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interior of the country, or upon the Turks will occupy all the the frontiers, will they be passive strong frontiers in the mountains, spectators of their misfortunes, or and will at every moment threaten faithful observers of peace? The the Greek State. They will exclusion of the islands of Candia, henceforth exercise an influence of Samos, of lpsara, of Capos, of irreconcilable with the elevated Scio, of Ecaria, of Patmos, of views of the august monarchs in Sero, of Calymnos, of Assypalea, settling its fate. of Carpothos, and others, will not 5. Even if the Porte should fail to force the emigration of men sincerely desire a lasting peace, inured to war, driven to despair, would its subjects, accustomed who will infest the Grecian Seas, in every age to insubordination, giving themselves up to piracy, quietly conform themselves to its savored by the proximity of so wishes, and would not the indemany uninhabited inlets, and of pendent Greeks of the bordering desert and undefended shores. provinces, not being protected by What will then become of the à boundary strong by nature, be rising State of Greece? Where continually exposed to sudden will then be the tranquillity on invasions of the hordes of Albania land? Where will then be the and Asia ? Where then would security of commerce at sea ? be the guarantee of a permament Where would independent Greece peace between the Greeks and find sufficient means for keeping the Ottomans? Have even pracup a large fleet, and for paying ticable means been offered to the numerous troops ?
inhabitants of the countries sepa4. The detached provinces of rated from the Greek States, of Roumelia, far from giving impor- securing their property in case tant revenues to :he Ottoman they should wish to renounce their empire, have always served as an country? No; for if, according asylum for a free and warlike to the protocol of the 3d of Febpeople ; causing to the Porte al- ruary, the Turkish inhabitants of most continual uneasiness and ex- the Greek State are permitted as pense. Will not these provinces, the Greek inhabitants of the to the independent and warlike Turkish State are, to sell their spirit of which a new impulse has property and to emigrate, it is been given by nine years of war, evident that to the former, such and which is placed, it may be as the Turks of Eubæa, such a said, at the portal of two states, sale might be possible and profitaafford materials ready to be inflam- ble, considering that their propered by the slightest incident, and ty is situated in a country which 10 rekindle the fire of war which is is destined to enjoy the benefit hardly extinguished.
and advantages of a regular adLet us, however, suppose every ministration : the case would be motive for a new struggle to have quite otherwise with the Greeks, ceased, and the martial character with those of Acarnania, for inof these people given up to Tur- stance, for whom such a sale key to have been softened down: would be either of trilling advan
tage, or altogether illusory. In the Mussulmans who may be defact, what man in his senses would sirous of continuing to inhabit the purchase the property of an Ac- territories and islands allotted to arnanian, in a country where arbi- Greece, shall preserve their proptrary power alone exist, and erties therein,' &c. which is a prey to disorder? We willnot dwell upon the ob
Independently of these fatal servation, that the amnesty which results, the restriction of the lim- already, de facto, exists on the its will draw into independent part of the Greeks, never was, Greece a large number of indi- and never will be otherwise than gent persons, who, with tears of illusory on the part of the Turks. despair, will quit their native but We will be silent as to the fact enslaved country. Can the in
Can the in- that the same article relating to habitants of the Greek State, the amnesty, makes no mention united as they are to them by the of so many Greeks, who, plunged ties of fraternity and by solemn into misery, have been sold in oaths, abandon them to their Turkey, and concerning whose wretchedness? Can they deliver fate it is painful to the nation to up to misery of every kind, and remain uninformed. We will to the scourge of epidemic diseas- not enter upon these subjects, ales, a people already so often de- though of great importance, and cimated by death. Members of will only stop to examine another the Greek family, do not these point which deserves most parunfortunate individuals merit to ticular attention. be relieved in their afflictions? Does the article in question, in But what are the means of reliev- establishing the inviolability of the ing them? Is it by means of the Mussulman property, foresee only national lands, or the funds of two cases ? The first, that the public treasury ? The na of the Turks re-appearing in tional lands!
