers to the King,

174

Decrees of the King,

Protest of the Deputies,

184

Proclamation of the French Deputies,

185

Proclamation of the Duc d'Orleans,

186

Ordinances of the Lieutenant General of France,

186

Proclamation of the King of the Netherlands,

187

Speech of do. to the States General,

188

Abstract of the Treaties which constructed the Kingdom of the Netherlands,

Greek Protocol,

193

Memoir of the Greek Senate,

196

Resignation of Prince Leopold,

201

ACTS OF THE TWENTYFIRST CONGRESS, FIRST SEssion.

204-237

LAW CASES.

James Jackson ex. dem Harman v. Hart. vs. Elias Lamphire-Constitutional

Question,

239

Hiram Craig et. al. vs. the State of Missouri-Constitutional Question,

241

John Soulard, widow and others, appellants vs. the United States, do.

260

The Providence Bank vs. Billings and Pitman,

261

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180

190

OBITUARY.

275

AMERICAN ANNUAL REGISTER,

FOR

THE YEARS 1829 — 1830.

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

CHAPTER I.

Inauguration of General Jackson. - State of Afairs. - Political Principles of President. - New

Cabinet. Permovals. - Opposition in Senate. Post Office Department. Disscntions in the Cabinet. - Controversy between the President and Vice President. - Cause anl Consequence thereof.

On the 4th of March, 1829, in Nor was the aspect of the pothe presence of the Senate, the litical atmosphere less propitious, members of the House of Repre- The administration of his predesentatives and a vast concourse cessor had been arrested by the of people, General Andrew Jack- popular will in the unidst of its son took the oath of office and career, before the merits or deentered upon the administration merits of its policy had been fully of the government of the United tested, and with so decided an Siates.

expression of public feeling A long train of fortunate events against its continuance, as to leave had prepared his way for a happy its members no ability and appaand prosperous career in his new rently little inclination to offer an character as a Civil Magistrate. early opposition to the new EsHis military success at a peculiar ecutive. The community was crisis had given him a strong claim tired of political warfare, and a upon the country, and the energy, general disposition was evinced to decision and self-devotion mani- give the measures of the adminisfested in various trying emergen- tration a fair trial. Some uncercies had obtained for him a large tainty of course existed as to the share of the public confidence. policy which the new President

might feel bound to adopt. His didates offered upon principles of political experience had not been opposition to that construction. great, and the inferences which the All the candidates consequently public had drawn as to his princi- were understood to be in favor of ples from his declarations and that construction. Mr Calhoun votes when in the federal Senate, was an early and ardent advocate had been rendered somewhat un- of that principle, and had efficientcertain by the contradictory asser- ly contributed when in Congress tions made by his supporters in and also while in the Cabinet to different sections of the Union the adoption of the principal and by the decided political char- measures, which had provoked acter of that portion of his adher- the hostility of those who conents, who had been ranked in the tended for a literal construction of previous contest among the friends the constitution. Mr Clay had of the late Secretary of the Trea- long been distinguished as the elosury (Mr Crawford.) That class quent and uncompromising supof public men was regarded as porter of the American System, contending for a strict, or what a system whose characteristic feawas denominated a narrow, con tures were the protection of dostruction of the Federal Constitu- mestic industry and a liberal aption, and their support was given plication of the public treasure to to him upon principles of opposi- purposes of internal improvement. tion to the policy that governed Mr Adams at an early period of the administration of Mr Monroe. bis political life had manifested All the other candidates in that his attachment to the cause of incontest were sustained upon a ternal improvement, and he made contrary principle.

no secret of his opinions concernstruction given to the Federal ing the powers of Congress in all Constitution, by which Congress matters of national concern. was deemed to be empowered to General Jackson had not occupied protect domestic manufactures, to so conspicuous a station in politiappropriate moneys for works of cal life; but while in the United internal improvement, to create States Senate he had been no less a United States Bank, and gene- decided in his opinions on the rally to regulate and control all long disputed question as to the affairs strictly national, had be- constructive powers of Congress. come the settled policy of the During this short term of service country. Strong objections were the following bills providing for still urged to this construction, by internal improvement came under the Representatives from the consideration : 1st. A Bill authorSouthern States, and by some of izing a road from Memphis in Tenthe leading friends of Mr Craw- nessee to Little Rock in Arkansas. ford in other sections of the Union. 2d. A Bill for making certain roads But it had been too long and too in Florida. 3d. A Bill to progenerally acquiesced in to permit cure necessary surveys for roads the hope of a successful appeal to and canals. '4th. A Bill to impublic opinion in behalf of can- prove the navigation of the Mis

The con

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