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outbreak of the war there has been a steady tendency not only to recover the reduced yield of taxation, but even to raise the revenue so derived above that of a normal year. Naturally the Customs enter into this recovery to a very large extent but the general figures for the first three years of war are extremely encouraging.

The preamble analyzes these results, and shows that whilst stamp duties, Bourse operations, etc., show a deficit of 28.48 per cent on the normal year,

The Economist.

and indirect taxation from monopolies show a deficit of 4.18 per cent, and post, telegraphs, and telephones a deficit of 8.95 per cent, the customs are in advance by 128.9 per cent, sugar 24.74 per cent, and estate duties 34.9 per cent, the total net advance for the third year being an advance of 15.2 per cent for the third year of the war, as against a deficit of 29.83 per cent and 15.13 per cent for the first and second years of the war as against the normal year.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

among them Mary Ellen Chase's are taking high rank. "The Girl from the Big Horn Country” was a popular favorite last year, and its sequel, “Virginia of Elk Creek Valley," promises to be as successful. A group of Virginia's boarding-school friends spend the long vacation with her on her father's ranch in Wyoming, and their adventures in horseback riding, beartrapping, camping, barn-warming, and school teaching make a bright and wholesome narrative, with just a suggestion of boy and girl romance at the end to hint at still another volume. The Page Co.

The mystery of “The Other Brown" involves a murder, the fraudulent sale of a Mexican mine, a missing heiress, hereditary revenge, and dual personality. The scene is laid in New York, the action is rapid, the denouement unexpected, and the style admirably fitted to the matter, and readers who enjoyed Adele Luehrmann's earlier detective story, "The Curious Case of Marie Dupont,” will undoubtedly find pleasure in this one. The Century Co.

"Mrs. Hope's Husband," in Gelett Burgess's amusing little novelette, is a brilliant lawyer whose charming wife has achieved sudden success as a popular novelist. Piqued by her absorption in interests in which he has no part, he essays the role of anonymous admirer, and has the satisfaction of watching her open his typewritten letters at their breakfast table and select extracts from them for his edification. The letters grow more ardent, and the situation more tense, but the reader does not lose confidence in Mr. Burgess's ability to achieve the happy ending. The Century Co.

Stories which girls like to read and which their mothers like to see them read are none too common, and

Joseph A. Altsheiler's "The Rulers of the Lakes" (D. Appleton & Co.) is a spirited and exciting tale of Indian wars. It is complete in itself, but it follows two similar tales, “The Hunters of the Hills" and "The Shadow of the North,"and describes the adventures of the same group--Robert Lennox, Tayoga, and the rest. The lakes are Lake George and Lake Champlain, and the story begins just after Braddock's defeat and ends with the battle of Lake George. It is decorated with four illustrations in color by Charles L. Wrenn.

of verse, and has failed to include such poems as “Christ in Flanders," "Sportsmen in Paradise," "Crocuses at Nottingham," "The Patrol," "Admiral Dugout” and other poems by writers little known or unknown which are more appealing than some of the verse of the recognized poets.

llector MacQuarrie's “How to Live at the Front(J. B. Lippincott Co.) has for its sub-title “Tips for American Boldiers" and this describes it exactly. The author is Second Lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery, and in this book he tells in an easy, conversational manner his experiences and observations at the front, on leave and elsewhere. It would be a good thing if it could be put into the hands of every American soldier going to France. It would supplement the regular army manuals more effectively than any other book yet written, for it is at once lively, comprehensive and practical, touching all aspects of life at the front and away from it, and teaching high lessons of courage, discipline, patriotism and purity. The soldier reader will learn from it things which he would be inclined to discount if he heard them from his chaplain, and he will be the better soldier by reason of it. There are twelve full-page illustrations from photographs.

The reader of “The Youth Plupy" by Henry A. Shute (Houghton Mifflin Co.) may be a little perplexed at first whether to regard it as fiction or as autobiography; but, lively and diverting as it is, and difficult as it may be to reconcile the grave figure of Judge Shute with that of the awkward youth whose adventures and misadventures are here recorded and pictured, he will pretty certainly conclude that it is not imagination but memory upon which the author has chiefly drawn. There is plenty of humor in these reminiscences of youthful days at Exeter, and of such incidents as the painful breaking of the hero's voice at the most critical point of school declamation, of his untimely precipitation from his usually docile horse, of his awkwardness in dancing, of his share in street combats, of his escape from the wiles of a damsel and her designing attorney, and of his sentimental attachment for the brownhaired girl, Mollie, Jean and the rest; but the humor is not strained and the book is charming from the first page to the last. The six illustrations by Reginald Birch, which are reproduced in miniature on the jacket, are almost as clever as the text.

In "A Treasury of War Poetry" (Houghton Mifflin Co.) an anthology of British and American poems of the world war, edited, with Introduction and Notes, by Professor George Herbert Clarke of the University of Tennessee, there are gathered and classified about 130 exquisite and poignant poems. Kipling, Conan Doyle, Henry Van Dyke, Edith Wharton, Alfred Noyes, Thomas Hardy, Robert Bridges, Vachel Lindsay, Rupert Brooke, John Galsworthy, Austin Dobson, Henry Newbolt, John Masefield, Gilbert Chesterton, Allan Seeger, Josephine Preston Peabody, and Edgar Lee Masters are among the poets represented. The selections are well chosen, and the little volume is in every way worth while. If it were open to criticism, it would be on the ground that the editor has largely confined his i to recognized poets and volumes

Readers of Ian Hay's "The First Hundred Thousand”—and there must have been many of them—who regretted that the story ended when it did, will hail with eager interest the continuation of the narrative in "All In It" (Houghton Mifflin Co.). Through this book, "K1" still carries on through

fighting in Belgium and France, through the Battle of the Somme, and is as cheerful, as courageous and as true an example of good comradeship as ever. It is a gallant regiment in the field and in the trenches and it is fortunate in its historian, whose unfailing sympathy and humor make every chapter a delight. It is to be regretted that there is to be no third volume, chiefly because, as Major Beith explains, the First Hundred Thousand, as such, are no more; or, as Sergeant Mucklewame expressed it: “There's no that mony of us left now, onyways.”