Greece as merchants, artisans, or The fifth article of the Proto- proprietors of lands recently accol states, “The Act of Amnesty quired by them? The second, a of the Porte shall proclaim that case like that of the Turks of no Greek in the whole extent of Eubea, de facto, proprietors of its dominions shall be liable to be land at the moment of the execudeprived of his property, or in tion of the protocol ? Or does it any way disturbed in consequence also involve the restitution of of the part which he may have properties formerly belonging to taken in the insurrection of the Turks - a restitution entirely Greece.'
incompatible with the existence of • The Act of Amnesty of the the new State? These properGreek Government shall proclaim ties, belonging of old to Greeks, the same principle in favor of all usurped subsequently by the the Mussulmans or Christians who Turks during their sway, and now may have taken part against its re-purchased at the cost of rivers cause; and it shall further be un of blood, have either been alienderstood and promulgated, that ated at different periods, or mort
gaged during the negotiations for among the bones of his massacred the two London loans. They at 'relations, he would only have present maintain three fourths of legitimatized his eternal slavery. a nearly naked population, and We will say more ; should are at last destined either for in- even the restitution not take place, demnities, or for the liquidation the national lands will not suffice of ancient debts of the State con- to relieve those of our brethren tracted at home.
who will seek an asylum among It would be an irreparable mis- us : will not, therefore, pecuniary fortune, a catastrophe from which resources be necessary, in order Greece would never recover, if to perfect and consolidate the inthe restitution of these lands were terior organization, and to cover to be attempted.
during several years the deficit in The Senate, foreseeing nothing the revenue of the State ? In the but the most fatal results from official note from the Residents this measure, considers itself as of the Allied Courts which acfulfilling a sacred duty in repre- companied the transmission to the senting to his Royal Highness the Greek Government of the act of difficulty which it has in believ- the 3d of February, it is said that ing that the Greek people, seeing the loan, this new pledge of the themselves injured in their rights good wishes of our protectors, and dearest interests, will patient- will be employed in the pay and ly submit to lose the fruits of their maintenance of the troops which labors, and to see their present the Sovereign Prince shall find it and their future welfare com- necessary to raise for his service. promised. But supposing even The Greeks, nevertheless, faiter ihat, from prudential motives, dic- themselves that the revival of lettated by imperious circumstances, ters, the encouragement of agrithey should remain silent, would culture, of industry, and of conthey not soon become a herd of merce, the indemnities due to the slaves in the midst of Turks, who navy and the army, as well as would be powerful enough to op- the rewards deserved by a great press them ; since, on the one number of citizens, distinguished hand, according to the acts an- by their deeds, and plunged into nexed to the Protocol of the 3d misery by their patriotism, will of February, the Ottomans will be the first object of the paternal be eligible to all public employ- solicitude of his Royal Highness. ments, and since, on the other, There remains but one obserthey will, as Greek citizens, and vation more for us to make. by means of their wealth, possess The Residents of the Allied the exclusive right of suffrage ; Courts have announced in their would independence, this precious official communication to the gift of the Allied Sovereigns, be Greek Government, that a stipuin this case, of real benefit to lation agreed to between his Most Greece? What would the Greek Christian Majesty and his Royal have gained after nine years of Highness, secures to the Greeks bloody strife? Living in a desert, of the Western Church the en
joyment of all political rights. by reservations of the highest imThis concession, conforming as it portance. does, for the most part, to the ex The President distinctly inisting laws of the country which forins the Residents that the Proregulate civil rights, is alone suffi- visional Government, according cient to convince us that the to the decrees of the Council of Greek religion is to be the pre- Argos, has no power to convey vailing one of the State.
