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at once that one of the things I am proud of in my countrymen is (I am not speaking now of such persons as I have assumed Mr. Sawin to be) that they do not put their Maker away far from them, or interpret the fear of God into being afraid of Him. The Talmudists had conceived a deep truth when they said, that "all things were in the power of God, save the fear of God ;” and when people stand in great dread of an invisible power, I suspect they mistake quite another personage for the Deity. I might justify myself for the passages criticised by many parallel ones from Scripture, but I need not. The Reverend Homer Wilbur's note-books supply me with three apposite quotations. The first is from a Father of the the Anglican, and the third from a Father of Modern English poetry. The Puritan divines would furnish me with many more such. St. Bernard says, Sapiens nummularius est Deus : nummum fictum non recipiet ;

"A cunning money-changer is God: he will take in no base

Latimer says, “You shall perceive that God, by this example, shaketh us by the noses and taketh us by the ears." Familiar enough, both of them, one would say! But I should think Mr. Biglow had verily stolen the last of the two maligned passages from Dryden's Don Sebastian," where I find

And beg of Heaven to charge the bill on me!' And there I leave the matter, being willing to believe that the Saint, the Martyr, and even the Poet, were as careful of God's honor as my critics are ever likely to be.

coin."

Convention, a place where people are imposed

on; a juggler's show. Coons, a cant term for a now defunct party; de

rived, perhaps, from the fact of their being

commonly up a tree. Cornwallis, a sort of muster in masquerade;

supposed to have had its origin soon after the Revolution, and to commemorate the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. It took the place of

the old Guy Fawkes procession. Crooked stick, a perverse, froward person. Cunnle, a colonel. Cus, a curse; also, a pitiful fellow. Darsn't, used indiscriminately, either in singa

lar or plural number, for dare not, dares not,

and dared not. Deacon off, to give the cue to; derived from a

custom, once universal, but now extinct, in our New England Congregational churches. An important part of the office of deacon was to read aloud the hymns given out by the minister, one line at a time, the congregation

singing each line as soon as read. Demmercrat, leadin', one in favor of extending

slavery; a free-trade lecturer maintained in

the custom-house. Desput, desperate. Do', don't. Doos, does. Doughface, a contented lick-spittle ; a common

variety of Northern politician. Dror, draw. Du, do. Dunno, dno, do not or does not know. Dut, dirt. Eend, end. Ef, if. Emptins, yeast. Env'y, envoy. Everlasting, an intensive, without reference to

duration. Ev'y, every. Ez, as. Fence, on the ; said of one who halts between

two opinions ; a trimmer. Fer, for: Ferfle, ferful, fearful; also an intensive. Fin', find. Fish -skin, used in New England to clarify

coffee. Fix, a difficulty, a nonplus. Foller, folly, to follow. Forrerd, forward. Frum, from. Fur, far, Furder, farther. Furrer, furrow. Metaphorically, to draw a

straight furrow is to live uprightly or decorously. Fust, first.

II. GLOSSARY TO THE BIGLOW PAPERS

Act'lly, actually.
Air, are.
Airth, earth.
Airy, area.
Aree, area.
Arter, after.
Ax, aski

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Beller, bellow.
Bellowses, lungs.
Ben, been.
Bile, boil.
Bimeby, by and by.
Blurt out, to speak bluntly,
Bust, burst.
Buster, a roistering blade ; used also as a gen-

eral superlative.
Caird, carried.
Cairn, carrying.
Caleb, a turncoat.
Cal'late, calculate.
Cass, a person with two lives.
Close, clothes.
Cockerel, a young cock.
Cocktail, a kind of k; 30, an ornament

peculiar to soldiers.

Gin, gave. Git, get. Gret, great.

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Pickerel, the pike, a fish.
Pint, point.
Pocket full of rocks, plenty of money.
Pooty, pretty.
Pop'ler, conceited, popular.
Pus, purse.
Put out, troubled, vexed.
Quarter, a quarter-dollar.
Queen's-arm, a musket.
Resh, rush.
Revelee, the réveille.
Rile, to trouble.
Riled, angry; disturbed, as the sediment in any

liquid.
Riz, risen.
Row, a long row to hoe, a difficult task.
Rugged, robust.
Sarse, abuse, impertinence.
Sartin, certain.
Saxon, sacristan, sexton.
Scaliest, worst.
Scringe, cringe.
Scrouge, to crowd.
Sech, such.
Set by, valued.
Shakes, great, of considerable consequence.
Shappoes, chapeaux, cocked-hats.
Sheer, share.
Shet, shut.
Shut, shirt.
Skeered, scared.
Skeeter, mosquito.
Skooting, running, or moving swiftly.
Slarterin', slaughtering.
Slim, contemptible;
Snake, crawled like a snake ; but to snake any