Who “Alpha of the Plough” may be —author of the fifty or more brief essays which make up the latest volume in the Wayfarers' Library called “Pebbles on the Shore” (E.P. Dutton & Co.) —is not disclosed beyond the fact that he is an English journalist, one of a group contributing to the London Star. But the essays are charming, touched with the pathos and tragedy of the great war, yet not directly related to it. As the Preface suggests, they are “pebbles gathered on the shore of a wild sea” but, although written in a stormy time, they show an understanding of Nature and of human nature which would make them pleasant reading at any time. They are varied in theme and sunny in spirit.

“Winning His Army Blue” by Norman Brainerd (Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co.) is a story of boy life in a military boarding-school, where the great goal of the boys' ambition is the winning of special honors which, if won, open the way ultimately to a commission in the United States Army. As the conditions are varied, turning not only upon scholarship and physical training, but upon character, the contest for these honors develops traits, good and bad, and is attended with

many stirring incidents. Eight illustrations by John Goss decorate the book. Rebecca Middleton Samson's “Schoolgirl Allies” from the same publishers, introduces a new author to readers who are certain to ask for more stories from the same source. It is a story of the school life of two American sisters, who are pupils in a finishing school at Brussels, where they are intimately associated with English, French and Belgian girls. It is full of incident from the first chapter to the last and the different traits of character, individual and national, are developed unobtrusively but effectively. The author has a light and pleasant touch, and her characters are true to life. There are six illustrations by Clara Olmstead. Edna Å. Brown's “The Spanish Chest” —also from the press of Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co.—has an unusual setting in the island of Jersey, where an American lady with her daughter and sons are described as passing a winter as lodgers in a villa, and having many enjoyable experiences and making many friends. An element of mystery and adventure, indicated in the title, is the discovery of a Spanish chest and an ancient manuscript, dating back to the time of Charles II. The book is dedicated to the memory of the two girls for whom it was chiefly written and who shared a winter spent in the Channel Islands but “have now gone on a longer journey.” The fourteen illustrations are in part the work of John Foss, and in part from photographs.

Horace Mather Lippincott, joint author of an earlier work on the Colonial homes of Philadelphia and its neighborhood, has followed the congenial researches which had their fruit in that book with the publication of a painstaking and profusely illustrated volume on “Early Phila

delphia, Its People, Life and Progress" of fiction the ideas which he so recently (J. B. Lippincott Co.). Opening with gave to the serious public in “God the a suitable tribute to the character Invisible King," and "The Soul of a and services of William Penn, who Bishop" is the result. The bishop, of founded the city and did much to shape course, passes through the denials its earlier history, the author pursues and repudiations with which that book steadily his aim of bringing together opens, and ends in the beliefs with under one cover many fragmentary which it closes. Princhester, his catheand scattered accounts of important dral city, is in the heart of the indusand peculiar customs and institutions trial district; the bishop's family which still survive in the Philadelphia includes his wife, Lady Ella, the of today. He describes the early daughter of an earl, and five children settlers and their habits of life; em- in whom, in spite of their carefully phasizes the worth and sobriety of guarded girlhood, all sorts of modern the Quaker ideals; and, in successive ferments are at work. An unexpected chapters, writes of the churches and feature and one that decidedly breaks their people, the market place, the the continuity of the character developgovernment, the days of stage coaches mentis the introduction of a mysand post roads, the squares and parks, terious drug as the source from which the theaters and the old taverns, and the new light comes to the bishop, of such characteristically Philadelphia its tonic influence reviving his courinstitutions as the Library Company, age, and giving him an assurance of the American Philosophical Society, the invisible by a veritable appearance. the University, the Law Academy, the Withdrawing from the church, the College of Physicians, the Pennsyl- bishop is urged by Lady Sunderbund vania Academy of the Fine Arts, the a rich American under whose sympaFranklin Institute, the Athenæum, thetic spell he has blamelessly fallenthe City Troops, the Friends' Asylum to allow her to build for him the taberfor the Insane, the Philadelphia Dis- nacle, "a very plain, very simple, very pensary, the Carpenters' Company, beautifully proportioned building," in and many others. In spite of the which he is to give his “message." many changes through which it has Here again, the text from the earlier passed, and in spite of a deterioration volume is expanded into a commentary in certain directions which has brought an extremely clever commentary, it, of late, into painful prominence, with amusing glimpses of feminine Philadelphia has succeeded better than nature, including Lady Ella's and the most American cities in preserving five daughters'. The conservative, if the old landmarks and the old ideals. they take up this book at all, will find They are well presented in the present less to offend in it than in the other, volume, the value of which is greatly but they may also find it less worth their enhanced by more than one hundred while. An English reviewer describes illustrations, many of which are copies it as “Mr. Wells almost at his best of old prints.

and almost at his worst-social satire

of the most delicate, theology of It was inevitable that Mr. H. G. the most barren.” The Macmillan Wells should popularize in the form Co.

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