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SECTION 1. President; his term of office Electors of President; number and how appointed Electors to vote on same day Qualification of President On whom his duties devolve in case of his removal, death, etc.- President's compensation His oath of office.

SEC. 2. President to be commander-in-chief - He may require opinions of Cabinet Officers, etc., may pardon - Treaty-making power Nomination of certain officers -When President may fill vacancies. SEC. 3. President shall communicate to Congress He may convene and adjourn Congress, in case of disagreement, etc.- Shall receive ambassadors, execute laws, and commission officers. SEC. 4. All civil offices forfeited for certain crimes.

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SEC. 2. Judicial power; to what cases it extends - Original jurisdiction of Supreme Court - Appellate Trial by jury, etc.- Trial, where.

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SECTION 1. Each State to give credit to the public acts, etc., of every other State.

SEC. 2. Privileges of citizens of each State- - Fugitives from justice to be delivered up Persons held to service having escaped, to be delivered up.

SEC. 3. Admission of new States tory and other property.

Power of Congress over terri

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Certain debts, etc., declared valid - Supremacy of Constitution, treaties, and laws of the United States

tution, by whom taken

Oath to support Consti

No religious test.


What ratification shall establish Constitution.


I. Religious establishment prohibited
the press, and right to petition.

II. Right to keep and bear arms.











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No soldier to be quartered in any house, unless, etc.
Right of search and seizure regulated.

Provisions concerning prosecution, trial and punishment
Private property not to be taken for public use, without

Further provision respecting criminal prosecutions.

Right of trial by jury secured.

Excessive bail or fines and cruel punishments prohibited.
Rule of construction of Constitution.

Same subject; rights of States.

Same subject; judicial powers construed.

Manner of choosing President and Vice-President.

XIII. Slavery abolished.

XIV. Citizenship; representation

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Public debt.

XV. Right of suffrage By whom exercised.
Taxes on incomes.




Election of senators - Filling of vacancies.

XIX. Suffrage; not to be denied because of sex.


Preamble.- WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.



Legislative powers vested in Congress.

All legisla

tive Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of

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the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.


Composition of the House of Representatives.— 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

Qualifications of Representatives.-2. No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Apportionment of Representatives and direct taxes census. *3. [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons.] The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four,

*The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth amendment, second sec.ion.

ARTICLE I-Continued.

Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

Filling of vacancies in representation.-4. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

Selection of officers; power of impeachment.-5. The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.


The Senate.-[1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.]

Classification of Senators; filling of vacancies.— 2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments [until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.]

*The first paragraph of section three of article I of the Constitution of the United States, and so much of paragraph two of the same section as relates to filling vacancies are amended by the seventeenth amendment to the Constitution.

ARTICLE I- Continued.

Qualification of Senators.—3. No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

Vice-President to be President of Senate.- 4. The Vice President of the United State shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

Selection of Senate officers; President pro tempore.5. The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

Senate to try impeachments.-6. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment.-7. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust, or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.


Control of congressional elections.-1. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the

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