one out is to track him to his hiding-place; to

snake a thing out is to snatch it out. Soffies, sofas. Sogerin', soldiering; a barbarous amusement

common among men in the savage state. Som'ers, somewhere. So 'st, so as that. Sot, set, obstinate, resolute. Spiles, spoils ; objects of political ambition. Spry, active. Steddles, stout stakes driven into the salt

marshes, on which the hay-ricks are set, and

thus raised out of the reach of high tides,
Streaked, uncomfortable, discomfited.
Suckle, circle.
Sutthin', something.
Suttin, certain.

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Jedge, judge. Jest, just. Jine, join. Jint, joint. Junk, a fragment of any solid substance. Keer, çare. Kap', kept. Killock, a small anchor. Kin', kin' o', kinder, kind, kind of. Lawth, loath. Less, let's, let us. Let daylight into, to shoot. Let on, to hint, to confess, to own. Lick, to beat, to overcome. Lights, the bowels. Lily-pads, leaves of the water-lily. Long-sweetening, molasses. Mash, marsh. Mean, stingy, ill-natured. Min', mind. Nimepunce, minepence, twelve and a half cents. Nowers, nowhere. Offen, often. Ole, old. Ollers, olluz, always. On, of; used before it or them, or at the end of

Take on, to sorrow.
Talents, talons.
Taters, potatoes.
Tell, till.
Tetch, touch.
Tetch tu, to be able ; used always after a nega-
Thru, through.
Thundering, a euphemism common in New

a sentence, as on't, on 'em, nut ez ever I heerd
On'y, only.
Ossifer, officer (seldom heard).
Peaked, pointed.
Peek, to peep.

on.

tive in this sense. Tollable, tolerable. Toot, used derisively for playing on any wind

instrument.

England for the profane English expression
devilish. Perhaps derived from the belief,
common formerly, that thunder was caused
by the Prince of the Air, for some of whose
accomplishments consult Cotton Mather,
Tu, to, too; commonly has this sound when used

emphatically, or at the end of a sentence.
At other times it has the sound of t in tough,

as, Ware ye goin' tu? Goin' ta Boston.
Ugly, ill-tempered, intractable.
Uncle Sam, United States ; the largest boaster

of liberty and owner of slaves.
Unrizzest, applied to dough or bread; heavy,

most unrisen, or most incapable of rising.
V-spot, a five-dollar bill.
Vally, value.
Wake snakes, to get into trouble.
Wal, well ; spoken with great deliberation, and

sometimes with the a very much flattened,
sometimes (but more seldom) very much

broadened.
Wannut, walnut (hickory).
Ware, where.
Ware, were.
Whopper, an uncommonly large lie; as, that

General Taylor is in favor of the Wilmot

Proviso.
Wig, Whig; a party now dissolved.
Wunt, will not.
Wus, worse.
Wut, what.
Wnth, worth ; as, Antislavery pe ons 'fore

'lection aint wuth a Bungtown copper.
Wuz, was, sometimes were.

Alphonso the Sixth of Portugal, tyrannical act

of, 217.
Ambrose, Saint, excellent (but rationalistic)

sentiment of, 190.
American Citizen," new compost so called,

211.
American Eagle, a source of inspiration, 193

hitherto wrongly classed, 196— long bill of,

ib.
Americans bebrothered, 231.
Amos cited, 190.
Anakim, that they formerly existed, shown,

217.
Angels providentially speak French, 186,-

conjectured to be skilled in all tongues, ib.
Anglo-Saxondom, its idea, what, 186.
Anglo-Saxon mask, 18.
Anglo-Saxon race, 185.
Anglo-Saxon verse, by whom carried to perfec-

tion, 183.
Anthony of Padua, Saint, happy in his hearers,

240.
Antiquaries, Royal Society of Northern, 254.
Antonius, a speech of, 192 — by whom best re-

ported, ib.
Apocalypse, Beast in, magnetic to theologians,

205,
Apollo, confessed mortal by his own oracle,

205.
Apollyon, his tragedies popular, 202.
Appian, an Alexandrian, not equal to Shake-

speare as an orator, 192.
Applause, popular, the summum bonum, 255.
Ararat, ignorance of foreign tongues is an, 196.
Arcadian background, 212.
Ar c'houskezik, an evil spirit, 240.
Ardennes, Wild Boar of, an ancestor of Rev.

