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soldiers with their mere bayonets, resist the surrender of Alexandria. In May, and repulse the enemy in thirteen differ- 1801, he was appointed Colonel of the ent attacks, until at length they were 54th regiment; in 1802, he returned fairly borne down and trampled upon, across the Desert to India, in command many of thein still continuing to fight, of the Egyptian Indian army, under the very legs of the horses and He was removed to the Madras staff elephants.
in 1803, and commanded a large division The loss of the English in this en- of the army forming against the Mahratgagement, amounted to about four tas. He marched into the Mysore thousand Sepoys and six hundred. Eu- country, where the commander in chief, ropeans. Colonel Fletcher was, slain Lieut. General Stuart, joined, and afteron the field, Colonel Baillie and Captain wards arrived on the banks of the river Baird, together with several officers were Jambudra, in command of the line. Mamade prisoners. They were carried in- jor General Wellesley being appointed to the presence of Hyder, who received to the command of the greater part of them with the most insolent triumph the army, this officer proceeded into the and ferocious pride.
Mahratia country, and finding that his They were marched to one of Hyder's services could be of no further use, he nearest forts, and there subjected to an obtained permission to return to Britain, imprisonment. Captain Baird in particu- where he arrived on the 3d of Novem: lar, was chained by the leg to another ber. prisoner - - as much of the slaughter in Sir David Baird received permission Hyder's army was imputed to the Eng- to wear the Turkish order of the Creslish grenadiers. He remained a prisoner cent, Dec. 31, 1803; he was knighted at Seringapatam three years and a half. by patent, dated June 19th, 1804, and In March, 1784, he was released, and in was nominated a Knight companion of July, he joined his regiment, which the Bath, on the 18th of August followin 1785 changed its number to the ing. In the same year he was placed 71st. He received the majority of the on the staff in England; he was appoint71st, June 5th, 1707; and in October ob- ed Lieut. General, Oct. 30th, 1805, and tained leave of absence and visited Bri- commanded an expedition against the tain. He obtained the lieut. colonelcy of Cape of Good Hope. He arrived there the regiment, Dec. 8th in 1790, and the 5th of January, 1806, made good the in 1791 returned to India and joined the landing on the 6th, on the 10th ihe Casarmy under Marquis Cornwallis. Hetle and town of Capetown surrendered; commanded a brigade of Sepoys, and and on the 18th General Jansens surrenwas present at the siege of Seringapatam dered the colory. In 1807, he was rein 1791 and 1792. In 1793, he command- called. On the 19th of July he was reed a brigade of Europeans and was pre- moved from the colonelcy of the 54th, sent at the siege of Pondicherry. In to that of the 24th, and placed on the 1795 he was appointed Colonel. In foreign staff under General Lord CathOctober, 1797, he embarked at Madras cart. He commanded a division at the with his regiment for Europe. Upon his siege of Copenhagen, where he was arrival at the Cape of Good Hope he twice slightly wounded, and returned was appointed Brigadier General, and with the army in November. placed on that staff in command of a In September, 1808, he sailed in combrigade. He was promoted to the rank mand of about 10,000 men for Corunna, of Major General, June 18, 1798, and re- where he arrived in the beginning of moved to the stair in India. The 1st of November and formed a junction with February he joined the army forming the army under Sir John Moore. for the attack of Seringapatam, and com. He commanded the first division of that manded a brigade of Europeans. On army; and in the battle of Corunna, on the 4th of May he commanded the the 16th of January, 1809, he lost his left storming party with success.
In 1800 he was removed to the Bengal Assenior officer after Sir John Moore's staff, and commanded a brigade, &c, at death, Sir David Baird communicated to Dyrepore.
Government, the victory of Corunna, In 1801 he was appointed to command and received the thanks of both houses an intended expedition against Bavaria, of Parliament. but which was sent lo Egypt. He land In testimony of the royal approbation, ed at Cosier in June, with the army, General Baird was created a Baronet by and joined Lieut. General Sir John patent dated April 13th, 1809. Sir David Hutchinson's army, a few days before Baird was promoted to the rank of Gen.
