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FOREIGN RELATIONS.

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1880. 1 Mr. Evarts to the consular Feb. 18 Legal status, rights, and liabilities of foreign-built officers of tbe United

vessels purchased abroad, and wholly owned by States at seaports.

citizens of the United States; attention of De.
partment called to this point by recent case of
steamship Honduras, built at Liverpool in 1871;
on her arrival in Panama in 1879 sold by foreign
owner to Panama Railroad Company; by that
company sold to Pacific Mail Steamship Com-
pany; again resold to Panama Railroad Com
pany, and run by latter company between Pan.
ama and Champerico, Guatemala. Tonnage
dues; authentication of bill of sale and of
citizenship of owner of vessel prima facie evi.
dence of bona fide purchase. Tonnage of each
and every vessel to be duly ascertained by col.
lector of customs before issuance of his certifi-
cate : rulings of department coincident with
provision of Treasury regulations; said vessels
plying in foreign waters are, therefore, subject
to exaction and payment of tonnage dues in
like manner as regularly registered American
vessels; in case of vessels making regular
weekly or monthly trips, tonnage-dues to be
exacted only for four trips a year. Shipping
and discharge of seamen; subjects of extra
wages and relief discussed and law on these
points established: consuls directed to conform
to the suggestions herein contained. (See pages
150, 177, 861-865, 867, 874, 884, and 894 of volume

of Foreign Relations for 1879.)
2 Mr. Hay to consular officers June 19 | Regulation, by the Secretary of the Treasury, of
of the United States.

the fees authorized by act of Congress "to pre-
vent the introduction of contagious or infectious
diseases into the United States," to be collected
for the examination of passengers, officers, and

crews of vessels liable to such diseases.
3 Mr. Evarts to consulars-gen. July 1 Expresses appreciation of previous efforts, and
eral, consuls, and commer.

calls for further and fuller reports upon subjects cial and consular agents of

calculated to advance the commercial and inthe United States.

dustrial interests of the United States. 4 Mr. Evarts to the diplomat. July 30 International Sanitary Conference: powers hav. ic ofñcers of the United

ing jurisdiction of ports liable to be infected States.

with contagious diseases invited to join; object-
the adoption of an international system of no-
tification as to sanitary condition of such porte
and vessels sailing therefrom; memorandum
stating reasons inclosed; the President suggests
January 1, 1881, as a suitable date, subject to

the approval of the other powers.
5 Mr. Hay to the consular Sept. 6 Shipping and discharge of seamen: further dis.
officers of the United

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cussion of the subject; rules for the guidance | States at seaports.

of consular officers.

XXXIII

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1879. 6 Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. Dec. 18 No. 259.-The war between Chili and Peru and Evarts.

Bolivia: Chiliau siccesses causing uneasiness in government circles; discussions of President Avellaneda and cabinet, concerning the policy to be adopted by the Argentine Government; Ex-President Mitré to be invited to go to Chili on a special mission; his reported declination ; preparations making, by sea and land, for pos. sible rupture with Chili; the probable advan.

tages of such an event.

1880. 7 ......do

Jan. 17 | No. 264.- The political situation: outwardly un

changed; President Avellaneda concentrating large forces of regulars in Buenos Ayres; Goy. ernor Tejedor's adherents have also armed pa. , rades on Sundays; the legislature of Buenos Ayres, being opposed to Governor Tejedor, re. fuses to vote the provincial budget; the gor. ernor, by decree, revives last year's estimates: the chamber of deputies votes the governor's action illegal and unconstitutional; this movement supposed to originate with the Roca party; federal intervention unlikely in this breach between Governor Tejedor and his legis- | lature; congressional elections, to be held Feb. ruary 1, will probably decide the Presidential contest; General Sarmiento reported to have secured three provinces, thus gaining the bal.

ance of power. 8

Feb. 11 No. 265.-The political situation: election for

members of the Argentine Congress; the can. didates of the Tejedor party elected, the ad. herents of General Roca abstaining from voting in Buenos Ayres by reason of alleged military intimidation at the polls; disclaimer of such intention on the part of the Tejedor party, other motives being attributed to their oppo. pents; the Roca party carries all the other provinces except Corrientes and possibly one or two others; attitude of the national guards;

a conflict imminent. 9 ......do

Feb. 13 No. 266.-The South American Continental Exhi- !

bition to be beld at Burnos Ayres in September, 1880; transmits plans and regulations therefor, with text of note from Argentine foreign minister; the government seeks to repeat the snccess of the late Córdoba Exposition, but on a larger scale; attendance of Americans invited. (NOTE.—The regulations only provide for the concurrence of exhibitors from Spanish Ameri. can countries. (See Mr. Osborn's No. 271, of

