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in this state, and pay at a reasonable rate for the care and maintenance of such female and such child, if any, until such child becomes two years of age, when the mother must be returned to such institution and the child disposed of as hereinabove provided in the case of a child who remains in the institution until it is two years of age. If a female, when committed, is the mother of a nursing child in her care under one year of age, the board of managers may also cause such mother and child to be placed in the care and custody of a proper person willing to assume such care, and pay therefor a reasonable rate for maintenance and care until the child becomes two years of age, when the mother must be returned to such institution and the child disposed of as hereinabove provided, in the case of a child who remains in the institution until it is two years of age. Said board shall cause the return to the institution of said mother, in either case hereinbefore provided for, before the child becomes two years of age, whenever, in the opinion of said board, the best interests of said mother and child will justify the separation. (As amended by chapter 555 of the Laws of 1911, and chapter 158 of the Laws of 1915.)
§ 207. Children may be bound out. The board of managers may bind out any child, born at or brought by its mother to the house of refuge, if a male, for a period which shall not be beyond his twenty-first year, and if a female, for a period which shall not be beyond her eighteenth year, which shall have been abandoned by its mother for a period not less than six months, and remaining in the house of refuge, to be a clerk, apprentice or servant, by an indenture in writing, which shall be signed by all the managers in the name of the board of managers, and shall be signed also by the person or persons to whom such child shall be so bound out, who shall, in such indenture, undertake to treat such child kindly, which binding shall be as effectual as if such child had bound himself or herself with the consent of his or her father or mother.
§ 208. Conveyance of females committed. The board of managers of such institution shall employ suitable female persons, to be known as marshals, to convey from the place
of conviction to such institution all females legally committed thereto, and such marshals shall have the power and authority of deputy sheriffs in respect thereto. All expenses necessarily incurred in making such conveyance shall be paid by the treasurer of the board of managers.
§ 209. Detentions and rearrests in cases of escape. The board of managers of such institution may detain therein, under the rules and regulations adopted by them, any female legally committed thereto, according to the terms of the sentence and commitment, and conditionally discharge such female at any time prior to the expiration of the term of commitment. If an inmate escape or be conditionally discharged from such institution, the board of managers may cause her to be rearrested and returned to such institution, to be detained therein for the unexpired portion of her term, dating from the time of her escape or conditional discharge. A person employed by the board of managers of such institution to convey to such institution females committed thereto, may arrest, without a warrant, an escaped inmate in any county in this state, and shall forthwith convey her to the institution from which she escaped; and a magistrate may cause an escaped inmate to be arrested and held in custody, until she can be removed to such institution, as in the case of her first commitment thereto. A person conditionally discharged from such institution may be arrested and returned thereto, upon a warrant issued by its president and secretary. Such warrant shall briefly state the reason for such arrest and return, and shall be directed and delivered to a person employed by such board of managers to convey to such institution females committed thereto, and may be executed by such person in any county of this state.
§ 210. Employment of inmates. The board of managers of such institution shall determine the kind of employment for females committed thereto and shall provide for their necessary custody and superintendence. The provisions for the safe keeping and employment of such females shall be made for the purpose of teaching such females a useful trade or profession and improving their mental and moral condition. Such board of
managers may credit such females with a reasonable compensation for the labor performed by them, and may charge them with the necessary expenses of their maintenance and discipline, not exceeding the sum of two dollars per week. If any balance shall be found to be due such females at the expiration of their terms of commitment, such balance may be paid to them at the time of their discharge. To secure the safe keeping, obedience and good order of the females committed to such institution, the superintendent thereof has the same powers as to such females as keepers of jails and penitentiaries possess as to persons committed to their custody.
§ 211. Clothing and money to be furnished discharged inmates. The board of managers of such institution may, in their discretion, furnish to each inmate of such institution who shall be discharged therefrom, necessary clothing not exceeding twelve dollars in value, or if discharged between the first day of November and the first day of April to the value of not exceeding eighteen dollars, and ten dollars in money, and a ticket for the transportation of one person from such institution to the place of conviction of such inmate, or to such other place as such inmate may designate, at no greater distance from such in stitution than the place of conviction.
§ 212. Freedom of worship. Nothing herein contained shall interfere with the right of freedom of worship of any in mate confined within said institution, as provided by the constitu tion of the state of New York.
§ 213. Confinement of female juvenile delinquents under sentences by the courts of the United States. The superintendent of the New York state training school for girls, at Hudson, shall receive and safely keep in such institution, subject to the regulations and discipline thereof, and the provisions of this article, any female not over the age of sixteen years convicted of any offense against the United States, and sentenced to imprisonment by any court of the United States, sitting within this state, until such sentences be executed, or until such delinquent shall be discharged by due course of law, con
ditioned upon the United States supporting such delinquent and paying the expenses attendant upon the execution of such sentence. (As amended by chapter 449 of the Laws of 1910.)
§ 214. Effect of article. Nothing in this article contained shall affect any of the provisions of the state finance law or article four of this chapter and the laws amendatory thereof. (As amended by chapter 240 of the Laws of 1909.)
House of Refuge and Reformatory for Women
Section 220. Names and locations of house of refuge and reforma. tory for women.
221. Appointment of managers.
222. General powers and duties of managers.
223. Appointment and removal of officers and employees: compensation.
224. General powers of superintendents.
225. Oaths and bonds.
226. Commitments; papers furnished by committing
227. Return of females improperly committed.
228. Transfers to other institutions.
229. Disposition of children of women so committed.
230. Conveyance of women committed.
231. Detentions and rearrests in case of escapes.
232. Employment of inmates.
233. Clothing and money to be furnished discharged in
§ 220. Names and locations of house of refuge and reformatory for women. The house of correction for women located at Albion is continued and shall be known as the western house of refuge for women. The reformatory for women located at Bedford is also continued and shall be
known as the New York state reformatory for women. amended by chapter 258 of the Laws of 1909, and chapter 449 of the Laws of 1910.)
§ 221. Appointment of managers. Each such institution shall be under the control of a board of seven managers, of whom two shall be women and one a physician who has practiced his profession for ten years, appointed in accordance with the provisions of section fifty-one of this chapter. (As amended by chapter 449 of the Laws of 1910.)
§ 222. General powers and duties of managers. Each board of managers shall have the general superintendence, management and control of the institution over which it is appointed; of the grounds and buildings, officers and en ployees thereof; of the inmates therein, and of all matters relating to the government, discipline, contracts and fiscal concerns thereof, and may make such rules and regulations as may seem to them necessary for carrying out the purposes of such institutions. Each board of managers shall constitute a board of parole of the institution over which it is appointed, and shall have power to parole and discharge inmates as hereinafter provided. In the consideration of the parole or discharge of any inmate of the New York state reformatory for women at Bedford, the judge or magistrate who committed any female to such institution, when he so requests in writing, shall constitute a member of such board. of parole in considering and determining the matter of the parole or discharge of such female committed by nim.
Under the peculiar circumstances stated in the opinion, it is within the powers of the board of managers of the Reformatory for Women at Bedford to accept the use of land and buildings adjoining the institution and to house there some of the women committed to the institution.
In the development of the work of the reformatory it has been found im portant to make a careful, and so far as possible, an exact study of the mental characteristics of the women committed to the institution. Work of this kind has been done for some time past with the help of assistants paid for by the gifts of various public-spirited persons. From such work as the regular force of the institution and these additional workers have