eral, June 4, 1814; was appointed Gov- Slates. After completing his studies, he
From Westmoreland he removed to
Alexandria, a wider sphere for the exer
cise of his talents as an advocate and a November, 1829. — At Philadelphia, in jurist; and he went afterwards from the 71st year of his age, Bushrod Wash. thence to Richmond, and there assumed ington, one of the Associate Justices of and maintained an equal station with the the Supreme Court of the United States. gentlemen of that bar; whom to equal,
Mr Justice Washington was the son of has always been and continues to be John A. Washington, Esq.of Westmore- conclusive evidence of the highest proland County, Virginia, who was the next fessional attainments and character. eldest brother of General Washington. During his arduous, industrious and His father was a gentleman of strong extensive practice at the bar in Richmind, and possessed the consideration mond and throughout the State, Judge and confidence of all who knew him. He Washington undertook
to report the de. was a delegate in the State Legislature cisions of the Supreme Court of Virginia; of Virginia, anda magistrate of the Coun- a work in two volumes, of high authority ty in which he resided. Bushrod Wash- in the Courts of that State, and in those ington, his son, received a part of his of the Union. classical education in the house of the He was married, in 1785, to Miss inflexible patriot Richard Henry Lee, Blackburn ; but had no children. He under a private tutor; his studies were was a devoted husband to an affectioncontinued under bis paternal roof, and af- ate wife ; and such was the strength of terwards at William and Mary's College. her jugal attachment to her deceased At that respectable institution commen- husband, that she survived him but ced his intimacy and friendship with three days. His high and just reputation Chief Justice Marshall, with whom he as a lawyer, the purity and integrity of became afterwards associated in the Su- his character, and the confidence and preme Court of the United States ; and respect of the whole community with whose esteem, confidence and respect, whom he lived, induced President Adhe continued to possess, in the fullest ams, in 1798, to appoint him an associate extent, to the close of his life.
Justice of the Supreme Court of the The' invasion of Virginia by Lord United States, to fill the vacancy, which Cornwallis, called from their studies, for had occurred by the decease of Mr Jusits defence the gallant youth of the tice Wilson. He continued to hold that State, and among them Bushrod Wash. honorable situation, and presided in the ington, who joined a volunteer troop of Circuit Court of New Jersey and in that cavalry, under Colonel John F. Mercer, of Pennsylvania from April,1803, having in the army commanded by Marquis La been during that year assigned to the Fayette. During the whole of the sum- Circuit Courts composing the third Cirmer he remained in the field, and until cuit, until his death in Nov. 1829, after Cornwallis had, crossed James river. an illness of nearly two months. He It was then supposed that the inva- arrived at Philadelphia early in October, ders intended to move on South Caro- on his way to Trenton, to open the Cirlina; the troop was disbanded, and its cuit Court, and complained the mornmembers returned to their homes. In ing following of being unwell. He nev. the following winter he came to Phila- ertheless went to New Jersey, and disdelphia, and under the auspices and af- charged the public duties with his acfectionate care of General Washington, customed energy and ability. As soon he was placed, as a student at law, in as the business was disposed of, he hurthe office of Mr Wilson, a gentleman of ried back to Philadelphia, to avail himgreat legal learning and high character, self of the medical advice of his favorand who was afterwards appointed a Jus- ite physician, Dr Chapman. The disortice of the Supreme Court of the United der increased rapidly — and he seemed
early impressed with the belief that he to the dignity of the bench, and made should not overcome it. The hope that justice itself, even when most severe, he would he able to go through the du- soften into the moderation of mercy, ties of the session of the Circuit Court It gained confidence when it seemed of the United States for Pennsylvania least to seek it. It repressed arrogance was rot, however, entirely abandoned, by overawing or confounding it. until a week of the term had elapsed. To say, that as a judge, he was wise, His family fortunately reached him in impartial and honest, is but to attribute time to console his concluding hours, to him those qualifications, without and give to the final departure from this which the honors of the bench are but world one of the important comforts of the means of public disgrace, or conwhich it is susceptible.
tempt. His honesty was a deep vital Judge Washington was the favorite principle, not measured out by worldly nephew of President Washington, and rules. the devisee of Mount Vernon; the His impartiality was a virtue of his much loved residence of that venerated nature, disciplined and instructed by patriot. To Judge Washington he also constant reflection upon the infirmity gave his library, and he also bequeathed and accountability of man. His wisdom to him his public and private papers; was the wisdom of the law, chastened at the same time appointing him one of and refined and invigorated by study, his executors. These high and affec. guided by experience, dwelling little on tionate testimonials of confidence and theory, but constantly enlarging itself esteem were ever held in proud posses- by a close survey of principles. sion by him on whom they were bestow He was a learned judge. Not in that ed, and by whom they were deserved. every day learning, which may be gath
