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thought that the mere trading with a revolted colony, or province, was an offence; or that this would be good cause of capture; and if it be lawful to trade, is it not lawful to establish such understanding with the temporary, or local authorities, as may be necessary for the regulation of such tradet May we not have resident agents for this purpose? May we not receive theirs in turn, and may we not, if we think it adviseable, enter into verbal or written stipulations to regulate this intercourse? Whether such agents should be called consuls, or ministers, or commissioners; whether they enter into stipulations or treaties of amity and commerce or not, is of no inportance.
Are there any of the American republics with which we can with safety enter into official relations, or form treaties of amity and commerce The United Provinces of La Plata are undoubtedly such. For seven years they have had complete and undisturbed possession of their country~no attempt has been made, or is likely to be made, to subdue them; and after this lapse of time, if Spain were to attempt it, she could be considered in no other light than that of an invader. We look only to the government de facto; the maxim of Spain, once a colony always a colony, is one which she must settle with the colonies as well as she can; for us it is enough that there is in La Plata a complete expulsion of the Spanish authorities, and an existing government. It will not be pretended by the most extravagant advocates of Spain, that because she has revolted colonies elsewhere, which she is trying to subdue that those which she is too weak to attempt, ought to be regarded as connected with the rest. According to this reasoning, while Spain continues to hold a single inch of land in America, the colonies must still be considered in a state of revolt.
Consistently, therefore, with the strictest neutrality, we may acknowledge La Plata, at least, as an independent state. By this simple act we will ensure to ourselves the lasting friendship of all the patriots of South America, whose feelings must be in unison , with their brethren of La Plata. It will inspire confidence in all who are engaged in the contest, it will animate every patriot with a new zeal, it will bestow a respectability upon the cause, in their own eyes, which will cheerfully unite all hearts in support of their independence. Such was the feeling which the recognition of our independence produced. As the natural head of America, it will
instantly increase our importance in the eyes of the world. Spain
I have thus, sir, taken a rapid glance at a subject, highly impor-
It was given to our immortal Washington to achieve the independence of one half of America, and I most sincerely hope, it may be yours to acknowledge the independence of the other.
UPRIGHT STATESMAN AT THE HELM.
DIRECTED TO ALL NATIONS,
Rio de la Plata.
* The practice of fitting out vessels in our ports was here alluded to.
of the national congre to justify the cause of motives, and the cru independence. This one, the right to disp with torrents of blo ance. It is a duty wounded honor, and
We shall waive all quest, papal grants, supported their auth principles which may which have found ad lamentable contrast the tyranny of the Sp ful abyss, into which had not the wall of th give reasons, the sou tion, unless it be his all idea of felicity, an shanieful acquiescen world, that no one m ted with the same fee
From the moment tries, they thought on and degrading. The set on foot, and were dred years. They b they afterwards prac into their power. TI repel these ferocious by reason of the infer lages were consigned pity or discrimination
The Spaniards ther lation of the country; of strangers into it, a moral, and to convicts but beautiful deserts,
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Strand endir withon
All public offices, and e jards, and although An laws, they were appoir not without satiating of money; of one hundr ed in this country, but six hundred and ten ca teen have been Spania post of importance, an ces, it was rare to mee
Every thing was dis effect the degradation Spain that sages should nius should bethink the try, and of improving t which its sons have be licy incessantly to din day, we should imagin a force, contemptible f was exclusively confin opulence would make to free ourselves from was checked, in order t edness, and poverty, m from all participation i tives of the peninsula in order to form the in ing us in a state of de think, nor to act, but in Spaniards.
Thịs system was act roys: each of whom wa Their power was suffici please them; however to bear them with pati statelites, and worship complaints which were in the distance of man pass, or they were smot