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Greek Protocol, Feb. 3, 1830.
Official copy of the Conference held tatives of the Powers — parties to
at London, in the Foreign Office. the treaty aforesaid, to subscribe Present, the Plenipotentiaries of France, entirely to all the determinations Great Britain, and Russia.
which the conference at London At the opening of the confer may decide
on relative to its exence, the Plenipotentiaries of his ecution.' The reading of this Britannic Majesty, and of his most document caused a unanimous Christian Majesty, expressed to recognition of the obligation which the Plenipotentiary of his Impe- the Alliance was under, to prorial Majesty, their wish to be in- ceed, in the first place, to the formed in what point of view he immediate establishment of an considered the tenth article of armistice by land and sea, between the treaty recently signed at the Turks and Greeks. It is Adrianople, between Russia and resolved, in consequence, that the Ottoman Empire - an article the Plenipotentiaries of the three which has respect to the affairs of Courts at Constantinople, their Greece. The Plenipotentiary of Residents in Greece, and the Adhis Imperial Majesty declared that mirals in the Archipelago, shall the tenth article of the treaty in receive, without delay, an order question did not invalidate the to demand and obtain from the rights of the Allies of the Empe- contending parties, a prompt and ror, shackle the deliberations of entire cessation of hostilities. the Ministers assembled in con To this effect, instructions were ference at London, nor place any agreed upon, and issued to the obstacles in the way of the ar- aforesaid ' Plenipotentiaries and rangements which the three Courts Residents, and also to the three should by common consent ad Admirals, for the re-establishment judge to be most useful, and best of peace between Russia and the adapted to circumstances. After Porte, permitting the Russian this declaration, the Plenipotentia- Admiral to take part in the operary of his Britannic Majesty pro- tions of his colleagues of England duced to the conference a joint de- and France. The first resoluspatch, in which the Ambassadors tions being agreed upon, the Memof Great Britain and France at bers of the Conference, finding Constantinople transmitted a de-' that the Ottoman declarations claration of the Porte, dated 9th placed them in the position of of September, announcing that concerting such measures as to the Porte, having already adhered them should appear preferable to to the Treaty of London, now adopt in the actual state of affairs, promises and engages, in addition, and being desirous of adding 10 in the presence of the Represen- the anterior dispositions of the
Alliance such ameliorations as Third. The Government of might be most conducive to the Greece shall be monarchical and assuring new pledges for the sta- hereditary, by order of primogenbility of the peace about which iture; it shall be confided to a they were employed, have, by Prince who shall not be selected common consent, issued the fol- from the reigning families of the lowing clauses :
States subscribing to the Treaty First. Greece shall form an of the 6th July, 1827, and who independent state, and shall enjoy shall bear the title of Sovereign all the rights, political, administra- Prince of Greece. The choice tive, and
commercial, attached to of this Prince shall be the subject complete independence.
of ulterior communications and Second. In consideration of stipulations. these advantages granted to the Fourth. As soon as the clauses new State, and in deference to of the present Protocol shall have the wish expressed by the Porte been communicated to the parties to obtain a reduction of the fron- interested, peace between the Ottiers fixed by the Protocol of the toman Empire and Greece shall 220 March, the line of demarca- be considered as ipso facto estabtion of the Grecian boundaries, lished; and the subjects of the commencing at the mouth of the two states shall be reciprocally River Aspropotamos, shall run up treated, as respects the rights of that river as high as the Lake commerce and navigation, as those d'Anghelo Castro, crossing which, of other States at peace with the as well as those of Vrachori and Ottoman Empire and with Greece. Saurovitza, it shall abut to Mount Fifth. Acts of Amnesty, full Artolina, whence it shall follow and entire, shall be immediately the crest of Mount Olta, as far as published by the Ottoman Porte the Gulf of Zeitoun, whence it and the Greek Government. reaches the mouth of the Sperchio. The Act of Amnesty of the All the lands and territories situate Porte shall 'proclaim that no to the south of this line which Greek in the whole extent of its the conference has specially in- dominions shall be deprived of dicated, shall belong to Greece; his property, or disturbed in conand all the lands and territories to sequence of any part he may have the north of the same line shall taken in the Greek insurrection. continue to form part of the Ot The Act of Amnesty of the toman empire. The whole island Greek Government shall proclaim of Negropont and the isles Du the same principle in favor of all Diable shall equally belong to Mussulmans or Christians who Greece, together with the island shall have taken part against its of Skyro and those anciently cause; and it shall be, moreover, comprised under the name of the understood and published, that all Cyclades, situate between 36 and Mussulmans who shall wish to con39 degrees of north latitude, and tinue to inhabit the territories and 26 and 29 degrees of longitude islands assigned to Greece, shall, from the meridian of Greenwich. together with their families, enjoy
invariably the most perfect secu Ninth. In order to avoid the rity.