For thirtyone years Judge Wash- ered up by a hasty reading of books and ington held the station of Justice of the cases; but that, which is the result of Supreme Court, with a constantly in- long, continued, laborious services, and creasing reputation and usefulness. comprehensive studies. He read to Few men, indeed, have possessed higher learn, and not to quote; to digest and qualifications for the office, either natu- master, and not merely to display. He al or acquired. Few men have left was not easily satisfied. If he was not deeper traces in their judicial career, of as profound as some, he was more ex. everything, which a conscientious judge act than most men. But the value of his ought to propose for his ambition or his learning was, that it was the keystone of virtue or his glory. His mind was solid, all his judgments. He indulged not the rather than brilliant; sagacious and rash desire to fashion the law to his own searching rather than quick or eager; views; but to follow out its precepts slow, but not torpid; steady, but not with a sincere good faith and simplicity. unyielding; comprehensive and at the Hence he possessed the happy faculty same time cautious, patient in inquiry, of yielding just the proper weight to auforcible in conception, clear in reason- thority; neither on the one hand suring: He was, by original temperament, rendering himself to the dictates of other mild, conciliating and candid; and yei Judges, nor on the other hand over-rulwas remarkable for an uncompromising ing settled doctrines upon his own prifirmness. Of him it may be truly said, vate notions of policy or justice. that the fear of man never fell upon him ; But it is as a man, that those who it never entered into his thoughts, knew him best, will most love to contemmuch less was it seen in his actions. In plate him. There was a daily beauty in him the love of justice was the ruling his life which won every heart. He passion, it was the master spring of all was benevolent, charitable, affectionate his conduct. He made it a matter of and liberal in the best sense of the terms. conscience to discharge every duty with He was a Christian, full of religious sen. scrupulous fidelity and scrupulous zeal. sibility and religious humility. AttachIt mattered not, whether the duty were ed to the Episcopal church by education small or great, witnessed by the world and choice, he was one of its most sinor performed in private ; everywhere cere, but unostentatious friends. He was the same diligence, watchfulness and as free from bigotry as any man; and at pervading sense of justice were seen. the same time that he claimed the right
There was about him a tenderness of to think for himself, he admitted withgiving offence, and yet a fearlessness of out reserve the same right in others. consequences in his official character He was, therefore, indulgent even to which it is difficult to portray. It was what he deemed errors in doctrine, and a rare combination, which added much abhorred all persecution for conscience'
sake. But what made religion most at- advice. A few hours before her death tractive in him, and gave it occasionally she expressed a wish to see Don Miguel, even a sublime expression, was its tran- who manifested the utmost indifference quil, cheerful, unobtrusive, meek and to the situation of his mother. Upon begentle character.
ing told that he had gone out with the There was a mingling of christian Marquis de Ballas, she is reported to graces in him, which showed that the have said • It appears that Don Miguel habit of his thoughts was fashioned for takes inore interest in the daughter of another and a better world.
the Marquis than in me; but he will
She retained her faculties and self pos-
session to the last; in proof of which Jan. 7th, 1830. — At the palace of she ordered several letters written by Queluz, near Lisbon, aged 54, her Maj- Lord Beresford to be brought to her and esty Charlotta Joachima, Queen Dow. consigned to the flames before her eyes. ager of Portugal.
The correspondence of another EnglishShe was born April 25th, 1775, the man under the name of Major Dodswell eldest daughter of King Charles the 4th met with a similar fate. The family of of Spain, by Louisa Maria Theresa, which the Queen was mother, consisted Princess of Parma. She was married of three sons, and six daughters. Jan. 9th, 1790, to King John the Sixth of Portugal, who died March 10th, 1826. The activity of the old Queen,' in
SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, the administration of the government of Jan. 14th, 1830. — At his house in Portugal, during many years past, is Russell Square, London, aged 60, Sir well known. Her character has long Thomas Lawrence, Knight, President been unpopular in England, and her of the Royal Academy of England and death was announced in the Times news- Knight of the Legion of Honor. paper, in the following terms of unmeas Sir Thomas Lawrence was born at ured censure. The only fact of import- Bristol, April 13,1769. His father Thomas ance which the Lisbon papers record, who had been a supervisor of excise, and it is enough for one arrival, is the took possession of the White Lion Inn death of the Queen Dowager of Portu- in Broad street, on the 3d of June folgal, the mother and adviser of Don Mi- lowing Sir Thomas's birth, Sir Thomas guel, the fanatic plotter against the peace Lawrence's mother was the daughter of and freedoni of Portugal, and the unre a clergyman in Gloucestershire. lenting instigator of general persecution Failing in business at Devizes, Mr and violence. Few persons, in modern Lawrence returned to Bath, and for some times, have enjoyed such extensive time owed his own support and that of means of mischief, on so limited a stage his family to the talents and industry of of action, and none have ever exercised his son Thomas, then in his boyhood. them with a more eager instinct of cruel Without favoring circumstances therety and vengeance. Reflecting in her last fore, it may well be ascribed to innate moments on the distracted condition of genius that young Lawrence, at a very the Portuguese Monarchy, groaning un- early period of life, manifested a decidder usurpation and oppression, with its ed talent for the fine arts and particulartrade destroyed, its industry paralyzed, ly for portraiture. His predilections and and its best subjects in dungeons or in abilities in this pursuit led to his being exile, she could leave the world with placed as a pupil under the care of Mr the proud satisfaction, that its delivery Hoare, a crayon painter of excellent into the hands of despotism and anarchy, taste, fancy and feeling. At first he exwas mainly her own work.'
