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A COMMENTARY ON

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

BEING

A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS WRITTEN IN SUPPORT OF THE CONSTITUTION

AGREED UPON SEPTEMBER 17, 1787, BY

THE FEDERAL CONVENTION

REPRINTED FROM THE ORIGINAL TEXT OF

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

JOHN JAY, AND JAMES MADISON

EDITED BY

HENRY CABOT LODGE
Author of “Life and Letters of George Cabot," " A Short History of the English Colonies in
America," " Alexander Hamilton," and “ Daniel Webster" (in " American

Statesmen " Series), and "Studies in History"

NEW YORK & LONDON
G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
The Knickerbocker Press

1892

HO STANFORD MUNTAN CEL LIBRARY

* UNIVERSITY.* A12321

cobyRIGHT BY G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

1888

Press of
G. P. PUTNAM'S Sons

New York

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CONTENTS.

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No. I.-GENERAL INTRODUCTION . .

Purpose of the series to show the utility of the Union to political

prosperity, etc.

No. II.—CONCERNING DANGERS FROM FOREIGN FORCE AND

INFLUENCE . . . . . . . . . 7

General introduction to the subject.

No. III.—THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED . . . . 12

The Union a protection against such dangers, by removing the usual

causes of just war, and by preventing violations of compacts and
treaties, on account of greater efficiency and better character than are
possessed by the State governments—The Union also better able to

settle international differences.

No. IV.—THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED . . . . 17

Unjust causes of war avoided—Greater ability to compel respect

of other nations and prevent their attacking us from jealousy of our

successful trade.

No. V.—THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED . . . . 22

Union secures us from foreign influence in the several States which

would exist if they were not united, and prevents their alliance with

foreign and rival nations.

No. VI. — CONCERNING I ANGERS FROM DISSENSIONS BE-

TWEEN THE STATES.

Reasons for these dissensions if States remain disunited, and espe-
cially tie dangers from personal ambitions in small States-Historical

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