collisions which can hardly fail, Sixth. The Ottoman Porte under existing circumstances, to shall grant to such of its Greek arise from a contact between the subjects as shall desire to quit the Commissioners for the Greek deTurkish territory the delay of a marcation, when they shall be year, for the purpose of disposing engaged in tracing out the Greof their property, and free egress cian frontiers, it is agreed that from the country. The Greek this task shall be confided to BritGovernment shall afford the same ish, French, and Russian Comliberty to the inhabitants of Greece missioners, and that each of the who shall wish to transport them three Courts shall nominate one. selves into the Turkish territories. These Commissioners, furnished
Seventh. . All the Grecian with similar instructions, shall forces, both by land and sea, shall trace out the above-mentioned evacuate the territories, places frontier, following with all possible and islands which they may occu- accuracy the line indicated in the py beyond the line assigned as second article; they shall mark the limits of Greece in the 2d this line by boundary posts, and Article, and shall retire within shall draw up two papers, signed the same line with the least possi- by themselves, one of which shall ble delay. All the Turkish troops, be transmitted to the Ottoman by land and sea, which occupy government, the other to that of territories, places or islands com Greece. They shall be directed prised within the limits above- to complete their labors within mentioned, shall evacuate those the space of six months. In case islands, places and territories, and of any difference of opinion beretire within the limits aforesaid, tween the Commissioners, the and equally with the least possible majority of votes shall decide. delay.
Tenth. The provisions of the Eighth. Each of the three present Protocol shall be immediCourts shall retain the power as- ately transmitted to the Ottoman sured to it by the 6th Article of government by the Plenipotentiathe Treaty of 6th July, 1827, of ries of the three Courts, who guarantying, in
concert, the pre shall be furnished with common ceding clauses. The execution and joint instructions to this effect. of carrying into effect of these The Residents in Greece belongdifferent acts shall become, pur- ing to the three Courts reserve to suant to the aforesaid Article, the themselves the power of inserting subject of ulterior stipulations the present stipulations in a formal between the high contracting par- treaty, to be signed at London, ties. No troops belonging to to be considered as carrying into either of the high contracting execution that of the 6th July, parties shall enter the territory of 1827, and to be communicated to the new State without the consent the European Courts, with an inof the other two subscribers to vitation to them to accede to it, if the Treaty.
they shall think proper.
In conclusion - Having thus placed the helm of affairs for seven reached the end of a long and years in the hands of a man whom difficult negotiation, the three she regarded, and still regards, as Courts congratulate each other worthy of her confidence. Consincerely on the perfect unanimitysiderations of high policy change which has prevailed between them at present this system of adminisin the midst of circumstances the tration, and Greece, destined to most delicate and important. The be governed by a Monarch, is maintenance of this unanimity in about io possess in that character such moments presents the best bis Royal Highness Prince Leopledge of its durability ; and the pold. The choice of a wise and three Courts flatter themselves virtuous Prince, whose high reputhat this union, equally firın and tation precedes him, offers to beneficial, will not fail to contrib- Greece, the prospect of a happy ute to the consolidation of the future. She rejoices at this so peace of the whole world. much the more, as she learns that
his Royal Highness has nobly reMemoir of the Greek Senate, fused to accept the glorious and On the Protocol signed at London, the
difficult task of effecting the hap3d of February (22d of January,) as piness of a nation, before he has well as upon the note by which this
secured the assent of that nation. paper has been communicated to the Greek Government by the residents The principle which has inducof the three allied Courts accredited ed his Royal Highness to form so to it.