February 28, page 18.) 10 | Mr. Evarts to Mr. T. O. Og. Apr. 7 No. 121.- Expresses the interest felt by the Gov. born.

ernment of the United States in the “Sonth American Continental Exhibition," as tending to increase the commercial and agricultural

prosperity of the Argentine Republic. 11 Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. Feb. 16 No. 267.-The political situation. Still critical; Evarts.

the city of Buenos Ayres under arms, and business suspended; proclamation of President Avellaneda ordering the disarmament of the national guards; probable refusal of Governor Tejedor to disarm the Buenos Ayres volunteers; concentration of troops and volunteers; prospect of martial law; efforts of the peace committee to procure the withdrawal of General Roca's candidature, in like manner with Dr. Tejedor's declension: the resignation of Presi. dent Avellaneda also demanded by extremists; the text of his proclamation and decree of Feb

ruary 13, 1880. 12 ......do

Feb. 18 No. 269. The political situation; the crisis past,

troops returning to their camps, and the people to their regular pursuits; the peace committee bring about an interview February 17, between President Avellaneda and Governor Tejedor of

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC—Continued.

Na From whom and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page

13 Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr.

Evarts.

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1880.

Buenos Ayres; decree of the President Febru.
ary 17, suspending the movements of troops;!the
results of the conference understood to be the
withdrawal by the President of the national
troops from the capital, and the disbandment
of the volunteers by Governor Tejedor, with
substitution of target companies for the latter;
efforts of the peace committee to cause the with.
drawal of General Roca's candidature for the
Presidency; his refusal to withdraw may en.

danger the prospects of a peaceful solution.
Feb. 23 No. 270.—The political situation ; General Roca's

reply to the peace committee; he declines to
withdraw his candidature; his letter to Hector
Varela; the Buenos Ayres party refuse to ac-

cept General Tejedor's withdrawal.
Feb. 28 No 271.-Continental Exposition; extension of

time for reception of exhibits to July 31, 1880 ;
no articles to be received outside of South
American countries, excepmachinery and
works of art; proposal of American agents at
Buenos Ayres to convey thither the American
samples from the Rio Exhibition, and exhibit
them separately; the scheme opposed by the

directors of the Continental Exposition.
May 8 No. 277.—The political situation:, message of

Governor Tejedor to the provincial legislature;
attitude of Buenos Ayres and Corrientes in the
Presidential contest; the Argentine Congress
not yet organized; movements of General Roca
and his troops on the borders of Buenos Ayres;
the board of trade petitioned to attempt the
restoration of political harmony; text of Gov.

ernor Tejedor's address.
May 11 No. 278.-The political situation; the dead-lock

continues; interview between General Roca
and Governor Tejedor on the 10th May; the
conversation as reported by the press; no re-
gult; manifestation of 20,000 business men in
favor of peace; assurances of President Avella-.

neda.
June 4 No. 283.—The political situation; President Avel.

laneda withdraws with the national troops to a
point without the capital; withdrawal of a
majority of the Argentine Congress on board a
gunboat; this action caused by the Tejedor
party unlawfully introducing large quantities
of arms free of duty; incidents of the landing
of the arms; President Avellaneda asks Con.
gress to declare the province under martial law;

no quorum obtained
June 14 No. 284.- The political situation; President Avel.

laneda and cabinet at Belgrano; port of Buenos
Ayres closed; the provincial (Tejedor) party
hold the government buildings in Buenos Ayres;
a majority of the senate at Belgrano; the su.
preme court and the lower house still in the
capital; Dr. Tejedor declares Buenos Ayres
under martial law; the city isolated ; railways
and telegraphs cut; efforts of General Sarmi.
ento and others to bring about an understand.
ing; the election; General Roca reported to have
a majority; disturbed state of the other prov.
inces; visit of Admiral Bryson, United States

Navy, to Buenos Ayres.
June 19 No. 286.-The situation; hostilities actually begun

between the provincial and national forces; a
collision near Merlo; defeat of the provincial
forces under General Arias; probable invest.
ment of Buenos Ayres, but without bombard.

ment.
June 22 No. 287.-The situation ; retreat of General Arias

to Buenos Ayres; fresh engagements between
the rival forces, with heavy loss; the provincial

forces losing ground.
July 6 No. 288.-Peace restored; resignation of Gov.

ernor Tejedor; port of Buenos Ayres opened ; the incidents in detail; merchants petition Mr. Osborn to mediate between the contestants; Mr. Osborn's notes to the Argentine Government

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