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any corporation except a religious, charitable or benevolent corporation be authorized to do business in this state unless its name has such word or words, abbreviation, affix or prefix, therein or thereto, as will clearly indicate that it is a corporation as distinguished from a natural person, firm or copartnership; or unless such corporation uses with its corporate name, in this state, such an affix or prefix. A corporation formed by the reincorporation, reorganization or consolidation of other corporations or upon the sale of the property or franchises of a corporation, or a corporation acquiring or becoming possessed of all the estate, property, rights, privileges and franchises of any other corporation or corporations by merger, may have the same name as the corporation or one of the corporations to whose franchises it has succeeded. No corporation shall be hereafter organized under the laws of this state with the word "trust," "bank," "banking," "insurance,' assurance," "indemnity," "guarantee," "guaranty," "title," "casualty," "surety," "fidelity," "savings," ""loan " "investment,' or "benefit" as part of its name, except a corporation formed under the banking law or the insurance law.

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2. No corporation, society or association, whether now existing or hereafter organized under or by virtue of the laws of this state, shall ever employ the words "Lucretia Mott" to designate, describe or name any hospital, infirmary or dispensary, or any part thereof, or any similar institution.

(As amended by chapter 638 of the Laws of 1911, chapter 2 of the Laws of 1912, and chapter 24 of the Laws of 1913.)

§ 7. Amended and supplemental certificates. If in the original or amended certificate of incorporation of any corporation, or if in a supplemental certificate of any corporation any informality exist, or if any such certificate contain any matter not authorized by law to be stated therein, or if the proof or acknowledgment thereof shall be defective, the corporators or directors of the corporation may make and file an amended certificate correcting such informality or defect or striking out such unauthorized matter; and the certificate amended shall be deemed to be amended accordingly as of the date such amended certificate was filed, and upon the filing of such an amended certificate of incorpo

ration, the corporation shall then for all purposes be deemed to be a corporation from the time of filing the original certificate.

The supreme court may, upon due cause shown, and proof made, and upon notice to the attorney-general, and to such other persons as the court may direct, and upon such terms and conditions as it may impose, amend any certificate of incorporation which fails to express the true object and purpose of the corporation, so as to truly set forth such object and purpose.

When an amended or supplemental certificate is filed, an entry shall be made upon the margin of the index and record of the original certificate of the date and place of record of every such amended certificate.

The amendment of a certificate under this section shall be without prejudice to any pending action or proceeding, or to any rights previously accrued.

§ 8. Lost or destroyed certificates. If either of the certificates of incorporation shall be lost or destroyed after filing, a certified copy of the other certificate may be filed in the place of the one so lost or destroyed and as of the date of its original filing. and such certified copy shall have the same force and effect as the original certificate had when filed.



Summary Proceedings to Recover the Possession of Real Property.

§ 2231. When tenant may be removed.

In either of the following cases, a tenant or lessee at will, or at sufferance, or for part of a year, or for one or more years, of real property, including a specific or undivided portion of a house or other dwelling, and his assigns, under-tenants, or legal representatives, may be removed therefrom, as prescribed in this title:

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5. Where the demised premises, or any part thereof, are used or occupied as a bawdy-house, or house or place of assignation for lewd persons, or for purposes of prostitution, or for any illegal trade or manufacture, or other illegal business.

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§ 2235. Who can maintain proceedings. Contents of petition. The application may be made by the landlord or lessor of the demised premises; the purchaser upon the execution or foreclosure sale; the person forcibly put out or kept out; the person with whom, as owner, the agreement was made, or the owner of the property occupied under an agreement, to cultivate the property upon shares, or for a share of the crops; or the person lawfully entitled to the possession of the property intruded into or squatted upon, as the case requires; or by the legal representative, agent, or assignee of the landlord, purchaser, or other person, so entitled to apply; or by the person or corporation authorized to proceed under section twenty-two hundred and thirtyseven of this act. The applicant must present to the judge or justice, a written petition, verified in like manner as a verified complaint in an action brought in the supreme court; describing the premises of which the possession is claimed, and the interest therein of the petitioner, or the person whom he represents; stating the facts, which, according to the provisions of this title, authorize the application by the petitioner, and the removal of the person in possession; naming or otherwise intelligibly designating, the person or persons against whom the special proceeding is instituted, and, if there are two or more such persons, and some are undertenants or assigns, specifying who are principals or tenants, and who are undertenants or assigns; and praying for a final order to remove him or them respectively.