Mr. Wilbur, 221.
Aristocracy, British, their natural sympathies,

245.
Aristophanes, 190.
Arms, profession of, once esteemed especially

that of gentlemen, 183,
Arnold, 192.
Ashland, 212.
Astor, Jacob, a rich man, 208.
Astræa, nineteenth century forsaken by, 211.
Athenians, ancient, an institution of, 192.
Atherton, Senator, envies the loon, 199.

Atlantic," editors of. See Neptune.
Atropos, a lady skilful with the scissors, 266.
Austin, Saint, prayer of, 221.
Austrian eagle split, 259.
Aye-aye, the, an African animal, America sup

posed to be settled by, 187.
B., a Congressman, vide A.
Babel, probably the first Congress, 196 -- a

gabble-mill, ib.
Baby, a low-priced one, 210.
Bacon, his rebellion, 241.
Bacon, Lord, quoted, 240, 241.
Bagowind, Hon. Mr., whether to be damned,

200.
Balcom, Elder Joash Q., 2d, founds a Baptist

society in Jaalam, A. D. 1830, 273.
Baldwin apples, 217.

Yaller, yellow.
Yeller, yellow.
Yellers, a disease of peach-trees.
Zack, Ole, a second Washington, an antislavery

slaveholder ; a humane buyer and seller of men
and women, a Christian hero generally.

III. INDEX TO THE BIGLOW PAPERS

A. wants his axe ground, 247.
A. B., information wanted concerning, 203.
Abraham (Lincoln), his constitutional scruples,

217.
Abuse, an, its usefulness, 259.
Adam, eldest son of, respected, 183 -- his fall,

261 – how if he had bitten a sweet apple ?

267.
Adam, Grandfather, forged will of, 236.
Æneas goes to hell, 211.
Æolus, a seller of money, as is supposed by

some, 211.
Æschylus, a saying of, 196, note.
Alligator, a decent one conjectured to be, in

some sort, humane, 216.
Allsmash, the eternal, 251,

Baratarias, real or imaginary, which most

pleasant, 211.
Barnum, a great natural curiosity recommended

to, 195.
Barrels, an inference from seeing, 217.
Bartlett, Mr., mistaken, 229.
Bâton Rouge, 212– strange peculiarities of la-

borers at, ib.
Baxter, R., a saying of, 190.
Bay, Mattysqumscot, 216.
Bay State, singular effect produced on military

officers by leaving it, 186.
Beast, in Apocalypse, a loadstone for whom,

205 — tenth horn of, applied to recent events,

265.
Beaufort, 252.
Beauregard (real name Toutant), 233, 246.
Beaver brook, 276.
Beelzebub, his rigadoon, 199.
Behmen, his letters not letters, 203.
Behn, Mrs. Aphra, quoted, 241.
Bellers, a saloon-keeper, 214-inhumanly re-

fuses credit to a presidential candidate, ib.
Belmont. See Woods.
Bentley, his heroic method with Milton, 254.
Bible, not composed for use of colored persons,

243,
Biglow, Ezekiel, his letter to Hon. J. T. Buck-

ingham, 181 -- never heard of any one named
Mundishes, ib. -- nearly fourscore years old, ib.

- his aunt Keziah, a notable saying of, ib.
Biglow, Hosea, Esquire, excited by composition,

181 – a poem by, ib., 201 - his opinion of war,
181 - - wanted at home by Nancy, 182-rec-
ommends a forcible enlistment of warlike ed-
itors, ib. - would not wonder, if generally
agreed with, 183 --- versifies letter of Mr.
Sawin, ib. a letter from, 184, 194 — his opin-
ion of Mr. Sawin, 184 does not deny fun
at Cornwallis, 184, note — his idea of militia
glory, 185, note - a pun of, ib. — is uncertain
in regard to people of Boston, ib. — had never
heard of Mr. John P. Robinson, 188 – aliquid
sufjlaminandus, ib. his poems attributed to
a Mr. Lowell, 189— is unskilled in Latin, 190

his poetry maligned by some, ib. — his dis-
interestedness, ib.-his deep share in common-
weal, ib. -- his claim to the presidency, ib.
his mowing, ib. - resents being

called Whig,
ib. - opposed to tariff, ib. — obstinate, ib.
infected with peculiar notions, ib. — reports a
speech, 191 – emulates historians of antiquity,
192 — his character sketched from a hostile
point of view, 196 — a request of his complied
with, 200 — appointed at a public meeting in
Jaalam, 204 – confesses ignorance, in one
minute particular, of propriety, ib. — his
opinion of cocked hats, ib. — letter to, ib.
called “ Dear Sir,” by a general, ib. — prob-
ably receives same compliment from two hun-
dred and nine, ib. — picks his apples, 217 –
his crop of Baldwins conjecturally large, ib.