the assent of the Greek nation. But how great would be the That it is well known to the Resinational joy, if the religion to dents, (who were present) that which the Greeks owe their po- the decree in question declares, litical existence, what knowledge that no arrangements entered they possess, and the language of into by the Provisional Governtheir ancestors, were to unite them ment with the Allied Powers, by holy ties to his Royal Highness! shall be binding upon the Greek How great would be their enthu- nation till they are acknowledged siasm, if they were to see him and confirmed by its Representawho is to be the father of their tives. That if the Representacountry, offer up to the Eternal tives were called together, they Father in their temples the same would disobey the instructions of worship.
their constituents if they agreed Napoli, the 10th of April, 1830.
to the propositions of the Allied (Signed)
Powers. But the last part of the The President, GEORGE SISINI. President's note bears still more The Sec'y, Panajoti Soutzos. strongly on the views of the case,
which the undersigned is comNapoli, (12th) 24th of April, 1830.
pelled to entertain; for the PresiThe Secretary for Foreign Af- dent says, that with regard to the fairs and the Commercial Navy. substance of the arrangement, (Signed)
the Government reserves to itself J. Rizo.
the power of submitting to the
Prince, with the copy of the Note, Resignation of Prince Leopold. such observations as they cannot
London, May 21, 1830. conceal from him, without beThe undersigned, alter the most traying their trust towards Greece mature consideration, is unable to and the Prince. withdraw the opinion which he Here the undersigned feels it communicated to the Plenipoten- right to correct a mistake which tiaries, in his note of the 15th. might arise from the wording of He cannot admit that the answer the President's letter of the 6th of the President of Greece to of April. the Residents contains a full and The undersigned never gave entire adhesion to the Protocol. the President reason to believe In his judgment, it announces a that he was likely to adopt the forced 'submission to the will of Greek religion. Thus are offithe Allied Powers, and even that cially connected with the answer forced submission is accompanied of the Provisional Government to
A true copy
hands, nor the valor, which, upon in the articles of that Constitution, the field of battle, has secured which secure to all forms of relithe Throne and consolidated the gion equal protection and favor, independence of the country. and which guaranty the admis
Though entirely disposed to sion of every citizen, whatever be comply with reasonable desires, his religious creed to public offiI will grant nothing to a spirit of ces and employments. faction, and will never consent to 3. The Belgic Provinces shall measures which would sacrifice be suitably represented in the the interests and prosperity of the Assembly of the States General, nation to passion or violence. of which the ordinary sessions
To conciliate, if it be possible, shall be held in time of peace alevery interest, is the sole wish of ternately in a town of Holland
and in a town of Belgium.
4. As all the inhabitants of the Abstract of Conventions. Netherlands will be thus constiAs there has of late been a tutionally assimilated to each othgood deal of discussion about the er, the different provinces shall Treaties which constructed the equally enjoy all the commercial Kingdom of the Netherlands, the and other advantages which their source of the contributions which respective situations require, withrepaired the Belgic fortresses, and out any restriction being imposed the obligations of the Allied Pow- upon one of them for the profit of ers to protect the Orange family another. in the possession of Sovereignty, 5. Immediately after the union, pointedly alluded to by the the Provinces and town of BelgiKing of Holland at the opening um shall be admitted to the comof the States General, we make merce and navigation of the colono apology for publishing the fol- nies upon the same footing as the lowing abstract of all these Con- Provinces and Towns of Holland. ventions :
6. The burdens of the two July 21, 1814. countries, as well as the advantaAct signed by the Secretary of ges, shall be common. The
State of His Royal Highness, debts contracted up to the time of the Prince of the Netherlands, the union shall be paid out of the for the acceptance of the Belgic General Exchequer of the NethProvinces.
erlands. Art. 1. The union of Belgium 7. Conformably to the same with Holland shall be entire and principles, the expenditure necomplete, insomuch that the two cessary for the establishment and countries shall form only one and preservation of the fortifications the same State, governed by the on the frontiers of the New States Constitution already established shall be defrayed by the General in Holland, which shall be modi- Exchequer, as it is the result of fied by common consent, accord- an object interesting to the safety ing to new circumstances. and independence of all the prova
2. There shall be no alterations inces and the whole nation,