ecuted likewise in the manner of his inThough for a long time called 'the old structor, and two of these portraits have Queen,' she was not far advanced in life, been seen of ladies in redjackets-the when she became the victim of her dis- then unsightly costume of the fashionsolute habits and ardent passions. able of Bath--for which he was paid ten
When, shortly before her dissolution, shillings and six pence each ; but in pressed by one of her confidants, to re their finish they partake of the extreme ceive the last rites of religion, she repli- delicacy of his latest production. ed. do you imagine I am already at my The Hon. John Hamilton, a member extremity? She had previously order of the Abercorn family, contributed ed that Azeveda her physician, should greatly towards the cultivation of the not be allowed to approach her any more, young artist's talents, as well by pecunifor having given at second hand the same ary encouragement as by affording him
access to some very fine scriptural pie Right Hon. GEORGE TIERNEY. ces, the productions of the old masters,
Jan. 25th, 1830.-At his house in Sain his possession. Another of his early ville Row, aged 68, the Rt. Hon. George patrons was Sir Henry Harpur, a Der Tierney, M. P. for Knaresborough. byshire baronet of fortune and liberality, who even went so far as to offer to send was born at Gibraltar, March 20th, 1761.
Mr Tierney was of Irish descent, and the lad to Italy at his own expense; this He was educated at Éton, and at Peterproposal was declined by the father, on house, Cambridge, were he took the dethe alleged ground that. Thomas's gen. gree of LL. D. in 1784. His destinaius stood in need of no such aid.' The lion in life was the bar, to which he was most remarkable incident in the life of called, but which from the decease of young Lawrence, during his residence three brothers, his private fortune enaat Bath, was his receiving the great sil- bled him early to relinquish for the ver palette from the Society of Arts.
more lofty arena of the Senate. Previ. Before Sir Thomas had attained his ous, however, to obtaining that object of 17th year, the family removed from his ambition, he became an author, by Bath to London, and in those days the the publication of The real situation of father used to sell pencil sketches and the East India Company considered portraits, the early drawings of his son, with respect to their rights and privilefor half a guinea each, many of which have since been repurchased by him at The death of Sir Edmund Affleck, the a high price.-Lawrence's first appear- member for Colchester, at the close of ance as an exhibitor at Somerset House 1788, made an opening in the house of was in 1787; here we find Thomas Commons, which appeared to Mr TierLawrence at No. 4 Leicester Square, ney to be suited to his views. with seven productions.-In 1789 he
The step was a bold one, for Colchesexhibited no fewer than thirteen pieces, ter was a borough famous for the length and was evidently advancing rapidly in and vigor of its contests. his profession, he was in 1791 a princi
Not intimidated, however, Mr Tierpal painter in ordinary to the King: ney stood for what was termed the pop
The peace of 1814 was an auspicious ular interest, in opposition to George era for La ence. He received a mag. Jackson, Esq. Both candidates had an nificent commission from his royal pat- equal number of votes, and in conserons, to paint the allied sovereigns, their quence there was a double return; but ministers and the most exalted person- on the 1st of April, 1789, the Committee ages of Europe, including the Pope, appointed to try the Election reported Metternich, Blucher, Platoff, &c.
that George Tierney Esq. was duly For this purpose he visited Paris, elected. In the following year, howVienna, Rome and the other principal ever, at the general election, the tables cities of the continent.—He received
were reversed: Mr Jackson was rethe order of Knighthood April 20, 1815. turned ; and, on Mr Tierney's petition,
On the death of Mr West in 1820, Sir the Committee reported, April 4, 1791, Thomas Lawrence was elected to the that it was frivolous and vexatious.' President's chair in the royal academy. Mr Tierney published in 1791, Two In this high and honorable office, his letters addressed to the Right Hon. elegance and suavity of manners, united Henry Dundas and the Hon. Henry with a strong impression of his general Hobart, on the conduct adopted respecbenevolence and liberality, rendered him ting the Colchester Petition.' eminently popular.
Having continued his researches on His last public duty at the academy Indian affairs, in the same year he also was the delivery of the biennial medals, published · A' letter to the Rt. Hon. about a month before his decease.
Henry Dundas, on the situation of the In 1826 Sir T. Lawrence paid another East India Company. To this pam. visit to Paris, for the purpose of paint- phlet which was anonymous, an able ing Charles the Tenth, and was reward and satisfactory reply was written by ed with the cross of the legion of honor. Mr George Anderson. Mr Tierney
His death was unexpected, occurring then published, with his name, 'A letafter a slight illness of five days. His death was ascertained to have en the statement of the affairs of the East
ter to the Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas, on sued from an extensive and complicated India Company, lately, published by ossification of the vessels of the heart. George Anderson, Esq.'
Mr Tierney, at the general election,