- his labors in writing autographs, 221 vis-
its the Judge and has a pleasant time, 229
born in Middlesex County, 232- his favorite
walks, ib. — his gifted pen, 249 — born and
bred in the country, 261 feels his sap start

in spring, 262 — is at times unsocial, ib. - the
school-house where he learned his a b c, ib.
falls asleep, 263 — his ancestor a Cromwellian
colonel, ib. — finds it harder to make up his
mind as he grows older, 264 – wishes he could
write a song or two, 267 — liable to moods,
275 — loves nature and is loved in return, ib.
- describes some favorite haunts of his, 276
- his slain kindred, ib. — his speech in March
meeting, 277 - does not reckon on being sent
to Congress, 278 -- has no eloquence, ib. — his
own reporter, 279— never abused the South,
280 — advises Uncle Sam, ib. - is not Boston-
mad, ib. - bids farewell, 284.
Billings, Dea. Cephas, 184.
Billy, Extra, demagogus, 271.
Birch, virtue of, in instilling certain of the

dead languages, 210.
Bird of our country sings hosanna, 185.
Bjarna Grímólfsson invents smoking, 254.
Blind, to go it, 209.
Blitz pulls ribbons from his mouth, 185.
Bluenose potatoes, smell of, eagerly desired,

185.
Bobolink, the, 262.
Bobtail obtains a cardinal's bat, 187.
Boggs, a Norman name, 244.
Bogus Four-Corners Weekly Meridian, 255.
Bolles, Mr. Secondary, author of prize peace

essay, 184 - presents sword to Lieutenant-
Colonel, ib. a fluent orator, 185 — found to

be in error, ib.
Bonaparte, N., a usurper, 205.
Bonds, Confederate, their specie basis cutlery,

226 – when payable (attention, British stock-

holders !), 251.
Boot-trees, productive, where, 210.
Boston, people of, supposed educated, 185, note

- has a good opinion of itself, 234.
Bowers, Mr. Arphaxad, an ingenious photo-

graphic artist, 254,
Brahmins, navel-contemplating, 203,
Brains, poor substitute for, 234,
Bread-trees, 210.
Bream, their only business, 229.
Brigadier-Generals in militia, devotion of, 191.
Brigadiers, nursing ones, tendency in, to liter-

ary, composition, 223.
Brigitta, viridis, 270.
Britannia, her trident, 238.
Brotherhood, subsides after election, 258.
Brown, Mr., engages in an unequal contest, 200.
Browne, Sir T., a pious and wise sentiment of,

cited and commended, 183.
Brutus Four-Corners, 221.
Buchanan, a wise and honest man, 245.
Buckingham, Hon. J. T., editor of the Boston

Courier, letters to, 181, 183, 189, 198 - not

afraid, 184.
Buffalo, a plan hatched there, 215 — plaster, a

prophecy in regard to, ib.
Buffaloes, herd of, probable influence of tracts
Bull, John, prophetic allusion to, by Horace,

231 - his “Run,” 233 — his mortgage, 236
unfortunate dip of, 251 — wool pulled over his.

upon, 267.

eyes, 252.

er, 191.

Buncombe, in the other world supposed, 192- Charles I., accident to his neck, 265.
mutual privilege in, 246.

Charles II.,

his restoration, how brought about,
Bung, the eternal, thought to be loose, 182.

264.
Bungtown Fencibles, dinner of, 187.

Cherubusco, news of, its effects on English roy-
Burke, Mr., his age of chivalry surpassed, 244. alty, 196.
Burleigh, Lord, quoted for something said in Chesterfield no letter-writer, 203.
Latin long before, 241.

Chief Magistrate, dancing esteemed sinful by,
Burns, Robert, a Scottish poet, 229.

187.
Bushy Brook, 242.

Children naturally speak Hebrew, 183.
Butler, Bishop, 249.

China-tree, 210.
Butter in Irish bogs, 210.