generous a resolution, as well as The ardent desire of delivering the uprightness of his character, itself from the yoke of a long are the surest guarantees of his slavery, and of recovering its inde- inclination to consolidate the napendence determined the Greek tional liberties which Greece has nation to undertake the war consecrated in four assemblies, against Turkey. The same sen and which she esteems as necestiment during the unequal struggle sary and as precious as existence inspired it with courage to face itself. death and lent it strength to endure Other ties, equally formed by the most cruel privations. The gratitude, already attach the nation Senate, seeing now that this bless- to his Royal Highness. The ing, so dear to all Greeks, is Greeks have learned, with emogranted to thein by the magnanim- tion, the strong anxiety which he ity of their august Protectors, has shown to defend the principal is inspired, as well as the whole interests of the state. nation, with profound gratitude. The Senate considers the ex
Greece had no sooner taken tension of the boundaries as so up arms, than, experiencing the closely connected with the real want of order, she adopted the independence of Greece, it conform of government which she siders it so necessary for the acthen judged the most suitable to complishment of the generous her situation. At a later period, at intentions of the Powers who the Congress of Trezene she signed the protocol of the 3d of
February, that it cannot refrain- the continental part of the state from making the following obser- are neither secured by mountains vations.
of difficult access, nor by deep 1. Upon the continent the rivers. The Achelous and the provinces which, with a population Sperchius are, especially during of about 100,000 souls, are to be the summer, small streams, forddetached from the new Greek able in several places. The state, have often opposed a barrier boundary line, far from crossing to the devastating torrent of the precipices and ravines, passes over Ottomon troops. Upon the sea, a flat and desert country, which the island of Candia, which has offers no means of defence. To been exposed during nine years protect such frontiers a cordon of to all the calamities of war, several thousand soldiers would Samos, where the enemy's forces be necessary, and enormous sums have so often bech repulsed, - of money, either to raise fortificaIpsara and Cassos, which did not tions or to procure shelter for the fall until after an heroic resistance, troops. - have acted as so many
bulwarks The island of Candia, being against the fleets of Byzantium excluded from the Greek state, and Alexandria. With what feel- and the Archipelago remaining ings will the inhabitants of these thus exposed on the African side, unhappy countries see that they, it will be necessary to keep up the first defenders of the cause, constantly a considerable naval sink again into slavery, while their force. Greece, in its present state, companions in battle are restored although possessing the provinces to liberty ? Ought the one to be which are about to be separated torn away from a soil which the from her, and exempt also from Turks have never dared to tread, the expenses required by diploand the other from a land stained matic relations, and a perfect with their blood, which recalls the internal organization, can hardly recollection of glorious victories defray with its own revenue and the names of their most illus- third ofits annual expenses. How trious chiefs? Is it not to be feared then, will these revenues suffice that in the excess of their despair when Greece shall be dismemberthey should renew the bloody ed, and bounded by frontiers, the scenes of Missolonghi and Ipsara ? defence of which will require an We know the enthusiasm with exorbitant expenditure ? which the inhabitants of these 3. The provinces of Roumelia, countries are attached to their na- ceded to the Porte, furnish two tive soil, — we know also the char- thirds of our land forces. If acter of these warlike races, and these soldiers return to their we shudder to think that the mas- homes, Greece will be herself sacre of a whole people may deprived of the sinews of her soon afflict the compassionate strength, — of those
very arms minds of the august Sovereigns which have so heroically defended who protect us.
Missolonghi and Athens. If they 2. The frontiers assigned to remain among us, placed in the