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§ 2237. Petition in case of bawdy-houses, etc. An owner or tenant, including a tenant of one or more rooms of an apartment house or tenement house, of any premises within two hundred feet from other demised real property used or occupied in whole or in part, as a bawdy-house, or house, or place of assignation for lewd persons, or for purposes of prostitution, or any domestic corporation organized for the suppression of vice, subject to or which submits to visitation by the state board of charities, and possesses a certificate from such board of such fact and of conformity with its regulations, may serve personally upon the owner or landlord of the premises, so used or occupied, or upon his agent, a written notice, requiring the owner or landlord to

make an application for the removal of the person so using or occupying the same. If the owner or landlord, or his agent, does not make such application, within five days thereafter; or, having made it, does not in good faith diligently prosecute it; the person or corporation giving the notice may make an application for such removal on a petition stating the jurisdictional facts, which application shall have the same effect, except as otherwise expressly prescribed in this title, as though the applicant were the owner or landlord of the premises, and shall have precedence over any similar application thereafter made by such owner or landlord or to one theretofore made by him and not prosecuted diligently and in good faith. Proof of the ill repute of the demised premises or of the inmates thereof or of those resorting thereto shall constitute presumptive evidence of the unlawful use of the demised premises, required to be stated in the petition for removal.


Chapter 41 of the Consolidated Laws.


Future Estates; Charitable Uses; Accumulation of Income; Trust Estates.

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Section 12. Gifts and bequests of personal property for charitable

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§ 12. Gifts and bequests of personal property for charitable purposes. 1. No gift, grant, or bequest to religious, educational, charitable, or benevolent uses, which shall in other respects be valid under the laws of this state, shall be

deemed invalid by reason of the indefiniteness or uncertainty of the persons designated as the beneficiaries thereunder in the instrument creating the same. If in the instrument creating such a gift, grant, or bequest there is a trustee named to execute the same, the legal title to the property given, granted, or bequeathed for such purposes shall vest in such trustee. If no person be named as trustee then the title to such property shall vest in the supreme court.

2. The supreme court shall have control over gifts, grants and bequests in all cases provided for by subdivision one of this section, and, whenever it shall appear to the court that circumstances have so changed since the execution of an instrument containing a gift, grant or bequest to religious, educational, charitable or benevolent uses as to render impracticable or impossible a literal compliance with the terms of such instrument, the court may, upon the application of the trustee or of the person or corporation having the custody of the property, and upon such notice as the court shall direct, make an order directing that such gift, grant or bequest shall be administered or expended in such manner as in the judgment of the court will most effectually accomplish the general purpose of the instrument, without regard to and free from any specific restriction, limitation or direction contained therein; provided, however, that no such order shall be made without the consent of the donor or grantor of the property, if he be living. (As amended by chapter 144 of the Laws of 1909.)

3. The attorney-general shall represent the beneficiaries in all such cases, and it shall be his duty to enforce such trusts by proper proceedings in the courts.

4. Whenever heretofore or hereafter any voluntary association or committee shall have received by public subscription from contributors exceeding one thousand in number a fund for a charitable or benevolent purpose, a portion of which shall remain unexpended after the expiration of five years from its receipt, and it shall appear that a literal compliance with the terms of the subscription is impracticable, the supreme court may, on the application of such association, or of the treasurer of the committee having the custody of such unexpended balance, and upon twenty

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