Chinese, whether they invented gunpowder be-

fore the Christian era not considered, 187.
C., General, commended for parts, 188 — for Choate hired, 214.

ubiquity, ib. — for consistency, ib. — for fidel- Christ shuffled into Apocrypha, 187 - conjec-
ity, ib. -- is in favor of war, ib. — his curious tured to disapprove of slaughter and pillage,
valuation of principle, ib.

188 condemns a certain piece of barbarism,
Cabbage-heads, the, always in majority, 279. 200.
Cabinet, English, makes a blunder, 232.

Christianity, profession of, plebeian, whether,
Cæsar, tribute to, 201 – his veni, vidi, vici, cen- 183.
sured for undue prolixity, 206.

Christian soldiers, perhaps inconsistent, wheth-
Cainites, sect of, supposed still extant, 183.
Caleb, a monopoly of his denied, 184 – curious Cicero, 279-— an opinion of, disputed, 206.

notions of, as to meaning of “shelter," 186 Cilley, Ensign, author of nefarious sentiment,
his definition of Anglo-Saxon, ib. -- charges 187.
Mexicans (not with bayonets but) with im- Cimex lectularius, 185.
proprieties, ib.

Cincinnati, old, law and order party of, 259.
Calhoun, Hon. J. C., his cow-bell curfew, light Cincinnatus, a stock character in modern com-

of the nineteenth century to be extinguished edy, 212.
at sound of, 197 cannot let go apron-string Civilization, progress of, an alias, 200 — rides
of the Past, ib. — his unsuccessful tilt at upon a powder-cart, 204.
Spirit of the Age, ib. — the Sir Kay of mod- Clergymen, their ill husbandry, 200 - their
ern chivalry, ib. — his anchor made of a place in processions, 212- some, cruelly ban-
crooked pin, 198 — mentioned, 198, 199.

ished for the soundness of their lungs, 217.
Calyboosus, carcer, 272.

Clotho, a Grecian lady, 266.
Cambridge Platform, use discovered for, 187. Cocked-hat, advantages of being knocked into,
Canaan in quarterly instalments, 255.
Canary Islands, 210.

College of Cardinals, a strange one, 187.
Candidate, presidential, letter from, 204 Colnan, Dr. Benjamin, anecdote of, 191.

smells a rat, ib. — against a bank, ib. — takes Colored folks, curious national diversion of
a revolving position, ib. — opinion of pledges, kicking, 185.
ib. — is a periwig, 205 — fronts south by north, Colquitt, a remark of, 199.- acquainted with
ib. qualifications of, lessening, 206 — wooden some principles of aerostation, ib.
leg (and head) useful to, 209.

Columbia, District of, its peculiar climatic
Cape Cod clergyman, what, 187 — Sabbath- effects, 193 — not certain that Martin is for
breakers, perhaps, reproved by, ib.

abolishing it, 215.
Captains, choice of, important, 279.

Columbiads, the true fifteen-inch ones, 258.
Carolina, foolish act of, 280.

Columbus, a Paul Pry of genius, 203 — will per-
Caroline, case of, 231.

haps be remembered, 253 - thought by some
Carpini, Father John de Plano, among the Tar- to have discovered America, 281.
tars, 217.

Columby, 213.
Cartier, Jacques, commendable zeal of, 21 Complete Letter-Writer, fatal gift of, 205.
Cass, General, 198 clearness of his merit, 199 Compostella, Saint James of, seen, 186.

- limited popularity at Bellers's," 214. Compromise system, the, illustrated, 257.
Castles, Spanish, comfortable accommodations Conciliation, its meaning, 267.
in, 211.

Congress, singular consequence of getting into,
Cato, letters of, so called, suspended naso 193 — a stumbling-block, 246.
adunco, 203.

Congressional debates found instructive, 196.
C. D., friends of, can hear of him, 203.

Constituents, useful for what, 194.
Century, nineteenth, 245.

Constitution trampled on, 198 — to stand upon,
Chalk egg, we are proud of incubation of, 203, what, 204.
Chamberlayne, Doctor, consolatory citation Convention, what, 193.
from, 241.

Convention, Springfield, 193.
Chance, an apothegm concerning, 223 — is im- Coon, old, pleasure in skinning, 198.
patient, 265.

Co-operation defined, 244, 245.
Chaplain, a one-horse, stern-wheeled variety of, Coppers, caste in picking up of, 208.
225.

Copres, a monk, his excellent method of argu-
Chappelow on Job, a copy of, lost, 200.

ing, 197.

204.

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